Kaktovik, Alaska

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Kaktovik, Alaska
City
Aerial view of Kaktovik and Barter Island LRRS.
Aerial view of Kaktovik and Barter Island LRRS.
Location in North Slope Borough County and the state of Alaska
Location in North Slope Borough County and the state of Alaska
Kaktovik, Alaska is located in Alaska
Kaktovik, Alaska
Kaktovik, Alaska
Location in the United States of America
Coordinates: 70°07′58″N 143°36′58″W / 70.13278°N 143.61611°W / 70.13278; -143.61611Coordinates: 70°07′58″N 143°36′58″W / 70.13278°N 143.61611°W / 70.13278; -143.61611
Country United States
State Alaska
Borough North Slope
Incorporated March 26, 1971[1]
Government
 • Mayor Nora Jane Burns[2]
 • State senator Donald Olson (D)
 • State rep. Benjamin Nageak (D)
Area
 • Total 1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)
 • Land 0.8 sq mi (2.0 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 36 ft (11 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 239
 • Density 239/sq mi (92/km2)
Time zone Alaska (AKST) (UTC-9)
 • Summer (DST) AKDT (UTC-8)
ZIP code 99747
Area code 907
FIPS code 02-36990
GNIS feature ID 1404349, 2419404

Kaktovik (kack-TOH-vick)[4] (Qaaktuġvik[pronunciation?] in Iñupiaq) is a city[3][5] in North Slope Borough, Alaska, United States. The population was 293 at the 2000 census[6] and 239 as of the 2010 census.[3]

History[edit]

Until the late nineteenth century Barter Island was a major trade center for the Inupiat and was especially important as a bartering place for Inupiat from Alaska and Inuit from Canada.

Kaktovik was traditional fishing place—Kaktovik means "Seining Place"—that has a large pond of good fresh water on high ground. It had no permanent settlers until people from other parts of Barter Island and northern Alaska moved to the area around the construction of a runway and Distant Early Warning Line station in the 1950s. The area was incorporated as the City of Kaktovik in 1971.

Due to Kaktovik's isolation, the village has maintained its Inupiat Eskimo traditions. Subsistence is highly dependent upon the hunting of caribou and whale.

Geography[edit]

Kaktovik is located at 70°7′58″N 143°36′58″W / 70.13278°N 143.61611°W / 70.13278; -143.61611 (70.132832, -143.616230).[7]

Kaktovik is on the north shore of Barter Island, between the Okpilak and Jago River on the Beaufort Sea coast. It lies in the 19.6 million acre (79,000 km²) Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), of which, 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (21.00%) is water.

Climate[edit]

Being located at 70°N, Kaktovik experiences a Tundra climate (Köppen ET). Winters are long, very cold and owing to its high latitude the sun does not rise above the horizon leaving only twilight as the source of light during mid-winter. Summers, on the other hand, bring along temperatures slightly above freezing with the midnight sun appearing for a few weeks.

Climate data for Kaktovik, Alaska
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 37
(3)
40
(4)
33
(1)
43
(6)
51
(11)
72
(22)
83
(28)
76
(24)
67
(19)
48
(9)
35
(2)
35
(2)
83
(28)
Average high °F (°C) −11
(−24)
−13
(−25)
−10
(−23)
7
(−14)
27
(−3)
44
(7)
54
(12)
50
(10)
38
(3)
19
(−7)
1
(−17)
−8
(−22)
16.5
(−8.6)
Daily mean °F (°C) −17
(−27)
−21
(−29)
−17
(−27)
−2
(−19)
22
(−6)
39
(4)
47
(8)
44
(7)
33
(1)
14
(−10)
−5
(−21)
−14
(−26)
10.3
(−12.1)
Average low °F (°C) −23
(−31)
−27
(−33)
−25
(−32)
−10
(−23)
16
(−9)
33
(1)
39
(4)
37
(3)
28
(−2)
9
(−13)
−10
(−23)
−20
(−29)
3.9
(−15.6)
Record low °F (°C) −62
(−52)
−59
(−51)
−53
(−47)
−47
(−44)
−20
(−29)
19
(−7)
28
(−2)
25
(−4)
1
(−17)
−26
(−32)
−45
(−43)
−53
(−47)
−62
(−52)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.07
(1.8)
0.11
(2.8)
0.04
(1)
0.03
(0.8)
0.05
(1.3)
0.17
(4.3)
0.50
(12.7)
0.73
(18.5)
0.84
(21.3)
0.32
(8.1)
0.08
(2)
0.10
(2.5)
0.25
(6.4)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 1.42
(3.61)
2.09
(5.31)
0.98
(2.49)
0.79
(2.01)
2.21
(5.61)
0.79
(2.01)
0
(0)
0.12
(0.3)
3.11
(7.9)
8.12
(20.62)
2.01
(5.11)
2.09
(5.31)
1.97
(5)
Source: http://www.myforecast.com/bin/climate.m?city=10604&metric=false

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 165
1990 224 35.8%
2000 293 30.8%
2010 239 −18.4%
Est. 2014 246 [8] 2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 293 people, 89 households, and 70 families residing in the city. The population density was 371.0 people per square mile (143.2/km²). There were 95 housing units at an average density of 120.3 per square mile (46.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 14.68% White, 75.43% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.68% from other races, and 8.87% from two or more races.

There were 89 households out of which 47.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.3% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.29 and the average family size was 3.76.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 35.8% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 110.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $55,624, and the median income for a family was $60,417. Males had a median income of $50,000 versus $38,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,031. About 9.9% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.3% of those under the age of eighteen and none of those sixty five or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1996 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League/Alaska Department of Community and Regional Affairs. January 1996. p. 74. 
  2. ^ 2015 Alaska Municipal Officials Directory. Juneau: Alaska Municipal League. 2015. p. 80. 
  3. ^ a b c "Kaktovik city, Alaska". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 22, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Kaktovik". Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. Retrieved January 24, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Alaska Taxable 2011: Municipal Taxation - Rates and Policies" (PDF). Division of Community and Regional Affairs, Alaska Department of Commerce, Community and Economic Development. January 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External links[edit]