|Member of Parliament
for West Derbyshire
3 May 1979 – 8 May 1986
|Preceded by||James Scott-Hopkins|
|Succeeded by||Patrick McLoughlin|
7 August 1949 |
Johannesburg, South Africa
|Alma mater||Clare College, Cambridge|
Early life and family
Parris is the eldest of six children (three brothers and two sisters) and grew up in several British territories and former territories: South Africa, Cyprus, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe), Swaziland and Jamaica, where his father was working as an electrical engineer. His parents ended up working and living in Catalonia, an autonomous region of Spain, where Parris later bought a house.
Parris was educated at Waterford Kamhlaba United World College of Southern Africa, an independent school just outside Mbabane in Swaziland, followed by Clare College, Cambridge, from which he gained a first class degree in law and where he was a member of Cambridge University Liberal Club. He then won a Paul Mellon scholarship and studied international relations at Yale University.
At the age of 19, Parris drove across Africa to Europe in a Morris Oxford; the trip was traumatically punctuated when he and his female companion were attacked, and he was forced to witness her rape.
Parris was offered a job as a secret agent, but instead worked for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office for two years. In 1976 he left this secure career because he did not like its formality, and because he wanted to become a Member of Parliament. He eventually joined the Conservative Research Department and moved on to become correspondence secretary to Margaret Thatcher. He was awarded an RSPCA medal (presented by Mrs Thatcher, then Leader of the Opposition), for jumping into the Thames and rescuing a dog.
He served as the Conservative MP for the rural parliamentary constituency of West Derbyshire from 1979 until 1986. Competing prospective candidates for the seat included Peter Lilley and Michael Howard, later Conservative leader. The start of his career was overshadowed by a letter that he had written to a council tenant on behalf of Margaret Thatcher, which became featured in Labour Party election publications. As an MP he voiced his support for gay rights. Parris eventually left politics to pursue a career in journalism.
Radio and television
Parris is now a radio and television presenter and pundit. As an MP he took part in a World in Action documentary during 1984 requiring him to live in Newcastle for a week on £26.80, the then state social security payment set for a single adult by the government he supported as a Conservative. The experiment came to an embarrassing end when he ran out of money for the electricity meter. Twenty years later, in 2004, he attempted the experiment again for the documentary For the Benefit of Mr Parris, Revisited.
Parris resigned as an MP by applying for the Crown position of Steward of the Manor of Northstead and left Parliament specifically to take over from Brian Walden as host of ITV's influential Sunday lunchtime current-affairs series Weekend World in 1986. The series, broadcast since 1977 with Walden at its helm, ran for two more years under Parris before being cancelled in 1988.
He presents BBC Radio 4's Great Lives biography series, and has appeared on the comedy news programme Have I Got News for You and presented After Dark. In 2007, Parris presented two light-hearted but caustic documentaries for Radio 4 on politicians' use of cliché and jargon, entitled Not My Words, Mr Speaker.
On 8 July 2011, on Radio 4's Any Questions, at the height of the furore surrounding the alleged illegal and corrupt activities of News of the World journalists, Parris eulogised the newspaper and gave an enthusiastic appreciation of what he considered the virtues and positive achievements of Rupert Murdoch.
Writing and journalism
Parris is a prolific writer and has written many books on politics and travel. In 1991, a compilation of his pieces in The Times appeared, entitled So Far, So Good. Since then there have been further compilations. Scorn, a book he has edited of quotations about curses, jibes and general invective, was published in October 1994.
His success has been as a parliamentary reporter, due to his knowledge and understanding of politicians and ability to express this well. He worked as parliamentary sketch writer for The Times newspaper from 1988 to 2001. His writing has largely concerned current events rather than a historical account of his own time in politics. He has weekly columns in The Times and The Spectator magazine.
In 2004, Parris became Writer of the Year in Granada Television's What the Papers Say Awards. In part, this was for reporting on elections in Iraq and Afghanistan. His previous accolades include Columnist of the Year in the 1991 and 1993 British Press Awards, and in the What the Papers Say Awards 1992. In 1990 he received the London Press Club's Edgar Wallace Outstanding Reporter of the Year Award.
In 2011, Total Politics said that Parris' column "is considered essential reading by many in Westminster. He has a penchant for holding opinions that go against the grain. Parris has written scathingly about the localism agenda, and was a long-time defender of the yah-boo politics of PMQs, although he recently changed his mind."
In 2007 Parris wrote an attack on cyclists, suggesting piano wire traps to decapitate cyclists. "A festive custom we could do worse than foster would be stringing piano wire across country lanes to decapitate cyclists." The Cyclists' Touring Club (now Cycling UK) described this as "sloppy" and "hateful" journalism, and after three hundred letters to the Press Complaints Commission Parris issued an apology: "I offended many with my Christmas attack on cyclists. It was meant humorously but so many cyclists have taken it seriously that I plainly misjudged. I am sorry."
Parris mocked the initial 2015 leadership election for the Labour Party. Referring to recent rule changes under Ed Miliband, which meant that any individual who donated £3 to the Labour Party could vote in its leadership elections, Parris said in August 2015 that he had attempted to register all four of his llamas as supporters, "as they wished to vote in the leadership election, having been caught up in all the media fuss". Following a second leadership election, which incumbent leader Jeremy Corbyn won with an increased majority, Channel 4 presenter Krishnan Guru-Murthy said that Parris and Michael Dobbs commented that Corbyn's reelection "will break the Labour Party".
In October 2016, Parris argued in The Times that Britain should stop selling weapons to Saudi Arabia. He accused Saudi Arabia of "blackmailing" Britain and of engaging in "a merciless siege" of Yemen. "We shall lose arms sales," he wrote, "but we shall gain in intangible ways from showing ourselves to be neither entirely merciless in our pursuit of seelf-interest, nor as purblind to what's coming as we so often seem to be."
Parris has made several expeditions abroad, including to Mount Kilimanjaro in 1967 and 1989, Zaire (now the Democratic Republic of the Congo) in 1973, the Sahara in 1978, and Peru and Bolivia. In 1990 he published Inca-Kola, about his travels in Peru. He spent the Antarctic winter of 2000 on the French possession of Grande Terre, part of the Kerguelen Archipelago in the Indian Ocean, with a few dozen over-winterers, mostly researchers. One of them was fatally shot in an accident during his stay, an event about which he wrote for The Times.
In 2005, Parris published A Castle in Spain about his family's project to refurbish a derelict sixteenth-century mansion, L'Avenc, in Catalonia, close to the foothills of the Pyrenees, and make his home there.
Parris attempted to out himself in a late-night debate in the House of Commons in 1984, but failed when nobody noticed. He later announced that he was gay in one of his weekly newspaper columns. In a live interview on Newsnight, during the Ron Davies scandal of 1998, he told interviewer Jeremy Paxman that there were two gay members of the then current Labour Cabinet, one being Peter Mandelson. He has stated that there are between 30 and 60 unannounced gay members of the British Parliament. In August 2010, in a list compiled by the Independent on Sunday, Parris was voted the 49th most influential LGBT person in Britain.
In August 2006 Parris entered into a civil partnership with his long-term partner, Julian Glover, a speech writer for David Cameron and a former political journalist at The Guardian. At the time of their partnership, they had been together for 11 years.
Parris was a keen marathon runner, taking part in the London Marathon event several times. His personal best was 2:32:57 hours, which he recorded in 1985 at the age of 35. He decided that he wanted to go out on top, and arguing that serious running is not good for one's health, he stopped running marathons after that. No British MP, sitting or retired, has bettered Parris' marathon-running time.
- Parting Shots: Undiplomatic Diplomats – the ambassadors' letters you were never meant to see Matthew Parris, Andrew Bryson (Penguin Books Ltd, 2010) ISBN 978-0-670-91929-1
- Mission Accomplished!: A Treasury of the Things Politicians Wish They Hadn't Said Matthew Parris, Phil Mason (JR Books Ltd, 2007) ISBN 978-1-906217-35-8
- A Castle in Spain (Viking, 2005) ISBN 0-670-91547-5
- Chance Witness: An Outsider's Life in Politics (Viking, 2002) ISBN 0-670-89440-0
- The King's English (Oxford Language Classics Series) Henry Fowler, Frank Fowler, Matthew Parris (introduction) (Oxford University Press, 2002) ISBN 0-19-860507-2
- Off Message: New Labour, New Sketches (Robson Books, 2001) ISBN 1-86105-479-3
- I Wish I Hadn't Said That: The Experts Speak – and Get It Wrong! Matthew Parris (foreword), Christopher Cerf, Victor Navasky (HarperCollins, 2000) ISBN 0-00-653149-0
- Against the Law: The Classic Account of a Homosexual in 1950s Britain Peter Wildeblood, Matthew Parris (introduction) (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1999) ISBN 0-297-64382-7
- The Great Unfrocked: Two Thousand Years of Church Scandal (Robson, 1998) ISBN 1-86105-129-8
- Scorn with Extra Bile Matthew Parris (editor) (Penguin Books, 1998) ISBN 0-14-027780-3
- I Couldn't Possibly Comment: More Sketches from the Commons (Robson Books, 1997) ISBN 1-86105-095-X
- Read My Lips: A Treasury of Things Politicians Wish They Hadn't Said (Parkwest Publications, 1997) ISBN 1-86105-043-7
- Great Parliamentary Scandals: Four Centuries of Calumny, Smear and Innuendo (Robson Books, 1995) ISBN 0-86051-957-0
- Scorn with Added Vitriol (Hamish Hamilton, 1995) ISBN 0-241-13587-7
- Scorn: A Bucketful of Discourtesy, Disparagement, Invective, Ridicule, Impudence, Contumely, Derision, Hate, Affront, Disdain, Bile, Taunts, Curses and Jibes (Hamish Hamilton, 1994) ISBN 0-241-13384-X
- Look Behind You!: Sketches and Follies from the Commons (Robson, 1993) ISBN 0-86051-874-4
- So Far So Good...: Selected Pieces (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1991) ISBN 0-297-81215-7
- Inca Kola: A Traveller's Tale of Peru (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1990) ISBN 0-297-81075-8
- Coping with the Soviet Union Peter Blaker, Julian Critchley, Matthew Parris (Conservative Political Centre Bookshop, 1977) ISBN 0-85070-599-1
- Parris, Matthew (14 January 2010). "Invicta what a terrible choice of poem". The Times. London.
- The Times, 25 October 2014
- Chance Witness, pp. 94–95
- Chance Witness, p.134
- Chance Witness, p.197
- "What’s smug and deserves to be decapitated?" [Cyclists.], The Times
- "British Film Industry: WORLD IN ACTION > FOR THE BENEFIT OF MR PARRIS" Thames TV, 23 January 1984
- "ITV TV Classics – World In Action" Published 4 May 2007, retrieved 16 July 2009
- "British Film Industry: FOR THE BENEFIT OF MR PARRIS, REVISITED" ITV1, 29 January 2004
- "Liberty Bell – For the Benefit of Mr Parris". Libertybell.tv. 29 January 2004. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
- Website of production company Open Media
- "BBC Radio 4 – Not My Words, Mr Speaker". bbc.co.uk. 19 September 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
- "BBC Radio 4 – Any Questions?". bbc.co.uk. 1 January 1970. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- "Top 100 political journalists 2011". Total Politics. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- Burkeman, Oliver (10 July 2007). "Does he mean me?". The Guardian.
- What’s smug and deserves to be decapitated? Matthew Parris: My Week. Published at 12:00AM, December 27 2007. http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/opinion/columnists/matthewparris/article2044185.ece accessed 18 Jan 2016
- https://www.cyclinguk.org/sites/default/files/file_member/200803014.pdf accessed 18 Jan 2016
- Matthew Parris. http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/opinion/columnists/matthewparris/article2044185.ece accessed 18 Jan 2016
- BBC News. Thursday, 3 January 2008. Cycling fury at beheading 'joke' http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/north_east/7168530.stm
- Parris, Matthew (19 August 2015). "My llamas paid their £3 to vote in Labour poll". The Times. (subscription required (. ))
- Hopkins, Steven (12 July 2016). "Corbyn Leadership Ballot Decision Will 'Break Labour'". The Huffington Post.
- Matthew Parris's account of stay on Kergulen in 2000, The Times
- Bryant, Chris (14 August 2014). Parliament: The Biography (Volume II - Reform). Random House. p. 92. ISBN 978-0857522245.
- Pierce, Andrew (29 August 2006). "Parris, the reluctant groom, says 'I do'". The Times. (subscription required (. ))
- Topping, Alexandra (13 April 2014). "Record number of MPs run in London Marathon". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
- Clare Politics. "About Us". Retrieved 15 August 2011.
- The Times Online – Matthew Parris's column archives
- The Times Online – The Matthew Parris Pol-Cast Podcast series commenting on the 2006 Party conference season
- The Times Online – Matthew Parris: the Kerguelen columns articles from his trip to the Kerguelen Islands
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Audio interview
- Matthew Parris at DMOZ
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Matthew Parris
- Ethos Journal Matthew Parris features as Policy-Maker for a Page
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for West Derbyshire
Sir Patrick McLoughlin