List of ships of the line of Spain

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This is a list of Spanish battleships of the period 1640-1858:
Those with 94 or more guns were three-deckers. Many had alternate but official names.

  • Nuestra Señora de la Concepción (c. 1656)
  • Nuestra Señora del Buen Consejo (c. 1662)
  • San Miguel (c. 1662)
  • San Joseph (c. 1662)
  • San Pedro y San Pablo (c. 1662)
  • Santa Ana (c. 1668)
  • Nuestra Señora de la Almudena (c. 1668)
  • Santa Rosa 56 (1677) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro, 1718, BU c. 1731
  • Rubí 50 (Acquired 1700) - Wrecked 1727
  • Guadalupe 50/58 (Acquired 1703) - Wrecked 1724
  • Real Mazi (El Real) 60 (Acquired 1714) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro, 1718, BU c. 1731
  • Nuestra Señora de Begoña 54/70 (1703, acquired 1714) - Stricken 1724
  • Peibo del ler San Francisco 60 (Acquired 1714) - Wrecked 1716
  • Pembroke 60 (1694, ex-British Pembroke, acquired 1709/14) - Wrecked 1718
  • Lanfranco 60 (Acquired 1716) - Wrecked 1716
  • Nuestra Señora de Las Vinas 60 - Wrecked?
  • San Pedro 60 (1716) - Wrecked 1718
  • Hermione 50 (Acquired 1716) - Stricken 1721
  • San Isidro 50 (1716) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro, 1718, BU c. 1731
  • Santa Isabel 60 (1716) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro, 1718, BU c. 1731
  • San Felipe (El Real) 70/80 (1716) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro and blew up, 1718
  • San Carlos 60 (1716) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro, 1718, BU c. 1731
  • Hércules 50 (Acquired 1716) - Stricken 1718
  • San Luis 60 (1717) - Wrecked 1720
  • San Fernando 60 (1717) - Scuttled 1719
  • Príncipe de Asturias 70 (1695, ex-Genovese, sold 1717, ex-French Cumberland, sold 1715, ex-British Cumberland 80, captured 1707) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro 1718, sold to Austria 1720, renamed San Carlos, BU 1733
  • San Juan Bautista 60 (1717?, ex-Piedmontese, captured 1718) - Wrecked 1719
  • Santa Rosa Palermo (Santa Rosalia) 60 (1717?, ex-Piedmontese, captured 1718) - Scuttled 1719
  • Triunfo 60/66 (1717?, ex-Piedmontese, captured 1718) - Scuttled 1719
  • Cambi 60/66 (1718) - Burnt 1725
  • Catalán 62 (1719) - Stricken 1731
  • (6 battleships) - Burnt on stocks at Pasajes, 1719
  • (3 battleships) - Burnt on stocks at Santoña, 1719
  • Conde de Tolosa (San Jose) 56/58 (Acquired 1719) - Wrecked 1724
  • Conquistador 62/64 (ex-Genovese, sold 1720, ex-French, sold 1711, ex-British Gloucester 60, captured 1709) - Stricken 1738
  • San Francisco 62 (Acquired 1720) - Wrecked 1739
  • Estrella del Mar 64 (Acquired 1720) - Stricken 1730
  • Lanfranco 62 (Acquired 1720) - Wrecked 1739
  • San Foit 60 (Acquired 1721) - Stricken 1722
  • Gallo Indiano 58 (1723?) - Wrecked 1733
  • Potencia 58 (Acquired 1723) - Stricken 1738
  • San Fernando 62 (1723) - Hulked 1746
  • San Esteban 50 (1723) - Stricken 1745
  • San Luis 62/66 (1723) - Stricken 1745
  • Gran Princesa de los Cielos 80 (Acquired 1723) - Wrecked 1726
  • San Carlos 66 (1724) - Scuttled 1741
  • San Francisco Javier 50/52 (1724) - Hulked 1749
  • San Juan 54/60 (1724) - Stricken 1741
  • Infante 60 (Acquired 1724) - Wrecked 1733
  • San Felipe 70 (1726) - Scuttled 1741
  • Incendio (San Lorenzo) 58 (1726) - Wrecked 1739
  • San Francisco de Asís 52 (ex-Dutch, captured 1726) - Hulked 1735
  • San Antonio 60 (1727) - Stricken 1750
  • Retiro (San Geronimo) 54 (1727) - Sold 1737
  • Constante (San Dionisio) 60 (1727) - Wrecked 1727
  • Rosa 56 (1727) - Wrecked 1736
  • Paloma Indiana 52 (1727) - Stricken 1745
  • Fuerte (Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe) 60 (1728) - Sold 1739
  • Santa Ana 70 (1729) - Stricken 1745
  • Santiago 60 (1729) - Stricken 1745
  • Reina 70 (1729) - Stricken 1743
  • Santa Isabel 80 (1730) - Stricken 1747
  • San Isidoro 62 (1730) - Scuttled 1743
  • Castilla 62 (1730) - Stricken 1736
  • Andalucía (Nuestra Señora del Carmen) 62 (1730) - Wrecked 1740
  • Santa Teresa 60/62 (1730) - Stricken 1743
  • Hércules 60 (1729) - Stricken 1749
  • Victoria 50 (1730) - Wrecked 1738
  • Galicia 60/70 (1730) - Scuttled 1741, captured and raised by Britain, renamed Galicia Prize, scuttled 1742(?)
  • Princesa 70 (1730) - Captured by Britain 1740, renamed Princessa, sold 1784
  • Príncipe 70 (1730) - Stricken 1746
  • Conquistador 62 (1730) - Scuttled 1741
  • Rubí 60 (1730) - Wrecked 1733
  • Genovés 54 (Acquired 1730) - Wrecked 1740
  • Carmen 64 (1730) - BU 1764
  • Fama Volante 52 (Acquired 1730) - Stricken 1740
  • León 70 (1731) - Stricken 1749
  • Guipúzcoa 60/64 (1731) - Wrecked 1741
  • Galga 56 (1731) - Wrecked 1750
  • Real Felipe 112 (1732) - Stricken 1750
  • Constante (San Cristobal) 64/66 (1732) - Sold 1746
  • África (San Jose) 64 (1732) - Scuttled 1741
  • Real Familia 60 (1732) - BU 1750
  • Europa (Nuestra Señora del Pilar) 64 (1734) - Scuttled 1762
  • Asia (Nuestra Señora de Loreto) 64 (1735) - Stricken 1746
  • Nueva España 60 (1735) - Sold 1752
  • América (Nuestra Señora de Belen) 64 (1736) - Captured by Britain 1762, released?
  • Esperanza 50 (1736) - Stricken 1747
  • Dragón (Santa Rosa de Lima) 64 (1737) - Scuttled 1741
  • Castilla (Santo Cristo de Burgos) 60 (1737) - Wrecked 1747
  • Invencible (San Ignacio) 70 (1739) - Burnt 1741
  • Glorioso (Nuestra Señora de Belen) 70 (1739) - Captured by Britain 1747
  • Bizarro (Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe) 50 (1739) - Stricken 1759
  • Poder 66 (Acquired 1740) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Toulon, 1744, recaptured and scuttled, 1744
  • Soberbio 66 (Acquired 1740) - Sold 1746
  • Brillante 66 (Acquired 1740) - Sold 1746
  • Neptuno 66 (Acquired 1740) - Sold 1748
  • Halcón 60 (Acquired 1740) - Sold 1748
  • Oriente 64 (Acquired 1740) - Sold 1746
  • Dragón 60 (1742) - Wrecked 1783
  • Ave de Gracia 50 (Acquired 1742) - Sold 1744
  • Nueva España 70 (1743) - Sold 1752
  • Reina 70 (1743) - Captured by Britain 1762, same name, sold 1775
  • Invencible (San Jose) 70 (1744) - Burnt 1750
  • Conquistador (Jesus, Maria y Jose) 64 (1745) - Captured by Britain 1748
  • San Felipe 70 (1745) - Stricken 1761
  • África (San Francisco de Asis) 70 (1746) - Scuttled 1748
  • Vencedor (Santo Tomas) 70 (1746) - Burnt 1750
  • Tigre (San Lorenzo) 70/74 (1747) - Captured by Britain 1762, same name, sold 1784
  • Rayo class
  • Princesa (Santa Barbara) 74 (1750) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Santa Maria, 1780, renamed Princessa, BU 1809
  • Galicia (Santiago el Mayor) 70/74 (1750) - Stricken 1797
  • Infante (San Luis Gonzaga) 70/74 (1750) - Captured by Britain 1762, renamed Infanta, sold 1775
  • San Fernando 70 (1751) - Wrecked?
  • Castilla 64 (1751) - Wrecked 1771
  • Asia 62/64 (1752) - Scuttled 1762
  • África 74 (1752) - BU 1809
  • Oriente (San Diego de Alcala) 74 (1753) - Stricken 1806
  • Eolo (San Juan de Dios) 68 (1753) - Stricken 1760
  • Septentrión 60 (1751) - Wrecked 1783
  • Tridente 74 (1754) - Stricken 1771
  • Neptuno (San Justo) 68 (1754) - Scuttled 1762
  • Magnánimo (San Pastor) 74 (1754) - Wrecked 12-7-1794
  • Aquilón (San Dámaso) 68 (1754) - Captured by Britain 1762, same name, renamed Moro, BU 1770
  • Gallardo (San Juan de Sahagún) 74 (1754) - Scuttled 1797
  • Brillante (San Dionisio) 74 (1754) - Burnt 10-10-1790
  • Poderoso 70/74 (1754) - Wrecked 1779
  • Serio 74 (1754) - BU 1805
  • Soberbio 68/74 (1754) - Stricken 1764
  • Firme 74 (1754) - Captured by Britain 1805, same name, BU 1814
  • Aquiles 74 (1754) - Stricken 1790
  • Arrogante 68 (1754) - Scuttled 1797
  • Atlante 74 (1754) - To France 1801, renamed Atlas 1803, captured by Spain 1808, same name, BU 1817
  • Terrible 74 (1754) - Stricken 1811
  • Arrogante 74 (-) - Burnt on stocks at Ferro, 1754
  • Vencedor (San Julian) 74 (1755) - To France 1806, renamed Argonaute, captured by Spain 1808, renamed Vencedor, wrecked 1810
  • Glorioso (San Francisco Javier) 74 (1755) - BU 1818
  • Guerrero (San Raimundo) 74 (1755) - BU 1844
  • Hector (San Bernardo) 68/74 (1755) - BU 1790
  • Soberano (San Gregorio) 74 (1755) - Captured by Britain 1762, same name, BU 1770
  • Dichoso 70/74 (1756) - Stricken 1781
  • Diligente 68/74 (1756) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Santa Maria, 1780, renamed Diligence, BU 1784
  • Triunfante 70/74 (1756) - Wrecked 1795
  • Monarca 70/74 (1756) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Santa Maria, 1780, same name, sold 1791
  • Hércules 68/74 (1756) - BU 1780
  • Victorioso 74 (1756) - BU 1776
  • Constante 68 (1756) - Stricken 1790
  • Contento 70 (1756) - Stricken 1759
  • España 68 (1757) - BU 1807
  • Peruano 50 (1757) - Sold 1790
  • Conquistador 60 (1758) - Captured by Britain 1762, same name, stricken 1782
  • Campeón 60 (1758) - Hulked 1778
  • Astuto (San Eustaquio) 58/60 (1759) - BU 1810
  • Príncipe 74 (1759) - Sold 1776
  • San Genaro 60 (1761) - Captured by Britain 1762, same name, lost 1763
  • San Antonio 60 (1761) - Captured by Britain 1762, same name, sold 1775
  • San Carlos 80 (-) - Destroyed on stocks at Havana, 1762
  • Santiago 80 (-) - Destroyed on stocks at Havana, 1762
  • Velasco 74 (1764) - BU 1801
  • Buen Consejo 60 - Sold 1768
  • San Carlos 94 (1765) - Converted to 112-gun 3-decker in 1801, BU 1819
  • San Fernando 94 (1765) - Sold 1815
  • San Genaro 74 (1765) - To France 1801, renamed Ulysse, renamed Tourville, stricken 1822
  • San Juan Nepomuceno 74 (1765) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Trafalgar, 1805, renamed San Juan, sold 1818[2]
  • San Pascual 74 (1766) - BU 1797
  • América (Santiago) 68 (1766) - BU 1823
  • San Luis 94 (1767) - BU 1789
  • Santa Isabel 74 (1767) - BU 1803
  • San Francisco de Asis 74 (1767) - Wrecked after the Battle of Trafalgar, 1805[3]
  • San Julián 74 (1768) - Captured by Britain and recaptured at the Battle of Cape Santa Maria, 1780, wrecked 1780
  • San Isidro 74 (1768) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape St Vincent, 1797, sold 1814
  • San Francisco de Paula 70/74 (1768) - Burned 1784
  • San José 74/76 (1768) - Wrecked 1780
  • San Lorenzo 74 (1768) - BU 1815
  • San Vicente 80 (1768) - Scuttled 1797
  • San Agustín 74/80 (1768) - Captured by Portugal 1776, returned 1777, captured and scuttled by Britain at the Battle of Trafalgar, 1805[4]
  • Santo Domingo 74 (1769) - Blew up at the Battle of Cape Santa Maria, 1780
  • Nuestra Señora de la Santísima Trinidad 120 (1769) - Converted to 144-gun 4-decker in 1796, reduced to 136, captured by Britain at the Battle of Trafalgar, 1805, sank the next day[5]
  • San Nicolás 80 (1769) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape St Vincent, 1797, renamed San Nicholas, sold 1814
  • San Pedro Apóstol 74 (1770) - Stricken 1801
  • San Pablo 74 (1771) - Renamed Soberano 1814, BU 1854
  • San Pedro Alcántara 68 (1771) - Wrecked 1786
  • San Joaquín 74 (1771) - BU 1817
  • San Rafael 80 (1772) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Finisterre, 1805, same name, sold 1810
  • San Juan Bautista 74 (1772) - Stricken 1809
  • San Gabriel 74 (1772) - BU 1808
  • San Miguel 74 (1773) - Stranded and captured by Britain 1782, same name, sold 1791
  • Ángel de la Guarda 74 (1773) - BU 1810
  • San Eugenio 80 (1775) - BU 1804
  • San Ramón 68 (1775) - Aground in storm & burnt by the French 1810
  • San Dámaso 74 (1776) - Scuttled 1797, captured by Britain and refloated, sold 1814
  • San Isidoro 64 (1776, ex-Neapolitan, transferred 1776) - Wrecked 1794
  • San Leandro 64 (ex-Neapolitan, transferred 1776) - Sold 1784
  • Purísima Concepcion class
  • Miño 54 (1779) - BU 1814
  • San Justo 74 (1779) - BU 1824[6]
  • Castilla 64 (1780) - Aground in storm & burnt by the French 1810
  • San Felipe Apostol 64 (1781) - Sold to the Netherlands 1794, renamed Overijssel, captured by Britain 1795, same name, sold 1822
  • Santo Domingo 64 (1781) - BU 1807
  • San Julián 60 (1781) - BU 1830
  • San Fermín 74 (1782) - BU 1808
  • San Sebastián 74 (1783) - To France 1799, renamed Alliance, stricken 1807
  • Santa Ana class
    • Santa Ana 112 (1784) - Stricken 1812[7]
    • Salvador del Mundo 112 (1786) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape St Vincent, 1797, same name, BU 1815
    • Mejicano (San Hipólito) 112 (1786) - Sold 1815
    • Real Carlos 112 (1787) - Blew up in action, 1801
    • San Hermenegildo 112 (1789) - Blew up in action, 1801
    • Reina Luisa 112 (1791) - Renamed Fernando VII 1809, wrecked 1815
    • Príncipe de Asturias 112 (1794) - Stricken 1812[8]
  • San Ildefonso class
  • San Antonio 74 (1785) - To France 1801, renamed Saint Antoine, captured by Britain 1801, renamed San Antonio, sold 1828
  • Conde de Regla 112 (1786) - BU 1811
  • San Fulgencio 64/68 (1787) - Stricken 1814
  • San Telmo 74 (1788) - Lost 1819
  • San Pedro Alcántara 64 (1788) - Burned 1815
  • San Francisco de Paula 74 (1788) - BU 1823
  • Europa 74 (1789) - Stricken 1801
  • Asia 64 (1789) - Mutinied and handed over to Mexico 1825, BU 1830
  • Intrépido 74(1790) - To France 1801, renamed L'Intrépide, captured by Britain at the Battle of Trafalgar and sank in storm, 1805
  • Soberano 74 (1790) - BU 1809
  • Conquistador 74 (1791) - To France 1801, renamed Le Conquerant, stricken 1804
  • Pelayo 74 (1792) - To France 1801, renamed Desaix, stricken 1804
  • Le Ferme 74 (1785, ex-French Phocion, defected 1793, ex-La Ferme, renamed 1792) - Stricken 1808
  • Montañés class
  • Argonauta 80 (1798) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Trafalgar and sank in storm, 1805[15]
  • Censeur 74 (1782, ex-French, transferred 1799) - BU
  • Argonauta 74 (1789, ex-French Argonaute, transferred 1799) - Wrecked 1810
  • Héroe 80 (1801, ex-French Heros, captured 1808) - Stricken 1839
  • Algeciras 80 (1804, ex-French Algeciras, captured 1808) - Stricken 1826
  • Neptuno 80 (1803, ex-French Neptune, captured 1808) - BU 1820
  • Plutón 74 (1805, ex-French Pluton, captured 1808) - Renamed Montañés, BU 1816
  • Emprendedor 86 (-) - BU 1808 or later (never completed)
  • Tridente 76 (-) - BU 1808 or later (never completed)
  • Real Familia 114 (-) - BU 1808 or later (never completed)
  • Fernando VII 74 (1813, ex-Russian Neptunus, sold 1818) - Stricken 1823
  • Alejandro I 74 (1813, ex-Russian Drezden, sold 1818) - Stricken 1823
  • Numancia I 74 (1813, ex-Russian Liubek, sold 1818) - BU 1823
  • España 74 (1811, ex-Russian Nord-Adler, sold 1818) - Stricken 1821
  • Velasco 74 (1810, ex-Russian Trekh Sviatitelei, sold 1818) - Stricken 1821
  • Reina Doña Isabel II 86 (1853) - Extant 1885, BU
  • Rey Don Francisco de Asís 86 (1854) - Decommissioned 1876, BU
  • Guipuzcoano 64 - Captured by United Kingdom 1780 and renamed Prince William. This was a private ship of the Real Compañia Guipuzcoana de Caracas

References[edit]

  1. ^ p208-9, 217-8, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  2. ^ p208-9, 230-2, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  3. ^ p208-9, 227, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  4. ^ p208-9, 226-7, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  5. ^ p208-212, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  6. ^ p208-9, 232-3, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  7. ^ p208-9, 214-7, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  8. ^ p208-9, 212-4, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  9. ^ p208-9, 228-30, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  10. ^ p208-9, 23-5, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  11. ^ p208-9, 233-4, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  12. ^ p208-9, 220-1, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  13. ^ p208-9, 222-3, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  14. ^ p208-9, 225-6, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
  15. ^ p208-9, 219-20, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805

Trafalgar and the Spanish navy (1988) ISBN 0-87021-695-3

See also[edit]

Media related to Ships of the line of Spain at Wikimedia Commons