Muhammad V of Kelantan

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Muhammad V
V سلطان محمد
Yang di-Pertuan Agong XV
Al-Sultan of Kelantan
Мухаммед 5.png
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Reign13 December 2016 –
6 January 2019
Installation24 April 2017
PredecessorAbdul Halim
SuccessorAbdullah
Prime Ministers
Sultan of Kelantan
Reign13 September 2010 – present
PredecessorIsmail Petra
Heir presumptiveFaiz Petra
Chief Ministers
Born (1969-10-06) 6 October 1969 (age 49)
Istana Batu, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia
Spouse
Tengku Zubaidah binti Tengku Norudin (née Kangsadal Pipitpakdee)
(m. 2004; div. 2008)

Full name
Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra ibni Tengku Ismail Petra
Regnal name
Sultan Muhammad V
HouseLong Yunus
FatherSultan Ismail Petra Ibni Almarhum Sultan Yahya Petra
MotherTengku Anis Binti Tengku Abdul Hamid
ReligionSunni Islam

Sultan Muhammad V (Jawi:zV سلطان محمد; zBorn 6 October 1969) is the current Sultan of Kelantan and served as the 15th Yang di-Pertuan Agong (head of state) of Malaysia from December 2016 to January 2019. He was proclaimed Sultan of Kelantan on 13 September 2010, succeeding his father, Sultan Ismail Petra, who was deemed incapacitated by illness. He was proclaimed Yang di-Pertuan Agong on 13 December 2016. In an unprecedented move, Muhammad V became the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong to step down from the throne, effective 6 January 2019 while his term should have ended on 12 December 2021.[1]

Early life and regency[edit]

Born Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra ibni Tengku Ismail Petra at Istana Batu, Kota Bharu, Kelantan. He was made the Tengku Mahkota (Crown Prince) of Kelantan on 30 March 1979 and formally installed at Balairong Sri, Istana Balai Besar, Kota Bharu, Kelantan on 6 October 1985.

He received his early education at SK Sultan Ismail, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, and thereafter at Alice Smith School, Kuala Lumpur. He left for the United Kingdom to study at Oakham School, Rutland, England. He then attended St Cross College, Oxford and the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies to study diplomatic studies, graduating in 1991.[2] He also studied at Huron University College, London, Ontario, Canada; Deutsche Stiftung für Internationale Entwicklung (DSE), Berlin, Germany; and the European Business School, London, United Kingdom.

Heir presumptive[edit]

In May 2009, his father, Sultan Ismail Petra, suffered a major stroke. Sultan Ismail Petra was admitted to Mount Elizabeth Hospital in Singapore and Tengku Faris was appointed Regent on 25 May in the Sultan's absence.[3] On 30 September 2009, Tengku Faris dismissed his younger brother, the Tengku Temenggong of Kelantan, Tengku Muhammad Fakhry Petra, from the Succession Council, which has the power to determine succession to the throne should the Sultan be permanently incapacitated.[3]

Tengku Fakhry filed an application at the High Court challenging his dismissal in December,[4] and issued a letter to the state secretary purportedly from the Sultan reversing all actions and decisions made by the Regent, Tengku Faris.[3] In January 2010, the High Court rejected Tengku Fakhry's application.[5]

Reign[edit]

Accession and coronation[edit]

On 13 September 2010,[6] Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra was proclaimed the 29th Sultan of Kelantan, in accordance with Article 29A of the State Constitution which states that a Sultan can no longer be king if he is not viable to rule for a period of more than a year.[7] He took the regnal name Muhammad V.[8] However, his father, Sultan Ismail Petra, had petitioned the Federal Court to declare his appointment unconstitutional.[9] Sultan Ismail Petra is still recovering from the stroke he suffered in 2009.[10]

Muhammad V attended the 222nd Meeting of the Conference of Rulers for the first time as a full member in October 2010. This marked the recognition of his accession as Sultan by other rulers.[11]

Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong[edit]

Sultan Muhammad V was elected Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong in October 2011. He served in that post from 13 December 2011 until his election as Yang di-Pertuan Agong on 13 December 2016.[12]

Yang di-Pertuan Agong[edit]

Sultan Muhammad V was elected by the Conference of Rulers on 14 October 2016 to become the next Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the head of state of Malaysia. His reign began on 13 December 2016, taking over from Abdul Halim, the Sultan of Kedah.[13] Sultan Muhammad V was installed as the fifteenth Yang Di Pertuan Agong of Malaysia on 24 April 2017 in a ceremony held at the Istana Negara, Jalan Duta, Kuala Lumpur. At 47, Sultan Muhammad V was the fourth youngest Yang di-Pertuan Agong to be elected, after Tuanku Syed Putra of Perlis, Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin of Terengganu and Tuanku Abdul Halim of Kedah.[14]

His eldest younger brother, Tengku Muhammad Faiz Petra, the Tengku Mahkota, serves as Regent of Kelantan throughout Muhammad V's tenure as Yang di-Pertuan Agong.[15]

As Yang di-Pertuan Agong, he held full responsibility as Commander-in-Chief of the Malaysian Armed Forces.[16] He also holds the full responsibility as the Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Artillery Regiment, Malaysian Army, and thus attends all its activities and ceremonial occasions.[17]

Muhammad V is also the chancellor of MARA University of Technology (UiTM) and National Defence University of Malaysia (UPNM) since 2017. He was made an Honorary Fellow of his former College, St Cross College, Oxford on 28 February 2018.[18]

Personal life[edit]

Muhammad V married Tengku Zubaidah binti Tengku Norudin bin Tengku Muda (née Kangsadal Pipitpakdee), member of the Pattani royal family on 15 November 2004.[19] They divorced in 2008.

As a divorcee, he was the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong in Malaysian history to reign without a Raja Permaisuri Agong consort.[20]

On 22 November 2018, while on leave from the country, Muhammad V reportedly married Oksana Voevodina in Barvikha, Russia. Voevodina was a former beauty pageant contestant who won the Miss Moscow title in 2015. While the purported wedding was widely reported and discussed on social media, as of January 2019, no official statement has been released to confirm or deny the matter.[21]

Titles, styles, honours and awards[edit]

Styles of
Muhammad V
Fail:Lambang peribadi Sultan Kelantan.png
Reference styleHis Royal Highness
Spoken styleYour Royal Highness
Alternative styleTuanku
  • 6 October 1969 – 30 March 1979: His Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra ibni Tengku Ismail Petra[22]
  • 30 March 1979 – 6 October 1985: His Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra ibni Sultan Ismail Petra[22]
  • 6 October 1985 – 25 May 2009: His Royal Highness (Yang Teramat Mulia) Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra ibni Sultan Ismail Petra, The Tengku Mahkota of Kelantan[22]
  • 25 May 2009 – 13 September 2010: His Royal Highness (Yang Maha Mulia) Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra ibni Sultan Ismail Petra, The Regent of Kelantan[22]
  • 13 September 2010 – 13 December 2016: His Royal Highness (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia) Sultan Muhammad V, Al-Sultan of Kelantan[22]
  • 13 December 2016 – 6 January 2019: His Majesty (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda) Sultan Muhammad V, The Yang di-Pertuan Agong XV[23]
  • 6 January 2019 – present: His Royal Highness (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia) Sultan Muhammad V, Al-Sultan of Kelantan

Sultan Muhammad V's full style and title is in Malay: Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sultan Muhammad V, D.K., D.K.M., D.M.N., D.K. (Selangor), D.K. (Negeri Sembilan), D.K. (Johor), D.K. (Perak), D.K. (Perlis), D.K. (Kedah), D.K. (Terengganu), S.P.M.K., S.J.M.K., S.P.K.K., S.P.S.K., S.P.J.K., Al-Sultan Kelantan[23]

in English: His Royal Highness Sultan Muhammad V, D.K., D.K.M., D.M.N., D.K. (Selangor), D.K. (Negeri Sembilan), D.K. (Johor), D.K. (Perak), D.K. (Perlis), D.K. (Kedah), D.K. (Terengganu), S.P.M.K., S.J.M.K., S.P.K.K., S.P.S.K., S.P.J.K., Al-Sultan of Kelantan[23]

Honours[edit]

He has been awarded:[22][24]

Kelantan[edit]

As Sultan of Kelantan (since 13 September 2010):

  • MY-KEL Royal Family Order - Star of Yunus - DK.svg Recipient (DK, 6 October 1986) and Grand Master of the Royal Family Order (Al-Yunusi Star)
  • MY-KEL Order of the Crown of Kelantan - Star of Muhammad.svg Knight Grand Commander (SPMK) and Grand Master (since 13 September 2010) of the Order of the Crown of Kelantan (Al-Muhammadi Star)
  • My-KEL Order of the Life of the Crown of Kelantan 2006.svg Knight Grand Commander (SJMK) and Grand Master (since 13 September 2010) of the Order of the Life of the Crown of Kelantan (Al-Ismaili Star)
  • My-KEL Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Kelantan.svg Knight Grand Commander (SPSK) and Grand Master (since 13 September 2010) of the Order of the Loyalty to the Crown of Kelantan (Al-Ibrahimi Star)
  • National Order of Scientific Merit - Commander (Brazil) - ribbon bar.png Knight Grand Commander (SPKK) and Grand Master (since 13 September 2010) of the Order of the Noble Crown of Kelantan (Al-Yahyawi Star)
  • MY-KEL Order of the Most Distinguished and Most Valiant Warrior - PYGP.svg Grand Master of the Order of the Most Distinguished and Most Valiant Warrior (PYGP, since 13 September 2010)
  • Most Loyal Order of Services to the Crown of Kelantan.gif Founding Knight Grand Commander (SPJK) and Grand Master (since 11 November 2016) of the Most Loyal Order of Services to the Crown of Kelantan (Al-Petrawi Star)

Malaysia and its other states[edit]

Foreign[edit]

  •  Bahrain:
    • Order of Sheikh Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifa.gif Member Special Class of the Order of Sheikh Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifa (1 May 2017)
  •  Brunei:
    • Sultan's Golden Jubilee Medal (2017).jpg Sultan of Brunei Golden Jubilee Medal (5 October 2017)
  •  France: Grand Cross of the Order of the Legion of Honour (27 March 2017)
  •  Qatar:
    • Order of Independence (Qatar) - ribbon bar.gif Collar of the Order of Independence (15 October 2017)
  •  Saudi Arabia:
    • Decoration without ribbon - en.svg Collar of Badr Chain (26 February 2017)

Academic[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Abdication of Muhammad V as King of Malaysia".
  2. ^ "Sultan Muhammad V, the people's ruler". Mysinchew.
  3. ^ a b c "Younger prince downplays talk of discord in Kelantan palace". The Star. 4 January 2010. Archived from the original on 20 January 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  4. ^ "Kelantan royal 'tussle': Prince to know Friday". The Star. 27 January 2010. Archived from the original on 5 April 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
  5. ^ "Tengku Fakhry loses case against Regent". The Star. 30 January 2010. Archived from the original on 30 March 2010. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
  6. ^ Soszynski, Henry. "KELANTAN". members.iinet.net.au. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Tuanku Muhammad Faris Petra is new Sultan of Kelantan". Sin Chew Daily. 13 September 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  8. ^ "Sultan Muhammad V Official Name of New Kelantan Sultan". Bernama. 22 September 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2010.
  9. ^ "Proclamation of Tuanku Muhammad Faris Petra As Sultan Unconstitutional, Says Former Sultan". Bernama. 20 September 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  10. ^ A. Letchumanan (21 September 2010). "Kelantan's Tuanku Ismail wants court to declare him rightful Sultan". The Star. Archived from the original on 23 September 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010.
  11. ^ "Conference of Rulers welcomes Sultan Muhammad V". New Straits Times. Bernama. 14 October 2010. Archived from the original on 10 May 2011. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
  12. ^ "Pejabat Penyimpan Mohor Besar Raja-Raja – Senarai Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong". www.majlisraja-raja.gov.my.
  13. ^ "Kelantan Sultan will be new King". The Star. 14 October 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  14. ^ "Youngest Ruler selected". The Star Online. 15 October 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  15. ^ "Tengku Dr Muhammad Faiz Petra appointed as Regent of Kelantan". 8 December 2016.
  16. ^ The Federal Constitution of Malaysia – Article 41
  17. ^ "Kelantan's Sultan Muhammad V begins his reign as Agong". Free Malaysia Today. 13 December 2016.
  18. ^ a b "St Cross College Welcomes His Majesty Sultan Muhammad V". ox.ac.uk. 27 February 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  19. ^ "Proposal came as a surprise". www.thestar.com.my. 23 October 2004. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  20. ^ Aina Nasa (16 October 2016). "Having a consort not compulsory to become Yang di-Pertuan Agong, says expert". New Straits Times. Retrieved 3 April 2017.
  21. ^ "Mahathir says can't confirm if Malaysian King has married, as widely reported on social media". The Straits Times. 30 November 2018. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g The Royal Ark, Kelantan genealogical details, p.8
  23. ^ a b c "Nama rasmi Yang di-Pertuan Agong".
  24. ^ List of decorations as of June 2012.
  25. ^ "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang, dan Pingat Persekutuan".
Muhammad V of Kelantan
Kelantan Royal Family
Born: 1969
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ismail Petra
Sultan of Kelantan
2010–present
Incumbent
Heir presumptive:
Tengku Muhammad Faiz Petra
Preceded by
Abdul Halim
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
2016–2019
Succeeded by
Abdullah