Livia Turco (born 13 February 1955 in Cuneo) is an Italian politician, member of the Democratic Party (Partito Democratico). She was a member of parliament between 1987-2013. Turco was Minister of Social Affairs in three governments between 1996-2001 and Minister of Health between 2006-2008.
She came from a working-class background in Morozzo, Cuneo, and studied in Cuneo and Turin, where she began her political career with the Communist Party, becoming a deputy in 1987. Later she was Director of the Communist Youth League, a regional councillor and responsible for women in the local party federation.
From May 1996 to October 1998 she was Minister of Social Affairs (Solidarietà Sociale) in the first Prodi, and then the D'Alema (1998–2000) and Amato (2000–2001) governments.
In 2000 she unsuccessfully ran for President of Piedmont, and was elected a senator for Piedmont in 2006. She then became Minister of Health in the second Prodi government (2006-8). Following the fall of Prodi, she was elected to the Chamber of Deputies in April 2008 as a member of the center-left Democratic Party.
Her name is attached to the 1998 immigration act known as Legge Turco-Napolitano (L. 40/98), as well as the 2000 parental leave and time regulation in cities act also known as the Turco Act (Legge 53/2000).