List of commanders of the LTTE
The following is a list of commanders of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), also known as the Tamil Tigers, a separatist militant Tamil nationalist organisation, which operated in northern and eastern Sri Lanka from late 1970s to May 2009, until it was defeated by the Sri Lankan Military.
|Nom de Guerre||Real Name||Date & Place
|Date & Place
|Thambi (used only by closest associates) and Anna (elder brother)||Velupillai
26 November 1954|
|19 May 2009
|Leader of the LTTE||Prabhakaran was the supreme leader of LTTE, which waged a 25-year violent secessionist campaign in Sri Lanka. His death in Nanthikadal lagoon, Vellamullivaikkal, Mullaitivu, brought an immediate end to the Sri Lankan Civil War.|
|Pottu Amman alias
Papa Oscar alias
Sobhigemoorthy alias Kailan
|Shanmugalingam Sivashankar †||1962
|18 May 2009
|Leader of Tiger Organization Security Intelligence Service (TOSIS) and Black Tigers||Pottu Amman was the second-in-command of LTTE. His death was initially disputed because the dead body was not found. But in October 2010, TADA court judge K. Dakshinamurthy dropped charges against Amman, on the Assassination of Rajiv Gandhi, accepting the CBI's report on his demise.|
|Selvarasa Pathmanathan (POW)
alias Kumaran Pathmanathan
alias KP (23+ aliases)
|Shanmugam Kumaran Tharmalingam||
6 April 1955|
|Leader of LTTE since the death of Prabhakaran. Prior to that, served as the chief procurer of arms and head of the "Department of International Relations" of LTTE||As the chief arms procurer since the origin of the organisation, Pathmanathan was involved in all the vital administrative issues of LTTE. He held 200+ passports with himself. On 21 July 2009, the Executive Committee of the LTTE, issued a statement announcing that Patmanathan had been appointed leader of the LTTE. But on 5 August 2009, Sri Lankan intelligence agents with the aid of the local authorities, captured Pathmanathan in Malaysia and deported him to Sri Lanka.|
|Karuna Amman||Vinayagamoorthy Muralitharan||1966
|LTTE leader of the Eastern Province||Karuna Amman was a major commander of the LTTE. He was involved in many successful LTTE attacks including the Second Battle of Elephant Pass. In March 2004, he broke away from the Tamil Tigers and claimed renounced violence. In 2007, he created the political party TMVP. But in 2008, he was appointed as a National List Member of Parliament. Later, he was sworn in as Minister of National Integration.|
|Lt. Seelan †||Charles Lucas Anthony||Church Street,
|15 July 1983
|Second-in-command of LTTE as of 1983||Seelan was Prabhakaran's right-hand man in the early stages of LTTE. He was instrumental in the rising of LTTE from an armed criminal gang to a deadly military force. Seelan's death on 15 July 1983 prompted Prabhakaran to ambush the Sri Lanka Army patrol Four Four Bravo to avenge his death. The killing of 13 soldiers on 23 July 1983, resulted in the Black July ethnic riots, which marked the beginning of 26 year civil war. LTTE supermo Prabhakaran paid tribute to Seelan aka Charles Anthony by naming his elder son and the premiere fighting brigade of LTTE after him.|
|Colonel Kittu †||Sathasivam Krishnakumar||
2 January 1960|
|16 January 1993
|Second-in-Command of LTTE, Leader of shipping||Col. Kittu was the Second-in-Command of LTTE in the 1980s. He became crippled in a shoot-out happened in 1987. Kittu committed suicide when he was going to be caught by the Indian Navy.|
|28 December 1994
|Second-in-Command of LTTE (1987–1993), Leader of People's Front of Liberation Tigers, Political wing of LTTE||LTTE intelligence wing found Mahattaya was leaking information to India's Research and Analysis Wing, and plotting to assassinate Prabhakaran. He was arrested in March 1993, and executed in December 1994, on the orders of Prabhakaran. It was said that Mahattaya, along with nearly 257 cadres who were loayal to him, were lined up in a coconut estate located near Chavakacheri, shot and killed and all the bodies were dumped.|
|Thamilchelvan||Suppiah Paramu Thamilselvan||
29 August 1967|
|2 November 2007
|Political leader of LTTE||One of the prominent negotiators of LTTE. Killed by a precise Sri Lanka Air Force bombing targeting him.|
|Colonel Shankar||Vaithilingam Sornalingam †||September 1949||26 September 2001
|Founder and leader of the air wing and marine division of LTTE||Shankar was a relative and one of the closest lieutenants of LTTE leader Prabhakaran. He is killed by a claymore attack of the deep penetration unit of Sri Lankan army in 2001.|
|Colonel Soosai †||Thillaiyampalam Sivanesan||16 October 1963||18 May 2009
|Head of the Sea Tigers, naval wing of the LTTE||He is responsible for many successful attacks against Sri Lanka Navy. He was narrowly ezcaped during the Vadamarachchi Operation, but was killed during the Sri Lanka Army's final onslaught towards LTTE held area in 2009.|
|Brigadier Balraj||Balasegaram Kandiah||
27 November 1965|
|18 May 2008
|Commander of the Charles Antony Brigade||Balraj died due to a sudden heart attack. He is responsible for many successful attacks of LTTE including Second Battle of Elephant Pass.|
|Colonel Theepan †
alias Tango Papa
|5 April 2009
|Overall military commander of LTTE in the final phase of Sri Lankan Civil War||Theepan was promoted posthumously to Brigadier. He was a native of Thenmarachi division of Jaffna District. He joined LTTE in 1984 and eventually became a senior commander. He has participated and lead number of battles against Sri Lankan Army. He was killed along with 615 others in early April 2009 in Puthukkudiyiruppu (Mullaitivu). Before his death he was the unofficial military commander of the LTTE Northern fighting formations.|
|Rathnam Master †||18 May 2009
|Head of LTTE Military Intelligence wing, head of the air wing and the Radha Brigade||A personal bodyguard of Prabhakaran, and led the LTTE military wing after Colonel Theepan was killed in April 2009.|
|Kapil Amman †||18 May 2009
|Deputy leader of Tiger Organization Security Intelligence Service (TOSIS)||A long time deputy of the LTTE intelligence head Pottu Amman.|
|Nadesan||Balasingham Nadesan||18 May 2009
|Political leader of LTTE (Since November 2007), Chief of LTTE Police||Nadesan was the Police Chief of LTTE. He also held the position of Political leader since the death of S. P. Thamilselvan in 2007. Nadesan was killed on 18 May 2009 in Vellamullivaikkal, Mullaitivu.|
|Sivanadan Somasekaran||1960||18 May 2009
|Leader of the LTTE artillery wing||He led the LTTE artillery unit in the Second Battle of Elephant Pass and hoisted the LTTE flag at the Elephant Pass base in 2000. He was killed during the final battle of the war, on 18 May 2009.|
|Colonel Charles †||Shanmuganathan Ravishankar||1965||6 January 2008
|Head of LTTE Military Intelligence wing||Charles was killed by a Sri Lankan Army LRRP unit in 2008. He was involved in the planning of Central Bank bombing and many other successful Black Tiger attacks.|
|Colonel Ramesh †
alias Romeo Siera
|T. Thurairajasingham||18 May 2009
|Batticaloa District & Ampara District commander||He was the LTTE commander for Batticaloa and Ampara districts during the 2002 ceasefire era. It is believed he was killed on 18 May 2009.|
|Soosapillai Joseph Anthonydas||
1 April 1964|
|16 May 2009
|LTTE leader of Trincomalee||He used to be a personal body guard of LTTE leader Velupillai Prabhakaran and a senior commander of the LTTE. It is believed that he was killed in May 2009.|
|Pulidevan †||Seevaratnam Pulidevan||18 May 2009
|Head of the LTTE Peace Secretariat||Pulidevan was a member of the LTTE negotiating team during peace talks.|
|Shashikumar Master †||Mithiran Selvarathnam||18 May 2009
|Head of the LTTE mapping and surveying division||Died during the final battle on 18 May 2009.|
|Daya Master (POW)||Velayutham Dayanidhi||Head of the LTTE media division||Surrendered to the Sri Lankan Army during final stages of war.|
|George Master (POW)||Velupillai Kumaru Pancharatnam||Translator of LTTE leader Prabhakaran and S. P. Thamilsenvan||Surrendered to the Sri Lankan Army towards the end of the war.|
|Colonel Gadaffi †||1961||5 April 2009
|Head of LTTE military school||He was a senior commander of the LTTE. He was from Nelliyady. He was killed in early April 2009 in Puthukkudiyiruppu (Mullaitivu). At the time of his death, he was the head of Tamil Tiger military school. He also functioned as either deputy or leader of some of the Tamil Tiger military divisions. It is claimed that Gadaffi brought down several Sri Lankan Air Force aircraft through his shoulder fired SAM-7 missiles.|
|21 April 2009
|A senior LTTE commander, originally from the east of Sri Lanka. He was a member of the LTTE delegation that attended the Geneva peace talks between the LTTE and the Government of Sri Lanka. He is not to be confused with a TMVP commander by the same name, who is also from the east of Sri Lanka.|
|Colonel Raju alias
|Ambalavanar Neminathan||Elalai, Jaffna||25 August 2002||Served as the special commander of the elite LTTE Leopard Commandos and had played a key role in developing the its artillery wing.|
|Colonel Pathuman †||Trincomalee District commander||The former LTTE commander for the Trincomalee District during the 2002 ceasefire period.|
|Colonel Ramanan †||Kandiah Ulaganathan||1966
|21 May 2006
|An LTTE explosives expert.|
|Nediyavan||Perinpanayagam Sivaparan||LTTE leader of Norway||With the demise of LTTE in May 2009, Nediyavan appeared as the military leader of LTTE. He was apprehended by Norwegian authorities in May 2011.|
|Colonel Thurka †||5 April 2009
|Commander of Sothiya Regiment||A female commander of the LTTE, she is the leader of the all-female Sothiya Regiment. Reported to have been killed on 5 April 2009 during the Battle of Aanandapuram.|
|Colonel Vithusha †||5 April 2009
|Commander of Malathi Regiment||A female commander of the LTTE, and the leader of the all-female Malathi Regiment. Reported to have been killed on 5 April 2009 during the Battle of Aanandapuram.|
|Lt. Colonel Akbar †||Veerapathirar Pernibarasa||7 October 2006
|Leader of the Victor anti-tank regiment||He was killed on the 7th of October 2006 at the Muhamalai Forward Defence Line.|
|Lt. Colonel Amuthab †||5 April 2009
|Charles Anthony Brigade commander||He was a senior LTTE commander, was also the head of Charles Anthony Brigade. He was a battle hardened commander & was killed in April 2009 in the Battle of Aanandapuram.|
|Lt. Colonel Appaiah||I. Rasiah||24 December 1997||Known as the 'Scientist of LTTE'.|
|Lt. Colonel Arivu †||Trincomalee District||He was a senior commander of the LTTE, he served in Charles Anthony Brigade as a senior commander. Believed to have been in killed in Trincomalee District in the mid 2000s.|
|Lt. Colonel Gobith †||5 April 2009
|Commander of Charles Anthony Brigade||He was a senior LTTE commander, was also the head of Charles Anthony Brigade. He was a battle hardened commander & was killed in April 2009 in the Battle of Aanandapuram.|
|Lt. Colonel Kumarappa †||B. Rathnapalan||5 October 1987
|He was taken into custody by Sri Lanka Navy along with 16 others in the mid sea, and brought to Sri Lanka Army base in Palali. When the Sri Lanka Army attempted to take them to Colombo for interrogation, he committed suicide on 5 October 1987.|
|Lt. Colonel Lawrence †||16 May 2009
|He was a senior commander of the LTTE, he served in the northern front. It is believed that he was killed in May 2009.|
|Lt. Colonel Nakulan †
|He was a senior commander of the Tamil Tigers, he served in Charles Anthony Brigade as a senior commander. Believed to have been killed in eastern Sri Lanka in May 2007.|
|Lt. Colonel Nizam †||Thambirasa Kuhasanthan||2001
|Head of Military Intelligence (East)||He was the LTTE military intelligence wing leader for the east of Sri Lanka. He was killed by a Sri Lanka Army LRRP unit in 2001.|
|Lt. Colonel Ponnamman †||Yogaratnam Kugan||1987
|He is an old boy of Jaffna Hindu College and a college all rounder. He was killed in 1987 in an explosion during an attempt to attack the Sri Lanka Army camp in Navatkuly, Jaffna.|
|Lt. Colonel Pulendran †||K. Dharmarajah||10 October 1987
|Trincomalee District commander||Pulendran was one of the early members of the LTTE. He was the military commander in the Trincomalee District. He committed suicide as the Army attempted to take him to Colombo for interrogation, after being apprehended.|
|Lt Colonel Ratha †||He was a senior commander of the LTTE, he has been credited with many attack against Sri Lankan forces. He was killed in the late 1980s. The name 'Ratha' can refer a male or female. The Ratha Regiment is named in honour of him.|
|Lt. Colonel Santhosham †||K. Umainesan||21 October 1987
|He was killed on 21 October 1987 at Kondavil in Jaffna in a battle with the IPKF. He was active in the Trincomalee District of Sri Lanka. He was from Ariyalai, Jaffna District, Sri Lanka.|
|Lt. Colonel Thileepan||Rasaiah Parthipan||1962||26 September 1987
|Died during a hunger strike against the IPKF operations in Sri Lanka.|
|Lt. Colonel Veeramani †||Subramaniam Vadivel||24 May 2006||He was a senior commander of the LTTE, he was killed in an accidentail explosion on 24 May 2006. He served as a senior commander in the Charles Anthony Brigade and Tamil Tiger northern forces. He was from Vavuniya District|
|Lt. Colonel Victor †||Marcelin Fuselus||1984||Mannar District commander||He was a Mannar District commander of the Tamil Tigers, until he was killed in 1984 by the Sri Lanka Army. The Victor Anti Tank and Armoured Unit of the LTTE was named after him.|
|Major Mano †||2001||Head of Communications (East)||The LTTE's head of eastern communications, he was killed by a Sri Lanka Army LRRP unit in 2001.|
|Captain Miller †||Vallipuram Vasanthan||1 January 1966||5 July 1987(aged 21)||First Black Tiger for the LTTE. He drove a small truck laden with explosives into a Sri Lanka Army camp in Nelliady MMV, Karaveddy in Jaffna peninsula, killing himself and 128 Sri Lankan soldiers.|
|Captain Pandithar †||S. Ravindran||9 January 1985||He was a childhood friend of Velupillai Prabhakaran and was the LTTE's accredited vice captain. He was killed by the Sri Lanka Army on 9 January 1985.|
|Lieutenant Sellakili †||Sathasivam Selvanayakam||23 July 1983
|He was the only LTTE cadre to be killed in an ambush in Thirunelveli in Jaffna that killed 13 Sri Lanka Army soldiers on 23 July 1983, the incident that sparked the Black July riots across the country. He was the leader of the group that carried out the attack.|
|Cheliyan †||October 2008?
|Deputy Leader, Sea Tigers||He was a Sea Tiger deputy leader. It is claimed that a Sri Lankan Army LRRP killed him in October 2008. However there were reports that he was killed in May 2009.|
|Gangai Amaran †||2001||Deputy Leader, Sea Tigers||He was a deputy Sea Tiger commander. He was killed along with his family by a Sri Lanka Army LRRP unit in 2001.|
|Gopal †||Nadarasa Dushiyanthan||5 April 2009
|Commander of Kutti Sri Mortar Unit||He was a senior commander of the LTTE and was also the leader of Kutti Sri Mortar Unit. He participated in many battles against the Sri Lankan Army, was killed in early April 2009 in Puthukkudiyiruppu (Mullaitivu).|
|Keerthi †||Manikkapodi Easwaran||5 April 2009
|Head of Intelligence, Batticaloa District||He was a senior commander of the Tamil Tigers, he was killed in early April 2009 in Puthukkudiyiruppu (Mullaitivu). He was from Batticaloa District and served as the Tamil Tiger intelligence chief there. He also served in the Jeyanthan Brigade as a senior commander.|
|Marshall †||Irasaiah Ilanthirayan||LTTE spokesperson||He was the LTTE's military spokesperson and was often in contact with international media during the immediate post-ceasefire era.|
|Nagesh †||Selvarathnam Sundaram||
15 January 1970|
|5 April 2009
|He was a senior commander of the LTTE, participated in may battles against the Sri Lankan Army in the east and north of Sri Lanka. He was killed in early April 2009 in Puthukkudiyiruppu (Mullaitivu). He was a senior commander of the Jeyanthan Brigade.|
|Ramalingam Paramadeva †||1984||Senior leader, Batticaloa||One of the architects of the 1983 Batticaloa Jailbreak.|
|Maria Vasanthi Michael||20 September 1963||11 January 1990(aged 26)||She died of illness in 1990 and had one of the female fighting formations of the LTTE, the Sothiya Regiment, named after her.|
|Captain Morris (MO) †||Paratharajan Thiyagarajah||12 September 1969||1 May 1989
|Point Pedro District Leader||He was in charge of Point Pedro area & was killed in May 1989 in the battle of military offensives of Indian Peace Keeping Forces (IPKF).|
- Black July
- Tamil Tigers
- 1987 Mass Suicide of Tamil Tigers
- Long Range Reconnaissance Patrol (Sri Lanka)
- List of Sri Lankan Civil War battles
- "SCENARIOS-The end of Sri Lanka's quarter-century war". Reuters. 16 May 2009.
- "LTTE chief Prabhakaran killed: Lanka army sources". Times of India. 18 May 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2009.
- Bosleigh, Robert (18 May 2009). "Tamil Tigers supreme commander Prabhakaran 'shot dead'". The Times. London. Retrieved 18 May 2009.
- Nelson, Dean (18 May 2009). "Tamil Tiger leader Velupillai Prabhakaran 'shot dead'". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 18 May 2009.
- ""Pottu Amman" and the Intelligence Division of the LTTE". D. B. S. Jeyaraj. 11 September 2009. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- "Rajiv trial: Names of Prabhakaran, Pottu Amman dropped". NDTV. 26 October 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2011.
- "Notorious Pottu Amman, Bhanu confirmed killed". Sri Lanka Army. 18 May 2009. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- "Sri Lanka: The Untold Story, Chapter 29 - Prisoners massacred". Asia Times. 2 March 2002. Retrieved 12 July 2011.
- Rajasingham, K. T. (2 March 2002). "Sri Lanka: The Untold Story - Chapter 57: Kittu, the LTTE legend". Asia Times. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- Rajasingham, K. T. (2 March 2002). "Sri Lanka: The Untold Story - Chapter 56: The execution of Mahattaya". Asia Times. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- LTTE debacle at Aanandapuram: Top Tiger leaders killed
- LTTE suffers worst defeat
- THEEPAN OF THE LTTE: HEROIC SAGA OF A NORTHERN WARRIOR
- "The taking of Elephant Pass". HinduOnNet. 13 May 2000. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
- "Identified LTTE leaders who were killed during the Last Battle". Ministry of Defense, Sri Lanka. 18 May 2009. Retrieved 18 June 2011.
- "Vanni pays homage to Col. Charles". Tamilnet. 6 January 2008. Retrieved 17 December 2008. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "Vanni_pays_homage_to_Col._Charles" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- "SL propaganda aims to create fear psychosis in East-Ramesh". Tamilnet. 20 June 2004. Retrieved 21 January 2009.
- "Colonel Sornam visits army-controlled areas in Trinco". Tamilnet. 7 October 2008. Retrieved 7 October 2008.
- "LTTE's Swarnam & Shashi Master reprted killed". Sri Lanka Army. 16 May 2009. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- "LTTE killed Tamil civilians: surrendered Tiger leaders". Indian Express. 29 April 2009. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- "Who is George Master? Who is Daya Master?". lankanewspapers.com. 22 April 2009. Retrieved 6 February 2012.
- "Peace sacrificed for counter insurgency by Colombo - Col. Jeyam". Tamilnet. 24 May 2006. Retrieved 20 December 2008.
- "Northern LTTE puts command changes to the east on hold". AsianTribume. 5 July 2006. Retrieved 18 January 2009.
- "Colonel Pathuman speaks to TamilNet". Tamilnet. 9 March 2004. Retrieved 21 January 2009.
- "Dutch officials question KP and 12 others". 19 June 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
- "Anatomy of the LTTE military debacle at Aanandapuram". dbsjeyaraj.com. 10 April 2009. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
- "Reserved hero: Brigadier Balraj TamilNet". Tamilnet. 23 May 2008. Retrieved 21 January 2009.
- Charles Anthony Brigade celebrates 15th anniversary of inauguration
- Two top LTTE leaders killed
- †"One Hundred Tamils of the 20th century". Tamilnation. 21 April 1999. Retrieved 3 January 2009.[dead link]
- Theepan of the LTTE: Heroic saga of a Northern warrior
- "Kumarappa, Pulendran Eighteenth anniversary held in Jaffna". Tamilnet. 5 October 2005. Retrieved 20 December 2008.
- SLA meets LTTE's Northern Forces Commander
- LTTE FDL commander dies in accidental explosion
- Col Nagulan Charles Anthoney head and former boss of velu's security detail, killed...
- "LRRP infiltration demolishes impregnable Tiger terrain myth". LRRP WordPress. 12 March 2008. Retrieved 20 December 2008.
- "Lt Col Ponnamman's 19th anniversary celebrated". Tamilnet. 17 February 2006. Retrieved 18 December 2008.
- Krishna, Sankaran (2005). Postcolonial Insecurities: India, Sri Lanka, and the Question of Nationhood. University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-8166-3330-4. p.182-183
- Women & the Struggle for Tamil Eelam
- Maria Vasanthi Michael - Sothia
- Prabha's Pet Regiment Hit, 3 Charles Anthony Lt. Colonels Killed
- "Death anniversary of Lt. Col Santhosham observed". Tamilnet. 23 October 2002. Retrieved 18 December 2008.
- "Limbo between war and peace". AsiaTimes. 23 March 2002. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
- After Prabha, who? - D. B. S. Jeyaraj
- "The loss of Sellakili". SangamOrg. 30 April 2004. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
- "Cheliyan – Deputy Sea Tiger Leader killed". LankaDailyNews. 11 October 2008. Retrieved 28 December 2008.
- Cheliyan Killed
- LTTE leaders come under bomb attacks The Hindu - 16 August 2001
- "War Worsens as Sri Lanka Puts Pressure on Rebels". The New York Times. 27 September 2008. Retrieved 18 January 2009.
- Sri Lanka fears for school safety BBC News - 14 August 2006
- "Maria Vasanthi Michael - Sothia". TamilNation. 17 December 2008. Retrieved 17 December 2008.[dead link]