Last Recording

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Last Recording
Lastrecording1959.jpg
Studio album by Billie Holiday
Released July 1959
Recorded March 3, 4, & 11, 1959
Genre Vocal jazz
Length 34:78
Label MGM
Producer Ray Ellis
Billie Holiday chronology
Lady in Satin
(1958)
Last Recording
(1959)
The Essential Billie Holiday: Carnegie Hall Concert Recorded Live (1961)
Alternative cover
Original cover before album retitled Last Recording after Holiday's death in July 1959

Last Recording, originally titled Billie Holiday before her death, is the last album of Billie Holiday released in 1959, five years after the original album titled Billie Holiday was released.[1][2]

Content[edit]

After the success of her album, Lady in Satin (1958), Billie Holiday wanted to record another album with arranger Ray Ellis. Ellis had switched from Columbia to MGM, so Billie switched labels also to avoid breaching her contract with Columbia. When she returned to the studio in March 1959, jazz critic and friend of Holiday's Leonard Feather, said Holiday "walked into the studio statuesque and sharp as ever."

Unlike Lady in Satin, Billie Holiday had a lighter string orchestra, minus the choir, and more horns, including a saxophone and a more jazz like feeling. It also demand less fanfare. Songs like "All of You", "'Deed I Do", and "Baby Won't You Please Come Home" have a lighter and happier tempo and do not include strings.

Holiday told Ellis she wanted to “sound like Sinatra” on this album; but she was in such poor health from years of difficulty and substance abuse that a nurse sometimes had to help keep her propped up on a high stool as she sang.[3]

During the time of recording Billie Holiday, Holiday's health was taking its toll. Some say that she did not look like herself at all, and looked like a ghost of what she once was.

In the song "There'll Be Some Changes Made", Holiday replaces the name Jack Benny in the lyric "Even Jack Benny has been changin' his jokes" to Frank Sinatra, her jazz friend.

The album was completed on March 11, 1959. Four days later, Billie Holiday's lifelong friend and music partner Lester Young died on March 15, 1959. She would die four months later on July 17, 1959 at the age of 44.

Allmusic music critic Ron Wynn gave the album one and half stars out of five stating, "In many ways, a sad event... It's poignant in a tragic way."

Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 1.5/5 stars

Voice[edit]

By 1959, use of hard drugs and alcohol had taken their toll on Holiday's voice. It is evident that her voice had deteriorated since her previous album Lady in Satin. Producer and arranger Ray Ellis said that the producers "accidentally" adjusted the speed at 1/4 pitch faster in the studio making Holiday's voice high pitched in some songs like "You Took Advantage of Me".

Track listing[edit]

  1. "All of You" from Silk Stockings - (Cole Porter) -2:30
  2. "Sometimes I'm Happy" from Hit the Deck - (Irving Caesar, Clifford Gray, Vincent Youmans) -2:46
  3. "You Took Advantage of Me" from Present Arms - (Richard Rodgers, Lorenz Hart) - 2:46
  4. "When It's Sleepy Time Down South" from Safe in Hell - (Leon René, Otis René, Clarence Muse) - 4:04
  5. "There'll Be Some Changes Made" - (W. Benton Overstreet, Billy Higgins) - 2:52
  6. "'Deed I Do" - (Walter Hirsch, Fred Rose) - 2:14
  7. "Don't Worry 'bout Me" - (Ted Koehler, Rube Bloom) - 3:08
  8. "All the Way" from The Joker Is Wild - (Sammy Cahn, Jimmy Van Heusen) - 3:22
  9. "Just One More Chance" - (Sam Coslow, Arthur Johnston) - 3:43
  10. "It's Not for Me to Say" - (Al Stillman, Robert Allen) - 2:25
  11. "I'll Never Smile Again" - (Ruth Lowe) - 3:23
  12. "Baby Won't You Please Come Home" - (Charles Warfield, Clarence Williams) - 3:03

Personnel[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Billie Holiday, discogs.com, accessed Dec 18, 2015
  2. ^ Last Recording, discogs.com, accessed Dec 18, 2015
  3. ^ http://indianapublicmedia.org/nightlights/final-recordings-jazz-greats/