Jim Folsom Jr.

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Jim Folsom Jr.
Jim Folsom Jr..jpg
50th Governor of Alabama
In office
April 22, 1993 – January 16, 1995
LieutenantVacant
Preceded byGuy Hunt
Succeeded byFob James
25th and 29th Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
In office
January 15, 2007 – January 17, 2011
GovernorBob Riley
Preceded byLucy Baxley
Succeeded byKay Ivey
In office
January 19, 1987 – April 22, 1993
GovernorGuy Hunt
Preceded byBill Baxley
Succeeded byDon Siegelman
Personal details
Born
James Elisha Folsom Jr.

(1949-05-14) May 14, 1949 (age 70)
Montgomery, Alabama, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Marsha Guthrie
Alma materJacksonville State University
Military service
Allegiance United States
 Alabama
Branch/serviceAlabama National Guard
Years of service1968–1970

James Elisha Folsom Jr. (born May 14, 1949) is an American politician who was the 50th Governor of Alabama from April 22, 1993 to January 16, 1995. He has also served as Lieutenant Governor of Alabama on two separate occasions. He is a member of the Democratic Party.

Early life and career[edit]

Born in Montgomery, Alabama, he is the son of former First Lady of Alabama Jamelle Folsom and legendary two-term Alabama Governor James E. "Big Jim" Folsom Sr.[1] Jim Folsom Jr. is therefore known as "Little Jim" even though he is well over six feet tall. In 1974, he graduated from Jacksonville State University, where he presently serves as a trustee.

During his first run for a political office, he lost the primary to incumbent Democratic Congressman Tom Bevill by an overwhelming margin. However he was elected to the Alabama Public Service Commission in 1978.

In 1980, he ran for the U.S. Senate and attacked the incumbent, Donald W. Stewart, as being too liberal for Alabama and called him a "puppet of the great Washington power structure." Although Stewart outspent Folsom $500,000 to $75,000, he very narrowly missed winning a majority in the primary and lost in the runoff.[2] He was re-elected to the Alabama Public Service Commission in 1982.

James Folsom narrowly lost the next general election to Republican Jeremiah Denton, who was aided by the Ronald Reagan landslide, which helped Republican candidates across the country.

James Folsom was elected Alabama Lieutenant Governor and served from January 19, 1987 to April 22, 1993 (being re-elected in 1990), where Folsom served as President and Presiding Officer of the Alabama State Senate and also served on the National Association of Lieutenant Governors. He served under Governor H. Guy Hunt, the first Republican Alabama Governor since Reconstruction. Hunt and Folsom also happen to be from the same (Cullman) county.

Governorship[edit]

In 1993, Hunt was convicted of state ethics law violations regarding the funding of Hunt's second inaugural ceremonies. Like most states, Alabama's constitution prohibits convicted felons from serving in office. As a result, Hunt was forced to resign on April 22, 1993 and Folsom automatically became governor.

Only weeks after Folsom assumed the office, state officials were approached by Mercedes-Benz about the possibility of locating its first manufacturing plant outside its native Germany in Alabama. Over the following months, Folsom led Alabama's efforts to recruit the facility, culminating in an October 1993 announcement that Alabama had beaten 30 other states for the coveted facility. The prestige of the Mercedes plant opened the door for future automotive plants to locate in the state.[3]

Within six days after taking office Governor Folsom ordered the removal of the Confederate flag from the state capitol to a memorial.[4] His de facto Chief of Staff was his longtime friend and confidant, Charlie Waldrep, an attorney at Waldrep, Stewart & Kendrick, LLC. Governor Folsom also appointed a number of African Americans and women to his staff.[5]

In 1994, he ran for a full four-year term in his own right. Although some regarded Folsom as a popular Governor, he was primaried by three candidates, the most serious being Paul Hubbert, the executive secretary of the Alabama Education Association and nominee for governor in 1990. Folsom after a fierce and sometimes nasty primary, fended off Hubbert's challenge with 54% of the vote. But Hubbert's primary challenge damaged Folsom, who in the General Election, was narrowly defeated by former Democratic Governor Fob James, who was running as a Republican. Even though 1994 was a tough year for Democrats and that Folsom was facing a popular former governor in James and had spent a lot of money to win his primary against Hubbert, the result was narrow. In fact, Folsom lost by less than 10,000 votes or 49.7%-50.3% to James.

Compared to other prominent Democratic incumbent Governors who lost that year such as Ann Richards in Texas, Bruce King in New Mexico, and Mario Cuomo in New York, Folsom ran much more strongly they did. He also ran stronger than Democratic nominees in other Southern states with key governor's races, such as Phil Bredesen in Tennessee (who eventually was elected there in 2002), Jack Mildren in Oklahoma, and Nick Theodore in South Carolina.

Post-governorship and return to politics[edit]

In 2006, Folsom reentered state politics, running again as the Democratic nominee for lieutenant governor. He won the Democratic nomination unopposed, and in the general election, he narrowly defeated Republican lawyer Luther Strange for a third, nonconsecutive four-year term in all with the previous six years he served as lieutenant governor, Folsom is the longest-serving lieutenant governor in Alabama history with 10 years of service with his third term ending on January 17, 2011.

Folsom endorsed former U.S. Senator Bill Bradley of New Jersey in the 2000 Democratic presidential primaries, Governor of Vermont Howard Dean in 2004 Democratic presidential primaries, and U.S. Senator and future President Barack Obama of Illinois in the 2008 Democratic presidential primaries. In 2016, he was a strong supporter of former Governor of Maryland Martin O'Malley for president.[6]

He announced on April 1, 2009, that he would seek re-election as lieutenant governor in 2010 rather than run for the Democratic nomination for governor.[7] On November 2, 2010, Folsom was defeated by three percentage points in his re-election bid for a fourth term by the Republican nominee, state treasurer Kay Ivey. Folsom explored a potential 2018 bid for governor.

Folsom is married to the former Marsha Guthrie. They have two children. He is an Episcopalian.

Electoral history[edit]

Democratic primary for the U.S. House of Representatives – AL 4th district, 1976

  • Tom Bevill (Inc.) – 90,168 (80.87%)
  • Jim Folsom Jr. – 21,335 (19.13%)

Democratic primary for the United States Senate, 1980

Democratic runoff for the United States Senate, 1980

United States Senate election in Alabama, 1980

  • Jeremiah Denton (R) – 650,363 (50.15%)
  • Jim Folsom Jr. (D) – 610,175 (47.05%)

Democratic primary for lieutenant governor, 1986

Democratic runoff for lieutenant governor, 1986

  • Jim Folsom Jr. – 517,724 (57.49%)
  • John Teague – 382,836 (42.51

Election for lieutenant governor, 1986

  • Jim Folsom Jr. (D) – 726,111 (61.85%)
  • Don McGriff (R) – 447,978 (38.16%)

Democratic primary for lieutenant governor, 1990

Election for lieutenant governor, 1990

  • Jim Folsom Jr. (D) (Inc.) – 768,988 (67.33%)
  • Bob McKee (R) – 373,072 (32.67%)

Democratic primary for governor, 1994

Alabama gubernatorial election, 1994

  • Fob James (R) – 604,926 (50.33%)
  • Jim Folsom Jr. (D) (Inc.) – 594,169 (49.43%)

Democratic primary for lieutenant governor, 2006

  • Jim Folsom Jr. – unopposed

Election for lieutenant governor, 2006

  • Jim Folsom Jr. (D) – 629,268 (50.61%)
  • Luther Strange (R) – 610,982 (49.14%)
  • Write-in candidates – 3,029 (0.24%)

Election for lieutenant governor, 2010

  • Kay Ivey (R) – 764,112 (51.47%)
  • Jim Folsom Jr. (D) – 718,636 (48.40%)
  • Write-in candidates – 1,945 (0.13%)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Former Ala. first lady Jamelle Folsom dies at 85". Associated Press. Montgomery Advertiser. December 2, 2012. Retrieved December 30, 2012.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ Alan Abramowitz, Jeffrey Allan Segal, Senate Elections. First thorough study of modern elections to the U.S. Senate, University of Michigan Press, 1992, ISBN 0-472-08192-6, ISBN 978-0-472-08192-9
  3. ^ "Mercedes Picks State for Plant," The Huntsville Times, September 29, 1993, p. A1
  4. ^ "Rebel Flag Could Have Cost State Mercedes Plant," The Huntsville Times, October 2, 1993, p.A2
  5. ^ "James E. Folsom Jr. (1993–95)". Encyclopedia of Alabama. Retrieved September 4, 2010.
  6. ^ Our Campaigns – Candidate – Folsom, Jr., James E. "Jim"
  7. ^ "Folsom won't run for governor in '10 | al.com". Blog.al.com. April 1, 2009. Retrieved September 4, 2010.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Chris Whatley
Member of the Alabama Public Service Commission
for the 2nd seat

1979–1987
Succeeded by
Charles Martin
Preceded by
Bill Baxley
Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
1987–1993
Succeeded by
Don Siegelman
Preceded by
Guy Hunt
Governor of Alabama
1993–1995
Succeeded by
Fob James
Preceded by
Lucy Baxley
Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
2007–2011
Succeeded by
Kay Ivey
Party political offices
Preceded by
Donald Stewart
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Alabama
(Class 1)

1980
Succeeded by
Richard Shelby
Preceded by
Bill Baxley
Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
1986, 1990
Succeeded by
Don Siegelman
Preceded by
Paul Hubbert
Democratic nominee for Governor of Alabama
1994
Preceded by
Lucy Baxley
Democratic nominee for Lieutenant Governor of Alabama
2006, 2010
Succeeded by
James Fields