|Flowers on a tree in Kolkata, West Bengal, India|
- English : Pride of India, Queen Crepe Myrtle
- Bengali: জারুল (Jarul)
- Hindi: जरुल (Jarul)
- Marathi: ताम्हण (Tamhan), जारुळ (Jarul), मोठा बोंडारा (Motha Bondara)
- Assamese: এজাৰ (Ejār)
- Tagalog: Banaba
- Vietnamese: Bằng lăng nước
- Malayalam: മണിമാരുത്തു, നിർമ്മുരുത്ത്, പൂമാരതി
It is a small to medium-sized tree growing to 20 metres (66 ft) tall, with smooth, flaky bark. The leaves are deciduous, oval to elliptic, 8–15 cm (3.1–5.9 in) long and 3–7 cm (1.2–2.8 in) broad, with an acute apex. The flowers are produced in erect panicles 20–40 cm (7.9–15.7 in) long, each flower with six white to purple petals 2–3.5 cm (0.79–1.38 in) long. The flowers in this plant blooms only once in a year at the peak of summer.
Cultivation and uses
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It is grown in South East Asia, India , Bangladesh and the Philippines. It is also widely cultivated as an ornamental plant in tropical and subtropical areas. The leaves of the banabá and other parts are used widely in the Philippines, Taiwan, and Japan as a tea preparation. Banabá herb is one of the 69 herbal plants promoted by the Philippine Department of Health (DOH). In Vietnam the plant's young leaves are consumed as vegetables, and its old leaves and mature fruit are used in traditional medicine for reducing glucose in blood.
The seeds have narcotic properties.
In Theravada Buddhism, this plant is said to have been used as the tree for achieved enlightenment, or Bodhi by the eleventh Buddha ("Paduma – පදුම"), and the twelfth Buddha (Naarada – නාරද). The plant is known as මුරුත (Murutha) in Sinhala and Mahaasona – මහාසොණ in Sanskrit.
- Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. — The Plant List
- "Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers. pride of India." PLANTS Profile, United States Department of Agriculture / Natural Resources Conservation Service. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
- Eduardo B. Principe and Aurora S. Jose (2002). "Propagation Management Of Herbal and Medicinal Plants" (PDF). Research Information Series On Ecosystems. Retrieved 25 January 2013.[dead link]
- Tanaka, Yoshitaka; Van Ke, Nguyen (2007). Edible Wild Plants of Vietnam: The Bountiful Garden. Thailand: Orchid Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-9745240896.
- Hargreaves, Dorothy; Hargreaves, Bob (1970). Tropical Trees of the Pacific. Kailua, Hawaii: Hargreaves. p. 16.
- "Antidiabetes and Anti-obesity Activity of Lagerstroemia speciosa"
- "Maharashtra State Symbols". www.onlinesaraswati.com. Retrieved 2019-10-17.
This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. (March 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening 3: 10.
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