Kennedia coccinea

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Coral vine
Strettle Road Kennedia coccinea.jpg
Kennedia coccinea in Glen Forrest, Western Australia
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Phaseoleae
Genus: Kennedia
Species: K. coccinea
Binomial name
Kennedia coccinea
Vent.

Kennedia coccinea (coral vine) is a species of flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, endemic to the south-west of Western Australia. It is a low growing trailing shrub or climber which has twining rust-coloured branchlets with rounded leaflets that are about 1.5 cm long and occur in threes.[1] Orange red or scarlet pea flowers are produced in clusters between August and November in its native range.[1][2]

Kennedia coccinea elegans illustrated in Paxtons Magazine of Botany in 1835.

The species was formally described in 1804 by French botanist Étienne Pierre Ventenat in Jardin de la Malmaison.[3] Two varieties were described in Paxton's Magazine of Botany in 1835, namely var. elegans and var. coccinea.[3] Three further varieties were transferred from the genus Zichya in 1923 by Czech botanist Karel Domin, namely var. molly, var. sericea and var. villosa. Currently, three subspecies are recognised:[3]

  • K. coccinea (Curtis) Vent. subsp. coccinea
  • K. coccinea subsp. calcaria Lally
  • K. coccinea subsp. esotera Lally

Cultivation[edit]

The species is naturally adapted to sandy or lighter soils and prefers some shade.[1][2] It is resistant to drought and has some frost tolerance. Plants can be propagated by scarified seed or cuttings of semi-mature growth.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Bodkin, Frances (1991). Encyclopaedia Botanica. Australia: Cornstalk Publishing. ISBN 0207150648. 
  2. ^ a b "Kennedia coccinea". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife. 
  3. ^ a b c "Kennedia coccinea". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2008-09-24.