Kemerovo

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For the pig breed, see Kemerovo pig.
Kemerovo (English)
Кемерово (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Pukpuk.JPG
Sovetskaya Square in the center of Kemerovo
Map of Russia - Kemerovo Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Kemerovo Oblast in Russia
Kemerovo is located in Kemerovo Oblast
Kemerovo
Kemerovo
Location of Kemerovo in Kemerovo Oblast
Coordinates: 55°22′N 86°04′E / 55.367°N 86.067°E / 55.367; 86.067Coordinates: 55°22′N 86°04′E / 55.367°N 86.067°E / 55.367; 86.067
Kemerovo COA.svg
Kemerovo-flag.png
Coat of arms
Flag
Anthem none[2]
City Day June 12[3]
Administrative status (as of December 2014)
Country Russia
Federal subject Kemerovo Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Kemerovo City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Kemerovo Oblast,[4] Kemerovsky District,[1] Kemerovo City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2014)
Urban okrug Kemerovsky Urban Okrug[5]
Administrative center of Kemerovsky Urban Okrug,[5] Kemerovsky Municipal District[5]
Head[7] Valery Yermakov[6]
Representative body City Council of People's Deputies[7]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 532,981 inhabitants[8]
Rank in 2010 30th
Population (January 2015 est.) 549,159 inhabitants[9]
Time zone KRAT (UTC+07:00)[10]
Founded May 9, 1918[11]
Previous names Shcheglovsk (until March 27, 1932)[11]
Postal code(s)[12] 650000–650004, 650010, 650014, 650016, 650021, 650023–650026, 650029, 650031–650033, 650035, 650036, 650040, 650042–650044, 650051, 650052, 650054–650056, 650060, 650061, 650064–650066, 650068, 650070, 650071, 650700, 650880, 650890, 650899, 650920, 650940–950957, 650960, 650961, 650971–650979, 650991–650993, 650997–650999
Dialing code(s) +7 3842[citation needed]
Official website
Kemerovo on WikiCommons

Kemerovo (Russian: Кемерово; IPA: [ˈkʲemʲɪrəvə]) is an industrial city and the administrative center of Kemerovo Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Iskitim and Tom Rivers, in the major coal mining region of the Kuznetsk Basin. Population: 532,981(2010 Census);[8] 484,754 (2002 Census);[13] 520,263 (1989 Census).[14]

History[edit]

Kemerovo is an amalgamation of, and successor to, several older Russian settlements. A waypoint named Verkhotomsky ostrog was established nearby in 1657 on a road from Tomsk to Kuznetsk fortress. In 1701, the settlement of Shcheglovo was founded on the left bank of the Tom; soon it became a village. By 1859, seven villages existed where modern Kemerovo is now: Shcheglovka (or Ust-Iskitimskoye), Kemerovo (named in 1734), Yevseyevo, Krasny Yar, Kur-Iskitim (Pleshki), Davydovo (Ishanovo), and Borovaya. In 1721, coal was discovered in the area. The first coal mines were established in 1907, later a chemical plant was established in 1916. By 1917, the population of Shcheglovo had grown to around 4,000 people.

The area's further development was boosted by the construction a railway between Yurga and Kolchugino (now Leninsk-Kuznetsky) with a connection between Topki and Shcheglovo. Shcheglovo was granted town status on May 9, 1918, which is now considered to be the date of Kemerovo's founding;[11] and was later known as Shcheglovsk. On May 27, 1932, Shcheglovsk was renamed Kemerovo[11] and became the administrative center of Kemerovo Oblast in 1943.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Kemerovo is the administrative center of the oblast[4] and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Kemerovsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Kemerovo City Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with a status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Kemerovo City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Kemerovsky Urban Okrug.[5]

Economy[edit]

The industrialization of Kemerovo was driven and underpinned by coal mining and by the heavy industry based on the availability of coal. It remains an important industrial city, built up during the Soviet period, with important steel, aluminum and machinery based manufacturing plants along with chemical, fertilizer, and other manufacturing industries. Since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, the city's industries have experienced a severe decline, creating high levels of unemployment. Major companies based in the city include Siberian Business Union.

Transportation[edit]

Kemerovo is linked to western Russia by a branch of the Trans-Siberian Railway. The city is served by the Kemerovo International Airport.

Education[edit]

Six higher education institutions are located in Kemerovo: Kemerovo State University, Kuzbass State Technical University, Kemerovo Institute of Food Industry (University), Kemerovo State Medical Academy, Kemerovo State Art Institute, Kemerovo Agricultural Institute and Kuzbass Economy and Justice Institute.

Sports[edit]

The public interest for bandy is widespread in Russia. 26,000 watched the opening game of the 2011-2012 Russian Bandy League when local club Kuzbass played against Dynamo Moscow[15] and Kuzbass is among the very best in the Russian Bandy League.[16] The 2007 Bandy World Championship was held in the city.[17] Female bandy only exists in a few places in Russia. Now Kemerovo is about to start it up.[18][19] Moscow already had two multi-use indoor arenas where bandy can be played. Kemerovo got the first one in Russia specifically built for bandy (today also Khabarovsk and Ulyanovsk have it).[20] Kuzbass plays the matches in the league at Khimik Stadium because of the big public interest. That arena has a capacity of 32000.[21]

Since 2013 there has been a "bandy on boots" tournament for national diasporas living in Kuzbass.[22]

Climate[edit]

Kemerovo's position gives it a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) with average temperatures varying between −17 °C (1 °F) in January to +19 °C (66 °F) in July and relatively low precipitation of around 500 millimeters (20 in) annually.

Climate data for Kemerovo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
6.8
(44.2)
14.6
(58.3)
28.3
(82.9)
34.4
(93.9)
35.1
(95.2)
38.0
(100.4)
36.3
(97.3)
33.1
(91.6)
24.5
(76.1)
13.1
(55.6)
5.8
(42.4)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) −12.2
(10)
−9.0
(15.8)
−1.2
(29.8)
7.9
(46.2)
18.7
(65.7)
23.2
(73.8)
25.5
(77.9)
22.9
(73.2)
15.7
(60.3)
7.4
(45.3)
−3.5
(25.7)
−10.0
(14)
7.1
(44.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −17.0
(1.4)
−14.7
(5.5)
−7.3
(18.9)
1.9
(35.4)
11.2
(52.2)
16.5
(61.7)
19.0
(66.2)
16.2
(61.2)
9.6
(49.3)
2.4
(36.3)
−7.4
(18.7)
−14.5
(5.9)
1.3
(34.3)
Average low °C (°F) −21.5
(−6.7)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−12.6
(9.3)
−3.0
(26.6)
4.7
(40.5)
10.4
(50.7)
13.2
(55.8)
10.6
(51.1)
4.6
(40.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
−11.0
(12.2)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−3.7
(25.3)
Record low °C (°F) −47.9
(−54.2)
−47.1
(−52.8)
−39.9
(−39.8)
−32.4
(−26.3)
−12.6
(9.3)
−5.7
(21.7)
0.5
(32.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
−9.4
(15.1)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−39.5
(−39.1)
−48.4
(−55.1)
−48.4
(−55.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 28
(1.1)
19
(0.75)
19
(0.75)
26
(1.02)
40
(1.57)
68
(2.68)
72
(2.83)
62
(2.44)
41
(1.61)
45
(1.77)
44
(1.73)
41
(1.61)
505
(19.88)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 44
(17.3)
50
(19.7)
54
(21.3)
39
(15.4)
5
(2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
7
(2.8)
15
(5.9)
36
(14.2)
251
(99)
Average precipitation days 19.2 18.0 18.8 15.0 11.8 13.1 11.4 11.9 12.8 18.2 23.7 22.6 196.5
Average relative humidity (%) 79 80 76 66 54 69 73 74 72 78 82 80 73.6
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[23]

Yeti claims[edit]

In October 2011, Kemerovo administrators announced that they had "indisputable proof" that mountains in the region were inhabited by Yeti.[24]

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Kemerovo is twinned with:

References[edit]

Парк Победы (Park of Victory) or Парк имени Жукова (Zhukov's Park) in Kemerovo
City emblem with the monument to Mikhail Volkov

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #215-OZ
  2. ^ According to Article 6 of the Charter of Kemerovo, the symbols of Kemerovo include a flag, a coat of arms, and an emblem, but not an anthem.
  3. ^ Charter of Kemerovo, Article 6
  4. ^ a b Charter of Kemerovo Oblast, Article 2
  5. ^ a b c d Law #104-OZ
  6. ^ Official website of Kemerovo. Valery Konstantinovich Yermakov, Head of the City (Russian)
  7. ^ a b Charter of Kemerovo, Article 10
  8. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  9. ^ Kemerovo Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Численность населения муниципальных образований Кемеровской области на начало года (Russian)
  10. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  11. ^ a b c d Charter of Kemerovo, Article 1
  12. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  13. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  14. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  15. ^ [1]
  16. ^ Video from the match against the newcomer of 2009/2010 season, Borovichi: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WdcnqFU_26A
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^ http://www.bandynet.ru/node/7374
  19. ^ http://babelfish.yahoo.com/translate_url?doit=done&tt=url&intl=1&fr=bf-home&trurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bandynet.ru%2Fnode%2F7374&lp=ru_en&btnTrUrl=Translate
  20. ^ [3]
  21. ^ [4]
  22. ^ [5]
  23. ^ "Weather and Climate - Climate of Kemerovo" (in Russian). Retrieved May 7, 2013. 
  24. ^ http://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/article.cfm?c_id=2&objectid=10758193

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Кемеровской области. №10-ОЗ 5 июня 1997 г. «Устав Кемеровской области», в ред. Закона №65-ОЗ от 8 июля 2015 г. «О внесении поправки в Устав Кемеровской области». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кузбасс", №102, 11 июня 1997 г. (Legislative Assembly of Kemerovo Oblast. #10-OZ June 5, 1997 Charter of Kemerovo Oblast, as amended by the Law #65-OZ of July 8, 2015 On Amending the Charter of Kemerovo Oblast. Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication.).
  • Кемеровский городской Совет народных депутатов. Постановление №253 от 24 июня 2005 г. «Устав города Кемерово», в ред. Решения №374 от 28 ноября 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Устав города Кемерово». Вступил в силу 1 января 2006 г. Опубликован: "Кемерово", №28, приложение "Официально", 8 июля 2005 г. (Kemerovo City Council of People's Deputies. Resolution #253 of June 24, 2005 Charter of the City of Kemerovo, as amended by the Decision #374 of November 28, 2014 On Amending the Charter of the City of Kemerovo. Effective as of January 1, 2006.).
  • Совет народных депутатов Кемеровской области. Закон №215-ОЗ от 27 декабря 2007 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кемеровской области», в ред. Закона №131-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Кемеровской области "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований" и Закон Кемеровской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кемеровской области"». Вступил в силу в день, следующий за днём официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кузбасс", №243, 28 декабря 2007 г. (Council of People's Deputies of Kemerovo Oblast. Law #215-OZ of December 27, 2007 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kemerovo Oblast, as amended by the Law #131-OZ of December 22, 2014 On Amending the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations" and the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kemerovo Oblast". Effective as of the day following the official publication date.).
  • Совет народных депутатов Кемеровской области. Закон №104-ОЗ от 17 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №131-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Кемеровской области "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований" и Закон Кемеровской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кемеровской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кузбасс", №242, 24 декабря 2004 г. (Council of People's Deputies of Chelyabinsk Oblast. Law #104-OZ of December 17, 2004 On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations, as amended by the Law #131-OZ of December 22, 2014 On Amending the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations" and the Law of Kemerovo Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kemerovo Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).

External links[edit]