John Albert Raven

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John Raven
Born John Albert Raven
(1941-06-25) 25 June 1941 (age 76)[1]
Residence Dundee, Scotland
Nationality British
Alma mater University of Cambridge (BA, MA, PhD)
Doctoral students Jack O'Malley-James[2]
Notable awards

John Albert Raven FRS[4][5] FRSE (born 25 June 1941)[1] is a British botanist, and emeritus professor at University of Dundee and the University of Technology Sydney.[6] His primary research interests lie in the ecophysiology and biochemistry of marine and terrestrial primary producers such as plants and algae.[7]


Raven was educated at the Friends' School, Saffron Walden[1] and St John’s College, Cambridge, receiving a Bachelor of Arts degree in Botany in 1963.[8] He remained at Cambridge to complete a PhD in Botany (plant biophysics) in 1967, specialising in the membrane transport processes and bioenergetics of giant-celled algae.[9][10]


After a period as a lecturer at Cambridge, Raven moved to the University of Dundee in 1971, and he remained at Dundee until his formal retirement in 2008. He was appointed there to a personal chair in 1980, and was the John Boyd Baxter Professor of Biology from 1995 until 2008.[11] In 1978, Raven was a co-founding editor of the influential peer reviewed scientific journal Plant, Cell & Environment with Paul Jarvis,[12] David Jennings, Harry Smith[13][14] and Bob Campbell.[15]


Raven's research investigates algal life forms in the upper levels of the ocean, which underpin marine ecosystems and recycle carbon. He has explored how carbon dioxide, light and trace minerals interact to limit primary productivity in algae.[5] Raven has research interests that range[11] from organism-level bioenegetics,[16] biochemistry[17] and ecophysiology,[18] through to wider-scale biogeochemistry,[19] palaeoecology[20] and even astrobiology.[21] To date, he has published more than 300 refereed research papers,[22] over 50 book chapters, the book Energetics and Transport in Aquatic Plants (1984),[23] and, together with Paul Falkowski, the influential textbook Aquatic Photosynthesis (1997, 2007).[24] In 2005, Raven led a Royal Society review of the state and implications of ongoing ocean acidification.[25] As of 2016, Raven is active in both research[26] and teaching, despite officially retiring in 2008 when he warned:

Awards and honours[edit]

Raven was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (FRSE) in 1981.[11] He was subsequently elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1990,[5] for which his certificate of election reads:

He was also a recipient of the Award of Excellence from Phycological Society of America in 2002[27] and made an Honorary Life Member of the British Phycological Society in 2006.[28]


  1. ^ a b c RAVEN, Prof. John Albert. Who's Who. 2016 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.  (subscription required)
  2. ^ O'Malley-James, Jack Thomas (2014). Life at the end of worlds : modelling the biosignatures of microbial life in diverse environments at the end of the habitable lifetimes of Earth-like planets (PhD thesis). University of St Andrews. OCLC 897879883. 
  3. ^ "Royal Society of Edinburgh Fellows as of 2016-05-13" (PDF). Edinburgh: Royal Society of Edinburgh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-30. 
  4. ^ a b c "Certificate of election EC/1990/28: Raven, John Albert". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 31 March 2016. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Professor John Raven FRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2015-11-17.  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the website where:

    “All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.” --"Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies". Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 2016-03-09. 

  6. ^ "Professor John Raven". University of Technology Sydney. Archived from the original on 2014-09-04. 
  7. ^ Lüttge, Ulrich; Beyschlag, Wolfram; Francis, Dennis (2013). Progress in Botany. ISBN 9783642309670. 
  8. ^ "Bioenergetics and the major evolutionary transitions". The Royal Society. Retrieved 2013-03-23. 
  9. ^ "Keynote Presentations at the GREENCYCLES II Summer School". Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. Archived from the original on 2016-03-09. Retrieved 2013-03-23. 
  10. ^ "Professor John Raven FRS FRSE: Interactions among resources in the growth of phytoplankton". Archived from the original on 2015-09-10. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Symposium to mark retiral of Professor John Raven". University of Dundee. 11 September 2008. Archived from the original on 2016-03-31. Retrieved 2013-03-23. 
  12. ^ Smith, Harry (2013). "Paul Gordon Jarvis, FRS: co-founding editor ofPlant, Cell & Environment". Plant, Cell & Environment. 36 (5): 907–908. ISSN 0140-7791. PMID 23421651. doi:10.1111/pce.12080. 
  13. ^ Smith, Harry (1978). "Editorial". Plant, Cell and Environment. 1 (1): 1–1. ISSN 0140-7791. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3040.1978.tb00738.x. 
  14. ^ Raven, John A. (2015). "Harry Smith, FRS: co-founding editor and first Chief Editor ofPlant, Cell & Environment". Plant, Cell & Environment. 38 (8): 1453–1454. ISSN 0140-7791. doi:10.1111/pce.12567. 
  15. ^ "Wiley-Blackwell Announces Retirement of Bob Campbell". 2013-02-28. Archived from the original on 2016-03-30. 
  16. ^ Raven, J.A. (1970). "Exogenous inorganic carbon sources in plant photosynthesis". Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society. 45 (2): 167–220. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1970.tb01629.x. 
  17. ^ Raven, J.A. (2000). "Land plant biochemistry". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B. 355 (1398): 833–846. doi:10.1098/rstb.2000.0618. 
  18. ^ Raven, J.A.; Hurd, C.L. (2012). "Ecophysiology of photosynthesis in macroalgae". Photosynthesis Research. 113 (1–3): 105–125. doi:10.1007/s11120-012-9768-z. 
  19. ^ Raven, J.A.; Wollenweber, B.; Handley, L.L. (1992). "Ammonia and ammonium fluxes between photolithotrophs and the environment in relation to the global nitrogen-cycle". New Phytologist. 121 (1): 5–18. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.1992.tb01087.x. 
  20. ^ Raven, J.A.; Yin, Z.H. (1998). "The past, present and future of nitrogenous compounds in the atmosphere, and their interactions with plants". New Phytologist. 139 (1): 205–219. doi:10.1046/j.1469-8137.1998.00168.x. 
  21. ^ O'Malley-James, J. T.; Raven, J. A.; Cockell, C. S.; et al. (2012). "Life and Light: Exotic Photosynthesis in Binary and Multiple-Star Systems". Astrobiology. 12 (2): 115–124. PMID 22283409. doi:10.1089/ast.2011.0678. 
  22. ^ John Albert Raven's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database, a service provided by Elsevier. (subscription required)
  23. ^ Raven, J.A. (1984). Energetics and Transport in Aquatic Plants (1 ed.). Krieger Publishing Company. ISBN 0-8451-2203-7. 
  24. ^ Falkowski, P.G.; Raven, J.A. (2007). Aquatic Photosynthesis (2 ed.). Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-632-06139-1. 
  25. ^ Raven, J. A. et al. (2005). Ocean acidification due to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide. Royal Society, London, UK.
  26. ^ Raven, John A.; Beardall, John (2016). "The ins and outs of CO2". Journal of Experimental Botany. 67 (1): 1–13. PMC 4682431Freely accessible. PMID 26466660. doi:10.1093/jxb/erv451. 
  27. ^ "Award of Excellence". Phycological Society of America. Retrieved 1 April 2016. 
  28. ^ "Honorary Life Member of the British Phycological Society". University of Dundee. Retrieved 1 April 2016.