UEFA Super Cup

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UEFA Super Cup
UEFA Super Cup 2013.png
Founded1972; 46 years ago (1972)
(official since 1973)
RegionEurope (UEFA)
Number of teams2
Current championsSpain Atlético Madrid (3rd title)
Most successful club(s)Spain Barcelona
Italy Milan
(5 titles each)
2018 UEFA Super Cup

The UEFA Super Cup is an annual football match organised by UEFA and contested by the reigning champions of the two main European club competitions, the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League. It takes place at the start of the domestic season, in mid-August, normally on a Tuesday.

From 1972 to 1999, the UEFA Super Cup was contested between the winners of the European Cup/UEFA Champions League and the winners of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup. After the discontinuation of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, it has been contested by the winners of the UEFA Champions League and the winners of the UEFA Cup, which was renamed the UEFA Europa League in 2009.

The current holders are Spanish club Atlético Madrid, who won 4–2 against Real Madrid in 2018. The most successful teams in the competition are Barcelona and Italian side Milan, who have won the trophy five times each.

History[edit]

The European Super Cup was created in 1971 by Anton Witkamp, a reporter and later sports editor of Dutch newspaper De Telegraaf. The idea came to him in a time when Dutch total football was Europe's finest and Dutch football clubs were living their golden era (especially Ajax). Witkamp was looking for something new to definitely decide which was the best team in Europe and also to further test Ajax's legendary team, led by their star player Johan Cruyff. It was then proposed that the winner of the European Cup would face the winner of the European Cup Winners' Cup.

The logo used from 2000 to 2005
The logo used from 2006 to 2012

All was set for a new competition to be born. However, when Witkamp tried to get an official endorsement to his competition, the UEFA president turned it down.

The 1972 final between Ajax and Scotland's Rangers is considered unofficial by UEFA,[1] as Rangers were banned from European competition due to the behaviour of their fans during the 1972 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Final. As a result, UEFA refused to endorse the competition until the following season.[2] It was played in two legs and was financially supported by De Telegraaf. Ajax defeated Rangers 6–3 on aggregate and won the first (albeit unofficial) European Super Cup.

The 1973 final, in which Ajax defeated Milan 6–1 on aggregate, was the first Super Cup officially recognised and supported by UEFA.

Although the two-legged format was kept until 1997, the Super Cup was decided in one single match because of schedule issues or political problems in 1984, 1986, and 1991. In 1974, 1981 and 1985, the Super Cup was not played at all: 1974's competition was abandoned because Bayern Munich and Magdeburg could not find a mutually convenient date, 1981's was abandoned when Liverpool could not make space to meet Dinamo Tbilisi, while 1985's was abandoned due to a ban on English clubs' participation preventing Everton from playing Juventus.[1][3]

In the 1992–1993 season, the European Cup was renamed the UEFA Champions League and the winners of this competition would face the winners of the Cup Winners' Cup in the UEFA Super Cup. In the 1994–1995 season, the European Cup Winners' Cup was renamed the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup.

After the 1998–1999 season, the Cup Winners' Cup was discontinued by UEFA. The 1999 Super Cup was the last one contested by the winners of the Cup Winners' Cup. Lazio, winners of the 1998–99 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup, defeated Manchester United, winners of the 1998–99 UEFA Champions League, 1–0.

Since then, the UEFA Super Cup was contested between the winners of the UEFA Champions League and the winners of the UEFA Cup. The 2000 Super Cup was the first one contested by the winners of the UEFA Cup. Galatasaray, winners of the 1999–2000 UEFA Cup, defeated Real Madrid, winners of the 1999–2000 UEFA Champions League, 2–1.

In the 2009–10 season, the UEFA Cup was renamed the UEFA Europa League and the winners of this competition would continue to face the winners of the Champions League in the UEFA Super Cup.

Chelsea is the first club to contest the Super Cup as holders of all three UEFA club honours, having entered as holders of the Cup Winners' Cup (1998), the Champions League (2012) and Europa League (2013). Manchester United shared this honour in (2017) – courtesy of their UEFA Europa League win.

After 15 consecutive Super Cups being played at Stade Louis II in Monaco between 1998 and 2012, the Super Cup is now played at various stadiums (similar to the finals of the Champions League and the Europa League). It was started with the 2013 edition, which was played at Eden Stadium in Prague, Czech Republic.[4]

Starting in 2014, the date of the UEFA Super Cup was moved from Friday in late August, to Tuesday in mid-August, following the removal of the August international friendly date in the new FIFA International Match Calendar.[5]

Venues[edit]

The competition was originally played over two legs, one at each participating club's stadium, except in exceptional circumstances; for instance in 1991 when Red Star Belgrade were not permitted to play the leg in their native Yugoslavia due to the war which was taking place at the time, so instead Manchester United's home leg was only played. Since 1998, the Super Cup was played as a single match at a neutral venue.[6] Between 1998 and 2012, the Super Cup was played at the Stade Louis II in Monaco. Since 2013 various stadiums have been used.

List of venues since 1998[edit]

Trophy[edit]

The UEFA Super Cup trophy is retained by UEFA at all times. A full-size replica trophy is awarded to the winning club. Forty gold medals are presented to the winning club and forty silver medals to the runners-up.[12]

The Super Cup trophy has undergone several changes in its history. The first trophy that was presented to Ajax in 1973 and 1974 was extremely large; in fact, it was bigger than the European Cup. This was replaced by a plaque with a gold UEFA Emblem. The next trophy was the smallest and lightest of all the European club trophies, weighing 5 kg and measuring 42.5 cm in height (the UEFA Champions League trophy weighs 8 kg and the UEFA Europa League trophy 15 kg). The new model, introduced in 2006, weighs 12.2 kg and measures 58 cm in height.[13]

Until 2008, a team which won three times in a row or five in total received an original copy of the trophy and a special mark of recognition. Milan and Barcelona have achieved this honour, winning a total of five times each. Since then, the original trophy has been kept exclusively by UEFA, the European football governing body.

Rules[edit]

Currently, the rules of the UEFA Super Cup are the same as any other UEFA club competition. It is a single match final, contested in a neutral venue. The match consists of two periods of 45 minutes each, known as halves. If the scores are level at the end of 90 minutes, two additional 15-minute periods of extra time are played. If there is no winner at the end of the second period of extra time, a penalty shoot-out determines the winner. Each team names 23 players, 11 of which start the match. Of the 12 remaining players, a total of 3 may be substituted throughout the match; a fourth substitute is permitted however if the match enters extra time. Each team may wear its first choice kit; if these clash, however, the previous year's Europa League winning team must wear an alternative colour. If a club refuses to play or is ineligible to play then they are replaced by the runner-up of the competition through which they qualified. If the field is unfit for play due to bad weather, the match must be played the next day.[12]

Sponsorship[edit]

UEFA Super Cup's sponsors are the same as the sponsors for the UEFA Champions League. The tournament's current main sponsors are[14]

Adidas is a secondary sponsor and supplies the official match ball and referee uniform.

Individual clubs may wear jerseys with advertising, even if such sponsors conflict with those of the Europa League; however, only one sponsorship is permitted per jersey (plus that of the manufacturer). Exceptions are made for non-profit organisations, which can feature on the front of the shirt, incorporated with the main sponsor, or on the back, either below the squad number or between the player name and the collar.

Tickets[edit]

60% of the stadium capacity is reserved for the visiting clubs. The remaining seats are sold by UEFA through an online auction. There are an unlimited number of applications for tickets given out. The 5 euro administration fee is deducted from each applicant and there is no limit to the number of applications each individual can make.[23]

Records and statistics[edit]

Winners[edit]

Performance in the UEFA Super Cup by club
Club Winners Runners-up Years won [A] Years runners-up
Spain Barcelona 5 4 1992, 1997, 2009, 2011, 2015 1979, 1982, 1989, 2006
Italy Milan 5 2 1989, 1990, 1994, 2003, 2007 1973, 1993
Spain Real Madrid 4 3 2002, 2014, 2016, 2017 1998, 2000, 2018
England Liverpool 3 2 1977, 2001, 2005 1978, 1984
Spain Atlético Madrid 3 0 2010, 2012, 2018
Netherlands Ajax [B] 2 1 1973, 1995 1987
Belgium Anderlecht 2 0 1976, 1978
Spain Valencia 2 0 1980, 2004
Italy Juventus 2 0 1984, 1996
Spain Sevilla 1 4 2006 2007, 2014, 2015, 2016
Portugal Porto 1 3 1987 2003, 2004, 2011
England Manchester United 1 3 1991 1999, 2008, 2017
Germany Bayern Munich 1 3 2013 1975, 1976, 2001
England Chelsea 1 2 1998 2012, 2013
Soviet Union Dynamo Kyiv 1 1 1975 1986
England Nottingham Forest 1 1 1979 1980
England Aston Villa 1 0 1982
Scotland Aberdeen 1 0 1983
Romania Steaua București 1 0 1986
Belgium Mechelen 1 0 1988
Italy Parma 1 0 1993
Italy Lazio 1 0 1999
Turkey Galatasaray 1 0 2000
Russia Zenit Saint Petersburg 1 0 2008
Germany Hamburg 0 2 1977, 1983
Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 0 1 1988
Italy Sampdoria 0 1 1990
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 0 1 1991
Germany Werder Bremen 0 1 1992
England Arsenal 0 1 1994
Spain Real Zaragoza 0 1 1995
France Paris Saint-Germain 0 1 1996
Germany Borussia Dortmund 0 1 1997
Netherlands Feyenoord 0 1 2002
Russia CSKA Moscow 0 1 2005
Ukraine Shakhtar Donetsk 0 1 2009
Italy Internazionale 0 1 2010

By nation[edit]

Performance by nation
Nation Winners Runners-up Total
 Spain 15 12 27
 Italy 9 4 13
 England 7 9 16
 Belgium 3 0 3
 Netherlands [B] 2 3 5
 Germany [C] 1 7 8
 Portugal 1 3 4
 Russia 1 1 2
 Soviet Union [D] 1 1 2
 Romania 1 0 1
 Scotland [B] 1 0 1
 Turkey 1 0 1
 France 0 1 1
 Ukraine 0 1 1
 Yugoslavia 0 1 1
TOTALS 43 43 86
Notes
  • A. ^ No competitions were held in 1974, 1981 nor 1985.[1][3]
  • B. ^ Excludes the first competition, 1972, not organised nor recognised by UEFA as an official title.[1]
  • C. ^ Includes West Germany clubs. No East Germany clubs appeared in a final.
  • D. ^ Both Soviet finals appearances were by a Ukrainian SSR club.

Individual records[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Club competition winners do battle". UEFA. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  2. ^ "Dynamo bring happy memories". BBC Sport. 2001-10-16. Retrieved 2008-03-11.
  3. ^ a b Woods, Tom (2015-11-14). "Everton FC: The forgotten game of the 1985/86 UEFA Super Cup". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
  4. ^ Prague celebrates 2013 Super Cup honour
  5. ^ a b c "UEFA EURO 2020, UEFA Super Cup decisions". UEFA.org. Union of European Football Associations. 30 June 2012.
  6. ^ "UEFA Super Cup: Competition format". UEFA. 31 August 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  7. ^ "Wembley, Amsterdam ArenA, Prague get 2013 finals". UEFA.org. 16 June 2011.
  8. ^ "Georgia's Dinamo Arena embraces UEFA Super Cup 2015". Agenda.ge. 5 March 2014.
  9. ^ "Milan to host 2016 UEFA Champions League final". UEFA.org. 18 September 2014.
  10. ^ "FYR Macedonia to host 2017 UEFA Super Cup". UEFA.com. 30 June 2015.
  11. ^ Tallinn to stage 2018 UEFA Super Cup
  12. ^ a b "Regulations of the UEFA Super Cup 2015-18 Cycle" (PDF). UEFA. March 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  13. ^ "The trophy". UEFA. Retrieved 2 August 2009.
  14. ^ "UEFA Champions League - UEFA.com". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2 July 2015.
  15. ^ "Banco Santander to become UEFA Champions League Partner". UEFA.com. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  16. ^ "Uefa Champions League checks in with Expedia". SportsPro. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  17. ^ https://www.uefa.com/insideuefa/about-uefa/administration/marketing/news/newsid=2537210.html
  18. ^ "HEINEKEN extends UEFA club competition sponsorship". UEFA.com. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  19. ^ Carp, Sam. "Uefa cashes in Mastercard renewal". SportsPro. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  20. ^ "Nissan renews UEFA Champions League Partnership". UEFA.com. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  21. ^ "PepsiCo renews UEFA Champions League Partnership". UEFA.com. UEFA. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  22. ^ "PlayStation® extends UEFA Champions League Partnership". UEFA.com. UEFA. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  23. ^ "UEFA Super Cup ticketing" (PDF). UEFA.com. Retrieved 7 August 2017.
  24. ^ UEFA.com. "Messi, Alves among Super Cup record-breakers". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2017-10-14.
  25. ^ UEFA.com. "Messi, Alves among Super Cup record-breakers". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2017-10-14.
  26. ^ UEFA.com. "Messi, Alves among Super Cup record-breakers". UEFA.com. Retrieved 2017-10-14.
  27. ^ "Sir Alex Ferguson's UEFA Super Cup regret". manutd.com. 8 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  28. ^ "European Cups - Performances by Coach". rsssf.com. 10 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  29. ^ "Messi, Alves among Super Cup record-breakers". uefa.com. 11 August 2015. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  30. ^ "UEFA-Supercup » All-time Topscorers » rank 1 - 50". worldfootball.net. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  31. ^ FIFA.com (2012-09-05). "Prolific predators, droughts and a drubbing". FIFA.com. Retrieved 2017-10-14.
  32. ^ "Radamel Falcao 21 things you should know". telegraph.co.uk.
  33. ^ "Costa sets UEFA Super Cup record with first minute goal against Real Madrid". Goal.com. 15 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  34. ^ "Barcelona 1-0 Shakhtar Donetsk". RTE.ie. 2009-08-28. Retrieved 2017-10-19.
  35. ^ "Barcelona 5-4 Sevilla (aet)". BBC Sport. 2015-08-11. Retrieved 2017-10-19.

External links[edit]