Logan, West Virginia

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Logan, West Virginia
City
Logan
Logan
Location of Logan in Logan County, West Virginia.
Location of Logan in Logan County, West Virginia.
Coordinates: 37°50′54″N 81°59′16″W / 37.84833°N 81.98778°W / 37.84833; -81.98778Coordinates: 37°50′54″N 81°59′16″W / 37.84833°N 81.98778°W / 37.84833; -81.98778
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Logan
Government
 • Mayor Serafino Nolletti
Area[1]
 • Total 1.24 sq mi (3.21 km2)
 • Land 1.15 sq mi (2.98 km2)
 • Water 0.09 sq mi (0.23 km2)
Elevation 679 ft (207 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,779
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 1,600
 • Density 1,547.0/sq mi (597.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 25601
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-48148[4]
GNIS feature ID 1542310[5]

Logan is a city in Logan County, West Virginia, United States, along the Guyandotte River. The population was 1,779 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Logan County.[6]

History[edit]

What is now Logan was initially called "Islands of the Guyandot" by explorers who identified the site in the 1780s.[7] In 1827, a city was laid out at the site to serve as a county seat for Logan County, which had been established in 1824. The city was initially known as "Lawnsville" after Anthony Lawson, an early merchant. In the early 1850s, Thomas Dunn English, a poet and future congressman, led efforts to reorganize the city.[8] When the city incorporated in 1853, it was renamed "Aracoma" after the Shawnee chief Cornstalk's daughter,[8] who had been killed by settlers in the area in 1780.[9] The city was renamed "Logan" in 1907 after the Mingo leader, Chief Logan.[7]

Logan in 1974

Logan grew continuously during the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a hub of the regional coal industry. At its height in 1940, the city had a population of over 5,000, and was home to numerous businesses, including furniture stores, hotels, banks, and car dealerships. Logan began to decline following World War II, due in large part to the increased mechanization of the coal industry.[7]

The Chafin House, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1994.[10] Logan was home to the Logan Indians, a minor league baseball team, from 1937 to 1942.

Geography[edit]

Logan is located at the confluence of the Guyandotte River and Island Creek.[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.24 square miles (3.21 km2), of which 1.15 square miles (2.98 km2) is land and 0.09 square miles (0.23 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Logan, West Virginia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 81
(27)
81
(27)
91
(33)
95
(35)
96
(36)
105
(41)
104
(40)
102
(39)
103
(39)
96
(36)
87
(31)
78
(26)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 44
(7)
49
(9)
59
(15)
70
(21)
78
(26)
85
(29)
88
(31)
88
(31)
81
(27)
69
(21)
58
(14)
46
(8)
68
(20)
Daily mean °F (°C) 35
(2)
39
(4)
47
(8)
57
(14)
65
(18)
74
(23)
77
(25)
77
(25)
70
(21)
57
(14)
47
(8)
38
(3)
57
(14)
Average low °F (°C) 25
(−4)
28
(−2)
34
(1)
43
(6)
52
(11)
62
(17)
66
(19)
65
(18)
58
(14)
45
(7)
36
(2)
29
(−2)
45
(7)
Record low °F (°C) −15
(−26)
−8
(−22)
−2
(−19)
19
(−7)
29
(−2)
35
(2)
46
(8)
44
(7)
34
(1)
18
(−8)
7
(−14)
−8
(−22)
−15
(−26)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.2
(81)
3.4
(86)
3.8
(97)
3.9
(99)
5.2
(132)
4.8
(122)
5.3
(135)
3.7
(94)
3.3
(84)
3.0
(76)
3.3
(84)
3.7
(94)
46.6
(1,184)
Source: [12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 444
1910 1,640 269.4%
1920 2,998 82.8%
1930 4,396 46.6%
1940 5,166 17.5%
1950 5,079 −1.7%
1960 4,185 −17.6%
1970 3,311 −20.9%
1980 3,029 −8.5%
1990 2,206 −27.2%
2000 1,630 −26.1%
2010 1,779 9.1%
Est. 2016 1,600 [3] −10.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,779 people, 808 households, and 469 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,547.0 inhabitants per square mile (597.3/km2). There were 1,016 housing units at an average density of 883.5 per square mile (341.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.6% White, 5.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population.

There were 808 households of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.8% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.0% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.85.

The median age in the city was 40.4 years. 20.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.3% were from 25 to 44; 28.1% were from 45 to 64; and 15.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 1,630 people, 750 households, and 423 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,403.5 people per square mile (542.5/km²). There were 965 housing units at an average density of 830.9 per square mile (321.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.52% White, 4.79% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 0.06% from other races, and 1.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population.

There were 750 households out of which 20.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.3% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.6% were non-families. 40.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.78.

In the city, the population was spread out with 16.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 26.7% from 45 to 64, and 21.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,623, and the median income for a family was $26,354. Males had a median income of $26,350 versus $19,167 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,913. About 18.2% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.0% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Logan in 2014
Logan in 2014

Education[edit]

Logan is served by Logan High School, grades 9-12.[14][15]

Media[edit]

  • The Logan Banner,[16] a daily newspaper. It no longer publishes on Saturdays.
  • WVOW, a local CBS radio affiliate.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-24. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ a b c Robert Y. Spence, "Logan," West Virginia Encyclopedia, 2010.
  8. ^ a b Robert Y. Spence, "Logan County," West Virginia Encyclopedia, 2015.
  9. ^ "Logan," West Virginia Division of Archives and History historical marker, 2002.
  10. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  11. ^ West Virginia Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1997. p. 51. ISBN 0-89933-246-3. 
  12. ^ "Logan, WV (25601) Monthly weather forecast". Weather Channel. Retrieved 11 September 2016. 
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  14. ^ https://www.usnews.com/education/best-high-schools/west-virginia/districts/logan-county-schools/logan-senior-high-school-21379
  15. ^ "Chapmanville Regional High School -". 
  16. ^ "Logan Banner, Logan WV - www.loganbanner.com". 
  17. ^ Omar, Aref (October 28, 2007). "Get cool with magic". New Straits Times. Media Prima. Retrieved November 25, 2012 – via HighBeam. (Subscription required (help)). 
  18. ^ "Shane Burton". NFL.com. Retrieved July 16, 2014. 

External links[edit]