Line 1, Tianjin Metro

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Line 1, Tianjin Metro
 1 
天津轨道交通--刘园折返线.jpg
A train at Liuyuan
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Tianjin Metro
Status Operational
Locale Tianjin, China
Termini Caijingdaxue
Liuyuan
Stations 22
Services 1
Operation
Opened 28 December 1984 (old system)
12 June 2006 (new system)
Closed 2001 to 2006
Owner Tianjin
Operator(s) Tianjin Metro Corporation
Character Underground, At-grade, & Elevated
Technical
Line length 26.2 km (16.28 mi)
Number of tracks 2
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Route map
Hanzi
English
双林
Shuanglin
财经大学
Caijindaxue
(Economics & Finance College)
华山里
Huashanli
复兴门
Fuxingmen
陈塘庄
Chentangzhuang
土城
Tucheng
南楼
Nanlou
下瓦房
Xiawafang ( 5 )
小白楼
Xiaobailou
营口道
Yingkoudao(Yingkou Road)  3 
鞍山道
Anshandao(Anshan Road)
海光寺
Haiguangsi(Haiguang Temple)
二纬路
Erweilu(Erwei Road)
西南角
Xi'nanjiao  2 
西北角
Xibeijiao
西站
Xizhan
(Tianjin West Railway Station)
Tianjin West Railway Station( 4   6 )
洪湖里
Honghuli
勤俭道
Qinjiandao(Qinjian Road)
本溪路
Benxilu(Benxi Road)
果酒厂
Guojiuchang
西横堤
Xihengdi
刘园
Liuyuan

Line 1 of the Tianjin Metro (Chinese: 天津地铁一号线; pinyin: Tiānjīn Dìtiě Yī Hào Xiàn) runs 26.2 km from the north-west to the south-east of downtown Tianjin and serves 22 stations. It started operations on 12 June 2006. The line was rebuilt from the original Tianjin Metro line, which opened in 1976, but had to close down and undergo renovations in 2001 as part of the system's modernizing project. The line's color is red.

History[edit]

Construction began in 1970. The first section, spanning 3.6 km of track and 4 stations, which are named Xinhua Road, Yingkoudao, Anshandao and Haiguangsi stations, was completed by February 1976. The second section, with an additional 1.6 km of track and the Xinanjiao and Erweilu stations, was completed by 1980. After construction resumed, the total length was 7.4 km, with 8 stations, and service on the line began on 28 December 1984.

To cut construction costs, the authority used an abandoned canal bed to build part of the system. Thus the underground section is only 2–3 meters beneath the street surface, and was the world's shallowest metro. Years later, train frequency reduced and trains were commonly delayed. The rolling stocks themselves where dilapidated, with most seat covers torn off, and lights becoming dim. To change to a more modern and cleaner system in East Asia, a massive reconstruction, modernization and expansion plan was laid out in 2000. In preparation, the system was closed on 1 September 2001, with renovation totally started on 21 November after being delayed due to the terrorist attacks of 11 September. After introducing new rolling stocks, adding half-height platform screen doors and extending the line to Shuanglin, the line was completed at the end of 2005 and was re-opened on 12 June 2006.

In 2008, Xizhan Station was temporarily closed for three years for the reconstruction of the Tianjin West Railway Station. It reopened on 1 July 2011.

In 2016, Shuanglin Station was closed to make way for the line's southern extension, which is expected to enter operation in 2017. The signal system was also replaced by the new ATO system, and the running stock was also overhauled.

Details[edit]

  • Coaches per train - 6.
  • Frequency - 7–8 minutes in peak hours & 15 minutes at other times.
  • Operating hours - 5:30 to 22:30.


Infrastructure[edit]

Alignment and interchanges[edit]

The line is underground between Liuyuan and Tucheng stations, and elevated for the other five stations. All elevated stations are entirely covered by mixture of transparent & opaque corrugated sheets. The line passes through six districts, namely Beichen, Hongqiao, Nankai, Heping, Hexi and Jinnan. The whole journey takes about twelve minutes. The line is currently not linked to other lines, but interchanges to future lines will be available when the new lines enter operation.

Concourse Level[edit]

all Line 1 station concourses are equipped with a customer service center, ticket vending machines, automatic fare gates, and Shenzhen Development Bank ATMs.

Platform level[edit]

For security and other reasons, All Line 1 stations have half-high security doors installed. TVs are installed that display travel tips, advertising, alerts, and waiting time for the next train.

Opening timeline[edit]

Segment Date opened Length
Xiaobailou (Xinhualu) — Xi'nanjiao 10 August 1980 5.2 km (3.23 mi)
Xi'nanjiao — Xizhan 28 December 1984 2.2 km (1.37 mi)
Xiaobailou (Xinhualu) — Xizhan 9 October 2001 Temporary ceased operation
Shuanglin — Xiaobailou 12 June 2006 10.6 km (6.59 mi)
Xiaobailou — Xizhan Reentered operation
Xizhan — Liuyuan 8.2 km (5.10 mi)

Stations (east to west)[edit]

Station name Connections Distance
km
Location
English Chinese
Shuanglin (Temporary Closed) 双林 0.00 0.00 Jinnan
Caijingdaxue 财经大学 1.61 1.61 Hexi
Huashanli 华山里 1.48 3.09
Fuxingmen 复兴门 1.33 4.42
Chentangzhuang 陈塘庄 1.23 5.65
Tucheng 土城 1.59 7.24
Nanlou 南楼 1.10 8.34
Xiawafang 下瓦房 1.05 9.39
Xiaobailou 小白楼 1.45 10.84 Heping
Yingkoudao 营口道  3  1.51 12.35
Anshandao 鞍山道 0.87 13.22
Haiguangsi 海光寺 0.93 14.15 Nankai
Erweilu 二纬路 1.06 15.21
Xi'nanjiao 西南角  2  0.78 15.99
Xibeijiao 西北角 1.02 17.01 Hongqiao
Xizhan 西站  6  China Railway High-speed TXP 1.23 18.24
Honghuli 洪湖里 1.66 19.90
Qinjiandao 勤俭道 1.15 21.05
Benxilu 本溪路 1.45 22.50
Guojiuchang 果酒厂 1.24 23.74 Beichen
Xihengdi 西横堤 1.06 24.80
Liuyuan 刘园 1.00 25.80

Rolling Stock[edit]

Type Time of manufacturing Series Sets Assembly Notes
Type B 2005 - 2006 DKZ9 (Replaced) 25 Tc+M+T+M+M+Tc Manufactured by CNR Changchun Railway Vehicles
Type B 2016 Unknown 25 Tc+M+T+M+M+Tc Manufactured by CRRC