Menteri Besar of Kelantan

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Menteri Besar of Kelantan
Coat Of Arms
Incumbent
Mohd Nassuruddin Daud
since 15 August 2023
Government of Kelantan
StyleYang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)
Member ofKelantan State Executive Council
Reports toKelantan State Legislative Assembly
ResidenceJKR 10, Bangunan Perbadanan Menteri Besar Kelantan, Kampung Sireh, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
SeatTingkat 1, Blok 1, Kota Darul Naim, 15502 Kota Bharu, Kelantan
AppointerMuhammad V
Sultan of Kelantan
Term length5 years or lesser, renewable once (while commanding the confidence of the Kelantan State Legislative Assembly
With State Elections held no more than five years apart)
Inaugural holderLong Abdul Ghafar
Formation1775; 249 years ago (1775)
DeputyMohamed Fadzli Hassan
Websitewww.kelantan.gov.my/index.php/ms/kerajaan/menteri-besar-kelantan

The Menteri Besar of Kelantan or Chief Minister of Kelantan is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Kelantan. According to convention, the Menteri Besar is the leader of the majority party or largest coalition party of the Kelantan State Legislative Assembly.

The 19th Menteri Besar of Kelantan has been Mohd Nassuruddin Daud since 15 August 2023.

Appointment[edit]

According to the state constitution, the Sultan of Kelantan shall first appoint the Menteri Besar to preside over the Executive Council and requires such Menteri Besar to be a member of the Legislative Assembly who in his judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Assembly, must be an ethnic Malay who professes the religion of Islam and must not a Malaysian citizen by naturalisation or by registration. The Sultan on the Menteri Besar's advice shall appoint not more than ten nor less than four members from among the members of the Legislative Assembly.

The member of the Executive Council must take and subscribe in the presence of the Sultan the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy before they can exercise the functions of office. The Executive Council shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Executive Council shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause conflict of interest.

If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, or the Legislative Assembly passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the Menteri Besar is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Sultan's choice of replacement Menteri Besar will be dictated by the circumstances. A member of the Executive Council other than the Menteri Besar shall hold office during the pleasure of the Sultan, unless the appointment of any member of the Executive Council shall have been revoked by the Sultan on the advice of the Menteri Besar but may at any time resign his office.

Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeated in an election or the death of the Menteri Besar, the Sultan will generally appoint as Menteri Besar the person voted by the governing party as their new leader.

Powers[edit]

The power of the Menteri Besar is subject to a number of limitations. Menteri Besar removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the Legislative Assembly, must advise a state election or resign the office or be dismissed by the Sultan. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or unable to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Legislative Assembly, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, also called loss of supply.

The Menteri Besar's party will normally have a majority in the Legislative Assembly and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Kelantan politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the Legislative Assembly is mostly a formality.

Caretaker Menteri Besar[edit]

The legislative assembly unless sooner dissolved by the Sultan with His Majesty's own discretion on the advice of the Menteri Besar shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. The state constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and the legislative assembly shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one legislative assembly and the convening of the next, the Menteri Besar and the executive council remain in office in a caretaker capacity.

List of Menteris Besar of Kelantan[edit]

The following is the list of Menteris Besar of Kelantan since 1775:[1][2]

Colour key (for political parties):
  UMNO   Parti Negara   Alliance /   Barisan Nasional   PMIP/PAS   APU   BA   PR   GS   PN

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Constituency
Term of office Party[a] Election Assembly
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Long Abdul Ghafar 1775 1794 None
2 Wan Mahmud Wan Ibrahim 1800 1835 None
3 Tuan Besar Raja Muda Ismail 1835 1839 None
4 Long Zainal Abidin Long Abdul Ghafar 1839 1851 None
5 Nik Abdul Majid Nik Yusoff 1851 1885 None
6 Nik Yusof Nik Abdul Majid 1886 1890 None
7 Saad Ngah 1890 1894 None
8 Nik Yusof Nik Abdul Majid 1894 1900 None
9 Hassan Mohd Salleh 1900 1920 None
10 Nik Mahmud Nik Ismail 30 April
1921
27 December
1944
23 years, 242 days None
11 Nik Ahmad Kamil
(1909–1977)
27 December
1944
1953 None
UMNO
IMP
Parti Negara
12 Tengku Muhammad Hamzah Tengku Zainal Abidin
(1909–1962)
1953 1959 Alliance
(UMNO)
13 Ishak Lotfi Omar
(1916–1992)
MLA for Kota Bharu Selatan
1959 1964 PMIP 1959 1st
14 Dato'
Asri Muda
(1924–1992)
MLA for Kota Bharu Tengah
1964 1973 PMIP 1964 2nd
1969 3rd
15 Dato'
Mohamed Nasir
(1916–1997)
MLA for Tendong
1974 November
1977
BN (PAS) 1974 4th
16 Dato'
Mohamed Yaacob
(1926–2009)
MLA for Lanas (until 1986)
MLA for Panglima Bayu (from 1986)
23 March
1978
22 October
1990
12 years, 214 days BN (UMNO) 1978 5th
1982 6th
1986 7th
17 Dato'
Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat
(1931–2015)
MLA for Semut Api (until 1995)
MLA for Chempaka (from 1995)
22 October
1990
6 May
2013
22 years, 197 days APU (PAS) 1990 8th
1995 9th
BA (PAS) 1999 10th
2004 11th
PR (PAS) 2008 12th
18 Dato'
Ahmad Yakob
(born 1950)
MLA for Pasir Pekan
6 May
2013
15 August
2023
10 years, 102 days PR (PAS) 2013 13th
GS (PAS) 2018 14th
PN (PAS)
19 Dato'
Mohd Nassuruddin Daud
(born 1965)
MLA for Meranti
15 August
2023
Incumbent 192 days PN (PAS) 2023 15th
  1. ^ This column names only the Menteri Besar's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; those are not listed here.

Living former Menteri Besar[edit]

Name Term of office Date of birth
Ahmad Yakob 2013–2023 1 February 1950 (age 74)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kelantan worldstatemen.org Accessed 12 June 2010
  2. ^ "Senarai Menteri Besar Kelantan". Archived from the original on 2015-07-10. Retrieved 2015-08-31.