Knysna Local Municipality

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Knysna
Local municipality
Official seal of Knysna
Seal
Location of Knysna within the Western Cape
Location of Knysna within the Western Cape
Coordinates: 34°00′S 23°00′E / 34.000°S 23.000°E / -34.000; 23.000Coordinates: 34°00′S 23°00′E / 34.000°S 23.000°E / -34.000; 23.000
Country South Africa
Province Western Cape
District Eden
Seat Knysna
Wards 10
Government[2]
 • Type Municipal council
 • Mayor Eleanore Bouw-Spies[1] (DA)
Area
 • Total 1,109 km2 (428 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 68,659
 • Density 62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[3]
 • Black African 36.1%
 • Coloured 40.9%
 • Indian/Asian 0.4%
 • White 21.0%
First languages (2011)[4]
 • Afrikaans 51.2%
 • Xhosa 28.4%
 • English 15.4%
 • Other 5%
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Municipal code WC048

Knysna Local Municipality is a municipality part of Eden District Municipality located in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. As of 2011 the population is 68,659.[3] Its municipal code is WC048.

Geography[edit]

The municipality covers an area of 1,109 square kilometres (428 sq mi) between the Indian Ocean and the Outeniqua Mountains around the town of Knysna. It abuts on the George Municipality to the north and west, and on the Bitou Municipality to the east.

According to the 2011 census the municipality has a population of 68,659 people in 21,893 households. Of this population, 40.9% describe themselves as "Coloured", 36.1% as "Black African", and 21.0% as "White". The first language of 51.2% of the population is Afrikaans, while 28.4% speak Xhosa and 15.4% speak English.[5]

Most of the residents of the municipality live in the town of Knysna, which as of 2011 has a population of 51,078. Knysna is situated on the shores of the Knysna Lagoon; other coastal settlements are Sedgefield (pop. 8,361) and Buffelsbaai (pop. 71). Away from the coast are agricultural settlements at Rheenendal (pop. 3,936) and Karatara (pop. 880).

Politics[edit]

The municipal council consists of twenty-one members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Eleven councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in eleven wards, while the remaining ten are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 no party obtained a majority of seats on the council. The Democratic Alliance (with ten seats) formed a coalition with the African Christian Democratic Party (one seat) and an independent councillor.[6]

The following table shows the results of the 2016 election.[7][8][9]

Party Votes Seats
Ward List Total  % Ward List Total
Democratic Alliance 12,098 12,489 24,587 49.6% 6 4 10
African National Congress 7,777 8,153 15,930 32.1% 3 4 7
Congress of the People 1,430 1,402 2,832 5.7% 1 0 1
Independent 1,462 1,462 2.9% 1 1
Knysna Unity Congress 535 503 1,038 2.1% 0 1 1
African Christian Democratic Party 462 436 898 1.8% 0 1 1
Economic Freedom Fighters 427 420 847 1.7% 0 0 0
Independent Civic Organisation 350 350 700 1.4% 0 0 0
African Independent Congress 164 336 500 1.0% 0 0 0
Freedom Front Plus 209 175 384 0.8% 0 0 0
Ubuntu Party 111 52 163 0.3% 0 0 0
South African Religious Civic Organisation 36 36 72 0.1% 0 0 0
Plaaslike Besorgde Inwoners 25 44 69 0.1% 0 0 0
Democratic New Civic Association 49 49 0.1% 0 0
South Africa Civics 12 22 34 0.1% 0 0 0
Total 25,147 24,418 49,565 11 10 21
Valid votes 25,147 24,418 49,565 97.7%
Spoilt votes 287 886 1,173 2.3%
Total votes cast 25,434 25,304 50,738
Voter turnout 25,518
Registered voters 40,014
Turnout percentage 63.8%

The local council sends three representatives to the council of the Eden District Municipality. As of February 2017 this delegation consisted of two councillors from the Democratic Alliance and one from the African National Congress.

History[edit]

Joy Cole was first elected mayor under the DA in December 2000 but defected in the September 2004 floor-crossing to become an ANC-aligned independent and reconstituted the council under ANC control. Cole formed a broad-based coalition of the ANC and DA after the March 2006 local government elections when neither party had obtained an outright majority. After Cole resigned in December 2006 to pursue another career, Doris Wakeford-Brown of the DA formed a multi-party coalition. This short-lived coalition collapsed in May 2007 when the Knysna Civic Alliance switched allegiances to the ANC, which brought Eleanore Bouw-Spies in as the new mayor. In the September 2007 floor crossing window the two civic party councillors defected to the ANC, giving the party an outright majority of 9 seats out of 16. Bouw-Spies' term as mayor ended when the DA won an absolute majority in the 2011 election and Georlene Wolmarans was elected mayor. In the 2016 election the DA fell short of an absolute majority, but formed a coalition with the ACDP and an independent councillor. Bouw-Spies, who had crossed to the DA in 2014, returned for a second term as mayor.[10]

Mayors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.knysna.gov.za/town-government/council/executive-mayor/
  2. ^ "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  4. ^ "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "Knysna Local Municipality". Census 2011. 
  6. ^ "Political composition of councils February 2017" (PDF). Western Cape Department of Local Government. February 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2017. 
  7. ^ "Results Summary – All Ballots: Knysna" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 5 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "Seat Calculation Detail: Knysna" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 5 June 2017. 
  9. ^ "Voter Turnout Report: Knysna" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 5 June 2017. 
  10. ^ "DA falls short of a majority in Knysna". The Citizen. ANA. 5 August 2016. Retrieved 5 June 2017. 

External links[edit]