List of Grand Duchesses of Russia
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This is a list of those members of the Russian Imperial House who bore the title Velikaia Kniaginia (Russian: Великая Княгиня) or Velikaia Knazhna (Russian: Великая Княжна) (usually translated into French and English as Grand Duchess, but more accurately Grand Princess). This courtesy title was borne (usually) by daughters and male-line granddaughters of the Emperors or Empress Regnants of Russia, as well as by wives of Grand Dukes of Russia, all along with the style of Her Imperial Highness as members of the House of the reigning Emperor or Empress Regnant.
For more information on the titles, see List of Grand Dukes of Russia.
Grand Duchesses of Russia of the House of Romanov
After 1917 no such daughter was born into the deposed imperial house who would have been entitled to the title grand duchess - i.e., had been a male-line granddaughter of a reigning emperor; although such would have been technically possible, as there lived sons of reigning emperors and their daughters would have been so entitled.
Grand Duchesses of Russia by marriage
|Picture||Name||Husband||Date of marriage||Born||Died||Notes|
|Charlotte of Brunswick-Lüneburg||Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich||25 October 1711||29 August 1694||13 November 1715|
|Catherine Alexeievna of Anhalt-Zerbst||Peter Fyodorovich||1 September 1745||2 May 1729||17 November 1796||Known to history as 'Catherine the Great';became Empress Consort when her husband succeeded as Emperor Peter III in 1762 and became Empress Regnant 9 July 1762 when deposing her husband|
|Natalia Alexeievna of Hesse-Darmstadt||Pavel Petrovich||10 October 1773||25 June 1755||26 April 1776||her husband later succeeded as Emperor Pavel I in 1796|
|Maria Fyodorovna of Württemberg||Pavel Petrovich||7 October 1776||25 October 1759||5 November 1828||became Empress when her husband succeeded as Emperor Pavel I in 1796|
|Elizabeth Alexeievna of Baden||Alexander Pavlovich||9 October 1793||24 January 1779||16 May 1826||became Empress when her husband succeeded as Emperor Alexander I in 1801|
|Anna Fyodorovna of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld||Konstantin Pavlovich||26 February 1796||23 September 1781||15 August 1860||divorced 1820|
|Alexandra Fyodorovna of Prussia||Nikolai Pavlovich||13 July 1817||13 July 1798||1 November 1860||became Empress when her husband succeeded as Emperor Nikolai I in 1825|
|Elena Pavlovna of Württemberg||Mikhail Pavlovich||19 February 1824||9 January 1807||2 February 1873|
|Maria Alexandrovna of Hesse-Darmstadt||Alexander Nikolaievich||28 April 1841||8 August 1824||3 June 1880||became Empress when her husband succeeded as Emperor Alexander II in 1855|
|Alexandra Iosifovna of Saxe-Altenburg||Konstantin Nikolaievich||11 September 1848||8 July 1830||6 July 1911|
|Alexandra Petrovna of Oldenburg||Nikolai Nikolaievich||6 February 1856||2 June 1838||25 April 1900|
|Olga Fyodorovna of Baden||Mikhail Nikolaievich||28 August 1857||20 September 1839||12 April 1891|
|Maria Fyodorovna of Denmark||Alexander Alexandrovich||9 November 1866||26 November 1847||13 October 1928||became Empress when her husband succeeded as Emperor Alexander III in 1881|
|Maria Pavlovna of Mecklenburg-Schwerin||Vladimir Alexandrovich||28 August 1874||14 May 1854||6 September 1920|
|Elizabeth Mavrikievna of Saxe-Altenburg||Konstantin Konstantinovich||27 April 1884||25 January 1865||24 March 1927|
|Elizabeth Fyodorovna of Hesse-Darmstadt||Sergei Alexandrovich||15 June 1884||1 November 1864||17 or 18 July 1918|
|Alexandra Georgievna of Greece||Pavel Alexandrovich||17 June 1889||30 August 1870||24 September 1891|
|Militsa Nicolaievna of Montenegro||Peter Nikolaievich||26 July 1889||26 July 1866||5 September 1951|
|Maria Georgievna of Greece||George Mikhailovich||12 May 1900||3 March 1876||14 December 1940|
|Victoria Fyodorovna of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha||Kirill Vladimirovich||8 October 1905||25 November 1876||2 March 1936|
|Anastasia Nikolaievna of Montenegro||Nikolai Nikolaievich||29 April 1907||4 January 1868||25 January 1929|
|Princess Leonida Bagration of Georgia||Crown Prince Vladimir Kirillovich||13 August 1948||6 October 1914||23 May 2010||Wife and Mother of the Heads of the Russian Imperial Family in exile|
Although male grand dukes of Russia (sons or male-line grandsons of reigning emperors) existed after 1917, when the imperial house was deposed, none of them contracted an equal marriage after that date; so the title grand duchess was not gained by marriage thereafter - though it would have been technically possible.
A Russian Grand Duchess was styled as, Her Imperial Highness.