Prodi I Cabinet

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Prodi I Cabinet
Flag of Italy.svg
53rd cabinet of Italy
Romano Prodi 96.jpg
Date formed17 May 1996 (1996-05-17)
Date dissolved21 October 1998 (1998-10-21) (888 days)
People and organisations
Head of stateOscar Luigi Scalfaro
Head of governmentRomano Prodi
No. of ministers22 (incl. Prime Minister)
Ministers removed
(Death/resignation/dismissal)
1
Total no. of ministers23 (incl. Prime Minister)
Member partyPDS, PPI, RI, FdV, UD
External support:
PRC
Status in legislatureCentre-left coalition
Opposition partyFI, AN, LN, CCD, CDU
Opposition leaderSilvio Berlusconi
History
Election(s)1996 election
Legislature term(s)XIII Legislature (1996 – 2001)
PredecessorDini Cabinet
SuccessorD'Alema I Cabinet

The Prodi I Cabinet was the 53rd cabinet of the Italian Republic. It held office from 17 May 1996 until 21 October 1998.

Formation[edit]

On 21 April 1996, the Olive Tree won 1996 general election in alliance with the Communist Refoundation Party (PRC), making Romano Prodi Prime Minister of Italy. The Olive Tree's main component was the Democratic Party of the Left, which contained the bulk of the former Italian Communist Party. The PDS' Walter Veltroni, who ran in ticket with Prodi in a long electoral campaign, served as Deputy Prime Minister, and 15 other PDS ministers joined him in cabinet alongside 10 PDS junior ministers. It was the first time that (former) Communists had taken part in government since 1947.

Besides the external support of PRC, the coalition received the support also of some minor parties: the Italian Republican Party (PRI, social-liberal), The Network (social-democratic), the South Tyrolean People's Party (regionalist and Christian democratic) and some other minor parties which later merged with PDS.

The average age of the ministers was 55.9 years and 14 ministers has parliamentary experience.[1] The number of female ministers was three.[1]

Fall[edit]

The government fell in 1998 when the Communist Refoundation Party withdrew its support. This led to the formation of a new government led by Massimo D'Alema as Prime Minister. There are those who claim that D'Alema deliberately engineered the collapse of the Prodi government to become Prime Minister himself.[citation needed] As the result of a vote of no confidence in Prodi's government, D'Alema's nomination was passed by a single vote. This was the first and so far, the only occasion in the history of the Italian republic on which a vote of no confidence had ever been called; the Republic's many previous governments had been brought down by a majority "no" vote on some crucially important piece of legislation (such as the budget).

Party breakdown[edit]

Composition of the Government[edit]

First Prodi Government
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Portrait Office Name Term Party Undersecretaries
Romano Prodi 96.jpg
Prime Minister
Romano Prodi
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Independent
Enrico Luigi Micheli (PPI)
Arturo Parisi (Ind.)
Sergio Zoppi (PPI)
Ernesto Bettinelli (Ind.)
Elena Montecchi (PDS)
Giorgio Bogi (SR)
(until 14 March 1997)
Walter Veltroni 1996.jpg
Deputy Prime Minister
Walter Veltroni
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Enrico Luigi Micheli.jpg
Secretary of the Council of Ministers
Enrico Luigi Micheli
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Italian People's Party
Ministers
Lamberto dini.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Lamberto Dini
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Italian Renewal
Piero Fassino (PDS)
Rino Serri (MCU)
Patrizia Toia (PPI)
Giorgio Napolitano 1994.jpg
Minister of the Interior
Giorgio Napolitano
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Franco Barberi (Ind.)
Fabrizio Abbate (PPI)
Giannicola Sinisi (PPI)
Adriana Vigneri (PDS)
Lucio Testa (RI)
Angelo Giorgianni (RI)
(until 13 March 1998)
Giovanni Maria Flick.jpg
Minister of Grace and Justice
Giovanni Maria Flick
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Independent
Giuseppe Ayala (UD)
Franco Corleone (FdV)
Antonino Mirone (Patto)
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi cropped (1991).jpg
Minister of Treasury, Budget and Economic Planning
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Independent
Laura Pennacchi (PDS)
Giorgio Macciotta (PDS)
Isaia Sales (PDS)
Roberto Pinza (PPI)
Filippo Cavazzuti (PDS)
Dino Piero Giarda (Ind.)
Vincenzo Visco (1996).jpg
Minister of Finance
Vincenzo Visco
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Giovanni Marongiu (RI)
Fausto Vigevani (PDS)
Pierluigi Castellani (PPI)
(since 21 Nov. 1996)
Beniamino Andreatta 970307-D-2987S-022.jpg
Minister of Defense
Beniamino Andreatta
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Italian People's Party
Massimo Brutti (PPI)
Gianni Rivera (Patto)
Luigi Berlinguer 2.jpg
Minister of Education, University, Scientific and Technological Research
Luigi Berlinguer
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Nadia Masini (PDS)
Carla Rocchi (FdV)
Albertina Soliani (PPI)
Antonio Di Pietro (1997).jpg
Minister of Public Works
Antonio Di Pietro
17 May 1996 – 20 November 1996
Independent
Antonio Bargone (PDS)
Gianni Francesco Mattioli (FdV)
Italy politic personality icon.svg
Paolo Costa
20 November 1996 – 21 October 1998
Independent
Michele Pinto 1996.jpg
Minister of Agricultural Resources
Michele Pinto
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Italian People's Party
Roberto Borroni (PDS)
Claudio Burlando (1996).jpg
Minister of Transport and Navigation
Claudio Burlando
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Giuseppe Albertini (PDS)
Giuseppe Soriero (PDS)
Antonio Maccanico daticamera 1996.jpg
Minister of Post and Telecommunications
Antonio Maccanico
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Union
Vincenzo Maria Vita (PDS)
Michele Lauria (PPI)
Pier Luigi Bersani daticamera 2001.jpg
Minister of Industry, Commerce and Craftsmanship
Pier Luigi Bersani
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Umberto Carpi (PDS)
Salvatore Ladu (PPI)
Tiziano Treu (1996).jpg
Minister of Labour and Social Security
Tiziano Treu
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Italian Renewal
Antonio Pizzinato (PDS)
Federica Gasparrini (RI)
Elena Montecchi (PDS)
(until 23 Feb. 1998)
Alessandro Garilli (Ind.)
(since 20 March 1998)
Augusto Fantozzi.jpg
Minister of Foreign Trade
Augusto Fantozzi
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Italian Renewal
Antonello Cabras (UD)
Rosy Bindi daticamera.jpg
Minister of Health
Rosy Bindi
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Italian People's Party
Bruno Viserta Costantini (PDS)
Monica Bettoni Brandani (PDS)
Walter Veltroni 1996.jpg
Minister of Cultural Heritage and Activities
Walter Veltroni
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Willer Bordon (AD)
Alberto La Volpe (SI)
Edo Ronchi 1996.jpg
Minister of the Environment
Edo Ronchi
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Federation of the Greens
Valerio Calzolaio (PDS)
Ministers without portfolio
Franco Bassanini (1996).jpg
Minister of Public Function and Regional Affairs
Franco Bassanini
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Giorgio Bogi.jpg
Minister for Parliamentary Relations
Giorgio Bogi
14 March 1997 – 21 October 1998
Republican Left
Anna Finocchiaro (1996).jpg
Minister for Equal Opportunities
Anna Finocchiaro
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left
Livia Turco (1996).jpg
Minister of Social Solidarity
Livia Turco
17 May 1996 – 21 October 1998
Democratic Party of the Left

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b De Giorgi, Elisabetta; Francesco Marangoni (2009). "The First Year of Berlusconi's Fourth Government: Formation, Characteristics and Activities" (PDF). Bulletin of Italian Politics. 1 (1): 87–109.

Sources[edit]