Katha, Myanmar

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Katha
ကသာကသာ
Kathar
Town
Katha is located in Myanmar
Katha
Katha
Location of Katha, Burma
Coordinates: 24°10′56″N 96°19′50″E / 24.18222°N 96.33056°E / 24.18222; 96.33056Coordinates: 24°10′56″N 96°19′50″E / 24.18222°N 96.33056°E / 24.18222; 96.33056
Country Myanmar
Division Sagaing Region
DistrictKatha
TownshipKatha
Elevation407 ft (124 m)
Time zoneUTC+6.30 (MST)
Street in Katha along the Irrawaddy River
The British Club in Katha (only the ground floor remains from Orwell's time)
Irrawaddy River
Children fishing on the outskirts of the town Katha

Katha[1] (Burmese: ကသာ; MLCTS: ka. sa, IPA: [ka̰θà]) is a town in Sagaing Region, Myanmar, on the west side of the Irrawaddy River on a bluff with an average elevation of 124 m (407 ft). Most of the town is more than 10 m (33 ft) above the river.[2] Katha is known for having inspired Kyauktada, the fictional setting of George Orwell's Burmese Days.

Location[edit]

Katha is 12 hours by rail north of Mandalay through the railroad junction town of Naba which is 23 km (14 mi) to the west of Katha. A small branch of railway runs east from Naba to Katha. Katha can also be reached by ferries that run on the Irrawaddy River between the upstream town of Bhamo down to Mandalay. There is also direct bus service from Mandalay to Katha, but it is a bumpy ride.

Climate[edit]

Katha has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw) bordering on a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa). Temperatures are very warm to hot throughout the year, with milder winter months (December–February). There is a winter dry season (November–March) and a summer wet season (April–October).

Climate data for Katha (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.5
(90.5)
36.6
(97.9)
40.2
(104.4)
40.6
(105.1)
41.9
(107.4)
42.1
(107.8)
36.5
(97.7)
37.5
(99.5)
38.2
(100.8)
38.8
(101.8)
34.9
(94.8)
31.7
(89.1)
42.1
(107.8)
Average high °C (°F) 27.1
(80.8)
29.5
(85.1)
32.6
(90.7)
34.5
(94.1)
33.8
(92.8)
32.6
(90.7)
31.5
(88.7)
31.6
(88.9)
31.6
(88.9)
31.3
(88.3)
29.6
(85.3)
27.4
(81.3)
31.1
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
13.1
(55.6)
16.4
(61.5)
20.2
(68.4)
22.9
(73.2)
24.3
(75.7)
24.4
(75.9)
24.2
(75.6)
23.4
(74.1)
21.5
(70.7)
16.4
(61.5)
11.9
(53.4)
19.1
(66.4)
Record low °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
4.2
(39.6)
8.3
(46.9)
10.8
(51.4)
13.0
(55.4)
15.3
(59.5)
16.5
(61.7)
15.5
(59.9)
15.0
(59)
12.0
(53.6)
7.5
(45.5)
2.8
(37)
2.8
(37)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 6.3
(0.248)
16.0
(0.63)
15.0
(0.591)
51.7
(2.035)
212.4
(8.362)
267.5
(10.531)
260.1
(10.24)
245.8
(9.677)
256.3
(10.091)
148.6
(5.85)
39.5
(1.555)
8.5
(0.335)
1,527.7
(60.146)
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[3]

Economy[edit]

Katha is the administrative seat of Katha District which comprises seven small townships. Katha is populated with government offices and many of the early town settlers were from every part of Burma and usually had background history of civil service under at least one of ministerial departments. The main economy of the town is fisheries and farming of kidney beans. Production of rice in the Katha Township is less than its consumption and Katha has to depend on imports from the nearby townships such as Indaw or Kawlin. Katha is a legendarily bureaucratic stronghold, and its prosperity is crippled by it.[citation needed]

Setting of George Orwell's Burmese Days[edit]

Katha is known in literature as the real place underlying the fictional Kyauktada, setting of George Orwell's first novel Burmese Days (1934). Orwell himself served at Katha in 1926-27 in the Indian Imperial Police. The British Club (including active tennis court), police station, and town jail are locations mentioned in the novel that can still be visited today. More accounts on this section is readable in Emma Larkin's "Finding George Orwell in Burma". Katha links with prominent Burmese writers such as Shwe U Daung, Thaw Tar Swe, Theik-Pan Muu Tin, and AFPFL leader Kyaw Nyein from Stable faction.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sometimes also spelled Kathar.
  2. ^ "Katha, Burma" Google Earth
  3. ^ "Myanmar Climate Report" (PDF). Norwegian Meteorological Institute. pp. 23–36. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2018. Retrieved 28 October 2018.

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Katha". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.