List of Menteris Besar of Kelantan

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Menteri Besar of Kelantan
Coat of arms of Kelantan.svg
Ahmad Yaakob

since 6 May 2013
Government of Kelantan
Style Yang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)
Member of Kelantan State Executive Council
Reports to Kelantan State Legislative Assembly
Residence JKR 10, Bangunan Perbadanan Menteri Besar Kelantan, Kampung Sireh, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
Seat Tingkat 1, Blok 1, Kota Darul Naim, 15502 Kota Bharu, Kelantan
Appointer Muhammad V
Sultan of Kelantan
Term length While commanding the confidence of the Kelantan State Legislative Assembly
With State Elections held no more than five years apart
Inaugural holder Long Abdul Ghafar
Formation 1775; 242 years ago (1775)

The Menteri Besar of Kelantan is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Kelantan. According to convention, the Menteri Besar is the leader of the majority party or largest coalition party of the Kelantan State Legislative Assembly.

The 17th and current Menteri Besar of Kelantan is Ahmad Yaakob, who took office on 6 May 2013.


According to the state constitution, the Sultan of Kelantan shall first appoint the Menteri Besar to preside over the Executive Council and requires such Menteri Besar to be a member of the Legislative Assembly who in his judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Assembly, must be an ethnic Malay who professes the religion of Islam and must not a Malaysian citizen by naturalisation or by registration. The Sultan on the Menteri Besar's advice shall appoint not more than ten nor less than four members from among the members of the Legislative Assembly.

The member of the Executive Council must take and subscribe in the presence of the Sultan the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy before they can exercise the functions of office. The Executive Council shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Executive Council shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause conflict of interest.

If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, or the Legislative Assembly passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the Menteri Besar is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Sultan's choice of replacement Menteri Besar will be dictated by the circumstances. A member of the Executive Council other than the Menteri Besar shall hold office during the pleasure of the Sultan, unless the appointment of any member of the Executive Council shall have been revoked by the Sultan on the advice of the Menteri Besar but may at any time resign his office.

Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeated in an election or the death of the Menteri Besar, the Sultan will generally appoint as Menteri Besar the person voted by the governing party as their new leader.


The power of the Menteri Besar is subject to a number of limitations. Menteri Besar removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the Legislative Assembly, must advise a state election or resign the office or be dismissed by the Sultan. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or unable to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Legislative Assembly, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, also called loss of supply.

The Menteri Besar's party will normally have a majority in the Legislative Assembly and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Kelantan politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the Legislative Assembly is mostly a formality.

Caretaker Menteri Besar[edit]

The legislative assembly unless sooner dissolved by the Sultan with His Majesty's own discretion on the advice of the Menteri Besar shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. The state constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and the legislative assembly shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one legislative assembly and the convening of the next, the Menteri Besar and the executive council remain in office in a caretaker capacity.

List of Menteris Besar of Kelantan[edit]

The following is the list of Menteris Besar of Kelantan since 1886:[1][2]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Alliance Party   Barisan Nasional   Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party

Portrait Name
Political party[a] Term of office Electoral
Long Abdul Ghafar
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
No party 1775 1794
Vacant 1794 1800
Wan Mahmud Wan Ibrahim
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
No party 1800 1835
Tuan Besar Raja Muda Ismail
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
No party 1835 1839
Long Zainal Abidin Long Abdul Ghafar
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
No party 1839 1851
Nik Abdul Majid Nik Yusoff
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
No party 1851 1885
Vacant 1885 1886
Nik Yusof Nik Abdul Majid
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
No party 1886 1890
Saad Ngah
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
No party 1890 1894
Nik Yusof Nik Abdul Majid
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
No party 1894 1900
Hassan Mohd Salleh
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
No party 1900 1920
Vacant 1920 1921
Nik Mahmud Nik Ismail
No party 30 April 1921 27 December 1944
Nik Ahmad Kamil Nik Mahmud
No party 27 December 1944 1953
Parti Negara
Tengku Muhammad Hamzah
Raja Muda Long Zainal Abidin

(1909–d. unknown)
Alliance (UMNO) 1953 1959
Ishak Lotfi Omar
MLA for Kota Bharu Selatan, 1959–1974
MLA for Ketereh, 1974–1978
PMIP 1959 1964

1959 (1st)

Asri Muda
MLA for Kota Bharu Tengah, 1959–1973
MLA for Kubang Kerian, 1982–1986
PMIP 1964 1973

1964 (2nd)
1969 (3rd)

Ishak Lotfi Omar
MLA for Kota Bharu Selatan, 1959–1974
MLA for Ketereh, 1974–1978
BN (PAS) 1973 1974

– (3rd)

Mohamed Nasir
MLA for Machang Utara, 1959–1964
MLA for Tendong, 1969–1982
BN (PAS) 1974 November 1977

1974 (4th)

Hashim Aman
(born 1931)
Federal Director of Kelantan State Government
No party November 1977 23 March 1978 – (4th)
Mohamed Yaacob
MLA for Jelawat, 1974–1978
MLA for Lanas, 1978–1986
MLA for Panglima Bayu, 1986–1990
BN (UMNO) 23 March 1978 22 October 1990

1978 (5th)
1982 (6th)
1986 (7th)

Nik Aziz Kelantan.jpg Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat
MLA for Semut Api, 1986–1995
MLA for Chempaka, 1995–2013
PAS 22 October 1990 6 May 2013

1990 (8th)
1995 (9th)
1999 (10th)
2004 (11th)
2008 (12th)

Ahmad Yakob
(b. 1950)
MLA for Pasir Pekan, since 1995
PAS 6 May 2013 Incumbent

2013 (13th)

  1. ^ This column names only the Menteri Besar's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; those are not listed here.

Living former Menteris Besar[edit]

No living former Menteris Besar of Kelantan