Linhai-Ceke Railway or Lince Railway (Chinese: 临策铁路; pinyin: línhé cèkè tiělù) is a railway in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of northwestern China between the city of Bayan Nur, formerly known as Linhe, and Ceke, a border post in Ejin Banner on the China-Mongolia border. The railway is 707 km (439 mi) in total length, and runs entirely in desert regions. The line was built with investments of ¥4.27 billion. It opened to freight operations in December 2009 and passenger service in November 2010, but has been plagued by sandstorms and shifting dunes, which have buried tracks and disrupted service.
In the east, the Linhe-Ceke Railway branches off the Baotou–Lanzhou Railway at Linhe, on the Yellow River, and it runs due west through Hanggin Rear Banner, Tukemumiao, Suhongtu and Ejin to Ceke, where the line meets the Jiayuguan–Ceke Railway. The Lince Railway crosses the Ulanbuhe, Yamaleike, and the Badain Jaran Deserts, and over 500 km (311 mi) of track is laid in desert or Gobi terrain. Over 90% of the line lies in areas with no highway access. Of the line's 18 stations, 13 have no running water. The line has 180 bridges and 1,000 tunnels and underpasses, including passage ways for Mongolian gazelle in the 300 km (186 mi) of wilderness from Wuliji to Ejin.
The Ceke Railway is designed to serve as part of a longer rail corridor between North China and Xinjiang, and to carry coal produced from the Nariin Sukhait mining complex (Ovoot Tolgoi) in southern Mongolia near Ceke. In the first year of operation, the line carried 390,000 tons of coal, and also delivered 3,000 tons of water, 15,000 barrels of drinking water and 20,000 kg of food to stations and remote communities along route.
Operational history - problems with sand storms and desertification
Since the railway opened in December 2009, service has been adversely affected by sand storms and shifting dunes, which affects 390 km (242 mi) of track. Sand storms occur in the region on as many as 230 days per year, with sustained gusts reaching Level 11 on the Beaufort Scale. In the first year of operations, over 10,000 workers were mobilized and ¥71 million was spent to clear track, spread sand-control netting, build sand-restraint devices, and plant trees. Nine sand control centers were established along route. Service was suspended for two months in the spring of 2010, and when freight service was restored in July, traffic was reduced from eight pairs of trains per day to two pairs. In the first 36 days after passenger service was introduced in November 2010, sand storms buried track on 27 days and caused 51 service disruptions. Sand storms have reduced effective speed on eight sections of track between Suhongtu to Swan Lake to 25 km/h (16 mph).
When passenger service began in November 2010, a 1,100 km (684 mi) journey from Hohhot to Ejin took 14 hours and 55 minutes. As of October 2012, schedule systems showed one daily train between these points, with similar travel times. The schedule shows no stops between the Linhe Station and Ejin, presumably because no one lives there.
In 2011 and 2012, the line carried, respectively, 1.39 and 1.1 million metric tons of coal.
- Linhe District, Bayannur: Baotou–Lanzhou Railway
- Ceke: Jiayuguan–Ceke Railway
- Chuandituo, Inner Mongolia (川地托): Ejin–Hami Railway
- "风沙祸害临策铁路 每天仅发送2对货运列车". 内蒙古日报 (in Chinese). 2010-07-21. Archived from the original on 2011-07-12.
- "《北方新报》记者行程千里探访临策铁路[图]（3）". NorthNews.cn (in Chinese). 2010-11-23.
- "连接华北与西北的重要通道临策铁路开通运营" (in Chinese). 2009-12-27.
- "风沙肆虐 内蒙古临策铁路客车被迫隔日开行". CRI (in Chinese). 2010-12-30.
- "《北方新报》记者行程千里探访临策铁路[图]（5）". NorthNews.cn (in Chinese). 2010-11-23.
- "《北方新报》记者行程千里探访临策铁路[图]（4）". NorthNews.cn (in Chinese). 2010-11-23.
- "额济纳列车时刻表" [Schedule for Ejin] (in Chinese).
- "从呼和浩特开往额济纳4661次列车时刻表" [Schedule for train 4661]. Archived from the original on May 7, 2015.
- "中蒙投入40余亿临策铁路面临有煤运不出等窘境". 中国经济周刊 (in Chinese). 2013-05-28.