16 October 1859|
Vienna, Austrian Empire
|Died||7 September 1956
|Occupation||Mountaineer, optician, writer|
|Known for||First to climb all Alpine four-thousanders|
|First ascents||Mont Brouillard|
Karl Blodig (16 October 1859 – 7 September 1956) was an Austrian mountaineer, optician, and writer. Blodig was the first to successfully climb all Alpine peaks of over 4000 meters, completing his final summit around 1911. He wrote about these climbs in his book Die Viertausender der Alpen (The Four-Thousanders of the Alps), first published in 1923.
Born in Vienna, Blodig spent his early years in Graz, climbing the Triglav whilst still in his teens. At the age of twenty he climbed the Monte Rosa, guided by Christian Ranggetiner, and by twenty three had made non-guided ascents of the Dufourspitze, Zumsteinspitze and Weisshorn. Between 1890 and 1911 he succeeded in climbing the remaining peaks to achieve all those summits that were at that time listed as being over 4000 metres in height. These achievements included first ascents of the Brouillard Ridge on Mont Blanc as well as the first traverse of the Rochefort Ridge. Amongst his alpine climbing partners were Ludwig Purtscheller and alpine artist, Edward Theodore Compton.:7
Around 1911 Blodig was part of a regular mountaineering meeting at Pen-y-Pass in Wales amongst whom was George Mallory. Blodig observed Mallory expertly tackling a crux pitch of a very difficult ice chimney. Even though all the climbing friends present were impressed by Mallory's skill as a climber, Blodig later observed rather prophetically about Mallory that: "that young man will not be alive for long!".
In 1932, and at the age of 73, Blodig undertook solo ascents of the Aiguille du Jardin and the Grande Rocheuse in order to achieve summits which had subsequently been added to the recognised list of 4000 m peaks since his 1911 achievement.
- Die Viertausender der Alpen. Munich: Bergverlag Rudolf Rother, 1923.
- Bilder aus Vorarlberg und Liechtenstein, no year.
- Durch's Montafon. Mit Karte aus Gerster’s Handkarte von Vorarlberg 1:175.000. Bregenz: J. N. Teutsch, no year.
- Vorarlberg das österreichische Rheinland. Ein Führer durch die Sommerfrischen Wintersportplätze, Berge und Täler des Landes. Bregenz, 1928.
- Die Viertausender der Alpen, 2nd ed., Munich: Bergverlag Rudolf Rother, no year, ISBN 3-7633-7429-9 (with Helmut Dumler).
- Die Viertausender der Alpen, 5th ed., Munich: Bergverlag Rudolf Rother, 1968 (with Helmut Dumler).
- Rawlinson, A. K. The Climbers Club Journal, 1957, pp. 108-10.
- Helmut Dumler and Willi P. Burkhardt, The High Mountains of the Alps, London: Diadem, 1994
- Firstbrook, Peter (1999). Lost on Everest: The Search for Mallory & Irvine. New York Times (book extract). ISBN 0-8092-9892-9. Retrieved 8 November 2015.
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