Prodi I Cabinet
|Prodi I Cabinet|
53rd cabinet of Italy
|Date formed||17 May 1996|
|Date dissolved||21 October 1998(888 days)|
|People and organisations|
|Head of state||Oscar Luigi Scalfaro|
|Head of government||Romano Prodi|
|No. of ministers||22 (incl. Prime Minister)|
|Total no. of ministers||23 (incl. Prime Minister)|
|Member party||PDS, PPI, RI, FdV, UD |
|Status in legislature||Centre-left coalition|
|Opposition party||FI, AN, LN, CCD, CDU|
|Opposition leader||Silvio Berlusconi|
|Legislature term(s)||XIII Legislature (1996 – 2001)|
|Successor||D'Alema I Cabinet|
The Prodi I Cabinet was the 53rd cabinet of the Italian Republic. It held office from 17 May 1996 until 21 October 1998.
On 21 April 1996, the Olive Tree won 1996 general election in alliance with the Communist Refoundation Party (PRC), making Romano Prodi Prime Minister of Italy. The Olive Tree's main component was the Democratic Party of the Left, which contained the bulk of the former Italian Communist Party. The PDS' Walter Veltroni, who ran in ticket with Prodi in a long electoral campaign, served as Deputy Prime Minister, and 15 other PDS ministers joined him in cabinet alongside 10 PDS junior ministers. It was the first time that (former) Communists had taken part in government since 1947.
Besides the external support of PRC, the coalition received the support also of some minor parties: the Italian Republican Party (PRI, social-liberal), The Network (social-democratic), the South Tyrolean People's Party (regionalist and Christian democratic) and some other minor parties which later merged with PDS.
The government fell in 1998 when the Communist Refoundation Party withdrew its support. This led to the formation of a new government led by Massimo D'Alema as Prime Minister. There are those who claim that D'Alema deliberately engineered the collapse of the Prodi government to become Prime Minister himself. As the result of a vote of no confidence in Prodi's government, D'Alema's nomination was passed by a single vote. This was the first and so far, the only occasion in the history of the Italian republic on which a vote of no confidence had ever been called; the Republic's many previous governments had been brought down by a majority "no" vote on some crucially important piece of legislation (such as the budget).
- Independents: Prime minister, 3 ministers and 4 undersecretaries
- Democratic Party of the Left (PDS): 10 ministers and 16 undersecretaries
- Italian People’s Party (PPI): 3 ministers and 11 undersecretaries
- Italian Renewal (RI): 3 ministers and 4 undersecretaries
- Federation of the Greens (FdV): 1 minister and 3 undersecretaries
- Democratic Union (UD): 1 minister and 2 undersecretaries
- Segni Pact (Patto): 2 undersecretaries
- Italian Socialists (SI): 1 undersecretary
- Democratic Alliance (AD): 1 undersecretary
- Movement of Unitarian Communists (MCU): 1 undersecretary
- Republican Left (SR): 1 undersecretary
Composition of the Government
- De Giorgi, Elisabetta; Francesco Marangoni (2009). "The First Year of Berlusconi's Fourth Government: Formation, Characteristics and Activities" (PDF). Bulletin of Italian Politics. 1 (1): 87–109.