Lionel Shriver, 2006
|Born||Margaret Ann Shriver
18 May 1957
Gastonia, North Carolina, US
Lionel Shriver (born May 18, 1957) is an American journalist and author who is resident in the United Kingdom. She is best known for her novel We Need to Talk About Kevin, which won the Orange Prize for Fiction in 2005 and was adapted into the 2011 film of the same name, starring Tilda Swinton.
Early life and education
Shriver was born Margaret Ann Shriver on May 18, 1957, in Gastonia, North Carolina, to a deeply religious family (her father is a Presbyterian minister). At age 15, she informally changed her name from Margaret Ann to Lionel because she did not like the name she had been given, and as a tomboy felt that a conventionally male name fitted her better.
Shriver wrote seven novels and published six (one novel could not find a publisher) before writing We Need to Talk About Kevin, which she called her "make or break" novel due to the years of "professional disappointment" and "virtual obscurity" preceding it. In an interview in Bomb magazine, Shriver listed her novels' subject matter up to the publication of We Need to Talk About Kevin as "anthropology and first love, rock-and-roll drumming and immigration, the Northern Irish Troubles, demography and epidemiology, inheritance, tennis and spousal competition, [and] terrorism and cults of personality". Rather than writing traditionally sympathetic characters, Shriver prefers to create characters who are "hard to love."
We Need to Talk About Kevin was awarded the 2005 Orange Prize. The novel is a close study of maternal ambivalence, and the role it might have played in the title character's decision to murder nine people at his high school. It provoked much controversy and achieved success through word of mouth. She said this about We Need To Talk About Kevin becoming a success:
I'm often asked did something happen around the time I wrote Kevin. Did I have some revelation or transforming event? The truth is that Kevin is of a piece with my other work. There's nothing special about Kevin. The other books are good too. It just tripped over an issue that was just ripe for exploration and by some miracle found its audience.
Shriver's book So Much for That, was released March 2, 2010. In this novel, Shriver presents a biting criticism of the US health care system. It was subsequently named a finalist for the National Book Award in fiction. Her work The New Republic was published in 2012.
Her 2013 novel, Big Brother: A Novel, was inspired by the morbid obesity of one of her brothers.
Set in 2029, The Mandibles, published in May 2016, was set in a situation where the US are unable to repay its national debt. Mexico had built a wall on its northern border to keep out US citizens trying to escape with their savings. Members of the moneyed Mandible family must contend with disappointment and struggle to survive, after the inheritance they had been counting on had turned out to have turned to ash. A sister bemoans a shortage of olive oil, while another has to absorb strays into her increasingly cramped household. Her oddball teenage son Willing, an economics autodidact, looks as if he can save the once august family from the streets. It was "not science fiction", Shriver told BBC Radio 4's Front Row on 9 May 2016. It is an "acid satire" in which "everything bad that could happen ... has happened" according to the review in the Literary Review.
Her experience as a journalist is wide, having written for The Wall Street Journal, the Financial Times, The New York Times, The Economist, contributed to the Radio Ulster program Talkback and many other publications. In July 2005, Shriver began writing a column for The Guardian, in which she has shared her opinions on maternal disposition within Western society, the pettiness of British government authorities, and the importance of libraries (she plans to will whatever assets remain at her death to the Belfast Library Board, out of whose libraries she checked many books when she lived in Northern Ireland).
She expressed criticism of the American health system in an interview in May 2010 while at the Sydney Writers' Festival in Australia, in which she said she was "exasperated with the way that medical matters were run in my country" and considers that she is taking "my life in my hands. Most of all I take my bank account in my hands because if I take a wrong turn on my bike and get run over by a taxi, I could lose everything I have." She is a patron of UK population growth rate concern group Population Matters. She was interviewed on Newsnight on BBC Two (on British television) the night of December 17, 2012, questioned about the issue of whether the United States should change gun control laws after the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting.
As the 2016 keynote speaker at the Brisbane Writers' Festival, Shriver gave a controversial speech about cultural appropriation. Shriver had previously been criticized for her depiction of Latino, Jewish, and African-American characters in her book The Mandibles, which some critics argued was racist and misguided. In her Brisbane speech, Shriver contested these criticisms, arguing that accusations of racism and cultural appropriation were tantamount to censorship and that all writers ought to be entitled to write from any perspective, race, gender or background that they chose.
- The Female of the Species (1987)
- Checker and the Derailleurs (1988)
- The Bleeding Heart (1990)
- Ordinary Decent Criminals (1992)
- Game Control (1994)
- A Perfectly Good Family (1996)
- Double Fault (1997)
- We Need to Talk About Kevin (2003)
- The Post-Birthday World (2007)
- So Much for That (2010)
- The New Republic (2012)
- Big Brother: A Novel (2013)
- The Mandibles (2016)
- Lionel Shriver, profile at Q&A website
- Essay on So Much for That by Lionel Shriver, Powell's Books, 30 January 2010
- Shute, Jenefer. "Lionel Shriver". Bomb magazine. Fall 2005. 26 July 2011.
- Orange Prize citation
- "Honesty is key for Orange winner". BBC. June 7, 2005. Retrieved 2006-12-08.
- "Talking about Kevin", by Tara Brady, The Irish Times, 21 October 2011
- Oxfam: Ox-Tales
- Book Review of So Much for That The Times March 2010
- National Book Awards finalists 2010
- The Mandibles: A Family, 2029–2047, About the Book, Harper Collins, London, Undated.Retrieved: 9 May 2016
- Cook, Jude (May 2016). "Future Imperfect". Literary Review. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
- (PDF link).
- Lionel Shriver, HarperCollins
- Lionel Shriver profile, The Guardian
- "Author’s generous legacy to beloved Belfast libraries" by Adrian Rutherfor, Belfast Telegraph, 22 March 2011
- "How a death can mould a health reform crusader", Eleanor Hall, ABC Online, 24 May 2010, accessed 1 June 2010
- "US author scathing on Obama health reform", story/interview transcript and audio, Eleanor Hall, ABC Online The World Today, 24 May 2010, accessed 1 June 2010
- "Population Matters welcomes Lionel Shriver". populationmatters.org.
- BBC News, (Newsnight) "Lionel Shriver: US citizens feel need to 'counterbalance state'", December 17, 2012
- "Lionel Shriver's Address on Cultural Appropriation Roils a Writers Festival", Rod Nordland, The New York Times, 12 September 2016, accessed 15 September 2016
- Grady, Constance. "Lionel Shriver's The Mandibles is the smuggest dystopian novel this side of Ayn Rand". Vox. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
- Kalfus, Ken. "The bankruptcy of liberal America: 'The Mandibles,' by Lionel Shriver". The Washington Post. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
- Grady, Constance. "Author Lionel Shriver dons a sombrero to lament the rise of identity politics in fiction". Vox. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
- Wood, James (July 22, 2013). "Books: The Counterlife". The New Yorker. 89 (21): 76–78. Retrieved 2014-10-30.
- Shriver, Lionel. "Lionel Shriver's full speech: 'I hope the concept of cultural appropriation is a passing fad'". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 September 2016.
- Interview at BBC Radio 4
- Biography at BBC
- Lionel Shriver Interview in Three Monkeys Online
- Interview in The Guardian, 22/4/2007
- Opinion piece on Lionel Shriver, Fortnight magazine
- Audio: Lionel Shriver in conversation on the BBC World Service discussion show The Forum
- Reviews at ourbookclub.net.au
- Lionel Shriver at publisher Serpent's Tail
- "Will the Left Survive the Millenials?", op-ed by Shriver in the New York Times online, 23 September 2016.