This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)
|Full name||Laurence Paul Cunningham|
|Date of birth||8 March 1956|
|Place of birth||Archway, London, England|
|Date of death||15 July 1989(aged 33)|
|Place of death||Madrid, Spain|
|1977–1979||West Bromwich Albion||86||(21)|
|1983||→ Manchester United (loan)||5||(1)|
|1983–1984||→ Sporting Gijón (loan)||30||(3)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Laurence Paul Cunningham (8 March 1956 – 15 July 1989) was an English professional footballer. A left winger, he notably played in England, France and Spain, where he became the first ever British player to sign for Real Madrid.
Cunningham had signed a schoolboy contract with Arsenal in 1970, but was released in 1972 as his style of play was deemed incompatible with the Gunners’ “give and go” tactics.
In 1974 he was picked up by second tier side Orient where he remained for 3 years. But it was following his move to West Bromwich Albion in 1977 that his career really took off. There he played alongside Cyrille Regis and Brendon Batson under coach Ron Atkinson, becoming only the second trio of black players to be fielded in the top flight of English football. They became known as 'the Three Degrees' - a term coined by Atkinson in reference to the American soul group of the same name.
His form at the Hawthorns later earned a move to Real Madrid, where he remained for five years, winning La Liga once and the Copa del Rey twice. After a spell in France with Marseille, he returned to England with Leicester City in 1985, followed by a return to Spain with Rayo Vallecano. Cunningham signed with Wimbledon in 1988, where, as a member of the "Crazy Gang", he won the FA Cup in 1988 for the final trophy of his career.
Cunningham received his first international call-up to the England U21 side in 1977 while playing for West Bromwich Albion, becoming the first black footballer to represent an England international team organised by the Football Association. He later earned 6 caps for the full national team between 1979 and 1980, becoming one of the first ever black England internationals.
Life and career
This section's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (December 2019)
Born in Archway, London, he was the son of a former Jamaican race-horse jockey. Cunningham started in schoolboy football and was turned down by Arsenal before joining Leyton Orient in 1974. He joined West Bromwich Albion in 1977, where, under manager Johnny Giles, he teamed up with another black player, Cyrille Regis, and the following year (under Ron Atkinson) with Brendon Batson. This was the second time an English top-flight team simultaneously fielded three black players (the first being Clyde Best, Clive Charles and Ade Coker for West Ham United against Tottenham Hotspur in April 1972) and Atkinson collectively referred to Cunningham, Batson and Regis as "The Three Degrees" after the U.S. soul singing trio.
West Bromwich Albion became one of the most attractive and exciting English sides in the late 1970s and Cunningham soon attracted attention. He became the second black player to wear an England shirt at any level in the England under-21s' friendly against Scotland at Bramall Lane on 27 April 1977, scoring on his debut.
In the summer of 1979, he made a historic move as the first British player to transfer to Real Madrid, who paid West Bromwich Albion a fee of £950,000. He scored twice on his debut and helped Real win the league and cup double. Despite this club success, Cunningham was overlooked by England manager Ron Greenwood for a place in the England squad for Euro 1980.
Cunningham began the 1980–81 season with Real Madrid well, and was again called up for England (after bitter negotiations with Real Madrid)[original research?] for the 1982 World Cup Qualifier against Norway, only to be an unused sub as England won 4–0. In the next qualifier against Romania, he came off the bench but was unable to help England avoid a 2–1 defeat. This was to be his last England cap. Back with Real Madrid, his scored goals in the early rounds of the European Cup, but then he succumbed to injury, and required an operation on a broken toe.
Cunningham recovered just in time for the 1981 European Cup Final against Liverpool in Paris, as Real Madrid lost 1–0. During pre season training for the 1981–82 season, a thigh injury kept Cunningham out of the majority of the season (only three goalless appearances in the league), his only real noteworthy contribution was in the UEFA Cup quarter final tie against 1. FC Kaiserslautern.
In the first leg, Cunningham scored a goal in Real Madrid's 3–1 win. In the second leg, however, he was sent off shortly before half time for retaliation, as Kaiserslautern won 5–0 to inflict Real Madrid's worst ever result in European competition. Prior to this tie, a finally fit Cunningham had been summoned up for England duty again, but this would be the last time he made an England squad. Cunningham won a second Spanish Cup medal as he played in the final when Real Madrid beat Gijón 2–1, but it was a depressing campaign for him. For the next season, with Real Madrid signing Johnny Metgod to join Uli Stielike as the two permitted foreigners, Cunningham spent most of the 1982–83 season on the sidelines, until he reunited with Ron Atkinson at Manchester United on loan in April 1983. He left Real after the 1982–83 season, joining Sporting Gijón and subsequently Marseille.
Cunningham only remained in France for one season in 1984–85, before heading back to England to join Leicester City, although he played only half a season due to further injury. At the end of the 1985–86 season, Cunningham went back to Spain to play for Rayo Vallecano in the second tier. He moved to Charleroi in Belgium for the 1987–88 campaign, but was yet again struck down by injury, and in the new year was back in England on a short-term deal with Wimbledon, where he managed to help the Dons beat Liverpool in the 1988 FA Cup Final.
In November 2004, he was named as one of West Bromwich Albion's 16 greatest players, in a poll organised as part of the club's 125th anniversary celebrations. The club announced that Cunningham would feature in a mural of the former players to be displayed at The Hawthorns.
In October 2013, the Nubian Jak Community Trust unveiled a blue plaque outside Brisbane Road. In September 2015, English Heritage erected a blue plaque on Cunningham's childhood home at 73 Lancaster Road, Stroud Green, London.
In November 2017, a statue by Graham Ibbeson was unveiled in Coronation Gardens, Leyton, near Brisbane Road, paying tribute to Cunningham and his time at Leyton Orient. Another statue by Ibbeson was unveiled in West Bromwich town centre in May 2019. The work commemorates Cunningham's time at Albion alongside black teammates Brendon Batson and Cyrille Regis, with a spokesperson for the organisers commenting that "the three players opened the gates to allow black players into football at a time when they were locked out".
Statue of Cunningham near Brisbane Road
|Club||Season||League||National Cup||League Cup||Continental||Total|
|Leyton Orient||1974–75||Second Division||17||1||1||0||0||0||-||-||18||1|
|West Bromwich Albion||1976–77||First Division||13||6||0||0||0||0||-||-||13||6|
|Real Madrid||1979–80||La Liga||29||8||5||1||—||7||3||41||12|
|Manchester United (loan)||1982–83||First Division||5||1||0||0||0||0||—||5||1|
|Sporting Gijón (loan)||1983–84||La Liga||30||3||10||4||—||—||40||7|
|Leicester City||1985–86||First Division||15||0||0||0||0||0||—||15||0|
|Rayo Vallecano||1986–87||Segunda División||37||3||0||0||—||—||37||3|
|Rayo Vallecano||1988–89||Segunda División||19||1||1||0||—||—||20||1|
- Bowler, D., & J. Bains (2000), Samba in the Smethwick End: Regis, Cunningham, Batson and the Football Revolution. ISBN 1-84018-188-5
- Paul Rees (2014), The Three Degrees The Men Who Changed British Football Forever. ISBN 978-1-4721-1926-1
- "The electric trailblazer who met a tragic end in Madrid". BBC Sport. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
- "Cunningham killed in car crash". The Observer. 16 July 1989. p. 18 – via Newspapers.com.
- https://www.independent.co.uk/sport/football/news-and-comment/laurie-cunningham-tragic-tale-of-the-former-manchester-united-player-who-amazed-real-madrid-8518577.html Retrieved 14 March 2019.
- Shea, Julian (2009), "From Brisbane Road to the Bernabeu", BBC Sport, 15 July 2009.
- FA PR— Laurie Cunningham
- Adrian Chiles (17 November 2016). "The match that pitted white players against black players". BBC News. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
- "Laurie Cunningham - Football Career". football-england.com. Archived from the original on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Aarons, Ed (4 March 2013). "Laurie Cunningham: Tragic tale of the former Manchester United player who amazed Real Madrid". The Independent. London: Independent Print. Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- "The wraps come off 125th anniversary mural". West Bromwich Albion FC. 17 November 2004. Archived from the original on 2 February 2008. Retrieved 10 May 2008.
- "Leyton Orient To Unveil Laurie Cunningham Plaque". Kick It Out. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
- "Cunningham, Laurie (1956–1989)". English Heritage. Archived from the original on 27 September 2016. Retrieved 25 September 2016.
- Hunn, Jonathan (30 November 2017). "Orient icon Laurie Cunningham honoured with statue". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
- "West Bromwich Albion: Statue of legends Cyrille Regis, Laurie Cunningham and Brendan Batson due to be unveiled". CBBC Newsround. 21 May 2019. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
- Blease, Melissa (8 October 2019). "Getting The Third Degree: Interview with Dougie Blaxland". The Bath Magazine. Retrieved 27 January 2020.
- "Laurie Cunningham". National Football Teams. Benjamin Strack-Zimmermann. Retrieved 15 July 2009.