Johnny Knoxville

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Johnny Knoxville
Knoxville at the Jackass 3D premiere in Berlin, October 2010
Philip John Clapp

(1971-03-11) March 11, 1971 (age 51)
EducationSouth-Doyle High School
  • Stunt performer
  • actor
  • producer
  • screenwriter
Years active1992–present
Notable workJackass
Melanie Cates
(m. 1995; div. 2008)

Naomi Nelson
(m. 2010; sep. 2021)
Ring name(s)Johnny Knoxville
Billed height6 ft 1 in (185 cm)
Billed weight181 lb (82 kg)
2022 (in ring)

Philip John Clapp (born March 11, 1971),[1][2] best known professionally as Johnny Knoxville, is an American stunt performer, professional wrestler, actor, writer, and producer. He is best known as a co-creator and star of the MTV reality stunt show Jackass, which aired for three seasons from 2000 to 2001. A year later, Knoxville and his co-stars returned for the first installment in the Jackass film series, with a second and third installment being released in 2006 and 2010, respectively. Jackass Presents: Bad Grandpa (2013), the first film in the series with a storyline, saw him star as his Jackass character Irving Zisman. Jackass Forever was released in 2022, it is said to be his final installment of the Jackass franchise.[3]

Knoxville has had acting roles in films such as Men in Black II (2002), A Dirty Shame and Walking Tall (both 2004), The Dukes of Hazzard, The Ringer, and a cameo role as a sleazy corporate president of a skateboard company in Lords of Dogtown (all 2005), The Last Stand (2013), Skiptrace (2016), and the television series Reboot (2022). He also voiced Leonardo in Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2014).

Early life[edit]

Knoxville was born Philip John Clapp ("P.J.") in Knoxville, Tennessee.[2] His father, Philip (1935–2018), was a tire and car salesman, and his mother, Lemoyne Clapp (née Houck; 1938–2017), taught Sunday school.[4][5][6] He has two older sisters.[7]

Knoxville credits a copy of Jack Kerouac's On the Road, given to him by his cousin, singer-songwriter Roger Alan Wade, with giving him the acting bug.[8][9]

Knoxville attended South-Doyle High School in Knoxville. While in high school, he played on the baseball team where he was named All-Knoxville Interscholastic League Honorable Mention and played in the Knoxville Area All Star game as a pitcher.[10][11] After graduating in 1989, he moved to California to become an actor. In the beginning, Knoxville appeared mostly in commercials and made several minor appearances as an extra.[12]

When the "big break" he sought eluded him, he decided to create his own opportunities by writing and pitching article ideas to various magazines. An idea to test self-defense equipment on himself captured the interest of Jeff Tremaine's skateboarding magazine Big Brother, and the stunts were filmed and included in Big Brother's "Number Two" video.


Knoxville is responsible for many of the ideas in Jackass, and is often seen as the de facto leader of the crew. The show is directed by Jeff Tremaine, who produced a pilot that used footage from Big Brother and Bam Margera's CKY videos.

With help from Tremaine's friend, film director Spike Jonze, they pitched a series to various networks. A deal was made with MTV and Jackass was born.[13]

Knoxville also participated in the Gumball 3000 for Jackass along with co-stars Steve-O, Chris Pontius, Jackass director Jeff Tremaine, and cinematographer Dimitry Elyashkevich. Prior to Jackass premiering on MTV, Knoxville and company turned down an offer to perform their stunts for Saturday Night Live on a weekly basis,[14] though Knoxville later hosted a 2005 episode of the show.

Film and television roles[edit]

Knoxville at the 2011 San Diego Comic-Con

Knoxville has been in several feature films, most notably starring opposite Seann William Scott in Jay Chandrasekhar's adaptation of The Dukes of Hazzard. He starred in Jackass: The Movie, Jackass Number Two, Jackass 2.5, Jackass 3D (which marked the 10th anniversary of the franchise), Jackass 3.5, Jackass Forever, and Jackass 4.5. He played a two-headed alien in the 2002 film Men in Black II. Knoxville also worked with John Waters in A Dirty Shame in 2004, and appeared as a supporting character to The Rock in Walking Tall in the same year.

He starred in Katrina Holden Bronson's Daltry Calhoun in 2005, and in The Ringer as an office worker who pretends to be disabled and joins the Special Olympics to pay for surgery for his office's janitor. He starred in the movie Lords of Dogtown as Topper Burks, made a minor appearance in the 2000 movie Coyote Ugly, and was featured as a guest voice on two episodes of King of the Hill.

Knoxville appeared in the John Madden-directed adaptation of Elmore Leonard's novel, Killshot, however, his character was subsequently removed from the final cut of the film. He guest-starred in a season 3 episode "Prank Wars" on Viva La Bam, in which he and Ryan Dunn trashed Bam Margera's Hummer and performed other pranks. He voiced himself in an episode of Family Guy. He co-produced The Dudesons in America and the now-canceled Nitro Circus on MTV.

In 2010, Knoxville hosted a three-part online video for Palladium Boots titled Detroit Lives. The videos focus on the resurgence of creativity in Detroit. Knoxville guest-starred as the voice of Johnny Krill, an extreme sports enthusiast, in "Extreme Spots", a 2012 episode of SpongeBob SquarePants. Knoxville voiced Leonardo in the 2014 film, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles[15] but did not appear in the sequel.[16]

Production credits[edit]

Knoxville (right) with Jeff Tremaine (left) and Bad Grandpa co-star Jackson Nicoll

Knoxville has a production company called Dickhouse Productions, which he owns and operates with Jeff Tremaine and Spike Jonze of the Jackass franchise.[17] Dickhouse's projects include The Birth of Big Air (2010), a documentary about Mat Hoffman that was part of ESPN's 30 for 30 series, and The Wild and Wonderful Whites of West Virginia (2010), both of which have been picked up by Tribeca Films.[18]

In May 2014, Knoxville (along with Jackass Executive Producer/H.M.F.I.C. Derek Freda) formally announced the formation of a new production company called 'Hello Junior', which will continue Knoxville's now-longstanding relationship with Paramount Pictures, who have signed an exclusive two-year first-look deal with Knoxville and 'Hello Junior' in the wake of the massive success of Bad Grandpa in late 2013.

Knoxville was quoted as saying, "I am over the damn moon about continuing an amazing partnership with Paramount Pictures," he said. "I have many more films to make and bones to break. I am glad I will be doing it for Paramount."[19]

Professional wrestling[edit]

Knoxville, as with the Jackass crew, has been involved with the professional wrestling promotion WWE. On the October 13, 2008 episode of Raw, Knoxville made his WWE television debut feuding with The Great Khali.[20] Knoxville later appeared as the guest star on the October 4, 2010 episode of Raw in Wichita, Kansas.[21]

On January 1, 2022, at WWE's Day 1 pay-per-view, Knoxville announced he would be at the Royal Rumble pay-per-view as a participant in the event's signature namesake match.[22] His entry was confirmed on the January 7 episode of SmackDown while simultaneously starting a feud with Sami Zayn. He entered the Royal Rumble at number 9 and was eliminated by Zayn.[23] Knoxville then returned on the February 25 episode of SmackDown and challenged Zayn for the WWE Intercontinental Championship that the latter won the week prior, but Knoxville got rejected and was attacked by Zayn. The following week, Knoxville distracted Zayn during his match with Ricochet, allowing the latter to win the championship from him. Later that same night, Zayn challenged Knoxville to a match at WrestleMania 38 to which Knoxville accepted, and the match was stipulated as an Anything Goes match, wherein on Night 2 of that event, he won the match against Zayn with the help of Jackass members Chris Pontius, Wee Man, director Jeff Tremaine, and new members Jasper Dolphin and his father Compston "Dark Shark" Wilson.[24]

Personal life[edit]

Knoxville married Melanie Lynn Cates on May 15, 1995. They have a daughter born on January 4, 1996.[25] His daughter can be heard in the credits for Jackass Number Two, is seen in "The Making of Jackass Two" on the special features on the DVD, and was seen in the credits of Jackass 3D, punching Tremaine with a boxing glove. After eleven years of marriage, the couple separated in July 2006. Knoxville filed for divorce on July 3, 2007.[25] The marriage was legally ended in March 2008,[26] with final divorce arrangements settled in July 2009.[27]

On February 4, 2009, Knoxville explained on The Howard Stern Show how he tore his urethra during a stunt for Jackass Presents: Mat Hoffman's Tribute to Evel Knievel,[28] describing how he had to flush it twice daily. He said this was done by "sticking a tube into his penis all the way up to his bladder", referring to the practice of urinary catheterization. Knoxville said the process prevented scar tissue from forming[29] and performed the procedure "twice a day for three and a half years" after the injury.[30]

On August 18, 2009, Knoxville announced that he and his girlfriend, Naomi Nelson, were expecting their first child.[31] Nelson gave birth to a son that December in Los Angeles.[32] Knoxville and Nelson married on September 24, 2010.[33] Nelson gave birth to a daughter in October 2011, in Los Angeles.[34] On June 17, 2022, it was reported that Knoxville filed for divorce from his wife.[35]


Feature films[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
1995 Desert Blues Bob
1998 Number Two: Big Brother Himself (uncredited) Direct-to-video
1999 boob Himself Direct-to-video
2000 Coyote Ugly College Guy
2001 Crap: Big Brother Himself (uncredited) Direct-to-video
Don't Try This at Home: The Steve-O Video Himself Guest appearances
CKY3 Himself Guest appearances
2002 Life Without Dick Dick Rasmusson
Big Trouble Eddie Leadbetter
Deuces Wild Vinnie 'Fish'
Men in Black II Scrad / Charlie
Jackass: The Movie Himself and Irving Zisman Writer and producer
CKY4: The Latest & Greatest Himself Guest appearances
2003 Grand Theft Parsons Phil Kaufman
2004 Walking Tall Deputy Ray Templeton
A Dirty Shame Ray 'Ray-Ray' Perkins
Steve-O: The Early Years Himself Guest appearances
2005 Lords of Dogtown Topper Burks
The Dukes of Hazzard Luke Duke
Daltry Calhoun Daltry Calhoun
The Ringer Steve Barker / Jeffie
2006 Ultimate Predator Himself Direct-to-video
Guest appearances
Jackass Number Two Himself and Irving Zisman Writer and producer
2007 Jackass 2.5
The Man Who Souled the World Himself Documentary
2008 Killshot Ferris Britton Scenes deleted
Jackass Presents: Mat Hoffman's Tribute to Evel Knievel Himself Direct-to-video
Executive producer
2009 Jackass: The Lost Tapes Direct-to-video
2010 Father of Invention Troy Coangelo
Jackass 3D Himself and Irving Zisman Writer and producer
2011 Jackass 3.5
2012 Nitro Circus: The Movie Himself Guest appearances
Nature Calls Kirk
Fun Size Jörgen Uncredited
2013 The Last Stand Lewis Dinkum
Movie 43 Pete
Small Apartments Tommy Balls
Jackass Presents: Bad Grandpa Irving Zisman Writer and producer
2014 Jackass Presents: Bad Grandpa .5
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Leonardo Voice
2015 Being Evel Himself Producer
2016 Elvis & Nixon Sonny West
Skiptrace Connor Watts
2017 Dumb: The Story of Big Brother Magazine Himself Documentary
2018 Half Magic Father Gary
Action Point Deshawn Crious 'D.C.' Carver Writer and producer
Rosy James
The Great Buster: A Celebration Himself Documentary
2019 Polar Michael Green
Above Suspicion Cash
We Summon the Darkness Pastor John Henry Butler
2020 Steve-O: Gnarly Himself Guest appearances
Mainstream Ted Wick
2022 Jackass Forever Himself and Irving Zisman Writer and producer
Jackass 4.5
TBA The Brandon Novak Story Himself Documentary


Year Title Role Notes
1992 The Ben Stiller Show Cure Fan 1 episode
1999 Big Brother Himself
2000–2001 Jackass Himself Co-creator
Executive producer
2001 The Andy Dick Show Wannabe Andy Dick 2 episodes
2001 MTV Video Music Awards Himself Presenter
2001 MTV Movie Awards Himself Presenter
2002 Jackass Backyard BBQ Himself TV special
Executive producer
MTV Cribs Himself 1 episode
2002 MTV Video Music Awards Himself Presenter
2002 MTV Movie Awards Himself Presenter
MTV Video Music Awards Latinoamérica 2002 Himself Presenter
2003–2006 Wildboyz Himself 10 episodes
2003 Player$ Himself 1 episode
Australian Idol Himself Special guest appearance
2004 Cooking Channel Himself
Viva La Bam Himself 1 episode
2005 Saturday Night Live Himself 1 episode
Jackass: Gumball 3000 Rally Special Himself TV special
2005 MTV Movie Awards Himself Presenter
2006 King of the Hill Peter Sterling 1 episode
2006 MTV Video Music Awards Himself Presenter
Los Premios MTV Latinoamérica 2006 Himself Presenter
2007 Adventures in Hollyhood Himself
2008 WWE Raw Himself 1 episode 24 Hour Takeover Himself TV special
Executive producer
Family Guy Himself (voice) Episode: "The Man with Two Brians"
King of the Hill Hoyt Platter
Unhitched Chuck
2009 Dogg After Dark Himself
Dancing with the Stars Himself 3 episodes
Rob Dyrdek's Fantasy Factory Himself 1 episode
Nitro Circus Himself 10 episodes
Co-creator and executive producer
Steve-O: Demise and Rise Himself TV movie documentary
The Goode Family Dean 1 episode
2010 The Dudesons Himself 1 episode
The Dudesons in America Himself 3 episodes
WWE Raw Himself 1 episode
2010 MTV Video Music Awards Himself Presenter
2010 MTV Europe Music Awards Himself Presenter
2011 Ridiculousness Himself 1 episode
A Tribute to Ryan Dunn Himself TV movie documentary
2012-2013 Loiter Squad Himself 2 episodes
2012 SpongeBob SquarePants Johnny Krill Episode: "Extreme Spots"
2013 Conan Himself 1 episode
2014–2018 Drunk History Various 4 episodes
2014 Maron Himself 1 episode
CKY: The Greatest Hits Himself TV special
2015 Jimmy Kimmel Live! Himself 1 episode (Unexpected guest in a segment)
2017 Epicly Later'd: Bam Margera Himself TV documentary
2020 Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt C.J. Special: "Kimmy vs the Reverend"
2021 Jackass Shark Week Himself TV special
Executive producer
Jimmy Kimmel Live! Himself 1 episode
Guest appearance
WWE SmackDown Himself 1 episode
Guest appearance
2022 WWE Day 1 Himself video link
Jimmy Kimmel Live! Himself 1 episode
Guest appearance
Royal Rumble (2022) Himself Royal Rumble Participant
Ridiculousness Himself 1 episode
The Late Late Show with James Corden Himself 1 episode
Guest appearance
The Daily Show with Trevor Noah Himself 1 episode
Guest appearance
WrestleMania 38 Himself Participant
The Orville Actor #2 1 episode
Jackass Shark Week 2.0[36] Himself TV special
Executive producer
2022–present Reboot Clay Barber Main cast
2022 Jimmy Kimmel Live! Himself 1 episode
Guest appearance
Celebrity Family Feud[37] Himself Participant
Episode 9.11
Late Night with Seth Meyers Himself 1 episode
Guest appearance
Good Morning America Weekend Himself 1 episode
Guest appearance
2023 The Prank Panel[38] Himself Host
Executive producer

Video games[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
2007 Jackass: The Game Himself Voice and motion capture
2022 Jackass Human Slingshot Himself Voice
Mobile game

Music videos[edit]

Year Artist Track Role Notes
2002 CKY "Flesh Into Gear" Himself Archived footage
Andrew W.K. "We Want Fun" Himself
2003 Roger Alan Wade "If You're Gonna Be Dumb, You Gotta Be Tough" Himself Cameraman
2006 Wolfmother "Joker & the Thief" Himself
Chris Pontius "Karazy" Himself
2010 Weezer "Memories" Himself
2022 French Cassettes "On/Off" Heist Boss
2022 Queen Kwong "Sad Man" Lieutenant

Web series[edit]

Year Title Role Notes
2015 Jackass Reunion: 15 Years Later[39] Himself Rolling Stone special
2018 Hot Ones[40] Himself 1 episode
2021 Actually Me[41] Himself 1 episode
2022 Sneaker Shopping[42] Himself 1 episode
Battle Scars[43] Himself 1 episode
According to Google[44] Himself 1 episode
Steve-O's Wild Ride![45] Himself Podcast
1 episode
Autocomplete Interview[46] Himself 1 episode
Wikipedia: Fact or Fiction?[47] Himself 1 episode
The Shittiest Podcast[48] Himself Podcast
1 episode


  1. ^ "Johnny Knoxville: Biography". TV Guide. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Johnny Knoxville: Biography". Turner Classic Movies. Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Retrieved June 17, 2018.
  3. ^ Schube, Sam (May 25, 2021). "Johnny Knoxville's Last Rodeo". GQ. Retrieved March 11, 2022.
  4. ^ "Strictly+for+Jackasses". The Times. London. Retrieved May 7, 2010.
  5. ^ "Meet Jackass the Sophisticated Dude; You Want Rowdy and Moronic? Johnny Knoxville Is Poised and Bookish, if You Please". The New York Times. November 4, 2002.
  6. ^ Gouch, Beth Harrison. "East High School Class of 1956 1952-1956, Knoxville, TN".
  7. ^ "'Jackass': Johnny Knoxville's mother on her danger-seeking son with a 'heart of gold'". Entertainment Weekly.
  8. ^ "Knoxville: A Southern mix of contradictions", USAToday, August 8, 2005.
  9. ^ "Overview for Johnny Knoxville". Retrieved August 8, 2012.
  10. ^ "Knox all-star game slated for Saturday". The Knoxville News-Sentinel. May 18, 1989. p. 34. Retrieved June 17, 2022.
  11. ^ "25 May 1989, 27 - The Knoxville News-Sentinel at". Retrieved June 17, 2022.
  12. ^ Hartmann, Graham (March 29, 2022). "Johnny Knoxville - Wikipedia: Fact or Fiction?". Loudwire. Event occurs at 1:11. Retrieved June 14, 2022 – via YouTube.
  13. ^ Scott, Mike (August 4, 2009). "Johnny Knoxville: 'Jackass' star Steve-O almost ready to dive back into his work". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved September 1, 2009.
  14. ^ "In a Southern state of mind". The Washington Times. Archived from the original on October 16, 2014. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  15. ^ "Johnny Knoxville, Tony Shalhoub Lend Voices To 'Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles'". Deadline. April 3, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  16. ^ "INTERVIEW: Johnny Knoxville Talks To Me About 'Elvis & Nixon'". April 20, 2016. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
  17. ^ "welcome to - dickhouse". Archived from the original on April 4, 2018. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  18. ^ "Johnny Knoxville and Steve-O: Jackass 3D". October 15, 2010. Retrieved October 18, 2010.
  19. ^ "Johnny Knoxville Signs Exclusive Two-Year First-Look Deal With Paramount". The Hollywood Reporter. May 19, 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  20. ^ "Jackass and Their Strange History with WWE". December 20, 2019.
  21. ^ "Upcoming Raw guest hosts". WWE. August 12, 2010. Retrieved April 5, 2022.
  22. ^ Powell, Jason (January 1, 2022). "WWE Day 1 results: Powell's review of Big E vs. Brock Lesnar vs. Bobby Lashley vs. Kevin Owens vs. Seth Rollins for the WWE Championship, Becky Lynch vs. Liv Morgan for the Raw Women's Championship, The Usos vs. Kofi Kingston and King Woods for the Smackdown Tag Titles, Edge vs. The Miz". Pro Wrestling Dot Net. Retrieved January 1, 2022.
  23. ^ Powell, Jason (January 7, 2022). "1/7 WWE Friday Night Smackdown results: Powell's review of the confrontation between WWE Champion Brock Lesnar and WWE Universal Champion Roman Reigns, The Usos vs. Kofi Kingston and King Woods in a Street Fight for the Smackdown Tag Titles, Sami Zayn vs. Rick Boogs". Pro Wrestling Dot Net. Retrieved January 10, 2022.
  24. ^ Powell, Jason (March 18, 2022). "3/18 WWE Friday Night Smackdown results: Powell's review of the WWE Universal Champion Roman Reigns and WWE Champion Brock Lesnar confrontation, Naomi and Sasha Banks vs. Liv Morgan and Rhea Ripley, Kofi Kingston vs. Ridge Holland, Drew McIntyre and The Viking Raiders vs. Happy Corbin, Jinder Mahal, and Shanky". Pro Wrestling Dot Net. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  25. ^ a b "Johnny Knoxville Files For Divorce". CBS News. July 4, 2007. Retrieved April 19, 2010.
  26. ^ "Johnny Knoxville, Single Jackass". TMZ. Retrieved September 25, 2010.
  27. ^ Lee, Ken. "Johnny Knoxville to Pay $6,000 Monthly in Child Support". People. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  28. ^ Yamato, Jen (August 21, 2015). "Johnny Knoxville: How I Broke My Penis". The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 28, 2021.
  29. ^ "Stern Show News — Archive". Retrieved August 8, 2012.
  30. ^ Roach, Vicky (November 7, 2013). "Bad Grandpa and Jackass star Johnny Knoxville reflects on his worst injury". Retrieved January 19, 2018.
  31. ^ dickhouse productions. "dickhouse". Archived from the original on February 6, 2010. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
  32. ^ "'Jackass' star Johnny Knoxville has a new recruit: Baby boy Rocko". Monsters and December 23, 2009. Archived from the original on December 26, 2009. Retrieved December 25, 2009.
  33. ^ "Johnny Knoxville Gets Married". Us Weekly. Retrieved September 25, 2010.
  34. ^ "Baby No. 3 On the Way for Johnny Knoxville". People. Retrieved August 8, 2012.
  35. ^ Kirkpatrick, Emily (June 17, 2022). "Johnny Knoxville Files for Divorce From Wife Naomi Nelson". Vanity Fair. Retrieved June 27, 2022.
  36. ^ Tremaine, Jeff (July 11, 2022). "Guess who's back on #SharkWeek!!! Dive into @SharkWeek on Sunday, July 24 at 9p ET on @Discovery and streaming on @discoveryplus. Jackass Shark Week 2.0". Instagram. Retrieved July 11, 2022.
  37. ^ "The cast of Jackass - Celebrity Family Feud". DGEPress. September 6, 2022. Retrieved September 16, 2022.
  38. ^ Cordero, Rosy (November 1, 2022). "Johnny Knoxville, Eric André & Gabourey Sidibe To Lead Prank Reality Series For ABC". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved November 1, 2022.
  39. ^ "Jackass Reunion: 15 Years Later". YouTube. October 6, 2015. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
  40. ^ Sean, Evans (June 7, 2018). "Johnny Knoxville Gets Smoked By Spicy Wings - Hot Ones". YouTube. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
  41. ^ "Johnny Knoxville Replies to Fans on the Internet". YouTube. May 25, 2021. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
  42. ^ La Puma, Joey (January 31, 2022). "Johnny Knoxville Goes Sneaker Shopping With Complex". YouTube. Retrieved January 31, 2022.
  43. ^ "The Worst Injuries of Johnny Knoxville's Career - Battle Scars". YouTube. February 4, 2022. Retrieved February 12, 2022.
  44. ^ "Johnny Knoxville Answers His Most Asked Questions - According To Google - Radio X". YouTube. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  45. ^ "Johnny Knoxville - Steve-O's Wild Ride! Ep #93". YouTube. February 10, 2022. Retrieved February 10, 2022.
  46. ^ "Johnny Knoxville Answers the Web's Most Searched Questions - WIRED". YouTube. February 26, 2021. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  47. ^ Hartman, Graham (March 29, 2022). "Johnny Knoxville - Wikipedia: Fact or Fiction?". YouTube. Retrieved March 31, 2022.
  48. ^ McInerney, Sean (April 20, 2022). "The Shittiest Podcast w/ Poopies Episode 1: Johnny Knoxville". YouTube. Retrieved April 20, 2022.

External links[edit]