John Albert Raven

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For the English classical scholar, see John Raven.
John A. Raven
Born John Albert Raven
(1941-06-25)25 June 1941
Residence Dundee, Scotland
Nationality British
Fields Botanist, ecophysiologist
Institutions University of Dundee
Alma mater University of Cambridge
Notable awards Award of Excellence, Phycological Society of America, 2002
Honorary Life Member, British Phycological Society, 2006
Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
Fellow of the Royal Society

John Albert Raven FRS FRSE (born 25 June 1941)[1] is a British botanical scientist, and emeritus professor at University of Dundee. His primary research interests lie in the ecophysiology and biochemistry of marine and terrestrial primary producers such as plants and algae.[2] Raven began his studies at the University of Cambridge, receiving a BA in Botany in 1963.[3] He remained at Cambridge to complete a doctorate in Botany (plant biophysics) in 1967, specialising in the membrane transport processes and bioenergetics of giant-celled algae.[4] After a period as a lecturer at Cambridge, Raven moved to the University of Dundee in 1971, and he remained at Dundee until his formal retirement in 2008. He was appointed there to a personal chair in 1980, and was the John Boyd Baxter Professor of Biology from 1995 until 2008.[5]

Raven has research interests that range[5] from organism-level bioenegetics,[6] biochemistry[7] and ecophysiology,[8] through to wider-scale biogeochemistry,[9] palaeoecology[10] and even astrobiology.[11] To date, he has published more than 300 refereed research papers, over 50 book chapters, the book Energetics and Transport in Aquatic Plants (1984),[12] and, together with Paul Falkowski, the influential textbook Aquatic Photosynthesis (1997, 2007).[13] In 2005, Raven led a Royal Society review of the state and implications of ongoing ocean acidification.[14] He became a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1981, and a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1990.[3] Raven is still active in both research and teaching, despite officially retiring in 2008 when he warned:

Life has survived many rapid and large amplitude environmental changes over billions of years, but we should not be complacent about the biological effects of current anthropogenic influences on the environment. At the most selfish level, we depend on the continued provision of ‘ecosystem services’ for our quality of life.

—John Raven, University of Dundee[5]


  1. ^ RAVEN, Prof. John Albert, Who's Who 2014, A & C Black, 2014; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014
  2. ^ Lüttge, Ulrich; Beyschlag, Wolfram; Francis, Dennis (2013). Progress in Botany. ISBN 9783642309670. 
  3. ^ a b "Bioenergetics and the major evolutionary transitions". The Royal Society. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Keynote Presentations at the GREENCYCLES II Summer School". Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c "Symposium to mark retiral of Professor John Raven". University of Dundee. 11 September 2008. Retrieved 23 March 2013. 
  6. ^ Raven, J.A. (1970). "Exogenous inorganic carbon sources in plant photosynthesis". Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society 45 (2): 167–220. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1970.tb01629.x. 
  7. ^ Raven, J.A. (2000). "Land plant biochemistry". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 355 (1398): 833–846. doi:10.1098/rstb.2000.0618. 
  8. ^ Raven, J.A.; Hurd, C.L. (2012). "Ecophysiology of photosynthesis in macroalgae". Photosynthesis Research 113 (1-3): 105–125. doi:10.1007/s11120-012-9768-z. 
  9. ^ Raven, J.A.; Wollenweber, B.; Handley, L.L. (1992). "Ammonia and ammonium fluxes between photolithotrophs and the environment in relation to the global nitrogen-cycle". New Phytologist 121 (1): 5–18. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.1992.tb01087.x. 
  10. ^ Raven, J.A.; Yin, Z.H. (1998). "The past, present and future of nitrogenous compounds in the atmosphere, and their interactions with plants". New Phytologist 139 (1): 205–219. doi:10.1046/j.1469-8137.1998.00168.x. 
  11. ^ O'Malley-James, J. T.; Raven, J. A.; Cockell, C. S. et al. (2012). "Life and Light: Exotic Photosynthesis in Binary and Multiple-Star Systems". Astrobiology 12 (2): 115–124. doi:10.1089/ast.2011.0678. 
  12. ^ Raven, J.A. (1984). Energetics and Transport in Aquatic Plants (1 ed.). Krieger Publishing Company. ISBN 0-8451-2203-7. 
  13. ^ Falkowski, P.G.; Raven, J.A. (2007). Aquatic Photosynthesis (2 ed.). Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-632-06139-1. 
  14. ^ Raven, J. A. et al. (2005). Ocean acidification due to increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide. Royal Society, London, UK.