Governorate of New Toledo
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|Governorship of New Toledo|
Gobernación de Nueva Toledo
Spanish map of the administrative division of New Castile and New Toledo made in 1535
|Status||Colony of Pizarro|
|Capital||Cuzco (Claimed by Diego de Almagro)|
|Common languages||Official: Spanish (de facto)|
|Diego de Almagro|
|Historical era||Spanish Empire|
It was replaced by the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru in 1542.
Governorates in Peruvian region
After the first territorial division of South America between Spain and Portugal, the Peruvian colonial administration was divided into four entities:
- Governorate of New Castile, consisting of the territories from roughly the Ecuadorian-Colombian border in the north to Cuzco in the south.
- Governorate of New Toledo, forming the previous southern half of the Inca empire, stretching towards central Chile.
- New Andalusia Governorate, which was not formally conquered by Spain until decades later.
- Governorate of New Léon (later the New Kingdom of León), the southernmost part of the continent.
This territorial division set the basis for the colonial administration of South America for several decades. It was formally dissolved in 1544, when King Charles I sent his personal envoy, Blasco Núñez Vela, to govern the newly founded Viceroyalty of Peru that replaced the governorates.
- Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire
- History of Chile
- Viceroyalty of Peru-related topics
- Spanish Empire