Romania national football team
|Nickname(s)||Tricolorii (The Tricolours)|
|Association||Federația Română de Fotbal (FRF)|
|Head coach||Edward Iordănescu|
|Most caps||Dorinel Munteanu (134)|
|Top scorer||Gheorghe Hagi|
Adrian Mutu (35)
|Current||54 6 (23 June 2022)|
|Highest||3 (September 1997)|
|Lowest||57 (February 2011, September 2012)|
| Yugoslavia 1–2 Romania |
(Belgrade, Kingdom of SCS; 8 June 1922)
| Romania 9–0 Finland |
(Bucharest, Romania; 14 October 1973)
| Hungary 9–0 Romania |
(Budapest, Hungary; 6 June 1948)
|Appearances||7 (first in 1930)|
|Best result||Quarter-finals (1994)|
|Appearances||5 (first in 1984)|
|Best result||Quarter-finals (2000)|
The Romania national football team (Romanian: Echipa națională de fotbal a României) represents Romania in international men's football competition and is administered by the Romanian Football Federation (Federația Română de Fotbal), also known as FRF. They are colloquially known as Tricolorii (The Tricolours).
Romania is one of only four national teams from Europe—the other three being Belgium, France and Yugoslavia—that took part in the inaugural FIFA World Cup in 1930. Including that participation, Romania have qualified for seven World Cup editions, the latest in 1998. The national team's finest hour came in 1994, when it reached the quarter-finals of the competition. Led by playmaker Gheorghe Hagi, they were eliminated by Sweden on a penalty shoot-out after having defeated Argentina 3–2 in the previous round.
At the European Championships, Romania's best performance was in 2000 when they advanced to the quarter-finals from a group with Germany, Portugal and England, before falling to eventual runners-up Italy. They also reached the last eight in 1960 and 1972, and have qualified for a total of five tournaments.
The Romanian Football Federation (Federația Română de Fotbal) was established in October 1909 in Bucharest. Romania played their first international match on 8 June 1922, a 2–1 win over Yugoslavia in Belgrade, being coached by Teofil Moraru. Several temporary coaches were employed, before Moraru resumed control in August 1924, managing the side for nearly four years. Romania enjoyed some success during the 1930s; manager Costel Rădulescu took them to the first three FIFA World Cup tournaments, a feat matched only by Brazil, Belgium and France.
World Cups in the 1930s
At the 1930 World Cup, Romania won their first match against Peru, 3–1, with goals from Adalbert Deșu, Constantin Stanciu, and Nicolae Kovács and Samuel Zauber as goalkeeper, before being thrashed 4–0 by hosts and eventual winners Uruguay.
Romania qualified for the next World Cup in 1934 after beating Yugoslavia 2–1 in a repeat of their first international. At the finals, Romania played only one game in a new knock-out format, losing 2–1 to Czechoslovakia in Trieste, Italy, with Ștefan Dobay scoring their only goal of the tournament.
Romania qualified by default for the 1938 World Cup after their qualifying playoff opponents Egypt withdrew. They suffered a shock defeat in the finals in France, losing to minnows Cuba, who, like Romania, had only qualified due to the withdrawal of their qualifying opponents, the United States. The first match at the Stade du T.O.E.C. in Toulouse ended 3–3 after extra time, but Cuba won the replay four days later 2–1.
1970 World Cup
Despite a 3–0 thrashing by Portugal in Lisbon and two unconvincing draws against unfancied Greece, Romania was able to qualify for the 1970 World Cup in Mexico. Angelo Niculescu's promising side were given the toughest of draws, in Group 3 with holders England, giants Brazil and Czechoslovakia.
A Geoff Hurst goal gave England a narrow victory in Romania's first match at the Estadio Jalisco in Guadalajara. Chances were improved with a 2–1 win over the Czechs. Despite going behind early to a Ladislav Petráš goal, Romania turned it around after half-time with Alexandru Neagu and Florea Dumitrache scoring to give them two vital points. Even then, only a win over the excellent Brazilians would take them into the quarter-finals.
There were rumours before the match that Brazil might prefer Romania to progress than world champions England; despite beating them 1–0 in their previous match in Guadalajara, the South American giants still viewed England as one of its biggest obstacles to tournament victory. But Brazil played some of the best football of the competition, with Pelé scoring twice and a Jairzinho goal in between. Romania battled bravely; Dumitrache pulled the score back to 2–1 before the break and a late Emerich Dembrowski goal made it 3–2, but they were out.
1972 to 1978
On 26 September 1973, under new coach Valentin Stanescu, Romania suffered a significant defeat to East Germany in Leipzig. The East Germans won 2–0 to effectively seal their first ever qualification for the World Cup, which would be held over the border in West Germany. With East Germany scoring a predictable 4–1 win in Albania, Romania were out, despite a huge 9–0 win over Finland in Bucharest.
Romania continued to suffer poor form in the UEFA European Championship. In their qualifying group for the 1976 European Football Championship, they were out-qualified by Spain despite an impressive 1–1 draw in the away match. Romania failed to win matches, drawing twice with Scotland and Spain and dropping points in Denmark with a dismal goalless draw.
Romania were again beaten by Spain for a place in the 1978 World Cup in Argentina. Despite a 1–0 win in Bucharest, Romania lost a bizarre match at home to Yugoslavia 6–4 having led 3–2 at half time. Spain won 1–0 in Belgrade to seal passage to South America.
1984 European Championship
Romania's sole successful qualifying campaign between 1970 and 1990 was for the European Championships in 1984 in France. At the finals, Romania were drawn with regular rivals Spain, holders West Germany and dark horses Portugal. Under head coach Mircea Lucescu, an encouraging opening game in Saint-Étienne saw them draw with the Spanish. Francisco José Carrasco opened the scoring from the penalty spot but Romania equalized before half-time with a goal from Laszlo Bölöni.
Against the Germans in Lens, Marcel Coraș scored an equalizer in the first minute of the second half in response to Rudi Völler's opener, but Völler would score a winning goal. Their last match in Nantes was a must-win match, but Nené's late winner meant Portugal progressed with Spain, who netted a dramatic late winner against West Germany at the Parc des Princes in Paris.
Romania stuttered throughout the rest of the decade, but a stronger squad at the end of the decade saw them qualify for their fifth World Cup in 1990. A win over Denmark in their last match took Emerich Jenei's side to the finals for the first time in 20 years.
Golden Team era
1990 World Cup
Romania's squad was entirely domestic-based, despite an increasing trend for the major sides in Italy and Spain buying up the best foreign talent. Midfielder Ilie Dumitrescu, striker Florin Răducioiu and genius playmaker Gheorghe Hagi, were in the squad. With world champions Argentina stunned by Cameroon in the tournament's opening match, Romania did their chances no harm with a convincing win over the Soviet Union at the San Nicola in Bari, with Marius Lăcătuș scoring in each half. The result was all the more impressive given the absence of Hagi. There was controversy, however, as Lăcătus' second was a penalty given for a handball by Vagiz Khidiatullin that television replays clearly showed to be some way outside the penalty area.
Romania were the next victims of Cameroon in Bari. Cult hero Roger Milla, 38 years of age, came on as a substitute for Emmanuel Maboang Kessack and scored twice before Gavril Balint pulled one back. Romania needed a point in their last match against improving Argentina at the San Paolo in Naples; Pedro Monzón gave Argentina the lead after an hour, but Balint quickly equalized and Romania held on to reach Round 2.
Against Jack Charlton's Republic of Ireland side in Genoa, Romania did not have the quality to break down a defensive opposition. Daniel Timofte was the only player to miss in the penalty shoot-out – his kick saved by Packie Bonner – and Romania were out.
1994 World Cup
Romania was successful, however, in reaching another World Cup in the United States in 1994. Despite losing in Belgium and suffering a heavy 5–2 defeat in Czechoslovakia, Romania went into their last match at Cardiff Arms Park with Wales needing a win to pip them to a place in the finals. Goals from Gheorghe Hagi and Dean Saunders meant the game was finely balanced, before Wales were awarded a penalty. Paul Bodin of Swindon Town stepped up but hit the woodwork and Romania went on to win 2–1, Florin Răducioiu's late goal proving unnecessary as Czechoslovakia dropped a point in Belgium and were eliminated.
At the finals, Romania were one of the most entertaining teams in the early stages, with Gheorghe Hagi, Florin Răducioiu and Ilie Dumitrescu on form. Romania beat Colombia at the Pasadena Rose Bowl in Los Angeles 3–1. All but one of Romania's games took place in California, and they were awarded the advantage of playing most of their games in Los Angeles. Răducioiu opened the scoring before Hagi scored a spectacular second from wide on the left touchline. Adolfo Valencia pulled one back with a headed goal just before half-time, but Romania held on and Răducioiu sealed the win with a late third.
In Detroit's indoor Pontiac Silverdome, the temperature soared due to the greenhouse effect in the indoor arena. Switzerland, acclimatized after having already played the hosts there, outran Romania in the second half and turned a 1–1 half time score into a surprising 4–1 win. Romania responded by beating the hosts 1–0 in Pasadena with an early Dan Petrescu goal.
In the Round of 16 knockout stage they faced Argentina in Los Angeles who were shorn of Diego Maradona who was thrown out of the tournament for taking drugs. Răducioiu, suspended, was hardly missed, as coach Anghel Iordănescu pushed Dumitrescu forward to play as a striker and the player responded by scoring twice in the first 20 minutes, one a superbly subtle left foot flick from a right-wing Hagi cross slotted between the Argentine defenders. In between, Gabriel Batistuta scored a penalty, but after half-time Romania netted a superb third on the counterattack, with Hagi beating goalkeeper Luis Islas. Abel Balbo pulled one back, but Romania held on for a shock win.
Romania would suffer penalty heartbreak again, in the quarter-final against Sweden in San Francisco. With just 13 minutes to play, a tight match opened up as Sweden's Thomas Brolin scored from a clever free-kick move, the ball passed outside the Romanian wall by Håkan Mild for Brolin to smash in. Iordănescu threw caution to the wind and the returning Răducioiu found a late equalizer, again from a free-kick move but this time down to a deflection and a failure of the Swedes to clear. In extra time Răducioiu scored again after a mistake by Patrik Andersson, but Sweden then scored their own late equalizer as giant striker Kennet Andersson climbed above goalkeeper Florin Prunea to head home a long ball. Prunea had come in after two matches to replace Bogdan Stelea, whose confidence was shattered by the 4–1 loss to the Swiss. In the shoot-out, Dan Petrescu and Miodrag Belodedici had their kicks saved by Thomas Ravelli and Sweden went through.
At Euro 1996, held in England, Romania arrived as a highly thought-of and popular team but had a nightmare. Iordănescu's side were based in the north east, with their first two games at St James' Park in Newcastle. Against France, they lost to a Christophe Dugarry header reminiscent of Kennet Andersson's two years earlier, beating the goalkeeper to a lofted through ball. An early goal from Bulgaria striker Hristo Stoichkov at St James' Park put Romania on the back foot in Euro 1996, but Dorinel Munteanu appeared to have kept Romania in the match – and in the tournament – with a thunderbolt that hit the bar, bounced over the line, and back out. Referee Peter Mikkelsen merely waved play on, however, and Romania went on to lose the game 1–0 a defeat which sent them out of the tournament. English manager Harry Redknapp was in the crowd that day, and later said that it convinced him there and then that goal-line technology was needed in football. Romania finally scored in their last game, Florin Răducioiu equalizing an early goal by Spain's Javier Manjarín. Spain had to win to qualify with France at the expense of Bulgaria and did so when Guillermo Amor stooped to head a late winner. Romania exited in total shame, with no points and tons of regrets of what could have been.
1998 World Cup
Despite a poor performance at Euro 1996, Romania impressed in qualifying, finishing ten points clear of the Republic of Ireland and were seeded for the final tournament of the 1998 World Cup thanks to their strong showing in 1994. Despite being drawn in a group with England, progression to the next round was expected in light of a declining Colombia and minnows Tunisia.
Adrian Ilie scored the only goal with a fine chip in their first match against Colombia at Lyon's Stade Gerland. In Toulouse, they met an England side starting with prodigal striker Michael Owen on the bench, with Teddy Sheringham preferred alongside Alan Shearer. A mistake by Tony Adams was punished by Viorel Moldovan, who played for Coventry City, before Owen came on to claim an equalizer. But Romania won with a wonderful late goal from Dan Petrescu, also playing in England with Chelsea, fighting off his club teammate Graeme le Saux and nutmegging goalkeeper David Seaman.
The next match was against Tunisia. Romania decided to bleach their hair before the match. Despite England–Colombia being the more decisive game, the Stade de France in Paris was an 80,000-strong sell out and the crowd were nearly rewarded with a shock as Skander Souayah scored an early penalty to give the north Africans the lead. Romania needed a point to win the group and, crucially, avoid Argentina in the round of 16, and got it when Moldovan volleyed a late equalizer. It did them little good, however, as in the round of 16 match at Bordeaux against Croatia, Davor Šuker scored a twice-taken penalty to eliminate Romania.
Romania had a strong qualifying campaign, winning a tough Group 7 with Portugal, Slovakia, Hungary, Azerbaijan and Liechtenstein. The Romanians impressed, never losing and winning seven times, including a big upset in Porto after defeating Portugal thanks to a late goal scored by Dorinel Munteanu. In Bucharest, the score finished 1–1.
At Euro 2000, held in Belgium and the Netherlands, Romania was facing a very difficult group against 1996 champions Germany, semi-finalists England and Portugal. The chances for the Romanians to qualify through quarter-finals were seen as slim.
Romania, however, started brightly against the Germans in Liège, with Viorel Moldovan scoring from close range. A long-range Mehmet Scholl equalizer meant they had to be content with a point and their position looked shaky after Costinha headed a last minute winner for Portugal in their second match.
Emerich Jenei, back as coach, threw caution to the wind in the last match in Charleroi against England, a match which Romania had to win. Defender Cristian Chivu's cross went in off the post in the 22nd minute but, despite Romania dominating, England led at half-time through an Alan Shearer penalty and a late Michael Owen goal after he rounded goalkeeper Bogdan Stelea to score a tap-in, both in the last five minutes of the half. Romania attacked after the break and were quickly rewarded; Dorinel Munteanu punishing a poor punch from Nigel Martyn, a late replacement for injured goalkeeper David Seaman, to equalize three minutes after the restart. England cracked under the pressure. Unable to retain possession or pose an attacking threat, they fell deep and late on Phil Neville, playing out of position at left-back, conceded a penalty scored by Ioan Ganea in the 89th minute.
Romania's relief was tempered by tough opposition in the last eight, and Italy, who would end up seconds from being crowned European champions in an agonizing final, comfortably saw them off 2–0 in Brussels. Francesco Totti and Filippo Inzaghi scoring towards the end of the first half. In the 35th minute, Gheorghe Hagi, in his final international tournament, hit the woodwork with goalkeeper Francesco Toldo stranded off his line and, after the break, was sent off for diving. Romania's tournament was over and Emerich Jenei left his job as coach again.
2000s – World Cup dry spell
Romania failed to qualify for the next three major tournaments. They drew Slovenia, who had been surprise qualifiers for Euro 2000 in a playoff for a place in the 2002 World Cup in South Korea and Japan. A narrow 2–1 deficit – having led through a Marius Niculae goal – after the first leg in Ljubljana was not irretrievable. With fans' hero Gheorghe Hagi now coaching the side, they were confident of getting the win they needed in Bucharest against the Balkan upstarts, but Slovenia took the lead before the hour through Mladen Rudonja. Right wing-back Cosmin Contra quickly equalized but Romania could not find the goal they needed to force extra time and Slovenia, with maverick manager Srečko Katanec, were in a major tournament again.
Romania were confident of qualifying for the tournament, drawn in Group 2 with seeds Denmark, Norway, Bosnia and Herzegovina and minnows Luxembourg, with Anghel Iordanescu back as coach. Despite a good start – a 3–0 win away to Bosnia in Sarajevo – Romania stuttered. Steffen Iversen's late goal gave Norway a surprise win in Bucharest and they were stunned at home by the Danes, 5–2, with Thomas Gravesen scoring a spectacular goal from around 50 yards out, despite leading twice. They recovered slightly, completing a double over the Bosnians and earning a point in Oslo, but conceded a cutting injury time equalizer in Denmark to draw 2–2. It was decisive, as they now required Norway to fail to win at home to Luxembourg to stand any realistic chance of qualifying. Eventually, the Danes got a point in Bosnia to scrape through a tight group, with Norway going to a play-off with Spain.
2006 World Cup
Romania were put in a difficult group for the qualifying tournament for the 2006 World Cup in Germany. The Netherlands and the Czech Republic were favourites to qualify, then ranked first and second in Europe respectively. Early wins over Finland and Macedonia were unconvincing, and they were some way behind the two leaders by the time they earned a good 2–0 home win over the Czechs. Despite a record of eight wins, three losses and one draw, they finished third behind the Dutch and the Czechs and missed out on another major tournament.
Romania were drawn in a group with group favourites the Netherlands and tough opponents Bulgaria for Euro 2008 qualifying. Romania, however, had a good qualifying campaign, losing only away against Bulgaria and beating the Netherlands 1–0 at home with a goal scored by Dorin Goian from a suspicious off-side position not seen by referee Kyros Vassaras. On 17 October 2007, Romania became the fourth team to qualify for Euro 2008, the nation's first international tournament since Euro 2000. Coincidentally, Victor Pițurcă also led Romania to qualification for Euro 2000, only to sit back and let Emerich Jenei coach the team in the final tournament; this time, however, he stayed in the role, the first time he coached a national team in the final stages of a tournament.
Romania was drawn in the so-called "Group of death" alongside the Netherlands, world champions Italy and France, runners-up in the 2006 World Cup. Romania started with a 0–0 draw against a lacklustre France while Italy were soundly beaten by the Netherlands, 3–0. In their next match, against Italy, Adrian Mutu opened the scoring early in the second half. Their lead was a very short one, however, as Italy's Christian Panucci scored a minute later off of a corner kick. Nearing the end of the match, Daniel Niculae earned a penalty for his team, but goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon saved the subsequent Mutu penalty, leaving Romania with two points and needing a win against the Netherlands, who defeated France 4–1 that same evening. The Netherlands beat Romania 2–0 in the final game of the group, which meant that Italy joined the Netherlands in the quarter-finals and Romania finished third, ahead of France.
2010 World Cup
Romania were drawn into the UEFA qualifying round for the 2010 World Cup alongside France, Serbia, Austria, Lithuania and the Faroe Islands. Although Romania were seeded in the second pot, suggesting that they were a strong challenge for the first place in the group, they eventually finished fifth, above only the Faroe Islands. Their campaign was a disaster that began with a 3–0 home loss to Lithuania and included a 5–0 trashing in Belgrade by Serbia. Furthermore, various problems were caused during the poor campaign, such as the retirement from international football of Cosmin Contra, Mirel Rădoi and Adrian Mutu (the latter would later be recalled after a year's absence). Also, coach Victor Pițurcă resigned and was replaced by Răzvan Lucescu.
In Euro 2012 qualifying, Romania was drawn into Group D along with France, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Belarus, Albania and Luxembourg. Although the team initially seemed prepared to continue their awful form from their disastrous World Cup campaign, beginning with a 1–1 draw with Pot 5 members Albania and following up with a goalless draw with Belarus and a pair of losses to France and Bosnia and Herzegovina, the team was able to rebound somewhat and register their first two victories. The first was an expected win against Luxembourg but the second was an important win in the rematch against Bosnia and Herzegovina. Romania's last good result came when they battled group favorite France to a goalless draw before ending the campaign the way it began – two disappointing draws with Albania and Belarus. They finished qualification in a distant third place and only one point ahead of Belarus.
2014 World Cup
Romania was drawn into the 2014 FIFA World Cup qualifying round with the Netherlands, Turkey, Hungary, Estonia and Andorra. Romania, Turkey and Hungary were expected to battle it out for second place behind the Netherlands. They made an impressive start with a 2–0 away win in Estonia followed by a 4–0 win at home against modest Andorra and another away win in Turkey (1–0). After that, Romania was defeated by Netherlands, both at home and away, and managed to secure only a draw in Hungary, in between. Romania started the last part of the campaign with a victory at home, against Hungary, but was defeated by Turkey. The last two match days were decisive, with Romania securing its place in the play-off with two wins, against Andorra and Estonia, while qualification rivals Turkey and Hungary were both defeated by the winner of the group, the Netherlands. Romania were drawn to play Greece for a place in the World Cup finals, but a 3–1 loss in Greece and a 1–1 home draw ended its run.
For the qualifying stage of the Euro 2016 Romania was drawn into Group F along with Greece, Hungary, Finland, Northern Ireland and the Faroe Islands. Romania began its first successful qualification campaign since 2008 with a win over group favourites Greece before following up with a 1–1 draw with Pot 2 member Hungary and a 2–0 win over Finland. Despite the initial success, Romania decided to part with coach Victor Pițurcă by mutual consent. Anghel Iordănescu came out of retirement to return to coach Romania for a third time.
Under Iordănescu, Romania was able to follow up with comfortable 2–0 win over surprise force Northern Ireland and, despite a disappointing 1–0 win over the Faroe Islands and a 0–0 draw in the return game against Northern Ireland, Romania remained on top of Group F, one point above Northern Ireland and three points above third-placed Hungary. After a goalless draw in the match against Hungary in Budapest, however, the team fell back on the second place, one point behind Northern Ireland and three above Hungary, still placed third.
Following a 1–1 draw clinched in overtime at home against Finland, Romania secured their spot at the final tournament in the last game after a confident 3–0 win in the Faroe Islands. Romania finished the qualification group second, one point behind group winners Northern Ireland, completing their first successful qualification campaign in eight years undefeated after five wins and five draws. Romania advanced to Euro 2016 and were drawn in the same group as tournament hosts France, Switzerland and Albania. Romania was defeated by France thanks to an 89th-minute strike by Dimitri Payet to cancel out Bogdan Stancu's equalizer as Romania dropped last in Group A. In its second group match, against Switzerland, another Stancu penalty helped Romania claim its first point of the tournament after a 1–1 draw. In its last group stage match, Romania lost 0–1 against Albania to finish last in Group A, with only one point and two goals scored, both from penalties.
2018 World Cup
For the qualification round, Romania was drawn in Group E, being in Pot 1 for the first time after a long time. Romania's two strongest opponents appear to be Denmark and Poland; its other opponents are Montenegro, Armenia and Kazakhstan. The qualifying campaign started with a 1–1 home draw against Montenegro followed by a thrashing away victory against Armenia, 0–5. In the next match, Romania recorded another draw (0–0), against Kazakhstan. The last match played in 2016 was a 0–3 defeat against Poland, with Robert Lewandowski scoring a double. After an uninspiring campaign, Romania ended in the fourth place in Group E with 13 points. After 8 of the 10 games, due to lackluster performances, coach Christoph Daum was fired and replaced with a promising new coach, Cosmin Contra.
2018–19 Nations League
Romania's poor performance previously meant that the country had to participate in the 2018–19 UEFA Nations League C, where they were grouped again with Montenegro, alongside neighbor Serbia and minnows Lithuania. Romania managed an acceptable performance, with the team beat Lithuania and Montenegro, but three draws, two against Serbia, meant that Romania was unable to gain the top spot or a direct playoff ticket. However, when the UEFA revised the format, Romania was officially promoted to 2020–21 UEFA Nations League B.
Romania was drawn in a group including the national teams of Spain, Sweden, and Norway alongside Malta and the Faroe Islands in UEFA Euro 2020 qualifying. In the opening game, Romania suffered a 1–2 away defeat to Sweden. This was followed by an easy 4–1 victory over the Faroe Islands and a 2–2 draw with Norway in Oslo, two victories over Malta and a 1–2 loss at home to Spain. Eventually, Romania kept on track by beating Faroe Islands 3–0 away, but it was later followed with a disappointing 1–1 home draw to the Norwegians. This had reduced significantly their chances of automatic qualification, as they had to meet strong Swedish and Spanish sides for the two remaining competitive games. A 0–2 home defeat to Sweden ensured that Romania would be unable to finish in the automatic qualification places. Romania eventually qualified for the playoff, but their performance cost Cosmin Contra his coaching position, as he was sacked prior to the playoff. Romania went on to lose 1–2 to Iceland, and was eliminated from UEFA Euro 2020 contention.
World Cup 2022
For the 2022 FIFA World Cup hosted in Qatar, Romania was drawn in UEFA Group J, along with Germany, Armenia, North Macedonia, Iceland, and Liechtenstein. Romania failed to qualify, finishing in third in the group.
Romania has a long-standing rivalry with its neighbours Hungary. The rivalry between the two nations dates back from the Treaty of Trianon, where Hungary lost Transylvania to Romania, after World War I. They throw flares and matches between the two sides usually end in a fight between Hungarian and Romanian supporters, however, recently also before the matches conflicts have emerged outside the stadium. These was seen as they shared the same group in 1982 FIFA World Cup qualifying (The other teams of the group were England, Switzerland and Norway), UEFA Euro 2000 qualifying (The other teams of the group were Portugal, Slovakia, Azerbaijan and Liechtenstein), 2002 World Cup qualifying (The other teams of the group were Italy, Georgia and Lithuania), 2014 World Cup qualifying (The other teams of the group were Netherlands, Turkey, Estonia and Andorra) and UEFA Euro 2016 qualifying (The other teams of the group were Greece, Northern Ireland, Finland and Faroe Islands).
Romania's kits have been supplied by Spanish company Joma from 2015, which replaced Adidas following a three-decade contract. In 2017, the Romanian Football Federation announced its first brand identity and a new kit; the new emblem references the coat of arms of all five Romanian provinces with the intention to symbolise the unity of Romania.
|Le Coq Sportif||1977–1983|
WC 1930–1934 Home
WC 1938 Home
WC 1970 Home
WC 1970 Away
Euro 1984 Home
Euro 1984 Away
WC 1990 Home
WC 1990 Away
The Romania national team mainly plays its home games at the Arena Națională in Bucharest, the largest stadium in the country, which was opened in 2011 and has a capacity of 55,600 seats. The National Stadium is a Category 4 venue and hosted the 2012 UEFA Europa League Final and UEFA Euro 2020 matches.
Other games, including not only friendlies but also FIFA World Cup and UEFA European Championship qualifiers, have been played in recent years at other venues such as the Cluj Arena (Cluj-Napoca), the Ion Oblemenco Stadium (Craiova), the Steaua Stadium (Bucharest), or the smaller Ilie Oană (Ploiești), Dr. Constantin Rădulescu (Cluj-Napoca) and Rapid-Giulești (Bucharest) stadiums.
Romania's UEFA Nations League games, major tournament qualifiers and friendlies are to be televised on Pro TV up until 2022. Between 2008 and 2014, Antena 1 had the rights to broadcast the country's home matches, friendlies and qualifiers. From 2014 to 2018, Romania's qualifying matches for the European Championship and the World Cup, plus two pre-Euro and one post-Euro friendly match were taken over by TVR. The friendly matches that were not broadcast by TVR were taken over by Pro TV. In March 2019, the latter took over all broadcasts of Romania's fixtures from TVR, with the effective broadcasting starting in September 2018.
Results and fixtures
|2 September 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification||Iceland||0–2||Romania||Reykjavík|
|20:45 (18:45 UTC±0)||Report (FIFA)
Referee: Aleksei Kulbakov (Belarus)
|5 September 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification||Romania||2–0||Liechtenstein||Bucharest|
|20:45 (21:45 UTC+3)||Report (FIFA)
|Stadium: Arena Națională|
Referee: Kateryna Monzul (Ukraine)
|8 September 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification||North Macedonia||0–0||Romania||Skopje|
|Stadium: Toše Proeski Arena|
Referee: Antonio Mateu Lahoz (Spain)
|8 October 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification||Germany||2–1||Romania||Hamburg|
Referee: Cüneyt Çakır (Turkey)
|11 October 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification||Romania||1–0||Armenia||Bucharest|
|20:45 (21:45 UTC+3)||
|Stadium: Stadionul Steaua|
Referee: Daniele Orsato (Italy)
|11 November 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification||Romania||0–0||Iceland||Bucharest|
|20:45 (21:45 UTC+2)||Report (FIFA)
|Stadium: Stadionul Steaua|
Referee: Sergei Karasev (Russia)
|14 November 2021 2022 FIFA World Cup qualification||Liechtenstein||0–2||Romania||Vaduz|
|Stadium: Rheinpark Stadion|
Referee: Matej Jug (Slovenia)
|25 March 2022 Friendly||Romania||0–1||Greece||Bucharest, Romania|
|UTC+3 ( UTC+3)||Report||
||Stadium: Stadionul Steaua|
Referee: Ricardo de Burgos Bengoetxea (Spain)
|29 March 2022 Friendly||Israel||2–2||Romania||Netanya, Israel|
|19:45 UTC+2 (20:45 UTC+3)||
|Stadium: Netanya Stadium|
Referee: Daniel Stefański (Poland)
|4 June 2022 Nations League||Montenegro||2–0||Romania||Podgorica, Montenegro|
|20:45||Report||Stadium: Podgorica City Stadium|
Referee: Andreas Ekberg (Sweden)
|7 June 2022 Nations League||Bosnia and Herzegovina||1–0||Romania||Zenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina|
||Report||Stadium: Bilino Polje Stadium|
Referee: Sascha Stegemann (Germany)
|Note: The match was originally scheduled to kick-off at 20:45 but was delayed to 21:05 due to adverse weather conditions.|
|11 June 2022 Nations League||Romania||1–0||Finland||Bucharest, Romania|
||Report||Stadium: Stadionul Rapid-Giulești|
Referee: Harald Lechner (Austria)
|14 June 2022 Nations League||Romania||0–3||Montenegro||Bucharest, Romania|
||Stadium: Stadionul Rapid-Giulești|
Referee: João Pinheiro (Portugal)
|No.||Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club|
|1||GK||Florin Niță||3 July 1987||19||0||Sparta Prague|
|GK||Ștefan Târnovanu||9 May 2000||0||0||FCSB|
|16||GK||Mihai Aioani||7 September 1999||0||0||Farul Constanța|
|12||GK||Horațiu Moldovan||20 January 1998||0||0||Rapid București|
|6||DF||Vlad Chiricheș (captain)||14 November 1989||76||0||Cremonese|
|11||DF||Nicușor Bancu||18 September 1992||26||2||Universitatea Craiova|
|4||DF||Cristian Manea||9 August 1997||20||2||CFR Cluj|
|17||DF||Adrian Rus||18 March 1996||14||0||Pisa|
|15||DF||Andrei Burcă||15 April 1993||12||0||CFR Cluj|
|22||DF||Mário Camora||10 November 1986||8||0||CFR Cluj|
|2||DF||Andrei Rațiu||20 June 1998||8||0||Huesca|
|3||DF||Iulian Cristea||17 July 1994||4||0||FCSB|
|DF||Virgil Ghiță||4 June 1998||1||0||Cracovia|
|DF||Marius Ștefănescu||14 August 1998||1||0||Sepsi OSK|
|10||MF||Alexandru Maxim||8 July 1990||57||7||Gaziantep|
|18||MF||Răzvan Marin||23 May 1996||41||2||Empoli|
|8||MF||Alexandru Cicâldău||8 July 1997||25||3||Galatasaray|
|23||MF||Alexandru Mitriță||8 February 1995||18||3||Al Raed|
|13||MF||Valentin Mihăilă||2 February 2000||10||1||Parma|
|5||MF||Alexandru Crețu||24 April 1992||7||0||Universitatea Craiova|
|MF||Deian Sorescu||29 August 1997||7||0||Raków Częstochowa|
|20||MF||Sergiu Hanca||4 April 1992||7||0||Universitatea Craiova|
|14||MF||Darius Olaru||3 March 1998||6||0||FCSB|
|MF||Marius Marin||30 August 1998||6||0||Pisa|
|21||MF||Octavian Popescu||27 December 2002||5||0||FCSB|
|MF||Nicolae Păun||19 January 1999||1||0||Sepsi OSK|
|FW||George Pușcaș||8 April 1996||30||8||Reading|
|7||FW||Denis Alibec||5 January 1991||25||2||Farul Constanța|
|9||FW||Andrei Ivan||4 January 1997||17||1||Universitatea Craiova|
|19||FW||Florin Tănase||30 December 1994||14||1||FCSB|
The following players have been called up for the team within the last 12 months.
|Pos.||Player||Date of birth (age)||Caps||Goals||Club||Latest call-up|
|GK||Florin Iacob INJ||16 August 1993||0||0||UTA Arad||v. Greece, 25 March 2022|
|GK||Andrei Vlad||15 April 1999||1||0||FCSB||v. Liechtenstein, 14 November 2021|
|DF||Alin Toșca RET||14 March 1992||30||1||Gaziantep||v. Israel, 29 March 2022|
|DF||Ionuț Nedelcearu||25 April 1996||21||2||Palermo||v. Israel, 29 March 2022|
|DF||Radu Drăgușin||3 February 2002||1||0||Genoa||v. Israel, 29 March 2022|
|MF||Dennis Man||26 August 1998||14||4||Parma||v. Israel, 29 March 2022|
|MF||Mihai Bordeianu||18 November 1991||4||0||CFR Cluj||v. Israel, 29 March 2022|
|MF||Claudiu Petrila||7 November 2000||0||0||CFR Cluj||v. Israel, 29 March 2022|
|MF||Nicolae Stanciu||7 May 1993||54||11||Wuhan Three Towns||v. Liechtenstein, 14 November 2021|
|MF||Ianis Hagi||22 October 1998||24||2||Rangers||v. Liechtenstein, 14 November 2021|
|MF||Olimpiu Moruțan||25 April 1999||3||0||Galatasaray||v. Liechtenstein, 14 November 2021|
|MF||Enes Sali||23 February 2006||1||0||Farul Constanța||v. Liechtenstein, 14 November 2021|
|MF||Dragoș Nedelcu||16 February 1997||6||0||Farul Constanța||v. Iceland, 11 November 2021|
|MF||Andrei Cordea||24 June 1999||2||0||FCSB||v. Armenia, 11 October 2021|
|MF||Alexandru Albu||17 August 1993||1||0||Rapid București||v. Armenia, 11 October 2021|
|MF||Dorin Rotariu COV||20 July 1995||10||1||Atromitos||v. Iceland, 2 September 2021|
|FW||Claudiu Keșerü||2 December 1986||47||13||UTA Arad||v. Armenia, 11 October 2021|
|FW||Jovan Marković||23 March 2001||3||0||Universitatea Craiova||v. North Macedonia, 8 September 2021|
|FW||Denis Drăguș INJ||6 July 1999||2||0||Standard Liège||v. Iceland, 2 September 2021|
- INJ = Player withdrew from the squad due to an injury
- COV = Player withdrawn from the squad due to positive COVID-19 test
- RET = Player who retired from national team
- WD = Player withdrew from the squad
- SUS = Player suspended
Most capped players
- As of 18 November 2020
- Players in bold are still active with Romania.
- As of 18 November 2020
- Players in bold are still active with Romania.
As of 15 November 2021, the five youngest debutants for Romania are:
|1||Enes Sali||15 years, 8 months and 22 days||Liechtenstein–Romania 0–2||2021|||
|2||Cristian Manea||16 years, 9 months and 22 days||Romania–Albania 1–0||2014|||
|3||Grațian Sepi||17 years, 3 months and 15 days||Romania–Turkey 4–2||1928|||
|4||Ilie Balaci||17 years, 6 months and 10 days||France–Romania 1–0||1974|||
|5||Nicolae Kovács||17 years, 8 months and 17 days||Bulgaria–Romania 2–3||1929|||
- As of February 2022.
|Head Coach||Edward Iordănescu|
|Assistant Coaches|| Florin Constantinovici |
|Goalkeeping Coach||Leontin Toader|
|Fitness Coaches|| Cristian Dragotă |
|Video Analyst||Alexandru Radu|
|Data Analyst||Michele Iannucci|
|Physioterapists|| Iulian Mircea |
|Head of Performance Analysis||Rareș Ene|
|Team Manager||Cătălin Gheorghiu|
|Kit Manager||Cornel Mateiași|
|Technical Director||Mihai Stoichiță|
Managers with the most appearances
- As of 8 August 2022
|9||Gheorghe Popescu I||28|
Below is the full list of all former coaches for Romania from 1922 onwards:
- Teofil Moraru 1922–1923
- Costel Rădulescu 1923
- Adrian Suciu 1923–1924
- Teofil Moraru 1924–1928
- Costel Rădulescu 1928–1934
- Josef Uridil 1934
- Peter Farmer 1934–1935
- Costel Rădulescu 1935–1938
- Alexandru Săvulescu 1938
- Liviu Iuga 1938–1939
- Virgil Economu 1939–1940
- Liviu Iuga 1940
- Virgil Economu 1941–1942
- Ion Lăpușneanu 1942–1943
- Emerich Vogl 1942–1943
- Coloman Braun-Bogdan 1945
- Virgil Economu 1946
- Colea Vâlcov 1947
- Emerich Vogl 1947
- Francisc Ronnay 1947
- Emerich Vogl 1947
- Colea Vâlcov 1948
- Petre Steinbach 1948
- Iuliu Baratky 1948
- Emerich Vogl 1948
- Colea Vâlcov 1949
- Emerich Vogl 1949
- Ion Mihăilescu 1949
- Gheorghe Albu 1950
- Volodea Vâlcov 1950
- Emerich Vogl 1950–1952
- Gheorghe Popescu I 1951–1957
- Augustin Botescu 1958–1960
- Gheorghe Popescu I 1961
- Constantin Teașcă 1962
- Gheorghe Popescu I 1962
- Silviu Ploeșteanu 1962–1964
- Valentin Stănescu 1964
- Silviu Ploeșteanu 1964
- Ilie Oană 1965–1966
- Valentin Stănescu 1967
- Ilie Oană 1967
- Angelo Niculescu 1967
- Constantin Teașcă 1967
- Angelo Niculescu 1967–1970
- Valentin Stănescu 1971
- Angelo Niculescu 1971
- Gheorghe Ola 1972
- Angelo Niculescu 1972
- Gheorghe Ola 1972
- Valentin Stănescu 1973–1975
- Cornel Drăgușin 1975
- Ștefan Kovács 1976–1979
- Florin Halagian 1979
- Constantin Cernăianu 1979
- Ștefan Kovács 1980
- Valentin Stănescu 1980–1981
- Mircea Lucescu 1981–1986
- Emerich Jenei 1986–1990
- Gheorghe Constantin 1990
- Mircea Rădulescu 1990–1992
- Cornel Dinu 1992–1993
- Anghel Iordănescu 1993–1998
- Victor Pițurcă 1998–1999
- Emerich Jenei 2000
- Ladislau Bölöni 2000–2001
- Gheorghe Hagi 2001
- Anghel Iordănescu 2001–2004
- Victor Pițurcă 2005–2009
- Răzvan Lucescu 2009–2011
- Victor Pițurcă 2011–2014
- Anghel Iordănescu 2014–2016
- Christoph Daum 2016–2017
- Cosmin Contra 2017–2019
- Mirel Rădoi 2019–2021
- Edward Iordănescu 2022–present
FIFA World Cup
Champions Runners-up Third Place Fourth Place
|FIFA World Cup record||FIFA World Cup qualification record|
|1930||Group stage||8th||2||1||0||1||3||5||Qualified as invitees|
|1934||Round of 16||12th||1||0||0||1||1||2||2||2||1||1||0||4||3|
|1950||Did not enter|
|1954||Did not qualify||2||4||2||0||2||5||5|
|1974||Did not qualify||2||6||4||1||1||17||4|
|1990||Round of 16||12th||4||1||2(1*)||1||4||3||1||6||4||1||1||10||5|
|1998||Round of 16||11th||4||2||1||1||4||3||1||10||9||1||0||37||4|
|2002||Did not qualify||Playoffs||10||5||2||3||12||10|
|2026||To be determined||To be determined|
- **Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks. Darker color indicates win, normal color indicates loss.
UEFA European Championship
|UEFA European Championship record||UEFA European Championship qualifying record|
|1960||Did not qualify||Quarter-finals||4||1||0||3||3||7|
|1988||Did not qualify||2||6||4||1||1||13||3|
|2004||Did not qualify||3||8||4||2||2||21||9|
|2012||Did not qualify||3||10||3||5||2||13||9|
|2020||Did not qualify||Play-off||11||4||2||5||18||17|
|2024||To be determined|
- *Denotes draws including knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
- **Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.
UEFA Nations League record
|UEFA Nations League record|
Football at the Summer Olympics was first played officially in 1908. The Olympiads between 1896 and 1980 was only open for amateur players. The 1984 and 1988 tournaments were open to players with no appearances in the FIFA World Cup. After the 1988 Olympics, the football event was changed into a tournament for U23 teams, with a maximum of three older players. See Romania Olympic football team for competition records from 1992 until present day.
|Host nation(s) – Year||Result||GP||W||D*||L||GS||GA|
|1900 to 1920||Did not enter||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1924||Round of 16||1||0||0||1||0||6|
|1928 to 1948||Did not qualify||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1956 to 1960||Did not qualify||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1968 to 1976||Did not qualify||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1980 to 1988||Did not enter||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Since 1992||See Romania Olympic football team|
All-time head-to-head record
- Last match updated was against Montenegro on 14 June 2022.
Positive Record Neutral Record Negative Record
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||5||3||0||2||60%|
|Republic of Ireland||5||1||2||2||20%|
|Trinidad and Tobago||1||1||0||0||100%|
|United Arab Emirates||1||0||0||1||0%|
FIFA ranking history
- FIFA World Cup
- UEFA European Football Championship
- Quarter-final (1): 2000
- Football at the Summer Olympics
- Balkan Cup:
- Romania Olympic football team
- Romania national under-21 football team
- Romania national under-20 football team
- Romania national under-19 football team
- Romania national under-17 football team
- Romania national futsal team
- Romania national beach soccer team
- Romania women's national football team
- Hungary–Romania football rivalry
- "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking". FIFA. 23 June 2022. Retrieved 23 June 2022.
- Elo rankings change compared to one year ago. "World Football Elo Ratings". eloratings.net. 2 August 2022. Retrieved 2 August 2022.
- "World Football Elo Ratings: Romania". eloratings.net. 10 June 2017. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
- "Yugoslavia 1 Romania 2". eu-football. 8 June 1922. Retrieved 1 November 2010.
- "Classy Quaison steers Swedes to 2-1 win over Romania". euronews. 23 March 2019.
- "Romania v Norway". BBC Sport.
- "Update: Romania loses decisive match with Sweden in Euro 2020 qualifiers". Romania Insider. 15 November 2019.
- "FIFA World Cup Preliminary Competition – Draw Results" (PDF). UEFA. 7 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
- "The Romanian Football Federation launched the National Team's brand". FRF. Retrieved 19 July 2018.
- "Subir Imagenes — Image - 4ST3k5KC9T". Archived from the original on 13 November 2021.
- "FIFA World Cup 1938 - Historical Football Kits".
- https://www.one.co.il/Article/407103.html[bare URL]
- "Lista tricolorilor convocați pentru meciurile din iunie în Liga Națiunilor" (in Romanian). Romanian Football Federation. 24 May 2022. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
- "Bosnia and Herzegovina-Romania | UEFA Nations League 2023 | UEFA.com". UEFA.
- "Most Romania Caps - EU-Football.info". eu-football.info.
- Mamrud, Roberto. "Romania - Record International Players". RSSSF.
- "Romanian players by debut age". European Football. Retrieved 31 May 2020.
- "Enes Sali a devenit cel mai tânăr "tricolor" din istorie!: "O onoare să debutez în tricoul naționalei"". gsp.ro.
- "An 86 year old record was beaten, Criatian Manea became the youngest tricolour in history". gsp.ro.
- "100 de ani de la primul duel din istoria naționalei. Trei regi au fost la meci + destine tragice pentru doi "tricolori" din acea echipă" [100 years since the first duel in the history of the national team. Three kings were at the match + tragic destinies for two "tricolors" from that team] (in Romanian). Gsp.ro. 8 June 2022. Retrieved 8 August 2022.
- "Romania national team managers". Eu-football.info. Retrieved 19 November 2019.
- Egypt were to play Romania in December 1937 in the qualification round, however Egypt refused to play Romania during the Ramadan month, and as a result, Egypt were withdrawn from the competition by FIFA, so Romania qualified automatically.
- "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking - Associations - Romania- Men's - FIFA.com". FIFA. Retrieved 26 March 2022.
- MacDonald, Tom (2002). The World Encyclopedia of Soccer: A Complete Guide to the Beautiful Game. Anness Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7548-1124-4.
- Melenco, Ionel; Caraiola, Dragoș; Popa, Cristian (2020). Istoria echipei naționale de fotbal a României. Ovidius University Press. ISBN 978-6-0606-0007-7.