L. Nelson Bell
Lemuel Nelson Bell (July 30, 1894 – August 2, 1973) was a medical missionary in China and the father-in-law of famous evangelist Billy Graham. Few people had more influence on Billy Graham than Bell.
Life and work
Bell was born in Longdale, Virginia, the son of Ruth Lee (McCue) and James Harvey Bell. Bell and his wife, Virginia Myers (Leftwich) Bell, served as Presbyterian medical missionaries in China from 1916-1941 with the American Southern Presbyterian Mission. They lived on the compound of Love and Mercy Hospital in Qingjiangpu, Jiangsu Province, 300 miles north of Shanghai. They had five children: Rosa, Ruth, Lemuel, Virginia", and Benjamin "Clayton".
Bell kept a busy schedule as surgical chief and administrative superintendent at the hospital. Although the hospital had a pastor on staff, Bell made the healing of souls a priority in his work, gently explaining the Gospel to his patients. He never minimized the importance of addressing the spiritual needs of the people as well as their physical needs.
In 1942, Bell founded The Southern Presbyterian Journal, a publication which championed conservative Presbyterianism within the denomination that had sent Bell and his family to China as missionaries.
From 1942 to 1966, the Southern Presbyterian Journal also championed racial segregation. Historian Kenneth Taylor  describes this segregationist stance:
"Paternalistic Journalers professed to love African Americans and to want only the best for them. Integration, the writers insisted, was cruel, and segregation was kind. Thus, social separation was consistent with the Golden Rule, 'to do unto others as you want others to do unto you.' In 1947 Bell wrote without irony that he was 'ashamed at the intolerance, the discrimination, and the humiliations which have been heaped on them [blacks] by the white race' while he defended segregation. … Segregation was kind and Christian."
After Bell's death, and the subsequent founding of the Presbyterian Church in America, this publication would eventually evolve into the God's World News line of children's magazines, founded in 1981 under the direction of Joel Belz, and later lead to the 1986 founding of a parallel news publication for adults, WORLD Magazine.
Bell was also the one who suggested to Billy Graham the idea of the periodical that would eventually be named "Christianity Today." He became its executive editor, commuting regularly to Washington from his home in Montreat and writing "A Layman and His Faith," a regular column in the magazine. With his son-in-law, he was extremely active in trying to mobilize evangelicals to support Richard Nixon against Roman Catholic John F. Kennedy for president in 1960. Bell received seven awards from the conservative Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania for articles and editorials.
- Shavit, David (1990). The United States in Asia: A Historical Dictionary. New York: Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 39. ISBN 0-313-26788-X.
- The Billy Graham Museum; Wheaton, Illinois
- "L. Nelson Bell".
- "Children". Retrieved 24 July 2015.
- "Rosa". Retrieved 24 July 2015.
- "Ruth Bell Graham". Retrieved 24 July 2015.
- "Lemuel". Retrieved 24 July 2015.
- "Virginia". Retrieved 24 July 2015.
- "Clayton". Retrieved 24 July 2015.
- Decision Today - Special Commemorative Issue - Ruth Bell Graham, 2007, p.6
- Belz, Joel (16 July 2011). "We're moving". WORLD Magazine 26 (14): 3. Retrieved 10 May 2012.
- Tayor, Ken (25 August 2007). "The Spirituality of the Church Segregation, The Presbyterian Journal, and the Origins of the Presbyterian Church in America". Reformed Perspectives Magazine 34 (34): 3.
- Graham, B., Just As I Am: The Autobiography of Billy Graham, 1997, p.288, HarperCollins Worldwide, ISBN 0-06-063387-5
- Ingle, H. Larry, Nixon's First Cover-up: The Religious Life of a Quaker President, 2015, pp. 99-100, 102, 105, University of Missouri Press, ISBN 978-0-8262-2042-4
- Papers of Lemuel Nelson Bell - Collection 318
- Pollock, John Charles. A Foreign Devil in China: The Story of Dr. L. Nelson Bell. (World Wide Publications.)