List of Saxon locomotives and railcars

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This list contains the locomotives and railbuses of the Royal Saxon State Railways (Königlich Saxon Staatseisenbahnen) and the locomotives of the Leipzig–Dresden Railway Company.

Leipzig-Dresden Railway[edit]

The Leipzig–Dresden Railway Company (Leipzig-Dresdner Eisenbahn or LDE) started up its operations between 1837 and 1839, successively opening its sections of line, and was therefore the first German long distance railway. It remained independent for nearly three decades and was only absorbed into the Royal Saxon State Railways on 1 June 1876.

The LDE locomotives were only classified by name.

LDE name State railway class
(to 1896)
State railway number(s)
(to 1892)
Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
COLUMBUS 1 1835 B n2 Built by Winans (USA), so-called "Crab class"; given in payment for the locomotive PEGASUS in 1842
COMET and FAUST 2 1835–1837 B n2 Built by Rothwell (GB), driving wheel diameter 1372 mm; COMET rebuilt in 1842 into B1 n2, retired by 1848
BLITZ and WINDSBRAUT 2 1836–1837 B n2 Built by Rothwell (GB), driving wheel diameter 1524 mm; rebuilt in 1842 into B1 n2, retired by 1848
RENNER to GREIF 5 1837–1839 1A1 n2 Built by Kirtley (GB), retired by 1869
PETER ROTHWELL to NORDLICHT 6 1838–1840 1A1 n2 Built by Rothwell (GB), retired by 1864
ROBERT STEPHENSON 1 1838 1A1 n2 Built by Stephenson (GB), retired 1858
EDWARD BURY to PFEIL 4 1838 B n2 Built by Bury (GB), retired by 1854
SAXONIA 1 1838 B1 n2 Built by Übigau; carrying axle removed in 1840/41 (B n2), 1844 mothballed
PEGASUS 1 1839 1A1 n2 Built by the Sächsische Maschinenfabrik Co., Chemnitz, bought in 1842 after lengthy trials; retired 1862
PHÖNIX 1 1840 1A1 n2 Built by Übigau, not bought after trials
BRÜSSEL 1 1842 1A1 n2 Built by Renard (B), retired 1860
DRESDEN to RIESA 3 1844–1846 1B n2 Built by Hawthorn (GB), retired by 1867
WURZEN and OSCHATZ 2 1847 1B n2 Built by Borsig, retired by 1868
ELBE to HAYN 5 1848–1849 1A1 n2 Built by Borsig, retired by 1868
RICHARD HARTMANN to ZWICKAU 3 1849 1A1 n2 Built by Hartmann, retired by 1868
COMET to SAALE B II
from 1886: B IIa
613–626 14 1852–1859 1B n2 Mixed traffic locomotives, built by Borsig
HAMBURG to BREMEN 4 1854 1A1 n2 Passenger train locomotives, built by Borsig; 1873–1876 in B1 n2t and B1n2 rebuilt
SAXONIA to ALTHEN H VIa, B VIa 544–571 28 1856–1868 1A1 n2 Express train locomotives, built by Hartmann and Borsig
BORSDORF to ZITTAU K III
from 1885: K II
584–603 20 1866–1868 1B n2 Mixed traffic locomotives, built by Esslingen
MOLDAU to MULDE K III
from 1885: K II
604–612 9 1874–1875 1B n2 Mixed traffic locomotives, built by Esslingen
MANNHEIM to DOLDENHORN K V, Sigl V, Hsch V 514-543 30 1868–1876 C n2 Goods train locomotives, built by Esslingen, Sigl and Henschel
Nos. 3 to 6 W VII T 628–631 4 1874 B n2t Shunting locomotives, built by Wöhlert
MEISSEN to WILHELM SEYFFERTH Hsch VI 572–583 12 1875–1876 1B n2 Express train locomotives, built by Henschel
GROSSENHAIN I and GROSSENHAIN II (de) St II T 635–636 (2) (1856) 1B n2t Taken over in 1869 with the GroßenhainPriestewitz branch; appeared in 1856 as a rebuild of the Bavarian E.
Nos. 7 to 9 B IIa T 632–634 (3) (1873–1875) B1 n2t Rebuilt from 1A1 locomotives by Borsig, built in 1854
BREMEN B II 627 (1) (1875) B1 n2t

Royal Saxon State Railways[edit]

Description of the Locomotives[edit]

Initially all locomotives were classified by name as was common practice. This was usual on all engines up to 1892. From 1893 to 1900 only passenger and express train locomotives still carried name plates. Thereafter name plates on all locomotives, apart from old shunting and branch line engines, were removed.

Specific groups of names were supposed to be allocated to the different classes (e.g. rivers, alpine peaks, American cities).

In addition to their names the locomotives were given 'list numbers' (Listennummern or Bahnnummern) that were also displayed on the engines from 1869 onwards. A new numbering scheme was introduced in 1892, which attempted to bring in some sort of orderly system. However it was not successful.

Because this system was confusing and impractical with the ever-rising quantity of locomotives, in 1869 a system of distinguishing between the individual classes was introduced in 1869. This system was based on an abbreviation of the manufacturer's name and a Roman numeral for each type of locomotive.

Only two years later this system was changed and the numbers were used to classify engines based on specific wheel arrangements, the manufacturer's abbreviations being retained. In addition the letters "a" (for alt = 'old') and "b" (for neu = 'new') were added.

Class Type
I 1B with Long Boiler from 1845
II 1B with Long Boiler from 1845
III 1B with Long Boiler from 1852
IIIa 1B with low firebox, built in 1853
IIIb 1B passenger train locomotives, built in 1871
IV 1'B locomotives for mountain routes (including tank engines), from 1856
Va and V C goods train locomotives from 1855
VI 1B fast stopping (Eilzug) locomotives from 1858
VIa 1A1 locomotives from 1848
VII B mixed traffic locomotives from 1868
VIII 2'B locomotives from 1857

Later on, there were further changes to the classification system. Letters were introduced to indicate locomotive classes as follows:

and as supplementary information (after the class number):

  • T for tank locomotives (from 1876)
  • K for 750-mm narrow gauge locomotives (sometimes also in front of the class number)
  • S for Sekundärbahn locomotives (from 1884)
  • O for omnibus train locomotives (from 1885)
  • C for compound (Verbund) locomotives (from 1887), replaced by...
  • for compound locomotives (from 1889)
  • M for metre gauge locomotives
  • for superheated locomotives.

In 1885 the supplementary letter "b" was given the meaning 'movable carrying axle'. The last major reorganisation of the classification system took place in 1896. The manufacturer's name was dropped. New classes of express train and goods train locomotives were given even class numbers and goods train, branch line and shunting locomotives were given odd numbers. Narrow gauge locomotives were given new class designations beginning with I. Locomotives of the same class however with different driving wheel diameters were given the additional number 1 (express train locomotives) and 2 (passenger train locomotives).

Steam locomotives[edit]

Early locomotives for all types of train[edit]

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
Saxonia to Tiger 1842–1843 1B n2 Only in service with the Saxon-Bavarian and Saxon-Bohemian Railways, not given a class number
I 1844–1852 1B n2 Various types, even rebuilt to tank locomotives, formerly classified as St I, St I (ex St II), St II (ex St III), St IIT, C I, B I, B II, H I (H IT), K I (K IT),
B IIaT 1854 1A1 n2
B1 n2
Rebuilt into B1 n2, one locomotive classified as B II
IIa 1851–1859 1B n2 Various types, even rebuilt to tank locomotives, formerly classified as H II (H IIT/H IIaT), H III, B IIa (B III, B II), B II (B IV, B III), W II (W I, W III)
IIIa 1853 1B n2 Formerly classified as: B IIIa (B V), W IIIa (W), H IIIa (H III)

Passenger and express train locomotives[edit]

Class
(from 1896)
Railway number(s)
(from 1892)
DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
VIa 8–10 3 1861–1862 1A1 n2 Originally Class H VI, from 1868: H VIa
1–7,
11–16
28 1856–1868 1A1 n2 Originally classes H VI a and B VIa; taken over in 1876 along with the LDE
VI 17–51 41 1860–1870 1B n2 Originally classes H VI and B VI
54–59 6 1874 1B n2 Originally Class Hsch VI;
taken over in 1876 with the Saxon section of the former Berlin-Dresden Railway
60–71 12 1875–1876 1B n2 Originally Class Hsch VI; taken over in 1876 with the LDE
VIb 52–53 (2) (1885) 1′B n2 Rebuilt from Class H VI with Nowotny bogie, new class H VIb
VIII 1,
to 1900: VIIIb
93–100,
from 1914: 99–100
8 1870 2′B n2 Originally Class K II, from 1871: K VIII, from 1885: K VIIIb
III 201–273 34 7611 87 1871–1873 1B n2 Originally classes H IIIb and K IIIb, from 1885: H III and K III;
14 units rebuilt in 1885 into 1'B n2 as Class K IIIb
IIIb 274–287 52 7001 (14) (1885) 1′B n2 Rebuilt from Class K III with Nowotny bogie, new Class K IIIb
288–491 34 7701–7702,
34 7721–7807
204 1873–1901 1′B n2 Originally Schw IIIb, H IIIb and Hsch IIIb;
Nos. 310–319 taken over in 1876 with the Muldenthal Railway;
Nos. 335–337 taken over in 1876 with the Zwickau-Falkenstein Railway;
Nos. 338–345 taken over in 1876 with the Chemnitz-Komotau Railway;
No. 485 taken over in 1896 with the Altenburg-Zeitz Railway;
Nos. 486–491 taken over with the Zittau-Reichenberg Railway
VIb V 161–174 34 8011 14 1886–1890 1′B n2v Originally Class H VIb, from 1887: H VIb C, from 1889: H VIb V
IIIb V 501–518 34 7901–7902 18 1889–1892 1′B n2v Originally Class H IIIb V
VIII 2 (de),
to 1900: VIIIb 2
101–120 13 7001–7012 20 1891–1894 2′B n2 Originally Class H VIIIb
VIII V1 (de),
to 1900: VIIIb V1
121–140 13 7101–7112 20 1896–1897 2′B n2v
141–152 13 1501–1511 12 1900
VIII V2,
to 1900: VIIIb V2
519–636 36 901–919,
36 921–948,
36 951–1014
118 1896–1902 2′B n2v
X V 175–176,
from 1902: 181–195
14 201–215 15 1900–1903 2′B1′ n4v
XII H (de) 1–6 17 601–606 6 1906 2′C h4
XII HV (de) 7–14,
22–55
17 701–755 42 1908–1914 2′C h4v
XII H1 (de) 15–21 17 801–804 7 1909 2′C h2
X H1 (de) 81–98 14 301–317 18 1909–1913 2′B1 h2
XII H2 651–697,
from 1918: 3651–3809
38 201–324 159 1910–1922 2′C h2
38 325–334 10 1927 Copy, delivered with DRG numbers
XVIII H 196–205 18 001–010 10 1917–1918 2′C1′ h3
XX HV 66–80,
206–213
19 001–023 23 1918–1923 1′D1′ h4v

Mixed traffic locomotives[edit]

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
II (de) 98 7311–7312 1854–1875 1B n2 Various types, formerly classified as: H II (H III), K II (K III), B II (B III), Schi II (Schi III)
IIb (de) 1858–1872 1′B n2 Formerly classified as: H IV, H IVb, IVb
VII (de) 98 7111–7113 1868–1876 B n2 Formerly classified as: H VII, Schw VII (Schw I)

Goods train locomotives[edit]

Class
(from 1896)
Railway number(s)
(from 1892)
DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
V a 797–800 4 1855–1863 C n2 Originally H Vb, from 1871: H Va;
Taken over in 1868 with the Albert Railway
V 801–920,
937–971,
980–984,
from 1900: 2801…2984
53 8201–8211 178 1859–1887 C n2 Originally classes H V, Schw V and Hsch V;
6 units sold in 1868 to the Berlin-Görlitz Railway;
12 units returned in 1877 to Hartmann for sale to the Russian Army;
Nos. 880–884 taken over in 1882 with the Saxon-Thuringian East-West Railway;
Nos. 861–865 taken over in 1888 with the Saxon section of the former Berlin-Dresden Railway
921–936,
972–979,
985–990,
from 1900: 2921…2990
30 1868–1876 C n2 Originally classes K V, Sigl V and Hsch V;
Taken over in 1876 with the LDE
991,
from 1900: 2991
1 1886 C n2 Originally Class U V;
same as Prussian G 3; taken over in 1888 with the Saxon section of the former Berlin-Dresden Railway
V V 1001–1064 53 601–729 164 1885–1901 C n2v Originally Class H V C, from 1889: H V V and Sigl V V
1000 53 751 1 1920 C n2v Follow-on order using a spare boiler from a Turkish order
I V (de) 1251–1280 55 6001–6013 30 1898–1903 B′B n4v Articulated Mallet locomotive
IX V 751–770 56 501–516 20 1902–1906 1′D n2v
1281–1282 2 1919 1′D n2v kkStB 170, taken over from an order by the kkStB; Sold in 1922 to BBÖ
IX HV (de) 771–800 56 601–625 30 1907–1908 1′D h2v
XI H (de) 701–708 57 101–105 8 1905 E h2 With Gölsdorf running gear (drive on fourth coupled axle)
XI HV (de) 709–710 57 201–202 2 1905 E h2v With Gölsdorf running gear (drive on fourth coupled axle)
869–897 57 203–218 29 1915–1918
XI V (de) 711–712 57 021–022 2 1905 E n2v With Gölsdorf running gear (drive on fourth coupled axle)
713–750,
801–868
57 001–014,
57 023–080
106 1909–1915
XIII H 1165–1184 58 101–114 20 1917 1′E h3 Modified copy of the Prussian G 121
1185–1226 58 401–442 42 1919–1921 1′E h3 Same as Prussian G 12
58 443–462 20 1924 Copy, delivered with DRG numbers

Tank locomotives[edit]

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
IIb T 10 1856–1862 1′B n2t Originally classified as H IV, H IV T, H IVb T and IVb T
I T (de) 6 1857–1865 1B n2t Originally classified as H I and H I T
H VIIIb T (de) 5 1857–1866 2′B n2t Originally classified as H VIII and H VIII T
V T (de) 1541–1691 89 201–295,
89 8201–8221,
89 8251–8267
154 1872–1920 C n2t Originally classified as H T bzw. H V T, several designs
VII T 1401–1412,
1417–1459
98 7031,
98 7041,
98 7051–7079,
98 7091
57 1873–1894 B n2t Originally classified as Crlsr VII T, Sch VII/Sch VII T,W VII T, E VII T and H VII T
IIIb T (de) 1301–1342 98 7211–7212,
98 7221–7227
42 1874–1892 B1′ n2t Originally classified as Schw IIIbT/H III T and H IIIb T
VII TS (de) 1501–1515 98 7011 15 1880–1890 B n2t Originally classified H VII T and H VII TS, reclassified as VII TSV after rebuild into compound locomotive
XVI T (de) B+B n4t Rebuilt double locomotive from VII TS
VII TOV (de) 1413–1416 4 1885–1887 B n2vt Originally classified as H VII TO and H VII TOV (compound locomotives)
XVI TV (de) B+B n4vt Rebuilt double locomotive from VII TOV
M I TV (de) 1399, 1400 2 1890 B′B′ n4vt Originally classified as H M I TV
I TV (de) 1381–1398 98 001–015 19 1910–1914 B′B′ n4vt
IV T (de) 1701–1791 71 301–385 91 1897–1909 1′B1′ n2t Originally classified as VIIIbbT
XI HT 2001–2154 94 1901–1908,
94 2001–2139,
94 2051, 2052
163 1908–1923 E h2t
XIV HT 1801–1906 75 501–588 106 1911–1921 1′C1′ h2t
XV HTV 1351, 1352 79 001–002 2 1916 CC h4vt

Narrow gauge locomotives[edit]

Metre gauge[edit]
Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
I M (de) 251–253 99 161–163 3 1902 B′B′ n4vt
750 mm gauge[edit]
Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
Hg VII TK (de) 1873 B n2t
I K (de) 99 7501–7527 45 1881–1892 C n2t Originally classified as H V TK
II K (de) (old) 2 1885 B′B′ n4t Originally classified as F T K
II K (de) (new) 2 1913 C+C n4t Double locomotive from two IKs
III K (de) 99 7541–7546 6 1889–1891 C1′ n2t Originally classified as Kr Kl T K and H Kl T K
IV K 103-198 99 511–608 96 1892–1921 B′B′ n4vt Also classified as H M T K V[1]
V K 201-209 99 611–619 9 1901–1907 D n2vt
VI K (de) 210-224 99 641–655 15 1918–1927 E h2t [2]

Fireless locomotive[edit]

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
I F (de) 1917 B Fireless locomotive

Railbuses and electric locomotives[edit]

Class Railway number(s) DRG number(s) Quantity Year(s) of manufacture Type Remarks
Hz 0 (de) 3 1883 A2 Steam railcar, Thomas type
S 1 (de) 1 1903 A1 Steam railcar, Serpollet type
E 1 (de) 1 1904 Bo+Bo Battery-electric railcar
I ME (de) E 191 01–02 2 1914 B′B′ Metre gauge electric locomotive
I MET (de) ET 197 21–22 2 1916 Bo Metre gauge electric railcar
Dai 1 (de) 1 1904 A1 Diesel railcar
DET 1–2 (de) 2 1914 3′B′ Diesel railcar
9015 (de) 1 A1 Railbus

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Entwicklung von der I K bis zur IV K". Sächsische Schmalspurfahrzeuge der 750mm-Spur (in German). July 31, 2007. 
  2. ^ "Von der Heeresfeldbahnlok zur Gattung VI K der K.Sächs.Sts.E.B.". Sächsische Schmalspurfahrzeuge der 750mm-Spur (in German). July 31, 2007. 
  • Valtin, Wolfgang (1992). Deutsches Lok-Archiv: Verzeichnis aller Lokomotiven und Triebwagen Band 1 - Nummerierungssysteme (in German). Berlin: transpress. ISBN 3-344-70739-6. 
  • Valtin, Wolfgang (1992). Deutsches Lok-Archiv: Verzeichnis aller Lokomotiven und Triebwagen Band 2 - Dampflokomotiven und Dampftriebwagen (in German). Berlin: transpress. ISBN 3-344-70740-X. 
  • Valtin, Wolfgang (1992). Deutsches Lok-Archiv: Verzeichnis aller Lokomotiven und Triebwagen Band 3 - Elektro- und Dieselloks, Triebwagen (in German). Berlin: transpress. ISBN 3-344-70741-8.