LNWR Claughton Class

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LNWR Claughton Class
LNWR locomotive No. 2222 Sir Gilbert Claughton.jpg
No. 2222 Sir Gilbert Claughton in photographic grey
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerCharles Bowen Cooke
BuilderCrewe Works
Serial number5117, 5138–5146, 5227–5246, 5267–5296, 5502–5571
Build date1913–1921
Total produced130
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte4-6-0
 • UIC2′C h4
Gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm)
Leading dia.3 ft 3 in (0.991 m)
Driver dia.6 ft 9 in (2.057 m)
Loco weight77.75 long tons (79.00 t)
Boiler pressure
  • 175 lbf/in2 (1.21 MPa)
  • 200 lbf/in2 (1.38 MPa) †‡
Heating surface2,232 sq ft (207.4 square metres)
SuperheaterSchmidt
CylindersFour
Cylinder size15+34 in × 26 in (400 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gear
Performance figures
Tractive effort
  • 27,072 lbf (120.42 kN)
  • 29,570 lbf (131.53 kN) †‡
Career
Operators
Power classLMS: 5P, 5XP ‡†
Withdrawn1929–1949
DispositionAll scrapped

The London and North Western Railway (LNWR) Claughton Class was a class of 4-cylinder express passenger 4-6-0 steam locomotives.

History[edit]

The locomotives were introduced in 1913, the first of the class No. 2222 was named in honour of Sir Gilbert Claughton, who was the Chairman of the LNWR at that time. A total of 130 were built, all at Crewe works up to 1921. Author Brian Reed points out that weight restrictions and equipment limitations at Crewe limited the size of the boiler, hence engine power. Cylinder design and valve events were not optimal, so the Claughton Class was a mediocre performer on the track.[1]

LMS No. 5986 c.1928, with enlarged boiler

The LNWR reused numbers and names from withdrawn locomotives, with the result that the numbering was completely haphazard. An exception was made for the LNWR's war memorial locomotives. There were two of these: no. 2097 (built in 1917) was briefly named Patriot for a short period in January 1920; and the name was later given to a new locomotive numbered 1914, which entered service in May 1920 (ordinarily, this locomotive would have been numbered 69, which had been unused since January 1920; but instead, Renown Class locomotive no. 1914 was renumbered 1257 in order to release its old number[2]). The nameplates of both locomotives also bore the inscription "In Memory of the Fallen L & N W R Employees 1914–1919".[3] Remembrance Day ceremonies at Rugby featured no. 1914 until its name was transferred to LMS no. 5500. The LMS renumbered them into the more logical series 5900–6029, no. 1914 becoming 5964.[4] Twenty were rebuilt by the LMS with larger boilers, and ten of these had Caprotti valve gear. Twelve others were rebuilt as the initial engines of the LMS Patriot Class, though not much material was reused.

From 1927 with the introduction of the LMS Royal Scot Class, the Claughtons' main work had been taken away and many were transferred to the Midland Division. At the end of 1937, all but four, nos. 5946, 6004, 6017 and 6023, had been withdrawn. These were retained in service until further repair became unworthwhile; three of them were withdrawn in 1940–41, leaving no. 6004 which was regularly used to haul fitted freight trains between London and Edge Hill, becoming increasingly dirty.[5] Inherited by British Railways in 1948, it was allocated the BR number 46004 but was withdrawn in 1949 without it being applied. None were preserved.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 12 February 1929, locomotive No. 5977 was hauling an express passenger train that was in a head-on collision with a freight train at Doe Hill station, Derbyshire. The driver and fireman of the express were killed.[6][7]
  • On 6 March 1930, locomotive No. 5971 was hauling a passenger train that departed from Culgaith station, Cumberland against signals. It subsequently collided with a ballast train at Langwathby. Two people were killed and four were seriously injured.[8][9]
  • On 13 March 1935, locomotive No. 5946 was hauling an express freight train which stopped in the section between Nash Mills and King's Langley signalboxes, Hertfordshire due to an engine defect. A milk train ran into the rear of it due to a signalman's error. Two other freight trains collide with the wreckage. One person was killed.[10][11]

Details[edit]

LNWR
No.
Crewe
Works
No.
LMS
No.
Date
built
Name Date Named Withdrawn Notes
2222 5117 5900 January 1913 Sir Gilbert Claughton From new March 1935
1161 5138 5901 May 1913 Sir Robert Turnbull From new May 1933
1191 5139 5902 May 1913 Sir Frank Ree From new November 1930
1319 5140 5907 May 1913 Sir Frederick Harrison From new January 1933
1327 5141 5908 May 1913 Alfred Fletcher From new September 1936
21 5142 5903 June 1913 Duke of Sutherland From new April 1933
163 5143 5904 June 1913 Holland Hibbert From new December 1934
650 5144 5905 June 1913 Lord Rathmore From new February 1933
1159 5145 5906 July 1913 Ralph Brocklebank From new February 1937
2046 5146 5909 June 1913 Charles N. Lawrence From new February 1935
250 5227 5910 August 1914 J. A. Bright From new April 1937
260 5228 5911 August 1914 W. E. Dorrington From new March 1934
1131 5229 5912 August 1914 Lord Faber From new February 1935
1429 5230 5913 September 1914 Colonel Lockwood From new August 1934
2239 5231 5918 September 1914 Frederick Baynes From new March 1935
209 5232 5914 September 1914 J. Bruce Ismay From new December 1934
668 5233 5915 September 1914 Rupert Guinness From new November 1934
856 5234 5916 September 1914 E. Tootal Broadhurst From new December 1932
1567 5235 5917 October 1914 Charles J. Cropper From new September 1934
2401 5236 5919 October 1914 Lord Kitchener From new September 1934
511 5337 5920 July 1916 George Macpherson From new April 1935
695 5338 5921 July 1916 Sir Arthur Lawley From new November 1934
968 5239 5922 July 1916 Lord Kenyon From new September 1934
1093 5340 5923 July 1916 Guy Calthrop From new June 1935 Sir Guy Calthrop from March 1919
1345 5341 5924 August 1916 James Bishop From new September 1934
2174 5342 5925 August 1916 E. C. Trench From new May 1933
2204 5343 5926 August 1916 Sir Herbert Walker K.C.B. From new January 1933
2221 5344 5927 August 1916 Sir Francis Dent From new December 1936
2338 5345 5928 August 1916 Charles H. Dent From new January 1934
2395 5346 5929 September 1916 J. A. F. Aspinall From new March 1935
37 5367 5930 February 1917 G. R. Jebb From new October 1934
154 5368 5931 March 1917 Captain Fryatt From new March 1934
155 5369 5932 March 1917 I. T. Williams From new April 1935 Sir Thomas Williams from December 1919
162 5370 5933 March 1917 December 1932
186 5371 5934 March 1917 January 1935
713 5372 5935 March 1917 February 1933
1334 5373 5936 April 1917 August 1932
2042 5374 5937 April 1917 November 1934
2097 5375 5938 April 1917 February 1935
2230 5376 5939 May 1917 Clio July 1922 June 1935
1019 5377 5940 May 1917 Columbus February 1922 September 1934
1355 5378 5941 May 1917 August 1934
2366 5379 5942 May 1917 August 1932
2373 5980 5943 May 1917 Tennyson January 1922 August 1934
2411 5381 5944 June 1917 February 1933
2420 5382 5945 June 1917 Ingestre January 1923 April 1934
2427 5383 5946 June 1917 Duke of Connaught January 1922 February 1941
2431 5384 5947 June 1917 February 1935
2445 5385 5948 July 1917 Baltic March 1923 April 1937
2450 5386 5949 July 1917 August 1932
116 5387 5950 July 1917 October 1934
159 5388 5951 August 1917 October 1935
171 5389 5952 August 1917 December 1932
986 5390 5953 August 1917 Buckingham March 1922 September 1936
1085 5391 5954 August 1917 December 1932
1103 5392 5955 September 1917 May 1935
2122 5393 5956 September 1917 March 1934
2368 5394 5957 September 1917 February 1936
2416 5395 5958 September 1917 October 1932
2426 5396 5959 October 1917 June 1932
1914 5502 5964 January 1920 Patriot
In memory of the Fallen LNWR Employees 1914-1919
From new May 1935
69 5503 5960 January 1920 March 1934
178 5504 5961 January 1920 October 1934
194 5505 5962 January 1920 December 1935
972 5506 5963 January 1920 December 1932
1177 5507 5966 January 1920 Bunsen March 1922 October 1932
2179 5508 5969 January 1920 September 1934
2499 5509 5970 February 1920 Patience August 1922 December 1935
2511 5510 5971 February 1920 Croxteth January 1923 December 1930 Locomotive badly damaged in head-on collision between Culgaith and Langwathby on 6 March 1930.[9]
1599 5511 5968 February 1920 John O’Groat August 1922 January 1935
484 5512 5965 February 1920 September 1934
1407 5513 5967 February 1920 L./Cpl. J. A. Christie, V.C. February 1922 November 1934
1726 5514 5972 March 1920 May 1937
1741 5515 5973 March 1920 December 1932
1747 5516 5974 March 1920 August 1932
2035 5517 5976 March 1920 Private E. Sykes, V.C. February 1922 March 1935 Name transferred to 6015 in April 1926
2083 5518 5977 March 1920 April 1929 Locomotive badly damaged in head-on collision near Doe Hill station on 12 February 1929.[12]
2231 5519 5978 March 1920 May 1934
2268 5520 5979 March 1920 Frobisher August 1922 April 1934
12 5521 5975 April 1920 Talisman January 1923 May 1937
85 5522 5980 April 1920 January 1935
98 5523 5981 April 1920 June 1934
103 5524 5982 April 1920 November 1932
201 5525 5983 April 1920 October 1932
499 5526 5984 May 1920 October 1935
808 5527 5985 May 1920 June 1932
1092 5528 5986 May 1920 November 1935
1096 5529 5987 May 1920 August 1932
1097 5530 5988 May 1920 Private W. Wood, V.C. February 1922 May 1935 Name transferred to 6018 in April 1926
1133 5531 5989 May 1920 November 1934
2059 5532 5991 May 1920 C. J. Bowen-Cooke October 1920 February 1935
1326 5533 5990 June 1920 April 1935
2090 5534 5992 June 1920 October 1932
2095 5535 5993 June 1920 May 1936
2101 5536 5998 June 1920 August 1934
6 5537 5994 June 1920 June 1935
8 5538 5995 June 1920 June 1935
10 5539 5996 July 1920 February 1933
11 5540 5997 July 1920 March 1933
13 5541 5999 July 1920 Vindictive July 1922 June 1937 † Renumbered 2430 in October 1922.
Name removed in August 1936.
15 5542 6000 June 1920 March 1933
23 5543 6001 August 1920 October 1934
30 5544 6002 August 1920 Thalaba December 1922 September 1934
32 5545 6003 August 1920 October 1934
42 5546 6004 August 1920 Princess Louise February 1922 April 1949 † Name removed in June 1935, BR Number never applied.
36 5547 6005 August 1920 August 1932
68 5548 6006 August 1920 December 1932
102 5549 6007 August 1920 October 1934
110 5550 6008 September 1920 Lady Godiva May 1923 December 1932
119 5551 6009 September 1920 December 1934
149 5552 6010 March 1921 August 1932
150 5553 6011 March 1921 Illustrious May 1923 February 1933
152 5554 6012 March 1921 August 1932
156 5555 6013 March 1921 March 1936
157 5556 6014 April 1921 September 1934
158 5557 6015 April 1921 Private E. Sykes, V.C. April 1923 March 1933 Name transferred from 5976
161 5558 6016 April 1921 January 1935
169 5559 6017 April 1921 Breadalbane March 1923 October 1940
179 5560 6018 April 1921 Private W. Wood, V.C. April 1926 February 1933 Name transferred from 5988
180 5561 6019 April 1921 Llewellyn April 1923 December 1934
183 5562 6020 May 1921 July 1935
192 5563 6021 May 1921 Bevere July 1923 February 1934
205 5564 6022 May 1921 January 1933
207 5565 6023 May 1921 Sir Charles Cust December 1921 July 1941
208 5566 6024 May 1921 March 1935
210 5567 6025 May 1921 August 1935
211 5568 6026 June 1921 December 1932
517 5569 6027 June 1921 January 1933
1216 5570 6028 June 1921 September 1934
1220 5571 6029 June 1921 December 1935
  • † Locomotives fitted with larger boilers from 1928.
  • ‡ Locomotives fitted with Caprotti valve gear and larger boilers from 1928.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reed, Brian, 1970, Locomotives - A Picture History, p58
  2. ^ Goodman 2002, p. 157.
  3. ^ Goodman 2002, p. 122.
  4. ^ Casserley & Johnston 1974, p. 70
  5. ^ Toms, Essery & James 2006, pp. 57–58
  6. ^ Earnshaw 1991, p. 22.
  7. ^ Anderson 1929, p. 1.
  8. ^ Hall 1990, p. 95
  9. ^ a b Trench 1930, p. 1.
  10. ^ Hall 1990, p. 99
  11. ^ Mount 1935, p. 1.
  12. ^ Anderson 1929, p. 9.
  • Anderson, E. P. (26 March 1929). "Report on the accident at Doe Hill on 12th February 1929" (PDF). Railways Archive. London: Ministry of Transport.
  • Baxter, Bertram (1979). Baxter, David (ed.). British Locomotive Catalogue 1825–1923, Volume 2B: London and North Western Railway and its constituent companies. Ashbourne, Derbyshire: Moorland Publishing Company. pp. 285–290. ISBN 0-903485-84-2.
  • Casserley, H. C. & Johnston, Stuart W. (1974) [1966]. Locomotives at the Grouping 3: London, Midland and Scottish Railway. Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan. pp. 69–71. ISBN 0-7110-0554-0.
  • Earnshaw, Alan (1991). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 7. Penryn: Atlantic Books. ISBN 0-906899-50-8.
  • Goodman, John (2002). L&NWR Locomotive Names / A Sequel to LMS Locomotive Names. Peterborough: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-90-8.
  • Hall, Stanley (1990). The Railway Detectives. London: Ian Allan. ISBN 0 7110 1929 0.
  • Mount, A H. L. (6 June 1935). "Report on the Accident At Kings Langley on 13th March 1935" (PDF). Railways Archive. London: Ministry of Transport.
  • Toms, George; Essery, R.J.; James, F. (2006). Historical Locomotive Monographs No. 3: Claughton & Patriot 4-6-0s. Didcot: Wild Swan Publications Ltd. ISBN 1-905184-19-0.
  • Trench, A. C. (24 April 1930). "Report on the Accident between Culgaith and Langwathby on 6th March 1930" (PDF). Railways Archive. London: Ministry of Transport.
  • Yeadon, W. B. A Compendium of LNWR Locomotives 1912–1949, Volume 1. Nottingham: Challenger Publications. ISBN 978-1-901945-90-4.