List of islands within the Murray River in South Australia

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List of islands within the Murray River in South Australia is a list of islands located within the watercourse of the Murray River within the Australian state of South Australia from the mouth of the river at Encounter Bay in the south to the borders with the states of New South Wales and Victoria in the east including the following lakes located adjacent to the river's mouth - Coorong, Lake Albert and Lake Alexandrina.

Aerial view of Lakes Albert and Alexandrina

Coorong[edit]

The following list includes islands (listed from west to east) in the Coorong as well as the following two channels connecting it to Port Pullen at the Murray Mouth - the Coorong Channel and the Tauwitchere Channel. As of 2014, all of the islands in the following list were within the boundary of the Coorong National Park.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Name Coordinates Remarks
Sam Island 35°44′42″S 139°14′31″E / 35.74496787°S 139.24189437°E / -35.74496787; 139.24189437 (Sam Island) [3][7][8]
Needles Island 35°50′39″S 139°21′17″E / 35.84407827°S 139.35480084°E / -35.84407827; 139.35480084 (= Needles Island) [3][9]
Goat Island 35°50′50″S 139°20′52″E / 35.84723052°S 139.34768843°E / -35.84723052; 139.34768843 (Goat Island) [3][10]
Snake Island 35°51′02″S 139°21′57″E / 35.850670°S 139.365840°E / -35.850670; 139.365840 (Snake Island) [3][11]
Rabbit Island 35°51′37″S 139°22′42″E / 35.860210°S 139.3784°E / -35.860210; 139.3784 (Rabbit Island) [3][12]
Bluff Island 35°53′03″S 139°23′22″E / 35.884060°S 139.3895°E / -35.884060; 139.3895 (Bluff Island) [3][13]
Bull Island 35°54′56″S 139°25′18″E / 35.915620°S 139.421670°E / -35.915620; 139.421670 (Bull Island) [4][14]
Cow Island 35°55′52″S 139°27′03″E / 35.93104990°S 139.45079703°E / -35.93104990; 139.45079703 (Cow Island) [4][15]
Long Island 35°56′08″S 139°27′27″E / 35.935640°S 139.457560°E / -35.935640; 139.457560 (Long Island) [4][16]
Round Island 35°56′28″S 139°27′44″E / 35.941030°S 139.462180°E / -35.941030; 139.462180 (Round Island) [4][17]
Swan Island 35°56′40″S 139°28′09″E / 35.944510°S 139.469190°E / -35.944510; 139.469190 (Swan Island) [4][18]
Stony Well Island 35°57′44″S 139°29′28″E / 35.962280°S 139.491090°E / -35.962280; 139.491090 (Stony Well Island) [4][19]
Cattle Island 36°00′25″S 139°32′04″E / 36.00705859°S 139.53448578°E / -36.00705859; 139.53448578 (Cattle Island) [4][20]
Teal Island 36°02′13″S 139°33′30″E / 36.036880°S 139.558470°E / -36.036880; 139.558470 (Teal Island) [4][21]
North Pelican Island 36°02′40″S 139°33′31″E / 36.04435402°S 139.55871543°E / -36.04435402; 139.55871543 (North Pelican Island) [4][22]
Halfway Island 36°03′06″S 139°34′01″E / 36.05166457°S 139.56690284°E / -36.05166457; 139.56690284 (Halfway Island) [4][23]
Pelican Island 36°03′27″S 139°33′48″E / 36.057460°S 139.563460°E / -36.057460; 139.563460 (Pelican Island) [4][24]
Mellor Island 36°04′06″S 139°34′30″E / 36.068370°S 139.574870°E / -36.068370; 139.574870 (Mellor Island) [4][25]
Seagull Island 36°05′03″S 139°35′25″E / 36.084270°S 139.590410°E / -36.084270; 139.590410 (Seagull Island) [4][26]
Wild Dog Island 36°07′24″S 139°37′41″E / 36.123280°S 139.627990°E / -36.123280; 139.627990 (Wild Dog Island) [5][27]

Lake Albert[edit]

Name Coordinates Remarks
Bascombe Island 35°43′35″S 139°15′49″E / 35.72648039°S 139.26348163°E / -35.72648039; 139.26348163 (Bascombe Island) Island is located in a bay at the south end of the lake also known as Bascombe Bay [2][7][28]

Lake Alexandrina[edit]

The following is a list of islands (from west to east) within Lake Alexandrina and including the group of islands at the southern end of the lake.[6]

Name Coordinates Remarks
Goose Island 35°29′30″S 138°49′53″E / 35.49172152°S 138.83152770°E / -35.49172152; 138.83152770 (Goose Island) An island that was inundated by the water level rise caused by the construction of the barrages in the 1930s. It lies within the boundaries of the Currency Creek Game Reserve.[29]
Billygoat Islands 35°29′18″S 138°50′11″E / 35.48844308°S 138.83643637°E / -35.48844308; 138.83643637 (Billygoat Islands) It is reported as being a group of small islands of which many were inundated by the water level rise in the river system caused by the construction of the barrages in the 1930s. It lies within the boundaries of the Currency Creek Game Reserve.[30]
Reedy Island 35°31′53″S 138°50′39″E / 35.531270°S 138.844230°E / -35.531270; 138.844230 (Reedy Island) Island located in the Goolwa Channel on the south side of Hindmarsh Island within the boundary of the Coorong National Park.[1][31]
Rushy Island 35°32′08″S 138°50′59″E / 35.535440°S 138.849680°E / -35.535440; 138.849680 (Rushy Island) Island located in the Goolwa Channel on the south side of Hindmarsh Island within the boundary of the Coorong National Park.[1][32]
Hindmarsh Island 35°30′58″S 138°52′34″E / 35.51618332°S 138.87616566°E / -35.51618332; 138.87616566 (Hindmarsh Island) [1][2][33]
Bird Island 35°33′10″S 138°53′44″E / 35.55288311°S 138.89542664°E / -35.55288311; 138.89542664 (Bird Island) Island located in the Coorong Channel on the south side of Hindmarsh Island within the boundary of the Coorong National Park. Also, known as Gull Island.[1][2][34]
Varcoe Island 35°32′31″S 138°54′04″E / 35.541960°S 138.901010°E / -35.541960; 138.901010 (Varcoe Island) Island located in Mundoo channel between Hindmarsh and Mundoo Islands.,[1][35]
Lucerne Island 35°31′54″S 138°55′31″E / 35.53156940°S 138.92519926°E / -35.53156940; 138.92519926 (Lucerne Island) [1][4][36]
Mundoo Island 35°32′47″S 138°56′02″E / 35.546510°S 138.9339°E / -35.546510; 138.9339 (Mundoo Island) [1][2][37]
Goose Island 35°30′05″S 138°56′09″E / 35.50127164°S 138.93570995°E / -35.50127164; 138.93570995 (Goose Island) Island located east of the town of Clayton Bay.[1][38]
Goat Island 35°30′15″S 138°56′37″E / 35.504110°S 138.943560°E / -35.504110; 138.943560 (Goat Island) Island located east of town of Clayton Bay.[1][39]
Ewe Island 35°33′23″S 138°56′49″E / 35.556260°S 138.947020°E / -35.556260; 138.947020 (Ewe Island) According to an atlas published in 1877, it and Long Island were considered to be one island known as Reedy Island. [1][2][40][41]
Rat Island 35°31′13″S 138°57′33″E / 35.520140°S 138.959110°E / -35.520140; 138.959110 (Rat Island) Also called Ram Island.[1][42][43]
Long Island 35°32′15″S 138°59′06″E / 35.537480°S 138.98487346°E / -35.537480; 138.98487346 (Long Island) Also known as Ram Island and as Grindstone Island. According to an atlas published in 1877, it and Ewe Island were considered to be one island known as Reedy Island.[1][2][44][45]
Tauwitchere Island 35°34′28″S 138°59′22″E / 35.574560°S 138.989540°E / -35.574560; 138.989540 (Tauwitchere Island) Island is reported as also being named Towagery, Towatchery and Talwadjeri Island and as having an area of 144 hectares (356 acres). [46][47]
Myrtle Island 35°34′08″S 138°59′32″E / 35.5689°S 138.992280°E / -35.5689; 138.992280 (Myrtle Island) Island located within the Mud Islands Game Reserve.[48][49]
Snake Island 35°33′41″S 138°59′49″E / 35.56143004°S 138.99698025°E / -35.56143004; 138.99698025 (Snake Island) [3][50][51]
Mud Island 35°33′51″S 139°00′43″E / 35.564130°S 139.011910°E / -35.564130; 139.011910 (Mud Island) Island reported as having an area of 17 hectares (43 acres). It lies within the boundaries of the Mud Island Game Reserve.[52]
Reedy Island No 2 35°33′22″S 139°00′43″E / 35.5560°S 139.012070°E / -35.5560; 139.012070 (Reedy Island No 2) [4][51][53]
Pomanda Island 35°24′58″S 139°18′29″E / 35.41600826°S 139.30799221°E / -35.41600826; 139.30799221 (Pomanda Island) Island located adjacent of the channel of the Murray River immediately south of its entry into Lake Alexandrina.[54][55]
Aerial view from the east showing island system adjoining Murray Mouth including locations of barrages (State Library of South Australia - PRG-1258/2/546)
Aerial photo of Goolwa, South Australia with Hindmarsh Island on the left side of image
Pomanda Island (at bottom of image)

Wellington to Morgan[edit]

The following is a list of islands (from south to north) within the river’s channel between the town of Wellington and the town of Morgan.

Name Coordinates Remarks
Miss Gawler Island 35°08′50″S 139°18′35″E / 35.14728707°S 139.30978°E / -35.14728707; 139.30978 (Miss Gawler Island) Island located south east of the city of Murray Bridge and is located beneath the Swanport Bridge.[56][57]
Long Island 35°07′48″S 139°17′59″E / 35.130070°S 139.299730°E / -35.130070; 139.299730 (Long Island) The island located immediately opposite Murray Bridge and is within the boundaries of the Long Island Recreation Park. The island is considered by the Ngarrindjeri, the Australian Aboriginal people associated with the locality, to be “highly sensitive” (i.e. “high cultural and/or (sic) heritage importance”).[56][58][59]
Nott Island 34°22′44″S 139°37′30″E / 34.37875552°S 139.62503174°E / -34.37875552; 139.62503174 (Nott Island) Island located about 3 kilometres (1.9 miles) south of the town of Blanchetown.[60][61]
Reedy Island 34°17′43″S 139°38′12″E / 34.29535698°S 139.63662083°E / -34.29535698; 139.63662083 (Reedy Island) Island located about 7 kilometres (4.3 miles) north of Blanchetown, immediately across the river from the Roonka Conservation Park and immediately south of Julia Island.[62][63]
Julia Island 34°17′30″S 139°38′24″E / 34.291560°S 139.639870°E / -34.291560; 139.639870 (Julia Island) Island located immediately adjacent to Reedy Island and across the river from the Roonka Conservation Park.[62][64]
Cattle grazing at Long Island, circa 1900 (State Library of South Australia (B 26826)
Aerial view of Murray Bridge from the south including the north end of Long Island, circa 1920 (State Library of South Australia B 11533)
Miss Gawler Island is located below the Swanport Bridge

Morgan to the border[edit]

The following is a list of islands (from west to east) within the river’s channel between the town of Morgan and the borders with New South Wales and Victoria.

Name Coordinates Remarks
Hart Island 34°10′33″S 140°03′17″E / 34.17590386°S 140.05461270°E / -34.17590386; 140.05461270 (Hart Island) Island located east of the town of Waikerie. Previously known as Wigleys Island. The current name has been in use since at least 1888, possibly named after J.Hart, a pastoralist.[65][66]
Sandy Island 34°10′57″S 140°05′04″E / 34.182510°S 140.084360°E / -34.182510; 140.084360 (Sandy Island) The existence of this island is based on an entry in an atlas dated 1877. As of 2015, the responsible government agency reported that the island is not indicated on "current mapping" within the locality. [67]
Ball Island 34°10′59″S 140°20′27″E / 34.183180°S 140.340790°E / -34.183180; 140.340790 (Ball Island) [68]
Thurk Island 34°13′05″S 140°22′02″E / 34.21804118°S 140.36710836°E / -34.21804118; 140.36710836 (Thurk Island) Island located in the channel east of Kingston-on-Murray opposite the Loch Luna Game Reserve. Previously known as Chambers Island or Isle.[69][70]
Moorook Island 34°17′13″S 140°22′12″E / 34.28693766°S 140.36996279°E / -34.28693766; 140.36996279 (Moorook Island) Island located opposite to the town of Moorook. Also known as Moorook Isle and Moorik Isle.[69][71]
Nynes Island 34°19′58″S 140°23′11″E / 34.33285356°S 140.38643302°E / -34.33285356; 140.38643302 (Nynes Island) Previously known as Pyap Island.[72][73]
Forbys Island 34°26′36″S 140°30′00″E / 34.44320925°S 140.50006195°E / -34.44320925; 140.50006195 (Forbys Island) [74][75]
Katarapko Island 34°24′20″S 140°33′22″E / 34.40566248°S 140.55608657°E / -34.40566248; 140.55608657 (Kataropko Island) Island is located within the extent of the Murray River National Park. Previously known as Cragg Island.[76][77][78]
Kapunda Island 34°26′54″S 140°33′36″E / 34.44846740°S 140.55998258°E / -34.44846740; 140.55998258 (Kapunda Island) Located in the main river channel to the immediate north-west of Loxton and within the Kapunda Island Conservation Park. In 1994, the island was reported as having an area of 1 hectare (2.5 acres) and as being “only accessible by boat.”[77][79][80][81]
Rilli Island 34°23′37″S 140°34′40″E / 34.39356053°S 140.57769733°E / -34.39356053; 140.57769733 (Rilli Island) Located within the extent of the Rilli Island Conservation Park. Previously known as Riley Island and also referred to as Rilli Isle. In 1994, the island was as having an area of 4 hectares (9.9 acres) and as being “only accessible by boat except during low river flows when” it is “accessible by foot, from the south bank of the River…”[77][82][83][81]
Media Island 34°25′46″S 140°35′17″E / 34.429540°S 140.588180°E / -34.429540; 140.588180 (Media Island) Island located to the south east of Loxton and within the extent of Media Island Conservation Park. Previously known as Medea Island and also referred to as Media Isle. In 1994, the island was reported as having an area of 1 hectare (2.5 acres) and as being “only accessible by boat except during low river flows when” it is “accessible by foot, from the south bank of the River…”[77][84][85][81]
Punkey Island 34°15′15″S 140°42′24″E / 34.25412471°S 140.70654564°E / -34.25412471; 140.70654564 (Punkey Island) Also known as Penky Island.[86][87]
Cemlell Island 34°14′20″S 140°42′27″E / 34.238870°S 140.707420°E / -34.238870; 140.707420 (Cumlell Island) Also known as Gumlell Island.[86][88]
Muklemuk Island 34°14′11″S 140°43′52″E / 34.236460°S 140.731150°E / -34.236460; 140.731150 (Muklemuk Island) Also known as Muckle Muk Island.[86][89]
Reny Island 34°03′33″S 140°44′09″E / 34.05910722°S 140.73577007°E / -34.05910722; 140.73577007 (Reny Island) [90][91][92]
Nelbuck Island 34°06′05″S 140°44′47″E / 34.10144157°S 140.74633239°E / -34.10144157; 140.74633239 (Nelbuck Island) Island which adjoins Bulyong Island, was gazetted on 19 September 1996 by the direction of the state's Minister of Environment.

[93]

Nelwart Island 34°12′55″S 140°44′56″E / 34.215280°S 140.749°E / -34.215280; 140.749 (Nelwort Island) Also called Nelwart Island [82][94]
Goat Island 34°11′14″S 140°45′08″E / 34.18720150°S 140.75220533°E / -34.18720150; 140.75220533 (Goat Island) [95][96]
Bulyong Island 34°07′21″S 140°45′51″E / 34.122540°S 140.764160°E / -34.122540; 140.764160 (Bulyong Island) Island located within the extent of the Murray River National Park.[90][97][98]
Kylie Island 34°08′12″S 140°45′51″E / 34.13679281°S 140.76420893°E / -34.13679281; 140.76420893 (Kylie Island) Name derived from the surname of the land owners.[99]
Causeway Island 34°10′08″S 140°45′56″E / 34.168880°S 140.765420°E / -34.168880; 140.765420 (Causeway Island) [86][100]
Longwang Island 34°08′53″S 140°46′15″E / 34.14815204°S 140.77084040°E / -34.14815204; 140.77084040 (Longwang Island) [101][90][102]
Sandy Island 34°15′20″S 140°47′34″E / 34.255650°S 140.7927°E / -34.255650; 140.7927 (Sandy Island) Also known as Sandy Ridge.[103]
Hunchee Island 34°03′07″S 140°47′36″E / 34.051840°S 140.7933°E / -34.051840; 140.7933 (Hunchee Island) [104][105]
Little Hunchee Island 34°01′57″S 140°49′28″E / 34.03257899°S 140.82436519°E / -34.03257899; 140.82436519 (Little Hunchee Island) Island located partly within the Chowilla Game Reserve.[104][105][106]
Chowilla Island 33°59′19″S 140°52′44″E / 33.98870183°S 140.87895483°E / -33.98870183; 140.87895483 (Chowilla Island) Island located within the Chowilla Game Reserve.[107][108][109]
Monoman Island 33°59′19″S 140°52′44″E / 33.98870183°S 140.87895483°E / -33.98870183; 140.87895483 (Monoman Island) Island located within the Chowilla Game Reserve.[108][110][111]
Reedy Island 33°57′51″S 140°54′15″E / 33.964280°S 140.9043°E / -33.964280; 140.9043 (Reedy Island) Island located within the Chowilla Game Reserve.[112][113]
Boat Creek Island 33°57′09″S 140°54′45″E / 33.952530°S 140.912580°E / -33.952530; 140.912580 (Boat Creek Island) Island located within the Chowilla Game Reserve.[108][112][114]
Slaney Island 33°57′00″S 140°55′51″E / 33.949990°S 140.930850°E / -33.949990; 140.930850 (Slaney Island) Island located within the Chowilla Game Reserve. Also known as Stanley Island.[108][115][116]
Newena Island 33°57′44″S 140°55′55″E / 33.96218883°S 140.93196606°E / -33.96218883; 140.93196606 (Newena Island) Island located within the Chowilla Game Reserve; also known as the Isle of Man.[115][117]
Punkah Island 33°56′45″S 140°58′04″E / 33.945940°S 140.967860°E / -33.945940; 140.967860 (Punkah Island) Island located within the Chowilla Game Reserve.[115][118]
Wilpena Island 33°59′50″S 140°59′00″E / 33.99718402°S 140.98329388°E / -33.99718402; 140.98329388 (Wilpena Island) Island located within the Chowilla Game Reserve.[108][119][120]
Grand Junction Island 33°58′50″S 140°59′22″E / 33.980640°S 140.989340°E / -33.980640; 140.989340 (Grand Junction Island) Island located within the Chowilla Game Reserve.[108][121][122]
Hypurna Island 34°00′12″S 140°59′57″E / 34.00344271°S 140.99915737°E / -34.00344271; 140.99915737 (Hypurna Island) Island which is partly located within the Chowilla Game Reserve, also straddles the border with New South Wales.[108][123][124]
Hunchee Island viewed from Headings Cliff on the opposite of the Murray River.
Katarapko Island as viewed from Loxton.
View of Punkah Creek showing both Punkah Island and the mainland.

See also[edit]

Citations and references[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m BIA, 2005, page 27
  2. ^ a b c d e f g DEWNR, 2014a
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h DEWNR, 2014b
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p DEWNR, 2014c
  5. ^ a b DEWNR, 2014d
  6. ^ a b DMH, 1985, chart 9
  7. ^ a b BIA, 2005, page 31
  8. ^ DPTI, Search result for Sam Island (record no. SA0035074), 2015
  9. ^ DPTI, Search result for Needles Island (record no. SA0034856), 2015
  10. ^ DPTI, Search result for Goat Island (record no. SA0026789), 2015
  11. ^ DPTI, Search result for Snake Island (record no. SA0035115), 2015
  12. ^ DPTI, Search result for Rabbit Island (record no. SA0034979), 2015
  13. ^ DPTI, Search result for Bluff Island (record no. SA0007754), 2015
  14. ^ DPTI, Search result for Bull Island (record no. SA0056805), 2015
  15. ^ DPTI, Search result for Cow Island (record no. SA0016523), 2015
  16. ^ DPTI, Search result for Long Island (record no. SA0033818), 2015
  17. ^ DPTI, Search result for Round Island (record no. SA0035054), 2015
  18. ^ DPTI, Search result for Swan Island (record no. SA0014524), 2015
  19. ^ DPTI, Search result for Stony Well Island (record no. SA0014525), 2015
  20. ^ DPTI, Search result for Cattle Island (record no. SA0012910), 2015
  21. ^ DPTI, Search result for Teal Island (record no. SA0035196), 2015
  22. ^ DPTI, Search result for North Pelican Island (record no. SA0034870), 2015
  23. ^ DPTI, Search result for Halfway Island (record no. SA0028944), 2015
  24. ^ DPTI, Search result for Pelican Island (record no. SA0034917), 2015
  25. ^ DPTI, Search result for Mellor Island (record no. SA0034750), 2015
  26. ^ DPTI, Search result for Seagull Island (record no. SA0035084), 2015
  27. ^ DPTI, Search result for Wild Dog Island (record no. SA0035332), 2015
  28. ^ DPTI, Search result for Bascombe Island (record no. SA0005074), 2015
  29. ^ DPTI, Search result for Goose Island (record no. SA0004115), 2015
  30. ^ DPTI, Search result for Billygoat Islands (record no. SA0004116), 2015
  31. ^ DPTI, Search result for Reedy Island (record no. SA0037142), 2015
  32. ^ DPTI, Search result for Rushy Island (record no. SA0059654), 2015
  33. ^ DPTI, Search result for Hindmarsh Island (record no. SA0030657), 2015
  34. ^ DPTI, Search result for Bird Island (record no. SA0006607), 2015
  35. ^ DPTI, Search result for Varcoe Island (record no. SA0012909), 2015
  36. ^ DPTI, Search result for Lucerne Island (record no. SA0041615), 2015
  37. ^ DPTI, Search result for Mundoo Island (record no. SA0047690), 2015
  38. ^ DPTI, Search result for Goose Island (record no. SA0027022), 2015
  39. ^ DPTI, Search result for Goat Island (record no. SA0026791), 2015
  40. ^ DPTI, Search result for Ewe Island (record no. SA0023158), 2015
  41. ^ DPTI, Search result for Reedy Island (record no. SA0034994), 2015
  42. ^ DPTI, Search result for Rat Island (record no. SA0057873), 2015
  43. ^ DPTI, Search result for Grindstone Island (record no. SA0003913), 2015
  44. ^ DPTI, Search result for Long Island (record no. SA0033820), 2015
  45. ^ DPTI, Search result for Reedy Island (record no. SA0034994), 2015
  46. ^ DPTI, Search result for Tauwitchere Island (record no. SA0035193), 2015
  47. ^ BIA, 2005, page 30
  48. ^ DPTI, Search result for Myrtle Island (record no. SA0034839), 2015
  49. ^ BIA, 2005, page 38
  50. ^ DPTI, Search result for Snake Island (record no. SA0035116), 2015
  51. ^ a b BIA, 2005, page 30
  52. ^ DPTI, Search result for Mud Island (record no. SA0034820), 2015
  53. ^ DPTI, Search result for Reedy Island No 2 (record no. SA0034995), 2015
  54. ^ DPTI, Search result for Pomanda Island (record no. SA0056221), 2015
  55. ^ BIA, 2005, page 29
  56. ^ a b BIA, 2005, page 61
  57. ^ DPTI, Search result for Long Island (record no. SA0040326), 2015
  58. ^ DPTI, Search result for Long Island (record no. SA0041196), 2015
  59. ^ "Kungun Ngarrindjeri Yunnan Agreement" (PDF). The Rural City of Murray Bridge. pp. 9 & 11. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  60. ^ BIA, 2005, page 95
  61. ^ DPTI, Search result for Nott Island (record no. SA0051023), 2015
  62. ^ a b BIA, 2005, pages 95- 96
  63. ^ DPTI, Search result for Reedy Island (record no. SA0058334), 2015
  64. ^ DPTI, Search result for Julia Island (record no. SA0033236), 2015
  65. ^ BIA, 2005, pages 114-115
  66. ^ DPTI, Search result for Hart Island (record no. SA0029494), 2015
  67. ^ DPTI, Search result for Sandy Island (record no. SA0059785), 2015
  68. ^ DPTI, Search result for Ball Island (record no. SA0004351), 2015
  69. ^ a b BIA, 2005, page 123
  70. ^ DPTI, Search result for Thurk Island (record no. SA0066369), 2015
  71. ^ DPTI, Search result for Moorook Island (record no. SA0023380), 2015
  72. ^ BIA, 2005, page 126
  73. ^ DPTI, Search result for Nynes Island (record no. SA0051375), 2015
  74. ^ BIA, 2005, page 130
  75. ^ DPTI, Search result for Forbys Island (record no. SA0024536), 2015
  76. ^ BIA, 2005, page 131
  77. ^ a b c d DENR, 1994, pages 7-8
  78. ^ DPTI, Search result for Kataropko Island (record no. SA0023380), 2015
  79. ^ BIA, 2005, page 132
  80. ^ DPTI, Search result for Kapunda Island (record no. SA0034114), 2015
  81. ^ a b c DENR, 1994, page vi
  82. ^ a b BIA, 2005, pages 133 & 134
  83. ^ DPTI, Search result for Rilli Island (record no. SA0058510), 2015
  84. ^ BIA, 2005, page 133
  85. ^ DPTI, Search result for Media Island (record no. SA0044069), 2015
  86. ^ a b c d BIA, 2005, page 140
  87. ^ DPTI, Search result for Punkey Island (record no. SA0054339), 2015
  88. ^ DPTI, Search result for Cumlell Island (record no. SA0017257), 2015
  89. ^ DPTI, Search result for Muklemuk Island (record no. SA0047406), 2015
  90. ^ a b c DENR, 1994, pages 69-70
  91. ^ BIA, 2005, page 145
  92. ^ DPTI, Search result for Reny Island (record no. SA0040854), 2015
  93. ^ DPTI, Search result for Nelbuck Island (record no. SA0003793), 2015
  94. ^ DPTI, Search result for Nelwort Island (record no. SA0049149), 2015
  95. ^ BIA, 2005, page 142
  96. ^ DPTI, Search result for Goat Island (record no. SA0026784), 2015
  97. ^ BIA, 2005, page 144
  98. ^ DPTI, Search result for Bulyong Island (record no. SA0010696), 2015
  99. ^ DPTI, Search result for Kylie Island (record no. SA0003796), 2015
  100. ^ DPTI, Search result for Causeway Island (record no. SA0012937), 2015
  101. ^ BIA, 2005, page 143
  102. ^ DPTI, Search result for Longwang Island (record no. SA0040047), 2015
  103. ^ DPTI, Search result for Sandy Island (record no. SA0059784), 2015
  104. ^ a b BIA, 2005, page 146
  105. ^ a b DPTI, Search result for Hunchee Island (record no. SA0031527), 2015
  106. ^ DPTI, Search result for Little Hunchee Island (record no. SA0040020), 2015
  107. ^ BIA, 2005, pages 148-149
  108. ^ a b c d e f g DEWNR, 2014e
  109. ^ DPTI, Search result for Chowilla Island (record no. SA0007424), 2015
  110. ^ DEWNR, 2014
  111. ^ DPTI, Search result for Monoman Island (record no. SA0045650), 2015
  112. ^ a b BIA, 2005, page 150
  113. ^ DPTI, Search result for Reedy Island (record no. SA0035000), 2015
  114. ^ DPTI, Search result for Boat Creek Island (record no. SA0007887), 2015
  115. ^ a b c BIA, 2005, page 2005, page 151
  116. ^ DPTI, Search result for Slaney Island (record no. SA0061931), 2015
  117. ^ DPTI, Search result for Newena Island (record no. SA0044012), 2015
  118. ^ DPTI, Search result for Punkah Island (record no. SA0057088), 2015
  119. ^ BIA, 2005, pages 152-153
  120. ^ DPTI, Search result for Wilperna Island (record no. SA0022294), 2015
  121. ^ BIA, 2005, page 152
  122. ^ DPTI, Search result for Grand Junction Island (record no. SA0027353), 2015
  123. ^ BIA, 2005, page 153
  124. ^ DPTI, Search result for Hypurna Island (record no. SA0031703), 2015

References[edit]