List of Chinese criminal organizations

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Criminal gangs are found throughout China but are most active in Chongqing, Shanghai, Macau, Tianjin, Shenyang, and Guangzhou as well as in Hong Kong, Malaysia, Singapore and Taiwan. The number of people involved in organized crime on the mainland has risen from around 100,000 in 1986 to around 1.5 million in the year 2000.[1]

The following is a list of Chinese criminal organizations.

Triad societies[edit]

Criminally influenced tongs[edit]

Chinese gangs[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d "Chinese Criminal Enterprises - US Department of State". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on January 9, 2008. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  3. ^ a b c http://ited.yingwa.edu.hk/~ywc-031142/right9.html. Retrieved July 7, 2006.  Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  4. ^ [2][dead link]
  5. ^ "Friends of Ours: Chinese Mafia". Bitterqueen.typepad.com. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  6. ^ "China's Business Newspaper". The Standard. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  7. ^ [3] Archived May 15, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ "USAO/CDCA Press Release". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on January 24, 2007. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  9. ^ a b c d "`Mosquito brother' celebrates 90th birthday in style". Taipei Times. 2015-02-12. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  10. ^ "The Long Wall". Brockmorris.com. 1979-03-30. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  11. ^ "SAN FRANCISCO / Youths Plead Guilty In Extortion Attempt". SFGate. 2000-03-25. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  12. ^ https://web.archive.org/20110629052919/http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/1998/05/20/MN79431.DTL. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved February 18, 2016.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ a b c d e "A MEMOIR" By Bill Lee". "Chinese Playground. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  14. ^ "Bemboo Tigers". Brockmorris.com. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  15. ^ a b "The Presence". Brockmorris.com. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  16. ^ Finckenauer, James O. (December 6, 2007). "Chinese Transnational Organized Crime: The Fuk Ching" (PDF). National Institute of Justice. Washington, D.C.: National Criminal Justice Reference Service. Retrieved April 24, 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "New York City Chinatown > Newspaper Articles". Nychinatown.org. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  18. ^ https://web.archive.org/20110719131926/http://www.gorillaconvict.com/blog/index.php?date=200605&PHPSESSID=c54254173cf0191e423b691aa7e80e07. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved February 18, 2016.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ "Deputies Set Free Suspect in Killing In Video Arcade". SFGate. 1999-06-17. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  20. ^ Handbook of Organized Crime in the United States - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  21. ^ https://web.archive.org/20130501175835/http://news.ncmonline.com/news/view_article.html?article_id=753&section_id=2. Archived from the original on May 1, 2013. Retrieved February 18, 2016.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  22. ^ "Fireworks". Brockmorris.com. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  23. ^ "A Looming Danger". Diálogo. Retrieved 19 February 2015. 
  24. ^ "Transnational Activities of Chinese Crime Orgainzations" (PDF). Loc.gov. Retrieved 19 February 2015. 
  25. ^ "SAN FRANCISCO / Man Who Was Mistakenly Freed Is Rearrested". SFGate. 1999-08-04. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  26. ^ "Fifth Chinese restaurant attacked". smh.com.au. 2002-06-20. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  27. ^ Lane, Melissa (2005-04-27). "Gang Today, Hair Tomorrow | Feature | San Francisco | San Francisco News and Events". SF Weekly. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  28. ^ Fried, Joseph P. (1995-01-18). "Tong Leader In Chinatown Is Convicted". New York City; Chinatown (Nyc): NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 
  29. ^ Leo, John (1985-07-08). "Law: Parasites on Their Own People". TIME. Retrieved 2015-02-19. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Ko-lin Chin.Chinatown Gangs: Extortion, Enterprise, and Ethnicity. Oxford University Press, 2000.
  • Peter Huston. Tongs, Gangs, and Triads: Chinese Crime Groups in North America (1995)
  • Wang, Peng. "The Increasing Threat of Chinese Organised Crime: national, regional and international perspectives", The RUSI Journal Vol. 158, No.4, (2013),pp. 6–18.

External links[edit]