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|Place of origin||Germany|
|Main ingredients||Rye and wheat flour|
Kommissbrot is a dark bread made from rye and wheat flours as a sourdough. It has a firm but not hard crust, and because it is normally baked in a loaf pan, it only develops a crust on the top. It is noted for its long shelf life.
Since the 16th century, Kommiß has been used as a word for a military troop, and so Kommißbrot was used to mean the bread provided for the military, since Brot is the German word for bread, and it came to be used to denote the type of bread.
It was used as military provisions in World War I, when sawdust was sometimes added to compensate for shortages of flour, and in World War II. A study by M. Gerson in 1941 concluded that kommissbrot covered the daily requirements of vitamin B1.
Following World War I, it became available in civilian bakeries, and the recipe was changed to produce a softer bread.
In popular culture
In the Austrian documentary film Cooking History directed by Peter Kerekes, kommissbrot is used as an illustration of the quantity of ingredients required to provide food for a large number of soldiers.
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