Brede River District
|• Type||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Helena von Schlicht (DA)|
|• Total||21,473 km2 (8,291 sq mi)|
|• Density||37/km2 (95/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||23.7%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
The Cape Winelands District Municipality (Afrikaans: Kaapse Wynland-distriksmunisipaliteit; Xhosa: uMasipala weSithili sase Cape Winelands), formerly the Boland District Municipality, is a district municipality located in the Boland region of the Western Cape province of South Africa. As of 2011, it had a population of 787,490. The largest towns in the municipality are Paarl, Worcester, Stellenbosch and Wellington.
The boundaries of this municipality, which covers an area of 22,289 square kilometres (8,606 sq mi), coincide roughly with the boundaries of the geographical area that has been known since the early days of the Cape Colony as "The Boland". In Afrikaans Boland means "up land" or "the higher land" or "the land above" (i.e. in contrast to the low coastal areas of the original Dutch settlement at the Cape). However, the term "Boland", as originally used, was a loose concept, with no defined borders (cf. the informal but not meaningless terms "The Sahara" or "The Rocky Mountains"). The Boland is generally mountainous, with range after range of beautiful and isolated sandstone peaks reaching towards 2000m but also has broad, fertile valleys that are home to some of the country's finest vineyards.
The region has a Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers are hot and cool, damp winters, with snow on the peaks during August and September. The diverse geography includes peaks, ranges, escarpments, valleys, cliffs, rivers, pools, waterfalls, screes, canyons, springs, forests, caves and other natural features.
The Cape Winelands District Municipality is divided into five local municipalities, which are described in the following table.
- Namakwa District Municipality, Northern Cape (north)
- Central Karoo District Municipality (east)
- Garden Route District Municipality (east)
- Overberg District Municipality (south)
- City of Cape Town (southwest)
- West Coast District Municipality (west)
At the end of the apartheid era the area that is today the Cape Winelands District Municipality formed part of two Regional Services Councils (RSCs). The western part—today's Drakenstein and Stellenbosch local municipalities—was joined with the Cape Town metropolitan area in the Western Cape RSC. The eastern part—today's Witzenberg, Breede Valley and Langeberg local municipalities—formed the Breërivier RSC. The towns within the area were governed by various local authorities divided along racial lines.
After the national elections of 1994 a process of local government transformation began, in which negotiations were held between the existing local authorities, political parties, and local community organisations. In late 1994 and early 1995 the racially-divided local authorities were replaced by transitional local councils (TLCs) for each town and village. In February 1995 the Western Cape RSC was divided into the Cape Metropolitan Council for the Cape Town metropolitan area and the Winelands RSC for the Drakenstein–Stellenbosch area.
When elections were held in May 1996, the Winelands and Breërivier RSCs were reconstituted as District Councils (DCs). Transitional representative councils (TRCs) were also elected to represent the rural areas—Paarl and Stellenbosch TRCs in the Winelands RSC, and Witzenberg, Matroosberg and Wynland TRCs in the Breërivier RSC.
The local government transformation process was completed with the local elections of December 2000, when the Winelands and Breërivier DCs were replaced by the Boland District Municipality. The TLCs and TRCs were replaced by five local municipalities as well as a large District Management Area (DMA) in the sparsely-populated eastern part of the district. In 2004 the name "Boland" was changed to "Cape Winelands". In 2011 DMAs were abolished and the local municipalities extended to cover the whole district.
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The council of the Cape Winelands District Municipality consists of forty-one councillors, of whom seventeen are directly elected by party-list proportional representation. The other twenty-four councillors are appointed by the councils of the constituent local municipalities: eight by Drakenstein, five each by Stellenbosch and Breede Valley, and three each by Witzenberg and Langeberg.
After then elections of 3 August 2016 the Democratic Alliance (DA) obtained a majority of 27 seats on the council. The executive mayor is Dr Helena von Schlicht of the DA, and the deputy mayor is Dirk Swart, also of the DA.
The following table shows the composition of the council after the 2016 election.
|Appointed by local councils||Total|
|African National Congress||5||1||2||1||1||1||11|
|Economic Freedom Fighters||1||1||2|
|African National Congress||61,932||26.6||5|
|Economic Freedom Fighters||6,633||2.8||1|
|African Christian Democratic Party||2,657||1.1||0|
|People's Democratic Movement||2,525||1.1||0|
|Congress of the People||2,350||1.0||0|
|Independent Civic Organisation||2,098||0.9||0|
|Democratic New Civic Association||909||0.4||0|
|Langeberg Independent Party||874||0.4||0|
|Alliance for Democratic Freedom||799||0.3||0|
|Federation of Democrats||599||0.3||0|
|Nationalist Coloured Party||316||0.1||0|
|United Franschhoek Valley||281||0.1||0|
|Total votes cast||236,471|
- "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- "Cape Winelands District Municipality". Municipal Demarcation Board. Retrieved 20 June 2010.[permanent dead link]
- "Witzenberg Local Municipality". The Local Government Handbook. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Drakenstein Local Municipality". The Local Government Handbook. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Stellenbosch Local Municipality". The Local Government Handbook. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Breede Valley Local Municipality". The Local Government Handbook. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Langeberg Local Municipality". The Local Government Handbook. Retrieved 16 June 2013.
- "Mayoral Committee". Cape Winelands District Municipality. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- "Political composition of councils February 2017" (PDF). Western Cape Department of Local Government. February 2017. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
- "Detailed DC 40% Ballot Results Report: DC2 - Cape Winelands" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- "Seat Calculation Detail: DC2 - Cape Winelands" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- Census 2011 statistical tables accessible through Stats SA SuperWEB Archived 2013-09-30 at the Wayback Machine.