List of ant genera

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The following is a list of worldwide ant genera.


Contents:

See also        Notes        References       

Key[edit]

Genus name The scientific name of the genus. Extinct taxa are indicated by a .
Binomial authority The binomial authority—the person who first described the species using an available scientific name.
Classified The year the genus was formally described and classified.
No. of species The number of species, both extant and extinct, that are members of the genus.
Type species The type species that was designated by the original author, unless noted otherwise. Extinct taxa are indicated by a †.
Example image An image (if available) of a species who is a member of the genus.
References Most citations provided are the first publications that describe the genus; additional citations are added if the original source does not contain all provided information.

Subfamilies[edit]

Agroecomyrmecinae[edit]

The subfamily Agroecomyrmecinae represents two extant genera and two fossil genera, once widespread in both hemispheres during the early Tertiary.[1][2] The subfamily was originally classified as Agroecomyrmecini, a Myrmicinae tribe until English myrmecologist Barry Bolton raised the tribe to subfamily status in 2003.[3][4] Most specimens collected are from Central America and Mexico, although one type specimen of an Agroecomyrmecinae species was collected from Ghana.[5]

Subfamily Agroecomyrmecinae Carpenter, 1930 – four genera, five species[1]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Agroecomyrmex Wheeler 1910 1 Myrmica duisburgi Agroecomyrmex duisburgi BMNHP18831 01.jpg
Agroecomyrmex duisburgi
[6][7]
Ankylomyrma Bolton 1973 1 Ankylomyrma coronacantha Ankylomyrma coronacantha casent0005904 profile 1.jpg
Ankylomyrma coronacantha
[8]
Eulithomyrmex Carpenter 1935 2 Lithomyrmex rugosus Eulithomyrmex rugosus UCM17019 whole.jpg
Eulithomyrmex rugosus
[9]
Tatuidris Brown & Kempf 1968 1 Tatuidris tatusia Tatuidris tatusia psw7891-9 profile 1.jpg
Tatuidris tatusia
[2]

Amblyoponinae[edit]

The subfamily Amblyoponinae represents nine extant genera and one fossil genus. Established by Swiss myrmecologist Auguste Forel in 1893, these ants are specialist predators, distributed worldwide in the tropics.[10][11][12]

Subfamily Amblyoponinae Forel, 1893 – 10 genera, 146 species[13]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Adetomyrma Ward 1994 9 Adetomyrma venatrix Adetomyrma venatrix casent0172771 profile 1.jpg
Adetomyrma venatrix
[14]
Amblyopone Erichson 1842 10 Amblyopone australis Amblyopone australis casent0104575 profile 1.jpg
Amblyopone australis
[15]
Casaleia Pagliano & Scaramozzino 1990 4 Protamblyopone inversa Casaleia eocenica SMFMEI5565.jpg
Casaleia eocenica
[16]
Fulakora Mann 1919 25 Stigmatomma celata Amblyopone celata casent0172191 profile 1.jpg
Fulakora celata
[17][18]
Myopopone Roger 1861 2 Myopopone maculata Myopopone castanea casent0104581 profile 1.jpg
Myopopone castanea
[19][20]
Mystrium Roger 1862 14 Mystrium mysticum Mystrium mysticum casent0076622 profile 1.jpg
Mystrium mysticum
[21]
Onychomyrmex Emery 1895 4 Onychomyrmex hedleyi Onychomyrmex hedleyi casent0003164 profile 1.jpg
Onychomyrmex hedleyi
[22]
Prionopelta Mayr 1866 22 Prionopelta punctulata Prionopelta punctulata casent0102586 profile 1.jpg
Prionopelta punctulata
[23]
Stigmatomma Roger 1859 54 Stigmatomma denticulatum Amblyopone denticulata casent0010667 profile 1.jpg
Stigmatomma denticulatum
[24]
Xymmer Santschi 1914 1 Stigmatomma muticum Casent0217322 p 1 high.jpg
Xymmer muticus
[25]

Aneuretinae[edit]

The subfamily Aneuretinae represents one extant genus and eight fossil genera established by Italian entomologist Carlo Emery in 1913. Only a single species of this subfamily is extant, the Sri Lankan relict ant (Aneuretus simoni), endemic to Sri Lanka.[26]

Subfamily Aneuretinae Emery, 1913 – nine genera, 12 species[27]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Aneuretellus Dlussky 1988 1 Aneuretellus deformis N/A [28]
Aneuretus Emery 1893 1 Aneuretus simoni Aneuretus simoni casent0007014 profile 1.jpg
Aneuretus simoni
[29]
Britaneuretus Dlussky & Perfilieva 2014 1 Britaneuretus anglicus N/A [30]
Burmomyrma Dlussky 1996 1 Burmomyrma rossi Burmomyrma rossi BMNHP19125 01.jpg
Burmomyrma rossi
[31]
Cananeuretus Engel & Grimaldi 2005 1 Cananeuretus occidentalis N/A [32]
Mianeuretus Carpenter 1930 2 Mianeuretus mirabilis Carpenter 1930-75 Mianeuretus mirabilis.jpg
Mianeuretus mirabilis
[3]
Paraneuretus Wheeler 1915 3 Paraneuretus tornquisti Paraneuretus tornquisti GZG-BST04675 profile.jpg
Paraneuretus tornquisti
[7]
Pityomyrmex Wheeler 1915 1 Pityomyrmex tornquisti Pityomyrmex tornquisti Wheeler 1915.jpg
Pityomyrmex tornquisti
[7]
Protaneuretus Wheeler 1915 1 Protaneuretus succineus Protaneuretus succineus Wheeler 1915.jpg
Protaneuretus succineus
[7]

Apomyrminae[edit]

The subfamily Apomyrminae contains the single genus Apomyrma which only has one species, the rare subterranean ant Apomyrma stygia from West Africa. Several undescribed species are known to exist, all from the Afrotropics.[33]

Subfamily Apomyrminae Dlussky & Fedoseeva, 1988 – one genus, one species[34]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Apomyrma Brown, Gotwald & Levieux 1970 1 Apomyrma stygia Apomyrma stygia casent0000077 profile 1.jpg
Apomyrma stygia
[35]

Armaniinae[edit]

The subfamily Armaniinae (or family Armaniidae) contains seven extinct genera from a series of Cretaceous fossils found in Asia and Africa.[36] These ants are treated as a group of "ant-like wasps",[32] and they appear to lack a metapleural gland which would exclude them from the family Formicidae. However, the lack of a metapleural gland could be due to poorer preservation.[37]

Subfamily Armaniinae Dlussky, 1983 – seven genera, 14 species
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Archaeopone Dlussky 1975 2 Archaeopone kzylzharica N/A [38]
Armania Dlussky 1983 4 Armania robusta N/A [39]
Dolichomyrma Dlussky 1975 2 Dolichomyrma longiceps N/A [38]
Khetania Dlussky 1999 1 Khetania mandibulata N/A [40]
Orapia Dlussky, Brothers & Rasnitsyn 2004 2 Orapia rayneri Orapia rayneri.svg
Orapia rayneri
[41]
Poneropterus Dlussky 1983 1 Poneropterus sphecoides N/A [39]
Pseudarmania Dlussky 1983 2 Pseudarmania rasnitsyni N/A [39]

Brownimeciinae[edit]

The subfamily Brownimeciinae contains the single genus Brownimecia which only has one species, Brownimecia clavata. It was described in 1997 after a fossilised specimen was collected from Cretaceous amber from New Jersey, and was initially placed in the subfamily Ponerinae.[36] The species was later classified into its own subfamily in 2003 by Barry Bolton.[4]

Subfamily †Brownimeciinae Bolton, 2003 – one genus, one species[42]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Brownimecia Grimaldi, Agosti & Carpenter 1997 1 Brownimecia clavata Brownimecia clavata AMNH-NJ667 holotype 01.jpg
Brownimecia clavata
[36]

Dolichoderinae[edit]

The subfamily Dolichoderinae was established by Forel in 1878, which represents 28 extant genera and 20 fossil genera. The subfamily presents a great diversity of species throughout the world, mainly in the tropics. Most species are generalised scavengers, but some are predacious.[43][44]

Subfamily Dolichoderinae Forel, 1878 – 48 genera, 843 species[45]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Alloiomma Zhang 1989 2 Alloiomma changweiensis N/A [46]
Anillidris Santschi 1936 1 Anillidris bruchi Anillidris bruchi casent0173341 profile 2.jpg
Anillidris bruchi
[47]
Anonychomyrma Donisthorpe 1947 26 Anonychomyrma myrmex Anonychomyrma gilberti casent0069883 profile 1.jpg
Anonychomyrma gilberti
[48]
Aptinoma Fisher 2009 2 Aptinoma mangabe Aptinoma mangabe casent0106175 profile 1.jpg
Aptinoma mangabe
[49]
Arnoldius Dubovikoff 2005 3 Bothriomyrmex flavus Arnoldius flavus casent0178491 profile 1.jpg
Arnoldius flavus
[50]
Asymphylomyrmex Wheeler 1915 1 Asymphylomyrmex balticus Asymphylomyrmex balticus GZG-BST05034 02.jpg
Asymphylomyrmex balticus
[7]
Axinidris Weber 1941 21 Axinidris acholli Casent0217121 p 1 high.jpg
Axinidris acholli
[51]
Azteca Forel 1878 86 Liometopum xanthochroum Casent0610377 p 1 high.jpg
Azteca xanthochroum
[52]
Bothriomyrmex Emery 1869 24 Bothriomyrmex costae Bothriomyrmex paradoxus jtlc000003512 profile 1.jpg
Bothriomyrmex costae
[53]
Chronomyrmex McKellar, Glasier & Engel 2013 1 Chronomyrmex medicinehatensis Uasm336801 p 1 high.jpg
Chronomyrmex medicinehatensis
[54]
Chronoxenus Santschi 1919 6 Bothriomyrmex myops Casent0903027 p 1 high.jpg
Chronoxenus myops
[55]
Ctenobethylus Brues 1939 1 Ctenobethylus succinalis Hjf009 p 1 high.jpg
Ctenobethylus goepperti
[56]
Doleromyrma Forel 1907 2 Tapinoma darwinianum Doleromyrma darwiniana casent0009949 profile 1.jpg
Doleromyrma darwiniana
[57]
Dolichoderus Lund 1831 181 Formica attelaboides Dolichoderus attelaboides casent0106108 profile 1.jpg
Dolichoderus attelaboides
[58]
Dorymyrmex Mayr 1866 60 Dorymyrmex flavescens Casent0905111 p 1 high.jpg
Dorymyrmex flavescens
[23]
Ecphorella Forel 1909 1 Tapinoma wellmani Ecphorella wellmani casent0102456 profile 1.jpg
Ecphorella wellmani
[59]
Elaeomyrmex Carpenter 1930 2 Elaeomyrmex gracilis Carpenter 1930-75 Elaeomyrmex-gracilisF.jpg
Elaeomyrmex gracilis
[3]
Elaphrodites Zhang 1989 2 Elaphrodites scutulatus N/A [46]
Eldermyrmex Heterick & Shattuck 2011 1 Iridomyrmex oblongiceps Gzg-bst05036 p 1 high.jpg
Eldermyrmex oblongiceps
[60]
Emplastus Donisthorpe 1920 12 Emplastus emeryi Emplastus britannicus BMNHP20546 whole.jpg
Emplastus britannicus
[61]
Eotapinoma Dlussky 1988 3 Eotapinoma gracilis N/A [28]
Eurymyrmex Zhang, Sun & Zhang 1994 1 Eurymyrmex geologicus N/A [62]
Forelius Emery 1888 18 Iridomyrmex mccooki Forelius mccooki casent0005322 profile 1.jpg
Forelius mccooki
[63]
Froggattella Forel 1902 2 Acantholepis kirbii Froggattella kirbii casent0009944 profile 1.jpg
Froggattella kirbii
[64]
Gracilidris Wild & Cuezzo 2006 2 Gracilidris pombero Gracilidris pombero casent0010797 profile 1.jpg
Gracilidris pombero
[65]
Iridomyrmex Mayr 1862 84 Formica detecta Iridomyrmex purpureus casent0006108 profile 1.jpg
Iridomyrmex purpureus
[20][66]
Kotshkorkia Dlussky 1981 1 Kotshkorkia laticeps N/A [67]
Ktunaxia Lapolla & Greenwalt 2015 1 Ktunaxia jucunda Ktunaxia jucunda specimen.png
Ktunaxia jucunda
[68]
Leptomyrmex Mayr 1862 29 Formica erythrocephala Leptomyrmex erythrocephalus casent0011746 profile 1.jpg
Leptomyrmex erythrocephalus
[66]
Leptomyrmula Emery 1913 1 Leptomyrmula maravignae Leptomyrmula maravignae holotype male.jpg
Leptomyrmula maravignae
[69]
Linepithema Mayr 1866 20 Linepithema fuscum Linepithema fuscum casent0106976 profile 1.jpg
Linepithema fuscum
[23]
Liometopum Mayr 1861 28 Liometopum microcephalum Casent0249747 p 1 high.jpg
Liometopum microcephalum
[70]
Loweriella Shattuck 1992 1 Loweriella boltoni Loweriella boltoni casent0178492 profile 1.jpg
Loweriella boltoni
[71]
Miomyrmex Carpenter 1930 2 Miomyrmex impactus Bmnhp26831 d 1 high.jpg
Miomyrmex impactus
[3]
Nebothriomyrmex Dubovikov 2004 1 Nebothriomyrmex majeri Nebothriomyrmex majeri casent0009951 profile 1.jpg
Nebothriomyrmex majeri
[72]
Ochetellus Shattuck 1992 7 Ochetellus glaber Ochetellus glaber casent0172342 profile 1.jpg
Ochetellus glaber
[73]
Papyrius Shattuck 1992 2 Papyrius nitidus Papyrius nitidus casent0070200 profile 1.jpg
Papyrius nitidus
[73]
Petraeomyrmex Carpenter 1930 1 Petraeomyrmex minimus Carpenter 1930-75 Petraeomyrmex minimus.jpg
Petraeomyrmex minimus
[3]
Philidris Shattuck 1992 9 Philidris cordata Casent0106011 p 1 high.jpg
Philidris cordata
[73]
Proiridomyrmex Dlussky & Rasnitsyn 2003 2 Proiridomyrmex vetulus Proiridomyrmex rotundatus specimen.png
Proiridomyrmex rotundatus
[68]
Protazteca Carpenter 1930 5 Protazteca elongata Bmnhp27347 p 1 high.jpg
Protazteca elongata
[3]
Ravavy Fisher 2009 1 Ravavy miafina Ravavy miafina casent0115570 profile 1.jpg
Ravavy miafina
[49]
Tapinoma Förster 1850 74 Tapinoma erraticum Tapinoma erraticum casent0173199 profile 1.jpg
Tapinoma erraticum
[74]
Technomyrmex Mayr 1872 97 Technomyrmex strenuus Casent0905788 p 1 high.jpg
Technomyrmex strenuus
[75]
Turneria Forel 1895 8 Turneria bidentata Turneria bidentata casent0069974 profile 1.jpg
Turneria bidentata
[76]
Usomyrma Dlussky et al. 2014 1 Usomyrma mirabilis Usomyrma mirabilis.svg
Usomyrma mirabilis
[77]
Yantaromyrmex Dlussky & Dubovikoff 2013 5 Yantaromyrmex geinitzi Yantaromyrmex geinitzi MBI2290 02.jpg
Yantaromyrmex geinitzi
[78]
Zherichinius Dlussky 1988 2 Zherichinius horribilis PIN3387-37 Zherichinius horribilis.jpg
Zherichinius horribilis
[28]

Dorylinae[edit]

The subfamily Dorylinae was established by Leach in 1815, which represents 27 extant genera and one fossil genus. Many species of ant in this subfamily are known as army ants that are distributed in the Old World and New World.[79][80]

Subfamily Dorylinae Leach, 1815 – 28 genera, 693 species[80][81]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Acanthostichus Mayr 1887 24 Acanthostichus serratulus Casent0903667 p 1 high.jpg
Acanthostichus serratulus
[82]
Aenictogiton Emery 1901 7 Aenictogiton fossiceps Casent0100738 p 1 high.jpg
Aenictogiton fossiceps
[83]
Aenictus Shuckard 1840 184 Aenictus ambiguus Casent0901981 p 1 high.jpg
Aenictus ambiguus
[84]
Cerapachys Smith 1857 5 Cerapachys antennatus Casent0901347 p 1 high.jpg
Cerapachys antennatus
[20][85]
Cheliomyrmex Mayr 1870 4 Cheliomyrmex morosus Cheliomyrmex morosus casent0003202 profile 1.jpg
Cheliomyrmex morosus
[86]
Chrysapace Crawley 1924 3[a] Chrysapace jacobsonii Chrysapace jacobsoni casent0907052.jpg
Chrysapace jacobsonii
[87]
Cylindromyrmex Mayr 1870 13 Cylindromyrmex striatus Cylindromyrmex striatus casent0106074 profile 1.jpg
Cylindromyrmex striatus
[86]
Dorylus Fabricius 1793 60 Dorylus helvolus Dorylus helvolus casent0106079 profile 1.jpg
Dorylus helvolus
[88]
Eburopone Borowiec 2016 1 Cerapachys wroughtoni Eburopone wroughtoni casent0235434.jpg
Eburopone wroughtoni
[80]
Eciton Latreille 1804 12 Eciton hamatum Casent0612205 p 1 high.jpg
Eciton hamatum
[89][90]
Eusphinctus Emery 1893 2 Eusphinctus furcatus Sphinctomyrmex furcatus casent0173056 profile 1.jpg
Eusphinctus furcatus
[29]
Labidus Jurine 1807 7 Labidus coecus Labidus coecus casent0104069 profile 1.jpg
Labidus coecus
[91]
Leptanilloides Mann 1923 19 Leptanilloides biconstricta Leptanilloides biconstricta casent0104676 profile 2.jpg
Leptanilloides biconstricta
[92]
Lioponera Mayr 1879 73 Lioponera longitarsus Lioponera longitarsus casent0217388.jpg
Lioponera longitarsus
[93]
Lividopone Bolton & Fisher 2016 1 Cerapachys lividus Lividopone livida (CASENT0731209).png
Lividopone livida
[94]
Neivamyrmex Borgmeier 1940 128 Neivamyrmex nigrescens Neivamyrmex nigrescens casent0005332 profile 1.jpg
Neivamyrmex nigrescens
[95]
Neocerapachys Borowiec 2016 2 Cerapachys neotropicus ACMENT142669 Neocerapachys neotropicus.jpg
Neocerapachys neotropicus
[80]
Nomamyrmex Borgmeier 1936 2 Nomamyrmex esenbeckii Nomamyrmex esenbeckii casent0010791 profile 1.jpg
Nomamyrmex esenbeckii
[96]
Ooceraea Roger 1862 11 Ooceraea fragosa Cerapachys fragosus casent0106215 profile 1.jpg
Ooceraea fragosa
[21]
Parasyscia Emery, in André 1882 50 Parasyscia piochardi Parasyscia piochardi casent0281973.jpg
Parasyscia piochardi
[97]
Procerapachys Wheeler 1915 3 Procerapachys annosus Smfbe805 p 1 high.jpg
Procerapachys annosus
[7]
Simopone Forel 1891 39 Simopone grandidieri Simopone grandidieri casent0101842 profile 1.jpg
Simopone grandidieri
[98]
Sphinctomyrmex Mayr 1866 3 Sphinctomyrmex stali Sphinctomyrmex stali casent0173063 profile 1.jpg
Sphinctomyrmex stali
[99]
Syscia Roger 1861 5 Syscia typhla Cerapachys typhlus casent0106214 profile 1.jpg
Syscia typhla
[19]
Tanipone Bolton & Fisher 2012 10 Tanipone hirsuta Casent0000842 p 1 high.jpg
Tanipone hirsuta
[100]
Vicinopone Bolton & Fisher 2012 1 Vicinopone conciliatrix Simopone conciliatrix casent0172320 profile 1.jpg
Vicinopone conciliatrix
[100]
Yunodorylus Xu 2000 4 Yunodorylus sexspinus Cerapachys sexspinus casent0104984 profile 1.jpg
Yunodorylus sexspinus
[101]
Zasphinctus Wheeler 1918 20 Sphinctomyrmex turneri Zasphinctus turneri casent0902768.jpg
Zasphinctus turneri
[102]

Ectatomminae[edit]

The subfamily Ectatomminae represents four extant genera and three fossil genera, established in 1895 by Carlo Emery. They are distributed in tropical and warm climates in the New World and Old World, as well as the Indo-Australian regions.[44]

Subfamily Ectatomminae Emery, 1895 – seven genera, 278 species[103]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Canapone Dlussky 1999 1 Canapone dentata N/A [104]
Ectatomma Smith 1858 16 Ectatomma tuberculatum Ectatomma tuberculatum casent0173380 profile 1.jpg
Ectatomma tuberculatum
[20][105]
Electroponera Wheeler 1915 1 Electroponera dubia Electroponera dubia Wheeler 1915.jpg
Electroponera dubia
[7]
Gnamptogenys Roger 1863 143 Gnamptogenys sulcata Gnamptogenys sulcata casent0173387 profile 1.jpg
Gnamptogenys sulcata
[106][107]
Pseudectatomma Dlussky & Wedman 2012 2 Pseudectatomma eocenica Pseudectatomma eocenica SMFMEI400.jpg
Pseudectatomma eocenica
[11]
Rhytidoponera Mayr 1862 108 Rhytidoponera araneoides Rhytidoponera metallica casent0172345 profile 1.jpg
Rhytidoponera araneoides
[66][107]
Typhlomyrmex Mayr 1862 7 Scyphodon anomalum Typhlomyrmex rogenhoferi casent0004700 profile 1.jpg
Scyphodon anomalum
[66]

Formiciinae[edit]

The subfamily Formiciinae represents one extinct genus of ants dating back to the Eocene.[b] Ants of the genus Titanomyrma are the largest ants ever known, with queen specimens the size of small hummingbirds. Fossils have been collected from the state of Wyoming and in Germany.[109][110]

Subfamily †Formiciinae Lutz, 1986 – one, six species[111]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Formicium[b] Westwood 1854 3 None[c] N/A [112]
Titanomyrma Archibald, Johnson, Mathewes & Greenwood 2011 3 Titanomyrma gigantea Titanomyrma gigantea 01.jpg
Titanomyrma gigantea
[109]

Formicinae[edit]

The subfamily Formicinae represents 51 extant genera and 30 fossil genera that are globally distributed. Established by French zoologist Pierre André Latreille in 1809, the subfamily has more than 3,000 described species, placing it as the second largest ant subfamily. Despite this, the hyperdiverse genus Camponotus is the most diverse group of ants in the world, with more than 1,100 species described.[44][113]

Subfamily Formicinae Latreille, 1809 – 82 genera, 3,243 species[114]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Acropyga Roger 1862 41 Acropyga acutiventris Acropyga acutiventris.jpg
Acropyga acutiventris
[21]
Agraulomyrmex Prins 1983 2 Agraulomyrmex meridionalis Agraulomyrmex meridionalis casent0178494 profile 1.jpg
Agraulomyrmex meridionalis
[115]
Alloformica Dlussky 1969 4 Alloformica aberrans Alloformica aberrans casent0172238 profile 1.jpg
Alloformica aberrans
[116]
Anoplolepis Santschi 1914 9 Anoplolepis gracilipes Anoplolepis gracilipes casent0064816 profile 1.jpg
Anoplolepis gracilipes
[117]
Aphomomyrmex Emery 1899 1 Aphomomyrmex afer Aphomomyrmex afer casent0101882 profile 1.jpg
Aphomomyrmex afer
[118]
Attopsis Heer 1850 1 Attopsis longipennis Attopsis longipennis UMJ210962 queen.jpg
Attopsis longipennis
[119]
Bajcaridris Agosti 1994 3 Bajcaridris theryi Bajcaridris theryi casent0101950 profile 1.jpg
Bajcaridris theryi
[120]
Brachymyrmex Mayr 1868 44 Brachymyrmex patagonicus Brachymyrmex patagonicus casent0173480 profile 1.jpg
Brachymyrmex patagonicus
[121]
Bregmatomyrma Wheeler 1929 1 Bregmatomyrma carnosa Bregmatomyrma carnosa casent0102383 profile 1.jpg
Bregmatomyrma carnosa
[122]
Calomyrmex Emery 1895 9 Calomyrmex laevissimus Casent0249961 p 1 high.jpg
Calomyrmex laevissimus
[123]
Camponotites Steinbach 1967 5 Camponotites silvestris GZG-W14552B Camponotites silvestris.jpg
Camponotites silvestris
[124]
Camponotus Mayr 1861 1131 Camponotus ligniperda Camponotus ligniperda casent0173649 profile 1.jpg
Camponotus ligniperda
[20][70]
Cataglyphis Förster 1850 91 Cataglyphis bicolor Cataglyphis bicolor casent0104612 profile 1.jpg
Cataglyphis bicolor
[125]
Cataglyphoides Dlussky 2008 2 Cataglyphoides constrictus Gpih-be4511 p 1 high.jpg
Cataglyphoides constrictus
[126]
Chimaeromyrma Dlussky 1988 1 Chimaeromyrma brachycephala N/A [28]
Cladomyrma Wheeler 1920 13 Cladomyrma hewitti Cladomyrma hewitti casent0173906 profile 1.jpg
Cladomyrma hewitti
[127]
Conoformica Dlussky 2008 1 Conoformica bitterfeldiana N/A [126]
Curtipalpulus Hong 2002 1 Curtipalpulus eocenicus N/A [128]
Dinomyrmex Ashmead 1905 1 Formica gigas N/A [129]
Drymomyrmex Wheeler 1915 2 Drymomyrmex fuscipennis Gzg-bst04158 p 1 high.jpg
Drymomyrmex fuscipennis
[7]
Echinopla Smith 1857 33 Echinopla melanarctos Echinopla melanarctos casent0178497 profile 1.jpg
Echinopla melanarctos
[85][130]
Eoleptocerites Hong 2002 2 Eoleptocerites chinensis N/A [128]
Euprenolepis Emery 1906 8 Euprenolepis procera Casent0106328 p 1 high.jpg
Euprenolepis procera
[131]
Eurytarsites Hong 2002 1 Eurytarsites fushunensisa N/A [128]
Formica Linnaeus 1758 234 Formica rufa Formica rufa casent0173862 profile 1.jpg
Formica rufa
[132]
Fushuniformica Hong 2002 1 Fushuniformica spinata N/A [128]
Gesomyrmex Mayr 1868 17 Gesomyrmex hoernesi MBISAX001 Gesomyrmex hoernesi.jpg
Gesomyrmex hoernesi
[133]
Gigantiops Roger 1863 1 Gigantiops destructor Gigantiops destructor casent0103316 profile 1.jpg
Gigantiops destructor
[134]
Glaphyromyrmex Wheeler 1915 1 Glaphyromyrmex oligocenicus GZG-BST04458 Glaphyromyrmex oligocenicus.jpg
Glaphyromyrmex oligocenicus
[7]
Heeridris Dlussky & Putyatina 2014 1 Heeridris croaticus N/A [135]
Huaxiaformica Hong 2002 1 Huaxiaformica mallepetiolata N/A [128]
Iberoformica Tinaut 1990 2 Iberoformica subrufa Iberoformica subrufa casent0270631 p 1 high.jpg
Iberoformica subrufa
[136]
Imhoffia Heer 1850 2 Imhoffia nigra N/A [119]
Kyromyrma Grimaldi & Agosti 2000 1 Kyromyrma neffi AMNH-NJ1029 Kyromyrma neffi amnh-nj1029 p 1 high.jpg
Kyromyrma neffi
[137]
Lasiophanes Emery 1895 6 Lasiophanes atriventris Lasiophanes atriventris casent0106235 p 1 high.jpg
Lasiophanes atriventris
[138]
Lasius Fabricius 1804 134 Formica nigra Lasius niger casent0005404 profile 1.jpg
Formica nigra
[139]
Lepisiota Santschi 1926 81 Lepisiota rothneyi Lepisiota rothneyi casent0906254 p 1 high.jpg
Lepisiota rothneyi
[140]
Leptogasteritus Hong 2002 1 Leptogasteritus capricornutes N/A [128]
Leucotaphus Donisthorpe 1920 2 Leucotaphus gurnetensiss NHMUK9163 Leucotaphus gurnetensis.jpg
†Leucotaphus gurnetensiss
[61]
Liaoformica Hong 2002 1 Liaoformica longipetiolata N/A [128]
Longiformica Hong 2002 2 Longiformica dongzhouheensis N/A [128]
Magnogasterites Hong 2002 1 Magnogasterites curticornutus N/A [128]
Melophorus Lubbock 1883 23 Melophorus bagoti Melophorus bagoti casent0280499 p 1 high.jpg
Melophorus bagoti
[141]
Myrmecocystus Wesmael 1838 29 Myrmecocystus mexicanus Myrmecocystus mexicanus casent0005421 profile 1.jpg
Myrmecocystus mexicanus
[142]
Myrmecorhynchus André 1896 3 Myrmecorhynchus emeryi Myrmecorhynchus emeryi casent0010931 profile 1.jpg
Myrmecorhynchus emeryi
[143]
Myrmelachista Roger 1863 56 Myrmelachista kraatzii Myrmelachista nodigera casent0173488 profile 1.jpg
Myrmelachista kraatzii
[106]
Myrmoteras Forel 1893 41 Myrmoteras binghamii Myrmoteras binghamii casent0909937 p 1 high (1).jpg
Myrmoteras binghamii
[144]
Notoncus Emery 1895 6 Notoncus ectatommoide Notoncus ectatommoides casent0010856 profile 1.jpg
Notoncus ectatommoide
[22]
Notostigma Emery 1920 2 Notostigma carazzii Notostigma carazzii casent0102089 profile 1.jpg
Notostigma carazzii
[145]
Nylanderia Emery 1906 110 Nylanderia vividula Paratrechina vividula casent0058913 profile 1.jpg
Nylanderia vividula
[131]
Oecophylla Smith 1860 15 Oecophylla smaragdina Oecophylla smaragdina casent0070232 profile 1.jpg
Oecophylla smaragdina
[146]
Opisthopsis Dalla Torre 1893 13 Myrmecopsis respiciens Opisthopsis respiciens casent0106020 profile 1.jpg
Opisthopsis respiciens
[147]
Orbicapitia Hong 2002 1 Orbicapitia reticulata N/A [128]
Ovalicapito Hong 2002 1 Ovalicapito fushunensis N/A [128]
Ovaligastrula Hong 2002 1 Ovaligastrula xilutianensis N/A [128]
Overbeckia Viehmeyer 1916 1 Overbeckia subclavata Overbeckia subclavata casent0101191 profile 1.jpg
Overbeckia subclavata
[148]
Paraparatrechina Donisthorpe 1947 36 Paratrechina pallida Paraparatrechina pallida casent0281129 p 1 high.jpg
Paraparatrechina pallida
[149]
Paratrechina Motschoulsky 1863 5 Paratrechina currens Paratrechina longicornis casent0134863 profile 1.jpg
Paratrechina longicornis
[130][150]
Petalomyrmex Snelling 1979 1 Petalomyrmex phylax Petalomyrmex phylax casent0178507 profile 1.jpg
Petalomyrmex phylax
[151]
Plagiolepis Mayr 1861 72 Formica pygmaea Plagiolepis pygmaea casent0173129 profile 1.jpg
Plagiolepis pygmaea
[70]
Polyergus Latreille 1804 14 Formica rufescens Polyergus rufescens casent0173859 profile 1.jpg
Polyergus rufescens
[89]
Polyrhachis Smith 1857 698 Formica bihamata Polyrhachis bihamata casent0010659 profile 1.jpg
Polyrhachis bihamata
[85]
Prenolepis Mayr 1861 17 Tapinoma nitens Prenolepis nitens casent0179603 p 1 high.jpg
Prenolepis nitens
[20][70]
Prodimorphomyrmex Wheeler 1915 1 Prodimorphomyrmex primigenius Prodimorphomyrmex primigenuis Wheeler 1915.jpg
Prodimorphomyrmex primigenius
[7]
Proformica Ruzsky 1902 25 Formica nasuta Proformica nasuta casent0101912 profile 1.jpg
Proformica nasuta
[152]
Prolasius Forel 1892 19 Formica advena Prolasius advenus casent0172948 profile 1.jpg
Prolasius advena
[153]
Protoformica Dlussky 1967 1 Formica proformicoides N/A [154]
Protrechina Wilson 1985 1 Protrechina carpenteri Protrechina carpenteri Wilson 1985.png
Protrechina carpenteri
[155]
Pseudocamponotus Carpenter 1930 1 Pseudocamponotus elkoanus Pseudocamponotus-elkoanus fossil specimen.jpg
Pseudocamponotus elkoanus
[3]
Pseudolasius Emery 1887 50 Formica familiaris Pseudolasius familiaris casent0901892 p 1 high.jpg
Pseudolasius familiaris
[20][156]
Pseudonotoncus Clark 1934 2 Pseudonotoncus hirsutus Pseudonotoncus hirsutus casent0178517 profile 1.jpg
Pseudonotoncus hirsutus
[157]
Rossomyrmex Arnol'di 1928 4 Rossomyrmex proformicarum Rossomyrmex proformicarum casent0178514 profile 1.jpg
Rossomyrmex proformicarum
[158]
Santschiella Forel 1916 1 Santschiella kohli Santschiella kohli casent0004701 profile 1.jpg
Santschiella kohli
[159]
Sicilomyrmex Wheeler 1915 1 Gesomyrmex corniger Brown & Carpenter 1978 Sicilomyrmex corniger.jpg
Sicilomyrmex corniger
[7]
Sinoformica Hong 2002 1 Sinoformica longicapitata N/A [128]
Sinotenuicapito Hong 2002 1 Sinotenuicapito badis N/A [128]
Stigmacros Forel 1905 49 Acantholepis froggatti Stigmacros froggatti casent0281492 p 1 high.jpg
Stigmacros froggatti
[160]
Tapinolepis Emery 1925 14 Plagiolepis tumidula Tapinolepis tumidula casent0102094 profile 1.jpg
Tapinolepis tumidula
[161]
Teratomyrmex McAreavey 1957 3 Teratomyrmex greavesi Teratomyrmex greavesi casent0102382 profile 1.jpg
Teratomyrmex greavesi
[162]
Wilsonia Hong 2002 2 Wilsonia megagastrosa N/A [128]
Zatania LaPolla, Kallal & Brady 2012 6 Paratrechina cisipa Prenolepis albimaculata casent0106052 profile 1.jpg
Zatania albimaculata
[163]

Heteroponerinae[edit]

The subfamily Heteroponerinae represents three extant genera of ants, established in 2003 when Barry Bolton divided the Ponerinae subfamily into six subfamilies.[44] These ants are known from the Neotropics of Central America and South America while Aulacopone relicta is from Azerbaijan.[164]

Subfamily Heteroponerinae Bolton, 2003 – three genera, 33 species[165]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Acanthoponera Mayr 1862 4 Acanthoponera mucronata Acanthoponera mucronata casent0173540 profile 1.jpg
Acanthoponera mucronata
[66]
Aulacopone Arnol'di 1930 1 Aulacopone relicta Aulacopone relicta casent0172182 profile 1.jpg
Aulacopone relicta
[166]
Heteroponera Mayr 1887 28 Heteroponera carinifrons Casent0281851 p 1 high.jpg
Heteroponera carinifrons
[82]

Leptanillinae[edit]

The subfamily Leptanillinae represents nine extant genera of ants, established in 1910 by Carlo Emery. They are subterranean ants from Africa, Europe and a single species known from Australia. Studies about their biology is minimal.[167][168]

Subfamily Leptanillinae Emery, 1910 – nine genera, 64 species[169]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Anomalomyrma Bolton 1990 3 Anomalomyrma taylori Anomalomyrma taylori casent0101976 profile 1.jpg
Anomalomyrma taylori
[170]
Furcotanilla Xu 2012 1 Furcotanilla furcomandibula N/A [171]
Leptanilla Emery 1870 45 Leptanilla revelierii Leptanilla revelierii casent0006788 profile 1.jpg
Leptanilla revelierii
[172]
Noonilla Petersen 1968 1 Noonilla copiosa Specimen CASENT0102373 Noonilla cf bmnh01.jpg
Noonilla copiosa
[173]
Opamyrma Yamane, Bui & Eguchi 2008 1 Opamyrma hungvuong Opamyrma hungvuong casent0178347 profile 1.jpg
Opamyrma hungvuong
[174]
Phaulomyrma Wheeler & Wheeler 1930 1 Phaulomyrma javana Ucrcent150358 p 1 high.jpg
Phaulomyrma javana
[175]
Protanilla Taylor 1990 9 Protanilla rafflesi Protanilla rafflesi casent0102375 profile 1.jpg
Protanilla rafflesi
[170]
Scyphodon Brues 1925 1 Scyphodon anomalum Specimen mcz151121 Scyphodon.jpg
Scyphodon anomalum
[176]
Yavnella Kugler 1987 2 Yavnella argamani Yavnella argamani casent0101728 profile 1.jpg
Yavnella argamani
[177]

Martialinae[edit]

The subfamily Martialinae contains the single genus Martialis which only has one species, Martialis heureka. The ant was discovered in 2000 Amazon rainforest near Manaus, Brazil. Described in 2008, the ant belongs to the oldest known distinct lineage to have diverged from the ancestors of all other ants.[178]

Subfamily Martialinae Rabeling & Verhaagh, 2008 – one genus, one species[179]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Martialis Rabeling & Verhaagh 2008 1 Martialis heureka Martialis heureka CASENT0106181 1.jpg
Martialis heureka
[178]

Myrmeciinae[edit]

The subfamily Myrmeciinae represents two extant genera and five fossil genera that were once found worldwide.[d] Established by Carlo Emery in 1877, the extant genera are restricted to Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand.[181] The notorious ant genus Myrmecia is known for their venomous stings and aggression, which has caused several human deaths in sensitive people.

Subfamily Myrmeciinae Emery, 1877 – seven genera, 111 species[182]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Archimyrmex Cockerell 1923 4 Archimyrmex rostratus Archimyrmex wedmannae Smfmei2016 01.jpg
Archimyrmex rostratus
[183]
Avitomyrmex Archibald, Cover & Moreau 2006 3 Avitomyrmex mastax N/A [184]
Macabeemyrma Archibald, Cover & Moreau 2006 1 Macabeemyrma ovata Macabeemyrma ovata head.svg
Macabeemyrma ovata
[184]
Myrmecia Fabricius 1804 95 Myrmecia gulosa Myrmecia gulosa casent0103310 profile 1.jpg
Myrmecia gulosa
[90][139]
Myrmeciites[d] Archibald, Cover & Moreau 2006 0 None[c] Myrmeciites SR 05-03-01 01.jpg
Myrmeciites "incertae sedis"
[184]
Nothomyrmecia Clark 1934 1 Nothomyrmecia macrops Nothomyrmecia macrops casent0172002 profile 1.jpg
Nothomyrmecia macrops
[185]
Prionomyrmex Mayr 1868 3 Prionomyrmex longiceps Mbi5827 d 1 high.jpg
Prionomyrmex longiceps
[133]
Ypresiomyrma Archibald, Cover & Moreau 2006 4 Ypresiomyrma orbiculata Ypresiomyrma rebekkae holotype.jpg
Ypresiomyrma orbiculata
[184]

Myrmicinae[edit]

The subfamily Myrmicinae was established by Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau in 1835. It represents 142 extant genera and 36 fossil genera that are distributed globally. It is the largest subfamily of the Formicidae, with more than 6,758 species described. The seed-harvesting ants and fungus-growing ants are well known among the Myrmicines.[44][186]

Subfamily Myrmicinae Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 – 178 genera, 6,758 species[186]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Acanthognathus Mayr 1887 8 Acanthognathus ocellatus Acanthognathus ocellatus casent0178718 profile 1.jpg
Acanthognathus ocellatus
[82]
Acanthomyrmex Emery 1893 17 Acanthomyrmex luciolae Acanthomyrmex concavus casent0101061 profile 1.jpg
Acanthomyrmex concavus
[29]
Acromyrmex Mayr 1865 32 Formica hystrix Acromyrmex balzani casent0173790 profile 1.jpg
Acromyrmex balzani
[187]
Adelomyrmex Emery 1897 30 Adelomyrmex biroi Adelomyrmex biroi casent0178445 profile 1.jpg
Adelomyrmex biroi
[188]
Adlerzia Forel 1902 1 Monomorium froggatti Adlerzia froggatti casent0104323 profile 1.jpg
Adlerzia froggatti
[64]
Afromyrma Dlussky, Brothers & Rasnitsyn 2004 1 Afromyrma petrosa N/A [41]
Agastomyrma Dlussky, Rasnitsyn & Perfilieva 2015 1 Agastomyrma laticeps N/A [189]
Allomerus Mayr 1878 8 Allomerus decemarticulatus Allomerus decemarticulatus casent0178477 profile 1.jpg
Allomerus decemarticulatus
[190]
Ancyridris Wheeler 1935 2 Ancyridris polyrhachioides Ancyridris polyrhachioides casent0102469 profile 1.jpg
Ancyridris polyrhachioides
[191]
Anillomyrma Emery 1913 2 Monomorium decamerum Anillomyrma decamera casent0179568 profile 1.jpg
Anillomyrma decamera
[192]
Aphaenogaster Mayr 1853 204 Aphaenogaster sardoa Aphaenogaster swammerdami casent0489647 profile 1.jpg
Aphaenogaster swammerdami
[193]
Apterostigma Mayr 1865 47 Apterostigma pilosum Apterostigma pilosum casent0603533 profile 1.jpg
Apterostigma pilosum
[187]
Aretidris General 2015 2 Aretidris buenaventei Aretidris buenaventei casent0919619 p 1 high.jpg
Aretidris buenaventei
[194]
Atopomyrmex André 1889 3 Atopomyrmex mocquerysi Atopomyrmex mocquerysi casent0178286 profile 1.jpg
Atopomyrmex mocquerysi
[195]
Atta Fabricius 1804 17 Formica cephalotes Atta cephalotes casent0173617 profile 1.jpg
Atta cephalotes
[139]
Attaichnus Laza 1982 1 None N/A [196]
Austromorium Shattuck 2009 2 Xiphomyrmex flavigaster CASENT0106211 Austromorium flavigaster.jpg
Austromorium flavigaster
[197]
Baracidris Bolton 1981 3 Baracidris meketra Baracidris sitra casent0006829 profile 1.jpg
Baracidris sitra
[198]
Bariamyrma Lattke 1990 1 Bariamyrma hispidula Bariamyrma hispidula casent0102363 profile 1.jpg
Bariamyrma hispidula
[199]
Basiceros Schulz 1906 8 Meranoplus singularis Basiceros manni casent0052769 profile 1.jpg
Basiceros manni
[200]
Biamomyrma Dlussky, Rasnitsyn & Perfilieva 2015 3 Biamomyrma zherikhini N/A [189]
Bilobomyrma Radchenko & Dlussky 2013 2 Bilobomyrma ukrainica N/A [201]
Blepharidatta Wheeler 1915 4 Blepharidatta brasiliensis Blepharidatta brasiliensis casent0178487 profile 1.jpg
Blepharidatta brasiliensis
[202]
Boltonidris Radchenko & Dlussky 2012 1 Boltonidris mirabilis N/A [203]
Bondroitia Forel 1911 2 Monomorium coecum Bondroitia lujae casent0101201 profile 1.jpg
Bondroitia lujae
[204]
Brachytarsites Hong 2002 1 Brachytarsites dongzhouheensis N/A [128]
Calyptomyrmex Emery 1887 37 Calyptomyrmex beccarii Calyptomyrmex beccarii casent0010655 profile 1.jpg
Calyptomyrmex beccarii
[156]
Cardiocondyla Emery 1869 70 Cardiocondyla elegans Cardiocondyla wroughtonii casent0000503 profile 1.jpg
Cardiocondyla wroughtonii
[205]
Carebara Westwood 1840 212 Carebara lignata Carebara longii casent0003192 profile 1.jpg
Carebara longii
[206]
Cataulacus Smith 1853 68 Cataulacus taprobanae Cataulacus oberthueri casent0435894 profile 1.jpg
Cataulacus oberthueri
[207]
Cephalomyrmex Carpenter 1930 1 Cephalomyrmex rotundatus Cephalomyrmex rotundatus female fossil.jpg
Cephalomyrmex rotundatus
[3]
Cephalotes Latreille 1802 135 Formica atrata Cephalotes atratus casent0010675 profile 1.jpg
Cephalotes atratus
[208]
Chimaeridris Wilson 1989 2 Chimaeridris boltoni Chimaeridris boltoni casent0172824 profile 1.jpg
Chimaeridris boltoni
[209]
Clavipetiola Hong 2002 1 Clavipetiola asiatica N/A [128]
Colobostruma Wheeler 1927 16 Epopostruma leae Colobostruma foliacea psw10121-13 profile 1.jpg
Colobostruma foliacea
[210]
Crematogaster Lund 1831 496 Formica scutellaris Crematogaster scutellaris casent0173120 profile 1.jpg
Crematogaster scutellaris
[58]
Cryptomyrmex Fernández 2004 2 Adelomyrmex longinodus Cryptomyrmex longinodus casent0103517 profile 1.jpg
Cryptomyrmex longinodus
[211]
Cyatta Sosa-Calvo et al. 2013 1 Cyatta abscondita USNMENT00758173 Cyatta abscondita.jpg
Cyatta abscondita
[212]
Cyphoidris Weber 1952 4 Cyphoidris spinosa Cyphoidris spinosa casent0178293 profile 1.jpg
Cyphoidris spinosa
[213]
Cyphomyrmex Mayr 1862 41 Cyphomyrmex minutus Cyphomyrmex minutus casent0173957 profile 1.jpg
Cyphomyrmex minutus
[66]
Dacatria Rigato 1994 1 Dacatria templaris Dacatria templaris casent0103119 profile 1.jpg
Dacatria templaris
[214]
Dacetinops Brown & Wilson 1957 7 Dacetinops cibdelus Dacetinops cibdelus casent0172448 profile 1.jpg
Dacetinops cibdelus
[215]
Daceton Perty 1833 2 Formica armigera Daceton armigerum casent0178489 profile 1.jpg
Daceton armigerum
[216]
Diaphoromyrma Fernández, Delabie & Nascimento 2009 1 Diaphoromyrma sofiae CASENT0178237 Diaphoromyrma sofiae.jpg
Diaphoromyrma sofiae
[217]
Dicroaspis Emery 1908 2 Dicroaspis cryptocera Dicroaspis cryptocera casent0172774 profile 1.jpg
Dicroaspis cryptocera
[218]
Dilobocondyla Santschi 1910 19 Atopomyrmex selebensis Dilobocondyla fouqueti casent0178565 profile 1.jpg
Dilobocondyla fouqueti
[219]
Diplomorium Mayr 1901 1 Diplomorium longipenne Diplomorium longipenne casent0102360 profile 1.jpg
Diplomorium longipenne
[220]
Dolopomyrmex Cover & Deyrup 2007 1 Dolopomyrmex pilatus Dolopomyrmex pilatus casent0003193 profile 1.jpg
Dolopomyrmex pilatus
[221]
Electromyrmex Wheeler 1910 1 Electromyrmex klebsi IGRBA012 Electromyrmex klebsi.jpg
Electromyrmex klebsi
[222]
Enneamerus Mayr 1868 1 Enneamerus reticulatus Enneamerus reticulatus illustration Wheeler 1915.png
Enneamerus reticulatus
[133]
Eocenidris Wilson 1985 1 Eocenidris crassa Eocenidris crassa Wilson 1985.png
Eocenidris crassa
[155]
Eocenomyrma Dlussky & Radchenko 2006 4 Eocenomyrma orthospina GPIH-BE4505 Eocenomyrma elegantula.jpg
Eocenomyrma orthospina
[223]
Eomyrmex Hong 1974 1 Eomyrmex guchengziensis N/A [224]
Epelysidris Bolton 1987 1 Epelysidris brocha Monomorium brocha casent0102361 profile 1.jpg
Epelysidris brocha
[225]
Epopostruma Forel 1895 19 Strumigenys quadrispinosa Epopostruma natalae casent0010815 profile 1.jpg
Epopostruma natalae
[76]
Eurhopalothrix Brown & Kempf 1961 53 Rhopalothrix bolaui Eurhopalothrix bolaui casent0107554 profile 1.jpg
Eurhopalothrix bolaui
[226]
Eutetramorium Emery 1899 3 Eutetramorium mocquerysi Eutetramorium mocquerysi casent0077435 profile 1.jpg
Eutetramorium mocquerysi
[227]
Fallomyrma Dlussky & Radchenko 2006 1 Fallomyrma transversa N/A [228]
Formicoxenus Mayr 1855 7 Myrmica nitidula Formicoxenus nitidulus casent0173159 profile 1.jpg
Formicoxenus nitidulus
[229]
Formosimyrma Terayama 2009 1 Formosimyrma lanuyensis ANTWEB1008361 Formosimyrma lanyuensis.jpg
Formosimyrma lanuyensis
[230]
Fushunomyrmex Hong 2002 1 Fushunomyrmex liaoningensis N/A [128]
Gaoligongidris Xu 2012 1 Gaoligongidris planodorsa N/A [231]
Gauromyrmex Menozzi 1933 2 Gauromyrmex bengakalisi Gauromyrmex bengakalisi casent0172783 profile 1.jpg
Gauromyrmex bengakalisi
[232]
Goniomma Emery 1895 8 Aphaenogaster blanci Goniomma collingwoodi casent0101190 profile 1.jpg
Goniomma collingwoodi
[233]
Harpagoxenus Forel 1893 3 Myrmica sublaevis Harpagoxenus sublaevis casent0178588 profile 1.jpg
Harpagoxenus sublaevis
[234]
Huberia Forel 1890 2 Tetramorium striatum Huberia striata casent0006149 profile 1.jpg
Huberia striata
[235]
Hylomyrma Forel 1912 13 Pogonomyrmex columbicus Hylomyrma balzani casent0173968 profile 1.jpg
Hylomyrma balzani
[236]
Hypopomyrmex Emery 1891 1 Hypopomyrmex bombiccii Hypopomyrmex Emery, 1891.png
Hypopomyrmex bombiccii
[237]
Ilemomyrmex Wilson 1985 1 Ilemomyrmex caecus Ilemomyrmex caecus Wilson 1985a.png
Ilemomyrmex caecus
[238]
Indomyrma Brown 1986 2 Indomyrma dasypyx Indomyrma dasypyx casent0172283 profile 1.jpg
Indomyrma dasypyx
[239]
Ishakidris Bolton 1984 1 Ishakidris ascitaspis CASENT0249428 Ishakidris ascitaspis.jpg
Ishakidris ascitaspis
[240]
Kalathomyrmex Klingenberg & Brandão 2009 1 Myrmicocrypta emeryi Kalathomyrmex emeryi casent0010816 profile 1.jpg
Kalathomyrmex emeryi
[241]
Kartidris Bolton 1991 6 Kartidris nyos Kartidris nyos casent0178538 profile 1.jpg
Kartidris nyos
[242]
Kempfidris Fernández, Feitosa & Lattke 2014 1 Monomorium inusuale CASENT0217050 Kempfidris inusualis.jpg
Kempfidris inusualis
[243]
Lachnomyrmex Wheeler 1910 16 Lachnomyrmex scrobiculatus Lachnomyrmex scrobiculatus casent0103243 profile 1.jpg
Lachnomyrmex scrobiculatus
[6]
Lasiomyrma Terayama & Yamane 2000 4 Lasiomyrma gedensis Lasiomyrma gedensis casent0102364 profile 1.jpg
Lasiomyrma gedensis
[244]
Lenomyrmex Fernández & Palacio 1999 6 Lenomyrmex mandibularis Lenomyrmex colwelli inb0003214454 profile 1.jpg
Lenomyrmex colwelli
[245]
Leptothorax Mayr 1855 19 Formica acervorum Leptothorax acervorum casent0173138 profile 1.jpg
Leptothorax acervorum
[229]
Liomyrmex Mayr 1865 1 Myrmica caeca Liomyrmex gestroi casent0178545 profile 1.jpg
Liomyrmex gestroi
[187]
Lonchomyrmex Mayr 1867 2 Lonchomyrmex freyeri N/A [246]
Lophomyrmex Emery 1892 13 Oecodoma quadrispinosa Lophomyrmex longicornis casent0179019 profile 1.jpg
Lophomyrmex longicornis
[247]
Lordomyrma Emery 1897 34 Lordomyrma furcifera Lordomyrma furcifera casent0172482 profile 1.jpg
Lordomyrma furcifera
[188]
Malagidris Bolton & Fisher 2014 6 Aphaenogaster belti Aphaenogaster belti casent0101063 profile 1.jpg
Malagidris belti
[248]
Manica Jurine 1807 6 Formica rubida Manica rubida casent0173135 profile 1.jpg
Manica rubida
[91]
Mayriella Forel 1902 9 Mayriella abstinens Mayriella abstinens casent0172348 profile 1.jpg
Mayriella abstinens
[64]
Megalomyrmex Forel 1885 44 Megalomyrmex leoninus Megalomyrmex leoninus casent0178669 profile 1.jpg
Megalomyrmex leoninus
[249]
Melissotarsus Emery 1877 4 Melissotarsus beccarii Melissotarsus beccarii casent0101464 profile 1.jpg
Melissotarsus beccarii
[250]
Meranoplus Smith 1853 90 Cryptocerus bicolor Meranoplus bicolor.jpg
Meranoplus bicolor
[207]
Mesostruma Brown 1948 9 Strumigenys turneri Mesostruma turneri casent0172478 profile 1.jpg
Mesostruma turneri
[251]
Messor Forel 1890 110 Formica barbara Messor barbarus03.jpg
Messor barbarus
[252]
Metapone Forel 1911 18 Metapone greeni Metapone emersoni casent0003116 profile 1.jpg
Metapone emersoni
[253]
Microdaceton Santschi 1913 4 Microdaceton exornatum Microdaceton exornatum casent0102250 profile 1.jpg
Microdaceton exornatum
[254]
Miosolenopsis Zhang 1989 1 Miosolenopsis fossilis N/A [46]
Monomorium Mayr 1855 372 Monomorium monomorium Monomorium pharaonis casent0173986 profile 1.jpg
Monomorium pharaonis
[229]
Mycetagroicus Brandão & Mayhé-Nunes 2001 4 Mycetagroicus cerradensis Mycetagroicus cerradensis casent0103121 profile 1.jpg
Mycetagroicus cerradensis
[255]
Mycetarotes Emery 1913 4 Cyphomyrmex parallelus Mycetarotes parallelus casent0010817 profile 1.jpg
Mycetarotes parallelus
[192]
Mycetophylax Emery 1913 3 Myrmicocrypta brittoni CASENT0919617 Mycetophylax conformis.jpg
Mycetophylax conformis
[192]
Mycetosoritis Wheeler 1907 5 Atta hartmanni Mycetosoritis hartmanni casent0104060 profile 1.jpg
Mycetosoritis hartmanni
[256]
Mycocepurus Forel 1893 6 Atta smithii Mycocepurus smithii CASENT0173989 1.jpg
Mycocepurus smithii
[257]
Myrmecina Curtis 1829 51 Myrmecina latreillii Myrmecina graminicola casent0106054 profile 1.jpg
Myrmecina graminicola
[258]
Myrmecites Dlussky & Rasnitsyn 2003 6 Myrmecites rotundiceps N/A [259]
Myrmica Latreille 1804 211 Formica rubra Myrmica rubra casent0010684 profile 1.jpg
Myrmica rubra
[89]
Myrmicaria Saunders 1842 32 Myrmicaria brunnea Myrmicaria brunnea4.jpg
Myrmicaria brunnea
[260]
Myrmicocrypta Smith 1860 27 Myrmicocrypta squamosa Myrmicocrypta squamosa casent0173990 profile 1.jpg
Myrmicocrypta squamosa
[261]
Myrmisaraka Bolton & Fisher 2014 2 Myrmisaraka producta CASENT0161774 Myrmisaraka producta.jpg
Myrmisaraka producta
[248]
Nesomyrmex Wheeler 1910 57 Nesomyrmex clavipilis Nesomyrmex angulatus casent0137608 profile 1.jpg
Nesomyrmex angulatus
[6]
Novomessor Emery 1915 3 Aphaenogaster cockerelli Aphaenogaster cockerelli casent0005723 profile 1.jpg
Novomessor cockerelli
[262]
Ochetomyrmex Mayr 1878 2 Ochetomyrmex semipolitus Ochetomyrmex semipolitus casent0178481 profile 1.jpg
Ochetomyrmex semipolitus
[190]
Octostruma Forel 1912 34 Rhopalothrix simoni Octostruma iheringi casent0178002 profile 1.jpg
Octostruma iheringi
[263]
Ocymyrmex Emery 1886 37 Ocymyrmex barbiger Ocymyrmex dekerus casent0173608 profile 1.jpg
Ocymyrmex dekerus
[264]
Orbigastrula Hong 2002 1 Orbigastrula guchengziensis N/A [128]
Orectognathus Smith 1853 29 Orectognathus antennatus Orectognathus antennatus casent0172360 profile 1.jpg
Orectognathus antennatus
[207]
Oxyepoecus Santschi 1926 21 Oxyepoecus bruchi Oxyepoecus bruchi casent0178098 profile 1.jpg
Oxyepoecus bruchi
[265]
Oxyidris Wilson 1985 1 Oxyidris antillana Oxyidris antillana Wilson 1985.png
Oxyidris antillana
[238]
Oxyopomyrmex André 1881 12 Oxyopomyrmex oculatus Oxyopomyrmex oculatus casent0101775 profile 1.jpg
Oxyopomyrmex oculatus
[266]
Parameranoplus Wheeler 1915 1 Parameranoplus primaevus Parameranoplus primaevus Wheeler 1915.jpg
Parameranoplus primaevus
[7]
Paramycetophylax Kusnezov 1956 1 Sericomyrmex bruchi CASENT0912502 Paramycetophylax bruchi.jpg
Paramycetophylax bruchi
[267]
Paraphaenogaster Dlussky 1981 4 Paraphaenogaster microphthalmus BMNHP24963 Paraphaenogaster hooleyana.jpg
Paraphaenogaster hooleyana
[67]
Paratopula Wheeler 1919 11 Atopomyrmex ceylonicus Paratopula macta casent0178561 profile 1.jpg
Paratopula macta
[268]
Patagonomyrmex Johnson & Moreau 2016 3 Pogonomyrmex angustus Pogonomyrmex angustus casent0173374 profile 1.jpg
Patagonomyrmex angustus
[269]
Perissomyrmex Smith 1947 6 Perissomyrmex snyderi Perissomyrmex snyderi casent0172276 profile 1.jpg
Perissomyrmex snyderi
[270]
Peronomyrmex Viehmeyer 1922 3 Peronomyrmex overbecki Peronomyrmex greavesi casent0172264 profile 1.jpg
Peronomyrmex greavesi
[271]
Phalacromyrmex Kempf 1960 1 Phalacromyrmex fugax Phalacromyrmex fugax casent0103116 profile 1.jpg
Phalacromyrmex fugax
[272]
Pheidole Westwood 1839 1007 Atta providens Pheidole rhea casent0000227 profile 1.jpg
Pheidole rhea
[273]
Pilotrochus Brown 1978 1 Pilotrochus besmerus Pilotrochus besmerus casent0003287 profile 1.jpg
Pilotrochus besmerus
[274]
Plesiomyrmex Dlussky & Radchenko 2009 1 Plesiomyrmex tubulatus N/A [275]
Podomyrma Smith 1859 52 Podomyrma femorata Podomyrma minor castype06970 profile 1.jpg
Podomyrma minor
[276]
Poecilomyrma Mann 1921 2 Poecilomyrma senirewae Poecilomyrma senirewae casent0101901 profile 1.jpg
Poecilomyrma senirewae
[277]
Pogonomyrmex Mayr 1868 69 Formica badia Pogonomyrmex badius casent0103057 profile 1.jpg
Camponotus badius
[121]
Pristomyrmex Mayr 1866 60 Pristomyrmex pungens Pristomyrmex punctatus casent0178863 profile 1.jpg
Pristomyrmex punctatus
[99]
Proatta Forel 1912 1 Proatta butteli Proatta butteli casent0010836 profile 1.jpg
Proatta butteli
[278]
Procryptocerus Emery 1887 45 Meranoplus striatus Procryptocerus hylaeus casent0178095 profile 1.jpg
Procryptocerus hylaeus
[156]
Propodilobus Branstetter 2009 1 Stenamma orientale CASENT0171177 Propodilobus pingorum.jpg
Propodilobus orientale
[279]
Protalaridris Brown 1980 1 Protalaridris armata Protalaridris armata casent0178630 profile 1.jpg
Protalaridris armata
[280]
Protomyrmica Dlussky & Radchenko 2009 1 Protomyrmica atavia BMNHP65422 Protomyrmica atavia.jpg
Protomyrmica atavia
[275]
Pseudoatta Gallardo 1916 1 Pseudoatta argentina Pseudoatta argentina casent0104658 profile 1.jpg
Pseudoatta argentina
[281]
Quadrulicapito Hong 2002 1 Quadrulicapito longa N/A [128]
Quineangulicapito Hong 2002 1 Quineangulicapito fushunensis N/A [128]
Recurvidris Bolton 1992 11 None Recurvidris recurvispinosa casent0010681 profile 1.jpg
Recurvidris recurvispinosa
[282]
Rhopalomastix Forel 1900 6 Rhopalomastix rothneyi Rhopalomastix rothneyi casent0010846 profile 1.jpg
Rhopalomastix rothneyi
[283]
Rhopalothrix Mayr 1870 16 Rhopalothrix ciliata Rhopalothrix ciliata casent0423544 profile 1.jpg
Rhopalothrix ciliata
[284]
Rogeria Emery 1894 40 Rogeria curvipubens Rogeria curvipubens casent0173282 profile 1.jpg
Rogeria curvipubens
[285]
Romblonella Wheeler 1935 9 Romblonella grandinodis Romblonella opaca casent0178525 profile 1.jpg
Romblonella opaca
[191]
Rostromyrmex Rosciszewski 1994 1 Rostromyrmex pasohensis CASENT0106221 Rostromyrmex pasohensis.jpg
Rostromyrmex pasohensis
[286]
Rotastruma Bolton 1991 2 Rotastruma recava Rotastruma recava casent0010807 profile 1.jpg
Rotastruma recava
[242]
Royidris Bolton & Fisher 2014 15 Monomorium robertsoni Monomorium robertsoni casent0077935 profile 1.jpg
Royidris robertsoni
[248]
Secostruma Bolton 1988 1 Secostruma lethifera Secostruma lethifera casent0102362 profile 1.jpg
Secostruma lethifera
[287]
Sericomyrmex Mayr 1865 19 Sericomyrmex opacus Sericomyrmex amabilis casent0039728 profile 1.jpg
Sericomyrmex amabilis
[187]
Sinomyrmex Hong 2002 2 Sinomyrmex brunneus N/A [128]
Solenopsis Westwood 1840 205 Solenopsis mandibularis Solenopsis geminata casent0063125 profile 1.jpg
Solenopsis geminata
[206]
Solenopsites Dlussky & Rasnitsyn 2003 3 Solenopsites minutus BMNHP9968 Solenopsites rossi.jpg
Solenopsites rossi
[259]
Sphaerogasterites Hong 2002 1 Sphaerogasterites longipetiolatus N/A [128]
Stegomyrmex Emery 1912 5 Stegomyrmex connectens Stegomyrmex vizottoi casent0006164 profile 1.jpg
Stegomyrmex vizottoi
[288]
Stenamma Westwood 1839 85 Stenamma westwoodii Stenamma westwoodii casent0173134 profile 1.jpg
Stenamma westwoodii
[273]
Stereomyrmex Emery 1901 3 Stereomyrmex horni Stereomyrmex horni casent0178593 profile 1.jpg
Stereomyrmex horni
[289]
Stigmomyrmex Mayr 1868 1 Stigmomyrmex venustus Stigmomyrmex Wheeler 1915.jpg
Stigmomyrmex venustus
[133]
Stiphromyrmex Wheeler 1915 1 Stiphromyrmex robustus Wheeler 1915i-84 Stiphromyrmex robustus.jpg
Stiphromyrmex robustus
[7]
Strongylognathus Mayr 1853 24 Eciton testaceum Strongylognathus testaceus casent0173185 profile 1.jpg
Strongylognathus testaceus
[290][291]
Strumigenys Smith 1860 842 Strumigenys mandibularis Strumigenys abdera casent0005465 profile 1.jpg
Strumigenys abdera
[261]
Syllophopsis Santschi 1915 20 Monomorium modestum Monomorium modestum casent0026710 profile 1.jpg
Syllophopsis modesta
[292]
Talaridris Weber 1941 1 Talaridris mandibularis Talaridris mandibularis casent0178733 profile 1.jpg
Talaridris mandibularis
[51]
Temnothorax Mayr 1861 395 Myrmica recedens Temnothorax unifasciatus casent0173188 profile 1.jpg
Temnothorax unifasciatus
[70]
Terataner Emery 1912 12 Atopomyrmex foreli Terataner foreli casent0109508 profile 1.jpg
Terataner foreli
[288]
Tetheamyrma Bolton 1991 1 Tetheamyrma subspongia Tetheamyrma subspongia casent0101593 profile 1.jpg
Tetheamyrma subspongia
[242]
Tetramorium Mayr 1855 569 Formica caespitum Tetramorium caespitum casent0173203 profile 1.jpg
Tetramorium caespitum
[229]
Trachymyrmex Forel 1893 48 Atta septentrionalis Trachymyrmex septentrionalis casent0003337 profile 1.jpg
Trachymyrmex septentrionalis
[257]
Tranopelta Mayr 1866 2 Tranopelta gilva Tranopelta gilva casent0010793 profile 1.jpg
Tranopelta gilva
[23]
Trichomyrmex Mayr 1865 18 Trichomyrmex rogeri Monomorium destructor casent0008623 profile 1.jpg
Trichomyrmex destructor
[187]
Tropidomyrmex Silva, Feitosa, Brandão & Diniz 2009 1 Tropidomyrmex elianae Tropidomyrmex elianae casent0173620 profile 1.jpg
Tropidomyrmex elianae
[293]
Tyrannomyrmex Fernández 2003 3 Tyrannomyrmex rex Tyrannomyrmex dux casent0178233 profile 1.jpg
Tyrannomyrmex dux
[294]
Veromessor Forel 1917 9 Aphaenogaster andrei Messor andrei casent0005728 profile 1.jpg
Veromessor andrei
[295]
Vitsika Bolton & Fisher 2014 14 Vitsika crebra CASENT0000692 Vitsika crebra.jpg
Vitsika crebra
[248]
Vollenhovia Mayr 1865 62 Vollenhovia punctatostriata Vollenhovia emeryi casent0003196 profile 1.jpg
Vollenhovia emeryi
[187]
Vombisidris Bolton 1991 17 Vombisidris philax Vombisidris philax casent0178736 profile 1.jpg
Vombisidris philax
[242]
Wasmannia Forel 1893 11 Tetramorium auropunctatum Wasmannia auropunctata casent0039797 profile 1.jpg
Wasmannia auropunctata
[296]
Wumyrmex Hong 2002 1 Wumyrmex furvis N/A [128]
Xenomyrmex Forel 1885 4 Xenomyrmex stollii Xenomyrmex stollii casent0179463 profile 1.jpg
Xenomyrmex stollii
[249]
Zhangidris Bolton 2003 1 Heteromyrmex atopogaster N/A [4]

Paraponerinae[edit]

The subfamily Paraponerinae contains a single genus Paraponera. This genus has two species, one of which was found in Dominican amber from the Miocene.[297] The extant species, Paraponera clavata, is found in Central America and South America, and the pain from its sting is said to be greater than any other insect sting on earth.[298]

Subfamily Paraponerinae Emery, 1901 – one genus, two species[299]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Paraponera Smith 1858 2 Paraponera clavata Paraponera clavata casent0003165 profile 1.jpg
Paraponera clavata
[105]

Ponerinae[edit]

The subfamily Ponerinae was established by Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau in 1835, which represents 47 extant genera and 12 fossil genera. The subfamily is among the most diverse in the family Formicidae, with more than 1,000 species described. They are mostly distributed in the tropics and subtropics.[4][44]

Subfamily Ponerinae Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau, 1835 – 59 genera, 1,287 species[300]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Afropone Dlussky et al. 2004 2 Afropone oculata N/A [41]
Anochetus Mayr 1861 122 Anochetus ghilianii Casent0270572 p 1 high.jpg
Anochetus ghilianii
[70]
Archiponera Carpenter 1930 1 Archiponera wheeleri Archiponera wheeleri holotype 2876a Carpenter 1930 01.jpg
Archiponera wheeleri
[3]
Asphinctopone Santschi 1914 3 Asphinctopone silvestrii Asphinctopone silvestrii casent0006811 profile 1.jpg
Asphinctopone silvestrii
[25]
Austroponera Schmidt & Shattuck 2014 3 Austroponera rufonigra Casent0249178 p 1 high.jpg
Austroponera rufonigra
[301]
Belonopelta Mayr 1870 2 Belonopelta attenuata Casent0003157 p 1 high.jpg
Belonopelta attenuata
[284]
Boloponera Fisher 2006 1 Boloponera vicans Boloponera vicans casent0401737 profile 1.jpg
Boloponera vicans
[302]
Bothroponera Mayr 1862 37 Bothroponera pumicosa Bothroponera pumicosa sam-hym-c000154a profile 1.jpg
Bothroponera pumicosa
[66]
Brachyponera Emery 1900 19 Brachyponera croceicornis Brachyponera croceicornis castype06966 profile 1.jpg
Brachyponera croceicornis
[303]
Buniapone Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 2014 1 Buniapone amblyops Pachycondyla amblyops casent0172431 profile 1.jpg
Buniapone amblyops
[301]
Centromyrmex Mayr 1866 15 Centromyrmex bohemanni Centromyrmex alfaroi casent0010795 profile 1.jpg
Centromyrmex bohemanni
[99]
Cephalopone Dlussky & Wedmann 2012 2 Cephalopone potens Cephalopone grandis holotype SMFMEI5361.jpg
Cephalopone potens
[11]
Cryptopone Emery 1893 24 Cryptopone testacea Cryptopone testacea castype06939-01 profile 1.jpg
Cryptopone testacea
[29]
Cyrtopone Dlussky & Wedmann 2012 4 Cyrtopone microcephala Cyrtopone microcephala holotype SMFMEI2407.jpg
Cyrtopone microcephala
[11]
Diacamma Mayr 1862 24 Diacamma rugosum Diacamma rugosum casent0217516.jpg
Diacamma rugosum
[66]
Dinoponera Roger 1861 8 Dinoponera gigantea Dinoponera australis casent0173381 profile 1.jpg
Dinoponera gigantea
[19]
Dolioponera Brown 1974 1 Dolioponera fustigera Dolioponera fustigera casent0000078 profile 1.jpg
Dolioponera fustigera
[304]
Ectomomyrmex Mayr 1867 28 Ectomomyrmex javanus Casent0915665 p 1 high.jpg
Ectomomyrmex javanus
[20][305]
Emeryopone Forel 1912 5 Emeryopone buttelreepeni Emeryopone buttelreepeni casent0101953 profile 1.jpg
Emeryopone buttelreepeni
[278]
Eogorgites Hong 2002 1 Eogorgites cingulatus N/A [128]
Eoponerites Hong 2002 1 Eoponerites longipetiolatus N/A [128]
Euponera Forel 1891 27 Euponera sikorae Pachycondyla sikorae casent0063893 profile 1.jpg
Euponera sikorae
[98]
Feroponera Bolton & Fisher 2008 1 Feroponera ferox Feroponera ferox casent0102994 profile 1.jpg
Feroponera ferox
[306]
Fisheropone Schmidt & Shattuck 2014 1 Fisheropone ambigua Casent0235606 p 1 high.jpg
Fisheropone ambigua
[301]
Furcisutura Hong 2002 1 Furcisutura wanghuacunensis N/A [128]
Hagensia Forel 1901 2 Hagensia havilandi Pachycondyla havilandi sam-hym-c005378a profile 1.jpg
Hagensia havilandi
[307]
Harpegnathos Jerdon 1851 7 Harpegnathos saltator Harpegnathos saltator casent0101783 profile 1.jpg
Harpegnathos saltator
[308]
Hypoponera Santschi 1938 154 Hypoponera abeillei Casent0915488 p 1 high.jpg
Hypoponera abeillei
[309]
Iroponera Schmidt & Shattuck 2014 1 Iroponera odax Casent0102331 p 1 high.jpg
Iroponera odax
[301]
Leptogenys Roger 1861 308 Leptogenys falcigera Leptogenys falcigera casent0003814 profile 1.jpg
Leptogenys falcigera
[19]
Loboponera Bolton & Brown 2002 9 Loboponera vigilans Loboponera vigilans casent0003107 profile 1.jpg
Loboponera vigilans
[310]
Longicapitia Hong 2002 1 Longicapitia reticulata N/A [128]
Mayaponera Schmidt & Shattuck 2014 1 Mayaponera constricta Casent0217555 p 1 high.jpg
Mayaponera constricta
[301]
Megaponera Mayr 1862 1 Megaponera analis Pachycondyla analis sam-hym-c008323b profile 1.jpg
Megaponera analis
[66]
Mesoponera Emery 1900 20 Mesoponera melanaria Mesoponera melanaria casent0189297 profile 1.jpg
Mesoponera melanaria
[311]
Messelepone Dlussky & Wedmann 2012 1 Messelepone leptogenoides Messelepone leptogenoides holotype SMFMEI4808.jpg
Messelepone leptogenoides
[11]
Myopias Roger 1861 40 Myopias amblyops Myopias amblyops casent0104584 profile 1.jpg
Myopias amblyops
[19]
Neoponera Emery 1901 57 Neoponera villosa Pachycondyla villosa casent0178688 profile 1.jpg
Neoponera villosa
[312]
Odontomachus Latreille 1804 70 Odontomachus haematodus Odontomachus haematodus casent0103104 profile 1.jpg
Odontomachus haematodus
[89]
Odontoponera Mayr 1862 2 Odontoponera denticulata Casent0900664 p 1 high.jpg
Odontoponera denticulata
[66]
Ophthalmopone Forel 1890 5 Ophthalmopone berthoudi Casent0249198 p 1 high.jpg
Ophthalmopone berthoudi
[235]
Pachycondyla Smith 1858 36 Pachycondyla crassinoda Casent0217556 p 1 high.jpg
Pachycondyla crassinoda
[105]
Paltothyreus Mayr 1862 1 Paltothyreus tarsatus Pachycondyla tarsata casent0172430 profile 1.jpg
Paltothyreus tarsatus
[312]
Parvaponera Schmidt & Shattuck 2014 4 Parvaponera darwinii Pachycondyla darwinii casent0172437 profile 1.jpg
Parvaponera darwinii
[301]
Phrynoponera Wheeler 1920 5 Phrynoponera gabonensis Phrynoponera gabonensis casent0107649 label 1.jpg
Phrynoponera gabonensis
[127]
Platythyrea Roger 1863 44 Platythyrea punctata Platythyrea punctata casent0003323 profile 1.jpg
Platythyrea punctata
[20][106]
Plectroctena Smith 1858 17 Plectroctena mandibularis Plectroctena mandibularis sam-hym-c007208a profile 1.jpg
Plectroctena mandibularis
[105]
Ponera Latreille 1804 62 Ponera coarctata Ponera coarctata casent0008634 profile 1.jpg
Ponera coarctata
[89][273]
Ponerites Dlussky & Rasnitsyn 2003 14 Ponerites eocenicus Ponerites fossil.png
Ponerites eocenicus
[259]
Promyopias Santschi 1914 1 Promyopias silvestrii Promyopias silvestrii casent0102926 profile 1.jpg
Promyopias silvestrii
[25]
Protopone Dlussky 1988 7 Protopone primigena Protopone dubia holotype SMFMEI10142.jpg
Protopone primigena
[28]
Psalidomyrmex André 1890 6 Psalidomyrmex foveolatus Psalidomyrmex foveolatus casent0101471 profile 1.jpg
Psalidomyrmex foveolatus
[313]
Pseudoneoponera Donisthorpe 1943 18 Pseudoneoponera verecundae Casent0902484 p 1 high.jpg
Pseudoneoponera verecundae
[314]
Pseudoponera Emery 1900 6 Pseudoponera stigma Pachycondyla stigma casent0104187 profile 1.jpg
Pseudoponera stigma
[303]
Rasopone Schmidt & Shattuck 2014 11 Rasopone ferruginea Casent0249143 p 1 high.jpg
Rasopone ferruginea
[301]
Simopelta Mann 1922 22 Simopelta jeckylli Casent0907295 p 1 high.jpg
Simopelta jeckylli
[315]
Streblognathus Mayr 1862 2 Streblognathus aethiopicus Streblognathus aethiopicus casent0005444 profile 1.jpg
Streblognathus aethiopicus
[66]
Taphopone Dlussky & Perfilieva 2014 6 Taphopone karaganensis BMNHP9494 Taphopone macroptera.jpg
Taphopone macroptera
[30]
Thaumatomyrmex Mayr 1887 12 Thaumatomyrmex mutilatus Thaumatomyrmex mutilatus casent0102934 profile 1.jpg
Thaumatomyrmex mutilatus
[82]

Proceratiinae[edit]

The subfamily Proceratiinae was established by Italian entomologist Carlo Emery in 1895, which represents three extant genera and one extinct genus. Found worldwide, these ants are mainly encountered in tropical and subtropical areas. Little is known about their biology.[44][316]

Subfamily Proceratiinae Emery, 1895 – four genera, 155 species[317]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Bradoponera Mayr 1868 4 Bradoponera meieri Bradoponera meieri BMNHP18809 whole.jpg
Bradoponera meieri
[133]
Discothyrea Roger 1863 37 Discothyrea testacea Discothyrea testacea casent0006058 profile 1.jpg
Discothyrea testacea
[106]
Probolomyrmex Mayr 1901 26 Probolomyrmex filiformis Probolomyrmex filiformis casent0102141 profile 1.jpg
Probolomyrmex filiformis
[220]
Proceratium Roger 1863 88 Proceratium silaceum Proceratium silaceum casent0104234 profile 1.jpg
Proceratium silaceum
[106]

Pseudomyrmecinae[edit]

The subfamily Pseudomyrmecinae was established by M.R. Smith in 1952,[318] which represents three genera of ants that are primarily arboreal nesting ants in the tropical and subtropical regions.[319] They are found in Africa, Asia, Australia, North America and South America.[320]

Subfamily Pseudomyrmecinae Smith, 1952 – three genera, 251 species[321]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Myrcidris Ward 1990 1 Myrcidris epicharis Myrcidris epicharis casent0010810 profile 1.jpg
Myrcidris epicharis
[319]
Pseudomyrmex Lund 1831 147 Pseudomyrmex gracilis Pseudomyrmex gracilis casent0103874 profile 1.jpg
Pseudomyrmex gracilis
[318][322]
Tetraponera Smith 1852 103 Tetraponera nigra Tetraponera nigra casent0103313 profile 1.jpg
Tetraponera nigra
[323]

Sphecomyrminae[edit]

The subfamily Sphecomyrminae contains nine fossil genera of stem ants. Most fossilised ants from Cretaceous amber are placed in this subfamily.[37][324]

Subfamily Sphecomyrminae Wilson & Brown, 1967 – nine genera, 18 species[325]
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Baikuris Dlussky 1987 4 Baikuris mandibularis Baikuris mandibularis PIN3730-5 whole.jpg
Baikuris mandibularis
[326]
Ceratomyrmex Perrichot, Wang & Engel 2016 1 Ceratomyrmex ellenbergeri Ceratomyrmex ellenbergeri FANTWEB00005 profile.jpg
Ceratomyrmex ellenbergeri
[327]
Cretomyrma Dlussky 1975 2 Cretomyrma arnoldii N/A [38]
Dlusskyidris Bolton 1994 1 Dlusskyidris zherichini Dlusskyidris zherichini illustration 1978.png
Dlusskyidris zherichini
[38][328]
Haidomyrmex Dlussky 1996 3 Haidomyrmex cerberus Haidomyrmex zigrasi JZ01 01.jpg
Haidomyrmex cerberus
[31]
Haidomyrmodes Perrichot et al. 2008 1 Haidomyrmodes mammuthus MNHNA30162 Haidomyrmodes mammuthus 02.jpg
Haidomyrmodes mammuthus
[329]
Haidoterminus McKellar, Glasier & Engel 2013 1 Haidoterminus cippus UASM332546 Haidoterminus cippus 01.jpg
Haidoterminus cippus
[330]
Sphecomyrma Wilson & Brown 1967 3 Sphecomyrma freyi Sphecomyrma freyi worker no 1 holotype (Wilson, Carpenter and Brown 1967).jpg
Sphecomyrma freyi
[331]
Zigrasimecia Barden & Grimaldi 2013 2 Zigrasimecia tonsora Zigrasimecia tonsora JZC Bu-159 holotype 01.jpg
Zigrasimecia tonsora
[324]

Incertae sedis[edit]

There are several ant genera where their taxonomic placement is uncertain (incertae sedis). These genera have not yet been assigned to any subfamily within Formicidae; 14 genera are currently listed as incertae sedis.[332]

Incertae sedis taxa
Genus name Binomial authority Described No. of species Type species Example image Ref(s)
Calyptites Scudder 1877 1 Calyptites antediluvianum N/A [3][333]
Camelomecia Barden & Grimaldi 2016 1 Camelomecia janovitzi Camelomecia janovitzi AMNH-BUTJ003 right profile.jpg
Camelomecia janovitzi
[334]
Condylodon Lund 1831 1 Condylodon audouini N/A [4][58]
Cretopone Dlussky 1975 1 Cretopone magna PIN2284-14 Cretopone magna.jpg
Cretopone magna
[335]
Curticorna[e] Hong 2002 1 Curticorna leptogastrosa N/A [4][128]
Eoaenictites[f] Hong 2002 1 Eoaenictites castanifurvus N/A [128]
Eoformica Cockerell 1921 6 Eoformica eocenica Eoformica pinguis Carpenter 1930.jpg
Eoformica pinguis
[259][338]
Fonsecahymen Martins-Neto & Mendes 2002 1 Fonsecahymen stigmata N/A [339]
Gerontoformica Nel & Perrault 2004 13 Gerontoformica cretacica Gerontoformica cretacica MNHNA30088 ventral profile whole.jpg
Gerontoformica cretacica
[340]
Hypochira[g] Buckley 1866 1 Formica subspinosa N/A [341][342]
Klondikia Dlussky & Rasnitsyn 2003 1 Klondikia whiteae N/A [259]
Kohlsimyrma Dlussky & Rasnitsyn 2003 3 Kohlsimyrma laticeps N/A [259]
Myanmyrma Engel & Grimaldi 2005 1 Myanmyrma gracilis Myanmyrma gracilis AMNH-BU014 holotype 01.jpg
Myanmyrma gracilis
[32]
Petropone Dlussky 1975 1 Petropone petiolata PIN2783-158 Petropone petiolata.jpg
Petropone petiolata
[335]

Excluded from Formicidae[edit]

Listed taxa were once believed to be ants and were placed within Formicidae, but at present they are no longer considered ants.

Taxa excluded from Formicidae
Genus name Binomial authority Classified No. of species Type species Notes Ref(s)
Cariridris Brandão & Martins-Neto 1990 1 Cariridris bipetiolata The fossil was thought to be a member of Myrmeciinae from the Cretaceous, but it is now incertae sedis in the subclade Aculeata. [36][343]
Cretacoformica Jell & Duncan 1986 1 Cretacoformica explicata The fossil is an insect from the Lower Cretaceous in Australia that was incertae sedis in Formicidae, but it is now incertae sedis in the suborder Apocrita. [36][344]
Formila Romand 1846 1 Formila chevrolatii Transferred to the wasp family Embolemidae, now incertae sedis in the suborder Symphyta. [4][345]
Myrmicium Westwood 1854 1 Myrmicium heerii Transferred to Myrmicinae in 1893, but it is now placed in the sawfly family Embolemidae. [112][147]
Promyrmicium[h] Baroni Urbani 1971 1 None Originally placed in Myrmicinae, now assigned to the family Ichneumonidae. [4][346]
Syntaphus Donisthorpe 1920 1 Syntaphus wheeleri The fossil is an insect from the Oligocene, originally placed in Ponerinae and later assigned to incertae sedis in Formicidae. It was recently excluded from the family in 2014, now believed to be a Braconidae wasp. [4][30][61]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Includes one undescribed fossil species.[80]
  2. ^ a b Formicium is considered a collective group name.[108]
  3. ^ a b The collective group names †Formicium and †Myrmeciites do not have designated type species per the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature.[109]
  4. ^ a b Myrmeciites is considered a collective group name.[180]
  5. ^ Curticorna was placed in Dorylinae by Hong (2002), but this genus is "definitely not Dorylinae" according to Barry Bolton.[336] Dlussky & Wedmann (2012) suggest that Curticorna may belong to Ectatomminae.[11]
  6. ^ Eoaenictites was placed in Aenictinae (now Dorylinae) by Hong (2002), but this genus is "definitely not Aenictinae" according to Barry Bolton.[337]
  7. ^ Genus is unidentifiable, previously placed in Formicinae and Dolichoderinae.
  8. ^ Replacement name for Heer's †Myrmicium (not Westwood's).

References[edit]

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