Entrance of the museum in 2008
|Established||13 July 1938|
|Visitors||380,000 (2015 est.)|
The Kröller-Müller Museum (Dutch pronunciation: [krʏlərˈmylər myˌzeːjəm] or [-myˌzeːjʏm]) is an art museum and sculpture garden, located in the Hoge Veluwe National Park in Otterlo in the Netherlands. The museum was founded by art collector Helene Kröller-Müller and opened in 1938. It has the second-largest collection of paintings by Vincent van Gogh, after the Van Gogh Museum. The museum also has a sculpture garden. The museum had 330,000 visitors in 2013.
The Kröller-Müller Museum was founded by Helene Kröller-Müller, an avid art collector who was one of the first to recognize Vincent van Gogh's genius and collect his works. In 1935, she donated her whole collection to the state of the Netherlands. In 1938, the museum, which was designed by Henry van de Velde, opened to the public. The sculpture garden was added in 1961 and the new exhibition wing, designed by Wim Quist, opened in 1977.
The museum has a considerable collection of paintings by Vincent van Gogh, such as Cafe Terrace at Night, Sorrowing Old Man ('At Eternity's Gate') and a version of The Potato Eaters, making it the second-largest collection of Van Gogh paintings in the world (after the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam). Apart from the Van Gogh paintings other highlights include works by Piet Mondrian, Georges-Pierre Seurat, Odilon Redon, Georges Braque, Paul Gauguin, Lucas Cranach, James Ensor, Juan Gris, and Pablo Picasso.
The Kröller-Müller Museum is also famous for its large sculpture garden, within the forest park, of more than 75 acres (300,000 m2) and one of the largest in Europe, with a fine collection of modern and contemporary sculptures. The garden reflects Helene Kröller-Müller's conception of a symbiosis between art, architecture and nature. The collection includes works by Auguste Rodin, Henry Moore, Jean Dubuffet, Mark di Suvero, Lucio Fontana, Claes Oldenburg, Fritz Wotruba, Joep van Lieshout and many more.
Selected collection highlights
Paul Signac, Breakfast, 1886-1887
Henri-Edmond Cross, Fisherman, 1895
Odilon Redon, Cyclops, c. 1914
Pablo Picasso, Violon (Violin), 1911–12
Joseph Csaky, Deux figures, 1920
Juan Gris, Le Compotier (The Fruit Bowl), 1914
Richard Serra, One, 1988
- (Dutch) Johannes van der Wolk, "Helene Emma Laura Juliane Kröller-Müller", Biografisch Woordenboek Gelderland, 1998. Retrieved on 2013-09-27.
- Address/directions, Kröller-Müller Museum. Retrieved on 2013-09-27.
- (Dutch) "380.000 bezoekers voor Kröller-Müller in 2015", De Stentor, 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- Structure, Kröller-Müller Museum. Retrieved on 2013-09-27.
- Beukhof, H., Essen, F. van, Pelzers, E., Sevink, J. (2005) Nature and Art, The Hoge Veluwe, Waanders Uitgeverij, Zwolle.
- The potato eaters, Kröller-Müller Museum. Retrieved on 2013-08-24.
- Terrace of a café at night (Place du Forum), Kröller-Müller Museum. Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
- (Dutch) Top 55 Museumbezoek 2012, Nederlandse Museumvereniging, 2012. Retrieved on 2013-08-19.
- (Dutch) Daan van Lent & Pieter van Os, "Musea doen het goed: aantal bezoekers in 2013 fors gestegen", NRC Handelsblad, 2013. Retrieved on 3 August 2014.
- (Dutch) Daan van Lent & Pieter van Os, "Musea doen het goed: aantal bezoekers in 2013 fors gestegen", NRC Handelsblad, 2013. Retrieved on 28 June 2014.
- Kröller-Müller State Museum, Otterlo. Netherlands: Kröller-Müller State Museum, 1973.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kröller-Müller Museum.|
- Kröller-Müller Museum, official website
|Dutch Rijksmonument 523562|