List of Menteris Besar of Kelantan

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Menteri Besar of Kelantan
Coat of arms of Kelantan.svg
Ahmad Yaakob

since 6 May 2013
Government of Kelantan
StyleYang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)
Member ofKelantan State Executive Council
Reports toKelantan State Legislative Assembly
ResidenceJKR 10, Bangunan Perbadanan Menteri Besar Kelantan, Kampung Sireh, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
SeatTingkat 1, Blok 1, Kota Darul Naim, 15502 Kota Bharu, Kelantan
AppointerMuhammad V
Sultan of Kelantan
Term lengthWhile commanding the confidence of the Kelantan State Legislative Assembly
With State Elections held no more than five years apart
Inaugural holderLong Abdul Ghafar
Formation1775; 244 years ago (1775)

The Menteri Besar of Kelantan is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Kelantan. According to convention, the Menteri Besar is the leader of the majority party or largest coalition party of the Kelantan State Legislative Assembly.

The 17th and current Menteri Besar of Kelantan is Ahmad Yaakob, who took office on 6 May 2013.


According to the state constitution, the Sultan of Kelantan shall first appoint the Menteri Besar to preside over the Executive Council and requires such Menteri Besar to be a member of the Legislative Assembly who in his judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Assembly, must be an ethnic Malay who professes the religion of Islam and must not a Malaysian citizen by naturalisation or by registration. The Sultan on the Menteri Besar's advice shall appoint not more than ten nor less than four members from among the members of the Legislative Assembly.

The member of the Executive Council must take and subscribe in the presence of the Sultan the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy before they can exercise the functions of office. The Executive Council shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Executive Council shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause conflict of interest.

If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, or the Legislative Assembly passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the Menteri Besar is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Sultan's choice of replacement Menteri Besar will be dictated by the circumstances. A member of the Executive Council other than the Menteri Besar shall hold office during the pleasure of the Sultan, unless the appointment of any member of the Executive Council shall have been revoked by the Sultan on the advice of the Menteri Besar but may at any time resign his office.

Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeated in an election or the death of the Menteri Besar, the Sultan will generally appoint as Menteri Besar the person voted by the governing party as their new leader.


The power of the Menteri Besar is subject to a number of limitations. Menteri Besar removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the Legislative Assembly, must advise a state election or resign the office or be dismissed by the Sultan. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or unable to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Legislative Assembly, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, also called loss of supply.

The Menteri Besar's party will normally have a majority in the Legislative Assembly and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Kelantan politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the Legislative Assembly is mostly a formality.

Caretaker Menteri Besar[edit]

The legislative assembly unless sooner dissolved by the Sultan with His Majesty's own discretion on the advice of the Menteri Besar shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. The state constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and the legislative assembly shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one legislative assembly and the convening of the next, the Menteri Besar and the executive council remain in office in a caretaker capacity.

List of Menteris Besar of Kelantan[edit]

The following is the list of Menteris Besar of Kelantan since 1886:[1][2]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Alliance /   Barisan Nasional   PMIP/PAS

# Portrait Name
Political party[a] Term of office Electoral
1 Long Abdul Ghafar
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
Independent 1775 1794 -
2 Wan Mahmud Wan Ibrahim
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
1800 1835
3 Tuan Besar Raja Muda Ismail
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
1835 1839
4 Long Zainal Abidin Long Abdul Ghafar
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
1839 1851
5 Nik Abdul Majid Nik Yusoff
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
1851 1885
6 Nik Yusof Nik Abdul Majid
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
1886 1890
7 Saad Ngah
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
1890 1894
6 Nik Yusof Nik Abdul Majid
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
1894 1900
8 Hassan Mohd Salleh
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
1900 1920
9 Nik Mahmud Nik Ismail
30 April 1921 27 December 1944
10 Nik Ahmad Kamil Nik Mahmud
27 December 1944 1953
Parti Negara
11 Tengku Muhammad Hamzah
Raja Muda Long Zainal Abidin

(1909–d. unknown)
Alliance (UMNO) 1953 1959
12 Ishak Lotfi Omar
MLA for Kota Bharu Selatan, 1959–1974
MLA for Ketereh, 1974–1978
PMIP 1959 1964

1959 (1st)

13 Asri Muda
MLA for Kota Bharu Tengah, 1959–1973
MLA for Kubang Kerian, 1982–1986
1964 1973

1964 (2nd)
1969 (3rd)

14 Ishak Lotfi Omar
MLA for Kota Bharu Selatan, 1959–1974
MLA for Ketereh, 1974–1978
BN (PAS) 1973 1974

– (3rd)

15 Mohamed Nasir
MLA for Machang Utara, 1959–1964
MLA for Tendong, 1969–1982
1974 November 1977

1974 (4th)

16 Hashim Aman
(born 1931)
Federal Director of Kelantan State Government
Independent November 1977 23 March 1978 – (4th)
17 Mohamed Yaacob
MLA for Jelawat, 1974–1978
MLA for Lanas, 1978–1986
MLA for Panglima Bayu, 1986–1990
BN (UMNO) 23 March 1978 22 October 1990

1978 (5th)
1982 (6th)
1986 (7th)

18 Nik Aziz Kelantan.jpg Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat
MLA for Semut Api, 1986–1995
MLA for Chempaka, 1995–2013
PAS 22 October 1990 6 May 2013

1990 (8th)
1995 (9th)
1999 (10th)
2004 (11th)
2008 (12th)

19 Ahmad Yakob
(b. 1950)
MLA for Pasir Pekan, since 1995
6 May 2013 Incumbent

2013 (13th)
2018 (14th)

  1. ^ This column names only the Menteri Besar's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; those are not listed here.

Living former Menteris Besar[edit]

Name Term of office Year of birth
Hashim Aman 1977–1978 1931 (age 88)


  1. ^ Kelantan Accessed 12 June 2010
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-07-10. Retrieved 2015-08-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)