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Lahcen Ikassrien is a citizen of Morocco who was held in extrajudicial detention in the United States Guantanamo Bay detainment camps, in Cuba. Ikassrien's Guantanamo ISN was 72. The Department of Defense reports that Ikassrien was born on October 2, 1972, in Targist, Morocco.
When Ikassrien was first captured authorities thought his name was Reswan A. Abdesalam. His real identity was revealed through his fingerprints.
Official status reviews
Originally the Bush Presidency asserted that captives apprehended in the "war on terror" were not covered by the Geneva Conventions, and could be held indefinitely, without charge, and without an open and transparent review of the justifications for their detention. In 2004 the United States Supreme Court ruled, in Rasul v. Bush, that Guantanamo captives were entitled to being informed of the allegations justifying their detention, and were entitled to try to refute them.
Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants
Following the Supreme Court's ruling the Department of Defense set up the Office for the Administrative Review of Detained Enemy Combatants.
Combatant status review
Initially the Bush administration asserted that they could withhold all the protections of the Geneva Conventions to captives from the war on terror. This policy was challenged before the Judicial branch. Critics argued that the USA could not evade its obligation to conduct competent tribunals to determine whether captives are, or are not, entitled to the protections of prisoner of war status.
Subsequently the Department of Defense instituted the Combatant Status Review Tribunals. The Tribunals, however, were not authorized to determine whether the captives were lawful combatants—rather they were merely empowered to make a recommendation as to whether the captive had previously been correctly determined to match the Bush administration's definition of an enemy combatant.
The following allegations were presented to his Tribunal:
- a. Detainee is associated with al-Qaida and the Taliban.
- The detainee admits being a member of the Taliban.
- Detainee was taken to Mazer e-Sharif by Taliban forces.
- Detainee admits to associating with Yunnus Shokuri and Radwan Shokuri, both members of al-Qaida affiliated terrorist groups.
- b. Detainee engaged in hostilities against the US or its coalition partners.
- Detainee admits purchasing a Kalishnakov [sic] rifle in Kabul in May or June 2001.
- Detainee was observed on the front line and during the retreat in Afghanistan and at Qala-I Junghi [sic] prison.
- Detainee was injured during the U.S. bombing of Konduz.
- Detainee took refuge in an underground hiding area with Taliban forces during the U.S. bombing of Mazar e-Sharif [sic].
- Detainee was captured by U.S. forces with other Taliban members in Mazar e-Sharif.
There is no record that Lahcen Ikassrien chose to participate in his Combatant Status Review Tribunal.
Animal Number 64
On November 19, 2006, El País published an article in which Ikassrien alleges that he had been tortured during his detention in Kandahar. He alleges that a North American soldier attached a plastic bracelet on his right hand with the words "Animal Number 64" that he had to wear during the time of his detention.
Torture claims investigation
On April 29, 2009, that Spanish investigating magistrate Baltasar Garzon initiated a formal investigation into whether confessions from Ikassrien, and three other former Guantanamo captives were the result of the use of abusive interrogation techniques. Ikassrien, and the other three men: Hamed Abderrahman Ahmed, Jamiel Abdul Latif al Banna and Omar Deghayes, had previously faced charges in Spanish courts, based on confessions they made while in US custody. Their charges had been dropped based on their claims that their confessions were false and were the result of abusive interrogation techniques.
- OARDEC (May 15, 2006). "List of Individuals Detained by the Department of Defense at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba from January 2002 through May 15, 2006" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-09-29.
- ÁNGELES ESCRIVÁ (June 16, 2014). "La Policía detiene a nueve personas en Madrid en una operación contra una red que captaba yihadistas" [Police detained nine people in Madrid in an operation against a network that captured jihadists]. Elmundo (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2014-06-16. Retrieved 2016-09-30.
El principal líder de esta célula residía en España tras su paso por la base militar de Guantánamo (EEUU), tras ser detenido en Afganistán en el año 2001. Se trataría de Lahcen Ikassriem, extraditado a España en 2005 y absuelto por el Tribunal Supremo.
- "Spanish court jails ex-Guantanamo inmate". Fox News. 2016-09-30. Archived from the original on 2016-09-29. Retrieved 2016-09-30.
The National Court sentenced Lahcen Ikassrien, a 48-year-old Moroccan, to 10 years in prison for leading a terrorist organisation and one year and six months for falsifying an official document.
- Josh White (2005-07-21). "3 Guantanamo Detainees Freed: Review Board Finds the Foreign Nationals No Threat to U.S.". Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-09-30.
Most notably, three of the detainees had been cleared by a U.S. military Administrative Review Board (ARB), which evaluates whether a prisoner still poses a threat to the United States or its allies. The two detainees released to Afghanistan and one of the detainees released to Saudi Arabia are part of the first group to be approved through that process to be given their freedom.
- Margot Williams (2008-11-03). "Guantanamo Docket: Laacin Ikassrin". New York Times. Retrieved 2016-07-09.
- Spanish court acquits Moroccan who was held at Guantanamo, International Herald Tribune, October 11, 2006
- "U.S. military reviews 'enemy combatant' use". USA Today. 2007-10-11. Archived from the original on 2012-08-11.
Critics called it an overdue acknowledgment that the so-called Combatant Status Review Tribunals are unfairly geared toward labeling detainees the enemy, even when they pose little danger. Simply redoing the tribunals won't fix the problem, they said, because the system still allows coerced evidence and denies detainees legal representation.
- Guantánamo Prisoners Getting Their Day, but Hardly in Court, New York Times, November 11, 2004 - mirror Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- Inside the Guantánamo Bay hearings: Barbarian "Justice" dispensed by KGB-style "military tribunals", Financial Times, December 11, 2004
- "Q&A: What next for Guantanamo prisoners?". BBC News. 2002-01-21. Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-24. mirror
- OARDEC (2004). "Summary of Evidence for Combatant Status Review Tribunal – Ikrassin Laacin" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. p. 88. Retrieved 2007-10-03.
- "Animal Number 64". ucdavis.edu.
- Ediciones El País. "Animal número 64". EL PAÍS.
- Giles Tremblett (April 29, 2009). "Spanish court opens investigation of Guantánamo torture allegations". The Guardian. Archived from the original on April 29, 2009.
- "Spanish judge opens probe into Guantanamo torture". Agence France-Presse. April 29, 2009. Archived from the original on April 29, 2009.
- Gerald Warner (April 29, 2009). "Spanish judge uses memos released by Barack Obama to pursue Bush officials". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on April 29, 2009.
- The Case of Lahcen Ikassrien: Torture in Kandahar and Guantánamo Andy Worthington
- Animal Number 64 El País – November 20, 2006 (translated into English by the Center for the Study of Human Rights in the Americas)
- The Guantánamo Files: Website Extras (1) – The Qala-i-Janghi Massacre Andy Worthington