Parliamentary Committees of the United Kingdom
The Parliamentary Committees of the United Kingdom are sub-legislative organizations each consisting of small number of Members of Parliament from the House of Commons, or peers from the House of Lords, or a mix of both appointed to deal with particular areas or issues; most are made up of members of the Commons. The majority of parliamentary committees are Select Committees. The remit of these committees vary depending on whether they are committees of the House of Commons or the House of Lords.
- 1 House of Commons
- 2 House of Lords
- 3 Joint House Committees
- 4 Former committees
- 5 References
- 6 External links
House of Commons
Select committees in the Commons are designed to oversee the work of departments and agencies, examine topical issues affecting the country or individual regions, and review and advise on the procedures, workings and rules of the House.
- Departmental (Dept) select committees are designed to oversee and examine the work of individual government departments and any related departmental bodies and agencies.
- Topical select committees examine topical issues of importance.
- Internal select committees have responsibility with respect to the day-to-day running of Parliament.
- Public bill committees (formerly known as Standing Committees on Bills)
- Delegated Legislation Committees
- European Committees
- Northern Ireland Grand Committee
- Regional Affairs Committee
- Scottish Grand Committee
- Welsh Grand Committee
- Legislative Grand Committee
- Advisory Committee on Works of Art
- House of Commons Commission
- Public Accounts Commission
- Speaker's Committee on the Electoral Commission
- Speaker's Committee for the Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority
House of Lords
- Communications Select Committee
- Constitution Committee
- Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Select Committee
- Economic Affairs Committee
- European Union Committee
- Hybrid Instruments Committee
- International Relations
- Merits of Statutory Instruments Select Committee
- Science and Technology Committee
- Administration and Works Select Committee
- House Committee
- Liaison Committee
- Committee for Privileges
- Procedure Committee
- Refreshment Select Committee
- Committee of Selection
Joint House Committees
Joint committees are committees formed to examine a particular issue, whose membership is from both the Commons and the Lords.
- Joint Committee on Consolidation, &c., Bills
- Ecclesiastical Committee
- Joint Committee on the National Security Strategy
- Joint Committee on Human Rights
- Joint Committee on Security (advises on the security of the Parliamentary Estate)
- Joint Committee on Statutory Instruments
- Joint Committee on Tax Law Rewrite Bills
- Joint Committee on the Palace of Westminster
Occasionally, committees will be discharged by one of the Houses of Parliament, namely the Commons or the Lords. This occurs when existing committees are no longer required or have their responsibilities transferred to a different committee, effectively rendering the original committee void. It is more common, however, for committees to be discharged as a result of the abolition of government departments, for example the abolition of the Department of Education and Skills in June 2007 resulted in the abolition of the Education and Skills Select Committee shortly afterwards.
- Agriculture Select Committee - dissolved in 2001, and replaced by the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Select Committee following the replacement of the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Fisheries with the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
- Business and Enterprise Select Committee - dissolved 30 September 2009, and replaced by the Business, Innovation and Skills Select Committee following the replacement of the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform with the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
- Constitutional Affairs Select Committee - dissolved 25 July 2007, and replaced by the Justice Select Committee following the replacement of the Department for Constitutional Affairs with the Ministry of Justice.
- Education and Employment Select Committee - split in 2001 into the Education and Skills Select Committee and the Work and Pensions Select Committee following the splitting of the Department for Education and Employment into two distinct departments.
- Education and Skills Select Committee - dissolved 25 July 2007, and replaced with the Children, Schools and Families Select Committee and the Innovation, Universities, Science and Skills Select Committee following the replacement of the Department of Education and Skills with the Department for Children, Schools and Families and the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills.
- Environment, Transport and Regional Affairs Select Committee - abolished in 2001, with the environment portion of the committee's remit being transferred to the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Select Committee and the remainder being transferred to the new Transport, Local Government and the Regions Select Committee following changes to several government departments following the 2001 general election.
- Innovation, Universities, Science and Skills Select Committee - dissolved 30 September 2009 following the abolition of the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills. Technically replaced by the Science and Technology Select Committee.
- Lord Chancellor's Department Committee - abolished in 2003 following the merging of the Lord Chancellor's Department into the Department for Constitutional Affairs
- Committee on the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister - abolished in 2006 and replaced with the Communities and Local Government Select Committee following the abolition of the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, which was replaced by the Department for Communities and Local Government
- Science and Technology Committee - abolished in 2007 following the creation of the Innovation, Universities, Science and Skills Select Committee
- Social Security Select Committee - abolished in 2001 and replaced with the Work and Pensions Select Committee following the replacement of the Department of Social Security with the Department for Work and Pensions
- Trade and Industry Select Committee - dissolved 25 July 2007, and replaced with the Business and Enterprise Select Committee following the replacement of the Department of Trade and Industry with the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform.
- Transport, Local Government and the Regions Select Committee - abolished after less than one year and replaced by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister Select Committee and the Transport Select Committee
- Energy and Climate Change Select Committee - abolished after the Department for Energy and Climate Change was abolished, although the chairman Angus MacNeil became chairman of the International Trade Select Committee
All five domestic committees were abolished in 2005 and replaced by a single committee - the Administration Committee.
- Accommodation and Works Committee
- Administration Committee
- Broadcasting Committee
- Catering Committee
- Information Committee
- Select Committee on the Modernisation of the House of Commons (examined how Commons practices and procedures could be modernised)
The House of Commons set up eight regional select committees in November 2008, whose members were first appointed on 3 March 2009. The committees were formed of 5 Labour members, as opposed to the 9 members from various parties as was agreed in the original motion, due to the refusal of the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats to nominate any members as a sign of their opposition to setting up the committees. The resolution that formed the committees expired at the end of the 2005/10 Parliament. The succeeding coalition government of Conservatives and Liberal Democrats chose not to renew it.
- East of England Regional Select Committee
- East Midlands Regional Select Committee
- North East Regional Select Committee
- North West Regional Select Committee
- South East Regional Select Committee
- South West Regional Select Committee
- West Midlands Regional Select Committee
- Yorkshire and the Humber Regional Select Committee
- Barnett Formula Select Committee
- House of Lords Select Committee on Monetary Policy Committee of the Bank of England
- Intergovernmental Organisations Select Committee
- Select Committee on Regulators