King Xuan of Zhou

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King Xuan of Zhou
周宣王
King Xuan of Zhou.jpg
King of China
Reign827–782 BC
PredecessorGong He
SuccessorKing You of Zhou
Died782 BC
SpouseQueen Jiang
IssueKing You of Zhou, King Xie of Zhou
Full name
Ancestral name: (姬)
Given name: Jìng (靜)
HouseZhou Dynasty
FatherKing Li of Zhou

King Xuan of Zhou (Chinese: 周宣王; pinyin: Zhōu Xuān Wáng) was the eleventh king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty. Estimated dates of his reign are 827/25-782 BC.[1] He worked to restore royal authority after the Gong He interregnum. He fought the 'Western Barbarians' (probably Xianyun) and another group on the Huai River to the southeast. In his ninth year he called a meeting of all the lords. Later he intervened militarily in succession struggles in the states of Lu, Wey and Qi. Sima Qian says "from this time on, the many lords mostly rebelled against royal commands."[2] He is said[by whom?] to have killed the innocent Du Bo (Duke of Tangdu, 唐杜公) and was himself reportedly killed by an arrow fired by Du Bo's ghost.[citation needed] His son, King You of Zhou was the last king of the Western Zhou.

See also[edit]

  1. Family tree of ancient Chinese emperors

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cambridge History of Ancient China. 1999.
  2. ^ Shaughnessy, Edward L., and Michael Loewe (1999). Cambridge History of Ancient China. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. p. 347. ISBN 9780521470308.
King Xuan of Zhou
 Died: 782 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Gong He
King of China
827–782 BC
Succeeded by
King You of Zhou