Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa
|Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa|
|President of FC Porto|
Assumed office |
17 April 1982
|Preceded by||Américo Gomes de Sá|
|President of the Portuguese Professional Football League|
13 July 1995 – 23 December 1996
|Preceded by||Manuel Damásio|
|Succeeded by||Valentim Loureiro|
28 December 1937|
Cedofeita, Porto, Portugal
Manuela Graça (1964–1997)|
Filomena Morais (2007–2012)
Fernanda Miranda (2012–2016)
José Alexandrino Teixeira da Costa (father)|
Maria Elisa Bessa Lima de Amorim Pinto (mother)
José Eduardo Pinto da Costa (brother)
Alexandre Pinto da Costa (born 1964)|
Joana Pinto da Costa (born 1987)
Jorge Nuno de Lima Pinto da Costa (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈʒɔɾʒ(ɨ) ˈnũnu ˈpĩtu dɐ ˈkɔʃtɐ]; born 28 December 1937) is the president of Portuguese sports club FC Porto since 1982. He is the president with more titles won and more days in charge in world football. A controversial figure, he was most notably involved in Portuguese football corruption scandal Apito Dourado, from which he was absolved.
- 1 Early years
- 2 Directorial beginnings
- 3 The return
- 4 Pinto da Costa and Pedroto, Chairman and Manager
- 5 Years of domestic success - association football
- 6 The José Mourinho era
- 7 The post-Mourinho era
- 8 The "Apito Dourado" affair
- 9 Football honours
- 10 References
- 11 See also
Pinto da Costa was born in Porto, the son of José Alexandrino Teixeira da Costa and Maria Elisa Bessa Lima de Amorim Pinto, who fathered other four children, including future forensic pathologist José Eduardo.
In his late teens, Jorge Nuno started working as a bank teller. He began collaborating with FC Porto, while keeping his day job; in 1953, on his 16th birthday, his maternal grandmother registered him as a club associate and he was a frequent attender of the team's football and hockey games, eventually going on to work in directorial capacities in the latter department, in his early 20s.
Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa's career at FC Porto started when he was just 20 years old, after accepting the club's invitation to join the rink hockey administrative commission. In 1962 he became chief of the rink hockey department, a job he would eventually accumulate after also taking over as chief of the boxing department in 1967. In 1969, he integrated Afonso Pinto de Magalhães's Chairman candidacy list as Head of all Amateur Departments. Their list won the elections and he held the job for the three following years. Despite being invited by future president Américo de Sá to join his then candidacy list, he refused the offer as he felt the candidate should bring forward a renewed list. He left the club in 1971 after Pinto de Magalhães's mandate was over.
In 1976, FC Porto's most popular department, association football, was facing the largest title drought in the club's history, having not won the Primeira Liga for 19 years. This period coincided with the rise of neighbors Boavista F.C., who under the guidance of Pinto da Costa's friend and Porto's former player and coach, José Maria Pedroto, would win later that season the Taça de Portugal, the first major trophy in the club's history.
On the same night F.C.Porto's transfer target Brazilian player Amarildo, fled to city rivals Boavista F.C. at the last-minute, Pinto da Costa was provoked by friends, some of whom were directors of Boavista F.C., with allegations that Boavista had surpassed Porto as the city's major sporting force. He considered this an outrage and vowed on that night to return to his beloved club. Soon after he contacted then F.C.Porto's Chairman Américo de Sá and both arranged his return through the formers reelection list, this time as director of football. Before the elections, he agreed terms with José Maria Pedroto, who was still coaching Boavista F.C. at the time. In May 1976 Chairman Américo de Sá was reelected and Pinto da Costa returned to the club as director of football, alongside Pedroto as a coach.
Rise and first victories
It was under Pinto da Costa's and José Maria Pedroto's guidance that, in 1976–77, Porto won the Taça de Portugal, their first silverware in 18 years. During the following season F.C.Porto's success continued when they finally broke their 19-year-old title drought and won the 1977–78 league. The 1978–79 season would mark a back-to-back league title for both men. Subsequently, though, in 1980 after failing a third title in a row, internal disputes regarding other sporting departments having too much influence in FC Porto football section led to their resignation. Following their resignation 15 first team players refused to play for the club. This specific period of time is dubbed as "Verão Quente" (Hot summer).
Pinto da Costa and Pedroto, Chairman and Manager
On 17 April 1982, following internal disputes in FC Porto, Pinto da Costa became the 33rd Chairman of the club and chose Pedroto as the association football manager. This partnership was to have a lasting effect on FC Porto's whole structure. Pedroto was a visionary, a highly talented football player whose charisma as coach was unique. Under Pedroto, in 1984, FC Porto reached its first European final. FC Porto lost 2–1 to Juventus in Basel, in the Cup Winners' Cup final, in a match marred by controversial refereeing decisions. By then Pedroto was already ill, having been diagnosed with cancer. He would resign his duties and died shortly afterwards, in 1985.
Artur Jorge was appointed as Pedroto's replacement, and European recognition would finally come under his spell. In 1987, Porto faced Bayern Munich for the European Cup final. At halftime, Bayern took a 1–0 lead. But the rookie Portuguese side would come back to claim a historic victory. Algerian Rabah Madjer scored with his heel to draw the match, and Juary later sealed the 2–1 win that ensured FC Porto the biggest feat of its near centenary history.
Years of domestic success - association football
Domestic success continued to be a hallmark of FC Porto in subsequent years, and 1995–99 became the highest note of Portuguese domestic competition ever. Following titles by Bobby Robson (1995 and 1996) and António Oliveira (1997 and 1998), Fernando Santos captured a record-setting 5th consecutive title in 1999. Porto later achieved 2nd place in the championship but won the 2000 and 2001 Portuguese Cups (whilst reaching the European Quarterfinals in both seasons) only to replace Fernando Santos with Octávio Machado. Octávio however only had a short stint at Porto. His replacement would be José Mourinho.
In the end of the 1998–99 season FCPorto swept the Portuguese professional sports by winning all the competitions in which it had a professional team: football, handball, basketball and rink hockey. These sports constitute the most important team sports in Portugal, plus volleyball, which FCPorto has not had as a team for several years. It also won the swimming national championship which made a total of 5 championship titles in the same year. In Portugal it was called the "double penta", making reference to the 5 consecutive championships in football.
The José Mourinho era
Mourinho joined Porto in January 2002, the club was in 5th place on the table. Mourinho would ensure a UEFA Cup berth for the following season, ending the league in 3rd. Summer of 2002 saw a lot of movement on the transfer market by Porto. The bets consisted mainly on Portuguese players playing in Portugal, yet to prove their true worth, as well as, for the most part, little known foreigners. It most certainly worked and such was Mourinho's impressive work in FC Porto that he managed to lead the club to two glorious seasons in 2003 and 2004, wrapping up consecutive Portuguese titles and a UEFA Cup and Champions League in succession. During this period Pinto da Costa remained somewhat on Mourinho's shadow and allowed him a very firm grip on all matters regarding football.
The post-Mourinho era
Victory in the Champions League final in 2004 meant that Mourinho left Porto, looking for another challenge in a bigger league. He was replaced by Luigi Del Neri, who only lasted 4 weeks on the job. In came Victor Fernandez, who qualified the club for the Champions League last 16 and won the Intercontinental Cup. He was sacked in late January 2005 following a home defeat to Sporting Braga which saw the club lose the championship lead. José Couceiro took over and led the club to a final standing of 2nd in the league. He subsequently resigned his post.
In late May 2005, Co Adriaanse, former coach of Willem II, Ajax Amsterdam and AZ Alkmaar, was designated as the new FC Porto coach.
Under his guidance, FC Porto became an attacking team and the results were mixed, solid performances mixed with severe defensive flaws. European results in particular were terrible and Porto suffered a humiliating exit from the UEFA Champions League in the groups stage.
However, Co Adriaanse still guided Porto to a domestic double, wrapping up the title with 2 games to spare and beating Vitória de Setúbal for the Cup final.
Adriaanse resigned in the pre-season to the 2006–07 season, due to internal disputes with the clubs board, and was subsequently replaced by ex-Benfica and ex-Braga manager Jesualdo Ferreira, who had only just joined arch-rivals Boavista that season, and left without managing a single competitive match for Boavista. With him Porto won the league three consecutive times in 2006–07, 2007–08, and 2008–09.
From 2013 to 2017, he failed to conquer any silverware, contributing to the biggest hiatus during his presidency.
The "Apito Dourado" affair
Pinto da Costa was one of the people investigated by the police as part of the Apito Dourado (Golden Whistle) sports corruption scandal in Portuguese football. The investigation caused him to flee to Spain with his then partner Carolina Salgado in order to avoid detention in 2004. He was formally accused of corruption on 12 June 2007, along with Reinaldo Teles, another member of FC Porto's administration.
Following the inquiry, Pinto da Costa vowed to appeal the two-year ban placed on him by the LPFP's Discipline Committee in order to clear both his and the club's names. In a short interview, he stated: "We will not appeal the points deductions and we will still have a 14 or 15-point lead. But FC Porto's honour will be salvaged because I, personally, as president and a citizen, will appeal on Monday to the Justice Council. After this appeal, we will wait to see the truth come out and it will allow us to show there is no reason for FC Porto to have been penalised."
In May 2011 the decision made by the LPFP's Discipline Committee that initially punished FC Porto (6 points were taken) and Pinto da Costa (suspended for two years) was declared void and was thus annulled by the Administrative Court of Lisbon. FC Porto recovered those points in July 2017.
- Primeira Liga: 21
- Portuguese Cup: 12
- Portuguese Supercup: 19
- Rainho, Pedro (6 January 2016). "Pinto da Costa. Trinta anos de fintas à Justiça" [Pinto da Costa. Thirty years dribbling Justice]. Jornal i (in Portuguese). Retrieved 4 May 2018.
- José Eduardo Pinto da Costa - Universidade do Porto biography; Sigarra.up (in Portuguese)
- “Pinto da Costa 75th birthday”; Noticiasaominuto (in Portuguese)
- Jorge Nuno Pinto da Costa - History and Victories[permanent dead link]; oliveiradobairro.net (in Portuguese)
- FC Porto. O Verão quente de 1980, que esfriou a relação no futebol (FC Porto. 1980's hot summer, when football relations turned cold); IOnline, 6 August 2010 (in Portuguese)
- "O maior jejum da era Pinto da Costa" [The biggest fasting in Pinto da Costa era] (in Portuguese). Record. 17 May 2015. Archived from the original on 13 July 2015. Retrieved 11 July 2015.
- "Golden Whistle" case makes progress in Portugal; People's Daily Online, 13 December 2006
- "Apito Dourado: Carolina Salgado confirma que Pinto da Costa foi avisado dos mandados de busca e detenção" [Carolina Salgado confirms that Pinto da Costa was warned of search and arrest warrants]. Público (in Portuguese). 18 December 2007. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
- Pinto da Costa e Reinaldo Teles acusados de corrupção (Pinto da Costa and Reinaldo Teles accused of corruption) Archived 2007-07-11 at the Wayback Machine.; Record, 12 March 2007 (in Portuguese)
- “Final Whistle” corruption fall-out: Porto president to fight ban Archived 2008-07-20 at the Wayback Machine.; PortuGOAL
- Porto chief cleared in bribery probe; Yahoo! Sports, 3 April 2009
- Platini e Pinto da Costa amigos outra vez (Platini and Pinto da Costa friends again); AEIOU Expresso, 19 May 2011 (in Portuguese)
- "Escutas do Apito já podem ser ouvidas na net".
- "Justiça desportiva iliba Pinto da Costa no caso Apito Final" [Sports justice exonerates Pinto da Costa in the Apito Final affair]. Jornal de Negócios (in Portuguese). 15 July 2017. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
- "Champions League history". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA).
- "Europa League history". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA).
- "Super Cup history". Union of European Football Associations (UEFA).
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-10. Retrieved 2013-01-22. (in Portuguese)