LNWR Claughton Class
|LNWR Claughton Class|
The locomotives were introduced in 1913, the first of the class No. 2222 was named in honour of Sir Gilbert Claughton, who was the Chairman of the LNWR at that time. A total of 130 were built, all at Crewe works up to 1921. Author Brian Reed points out that weight restrictions and equipment limitations at Crewe limited the size of the boiler, hence engine power. Cylinder design and valve events were not optimal, so the Claughton Class was a mediocre performer on the track.
The LNWR reused numbers and names from withdrawn locomotives, with the result that the numbering was completely haphazard. An exception was made for the LNWR's war memorial locomotives. There were two of these: no. 2097 (built in 1917) was briefly named Patriot for a short period in January 1920; and the name was later given to a new locomotive numbered 1914, which entered service in May 1920 (ordinarily, this locomotive would have been numbered 69, which had been unused since January 1920; but instead, Renown Class locomotive no. 1914 was renumbered 1257 in order to release its old number). The nameplates of both locomotives also bore the inscription "In Memory of the Fallen L & N W R Employees 1914–1919". Remembrance Day ceremonies at Rugby featured no. 1914 until its name was transferred to LMS no. 5500. The LMS renumbered them into the more logical series 5900–6029, no. 1914 becoming 5964. Twenty were rebuilt by the LMS with larger boilers, and ten of these had Caprotti valve gear. Twelve others were rebuilt as the initial engines of the LMS Patriot Class, though not much material was reused.
From 1927 with the introduction of the LMS Royal Scot Class, the Claughtons' main work had been taken away and many were transferred to the Midland Division. At the end of 1937, all but four, nos. 5946, 6004, 6017 and 6023, had been withdrawn. These were retained in service until further repair became unworthwhile; three of them were withdrawn in 1940–41, leaving no. 6004 which was regularly used to haul fitted freight trains between London and Edge Hill, becoming increasingly dirty. Inherited by British Railways in 1948, it was allocated the BR number 46004 but was withdrawn in 1949 without it being applied. None were preserved.
Accidents and incidents
- On 12 February 1929, locomotive No. 5977 was hauling an express passenger train that was in a head-on collision with a freight train at Doe Hill station, Derbyshire. The driver and fireman of the express were killed.
- On 6 March 1930, locomotive No. 5971 was hauling a passenger train that departed from Culgaith station, Cumberland against signals. It subsequently collided with a ballast train at Langwathby. Two people were killed and four were seriously injured.
- On 13 March 1935, locomotive No. 5946 was hauling an express freight train which stopped in the section between Nash Mills and King's Langley signalboxes, Hertfordshire due to an engine defect. A milk train ran into the rear of it due to a signalman's error. Two other freight trains collide with the wreckage. One person was killed.
|2222||5117||5900||January 1913||Sir Gilbert Claughton||From new||March 1935|
|1161||5138||5901||May 1913||Sir Robert Turnbull||From new||May 1933|
|1191||5139||5902||May 1913||Sir Frank Ree||From new||November 1930|
|1319||5140||5907||May 1913||Sir Frederick Harrison||From new||January 1933|
|1327||5141||5908||May 1913||Alfred Fletcher||From new||September 1936||‡|
|21||5142||5903||June 1913||Duke of Sutherland||From new||April 1933|
|163||5143||5904||June 1913||Holland Hibbert||From new||December 1934|
|650||5144||5905||June 1913||Lord Rathmore||From new||February 1933|
|1159||5145||5906||July 1913||Ralph Brocklebank||From new||February 1937||†|
|2046||5146||5909||June 1913||Charles N. Lawrence||From new||February 1935|
|250||5227||5910||August 1914||J. A. Bright||From new||April 1937||†|
|260||5228||5911||August 1914||W. E. Dorrington||From new||March 1934|
|1131||5229||5912||August 1914||Lord Faber||From new||February 1935|
|1429||5230||5913||September 1914||Colonel Lockwood||From new||August 1934|
|2239||5231||5918||September 1914||Frederick Baynes||From new||March 1935|
|209||5232||5914||September 1914||J. Bruce Ismay||From new||December 1934|
|668||5233||5915||September 1914||Rupert Guinness||From new||November 1934|
|856||5234||5916||September 1914||E. Tootal Broadhurst||From new||December 1932|
|1567||5235||5917||October 1914||Charles J. Cropper||From new||September 1934|
|2401||5236||5919||October 1914||Lord Kitchener||From new||September 1934|
|511||5337||5920||July 1916||George Macpherson||From new||April 1935|
|695||5338||5921||July 1916||Sir Arthur Lawley||From new||November 1934|
|968||5239||5922||July 1916||Lord Kenyon||From new||September 1934|
|1093||5340||5923||July 1916||Guy Calthrop||From new||June 1935||Sir Guy Calthrop from March 1919|
|1345||5341||5924||August 1916||James Bishop||From new||September 1934|
|2174||5342||5925||August 1916||E. C. Trench||From new||May 1933|
|2204||5343||5926||August 1916||Sir Herbert Walker K.C.B.||From new||January 1933|
|2221||5344||5927||August 1916||Sir Francis Dent||From new||December 1936||‡|
|2338||5345||5928||August 1916||Charles H. Dent||From new||January 1934|
|2395||5346||5929||September 1916||J. A. F. Aspinall||From new||March 1935|
|37||5367||5930||February 1917||G. R. Jebb||From new||October 1934|
|154||5368||5931||March 1917||Captain Fryatt||From new||March 1934|
|155||5369||5932||March 1917||I. T. Williams||From new||April 1935||Sir Thomas Williams from December 1919|
|162||5370||5933||March 1917||December 1932|
|186||5371||5934||March 1917||January 1935|
|713||5372||5935||March 1917||February 1933|
|1334||5373||5936||April 1917||August 1932|
|2042||5374||5937||April 1917||November 1934|
|2097||5375||5938||April 1917||February 1935|
|2230||5376||5939||May 1917||Clio||July 1922||June 1935|
|1019||5377||5940||May 1917||Columbus||February 1922||September 1934|
|1355||5378||5941||May 1917||August 1934|
|2366||5379||5942||May 1917||August 1932|
|2373||5980||5943||May 1917||Tennyson||January 1922||August 1934|
|2411||5381||5944||June 1917||February 1933|
|2420||5382||5945||June 1917||Ingestre||January 1923||April 1934|
|2427||5383||5946||June 1917||Duke of Connaught||January 1922||February 1941||‡|
|2431||5384||5947||June 1917||February 1935|
|2445||5385||5948||July 1917||Baltic||March 1923||April 1937||‡|
|2450||5386||5949||July 1917||August 1932|
|116||5387||5950||July 1917||October 1934|
|159||5388||5951||August 1917||October 1935|
|171||5389||5952||August 1917||December 1932|
|986||5390||5953||August 1917||Buckingham||March 1922||September 1936||†|
|1085||5391||5954||August 1917||December 1932|
|1103||5392||5955||September 1917||May 1935|
|2122||5393||5956||September 1917||March 1934|
|2368||5394||5957||September 1917||February 1936||‡|
|2416||5395||5958||September 1917||October 1932|
|2426||5396||5959||October 1917||June 1932|
In memory of the Fallen LNWR Employees 1914-1919
|From new||May 1935|
|69||5503||5960||January 1920||March 1934|
|178||5504||5961||January 1920||October 1934|
|194||5505||5962||January 1920||December 1935||‡|
|972||5506||5963||January 1920||December 1932|
|1177||5507||5966||January 1920||Bunsen||March 1922||October 1932|
|2179||5508||5969||January 1920||September 1934|
|2499||5509||5970||February 1920||Patience||August 1922||December 1935||†|
|2511||5510||5971||February 1920||Croxteth||January 1923||December 1930||Locomotive badly damaged in head-on collision between Culgaith and Langwathby on 6 March 1930.|
|1599||5511||5968||February 1920||John O’Groat||August 1922||January 1935|
|484||5512||5965||February 1920||September 1934|
|1407||5513||5967||February 1920||L./Cpl. J. A. Christie, V.C.||February 1922||November 1934|
|1726||5514||5972||March 1920||May 1937||†|
|1741||5515||5973||March 1920||December 1932|
|1747||5516||5974||March 1920||August 1932|
|2035||5517||5976||March 1920||Private E. Sykes, V.C.||February 1922||March 1935||Name transferred to 6015 in April 1926|
|2083||5518||5977||March 1920||April 1929||Locomotive badly damaged in head-on collision near Doe Hill station on 12 February 1929.|
|2231||5519||5978||March 1920||May 1934|
|2268||5520||5979||March 1920||Frobisher||August 1922||April 1934|
|12||5521||5975||April 1920||Talisman||January 1923||May 1937||‡|
|85||5522||5980||April 1920||January 1935|
|98||5523||5981||April 1920||June 1934|
|103||5524||5982||April 1920||November 1932|
|201||5525||5983||April 1920||October 1932|
|499||5526||5984||May 1920||October 1935|
|808||5527||5985||May 1920||June 1932|
|1092||5528||5986||May 1920||November 1935||†|
|1096||5529||5987||May 1920||August 1932|
|1097||5530||5988||May 1920||Private W. Wood, V.C.||February 1922||May 1935||Name transferred to 6018 in April 1926|
|1133||5531||5989||May 1920||November 1934|
|2059||5532||5991||May 1920||C. J. Bowen-Cooke||October 1920||February 1935|
|1326||5533||5990||June 1920||April 1935|
|2090||5534||5992||June 1920||October 1932|
|2095||5535||5993||June 1920||May 1936||†|
|2101||5536||5998||June 1920||August 1934|
|6||5537||5994||June 1920||June 1935|
|8||5538||5995||June 1920||June 1935|
|10||5539||5996||July 1920||February 1933|
|11||5540||5997||July 1920||March 1933|
|13||5541||5999||July 1920||Vindictive||July 1922||June 1937||† Renumbered 2430 in October 1922.|
Name removed in August 1936.
|15||5542||6000||June 1920||March 1933|
|23||5543||6001||August 1920||October 1934|
|30||5544||6002||August 1920||Thalaba||December 1922||September 1934|
|32||5545||6003||August 1920||October 1934|
|42||5546||6004||August 1920||Princess Louise||February 1922||April 1949||† Name removed in June 1935, BR Number never applied.|
|36||5547||6005||August 1920||August 1932|
|68||5548||6006||August 1920||December 1932|
|102||5549||6007||August 1920||October 1934|
|110||5550||6008||September 1920||Lady Godiva||May 1923||December 1932|
|119||5551||6009||September 1920||December 1934|
|149||5552||6010||March 1921||August 1932|
|150||5553||6011||March 1921||Illustrious||May 1923||February 1933|
|152||5554||6012||March 1921||August 1932|
|156||5555||6013||March 1921||March 1936||‡|
|157||5556||6014||April 1921||September 1934|
|158||5557||6015||April 1921||Private E. Sykes, V.C.||April 1923||March 1933||Name transferred from 5976|
|161||5558||6016||April 1921||January 1935|
|169||5559||6017||April 1921||Breadalbane||March 1923||October 1940||†|
|179||5560||6018||April 1921||Private W. Wood, V.C.||April 1926||February 1933||Name transferred from 5988|
|180||5561||6019||April 1921||Llewellyn||April 1923||December 1934|
|183||5562||6020||May 1921||July 1935|
|192||5563||6021||May 1921||Bevere||July 1923||February 1934|
|205||5564||6022||May 1921||January 1933|
|207||5565||6023||May 1921||Sir Charles Cust||December 1921||July 1941||‡|
|208||5566||6024||May 1921||March 1935|
|210||5567||6025||May 1921||August 1935|
|211||5568||6026||June 1921||December 1932|
|517||5569||6027||June 1921||January 1933|
|1216||5570||6028||June 1921||September 1934|
|1220||5571||6029||June 1921||December 1935||‡|
- † Locomotives fitted with larger boilers from 1928.
- ‡ Locomotives fitted with Caprotti valve gear and larger boilers from 1928.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to LNWR Claughton Class.|
- Reed, Brian, 1970, Locomotives - A Picture History, p58
- Goodman 2002, p. 157.
- Goodman 2002, p. 122.
- Casserley & Johnston 1974, p. 70
- Toms, Essery & James 2006, pp. 57–58
- Earnshaw 1991, p. 22.
- Anderson 1929, p. 1.
- Hall 1990, p. 95
- Trench 1930, p. 1.
- Hall 1990, p. 99
- Mount 1935, p. 1.
- Anderson 1929, p. 9.
- Anderson, E. P. (26 March 1929). "Report on the accident at Doe Hill on 12th February 1929" (PDF). Railways Archive. London: Ministry of Transport.
- Baxter, Bertram (1979). Baxter, David (ed.). British Locomotive Catalogue 1825–1923, Volume 2B: London and North Western Railway and its constituent companies. Ashbourne, Derbyshire: Moorland Publishing Company. pp. 285–290. ISBN 0-903485-84-2.
- Casserley, H. C. & Johnston, Stuart W. (1974) . Locomotives at the Grouping 3: London, Midland and Scottish Railway. Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan. pp. 69–71. ISBN 0-7110-0554-0.
- Earnshaw, Alan (1991). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 7. Penryn: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899-50-8.
- Goodman, John (2002). L&NWR Locomotive Names / A Sequel to LMS Locomotive Names. Peterborough: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-90-8.
- Hall, Stanley (1990). The Railway Detectives. London: Ian Allan. ISBN 0 7110 1929 0.
- Mount, A H. L. (6 June 1935). "Report on the Accident At Kings Langley on 13th March 1935" (PDF). Railways Archive. London: Ministry of Transport.
- Toms, George; Essery, R.J.; James, F. (2006). Historical Locomotive Monographs No. 3: Claughton & Patriot 4-6-0s. Didcot: Wild Swan Publications Ltd. ISBN 1-905184-19-0.
- Trench, A. C. (24 April 1930). "Report on the Accident between Culgaith and Langwathby on 6th March 1930" (PDF). Railways Archive. London: Ministry of Transport.
- Yeadon, W. B. A Compendium of LNWR Locomotives 1912–1949, Volume 1. Nottingham: Challenger Publications. ISBN 978-1-901945-90-4.