|Comune di Longarone|
The Vajont Dam as seen from Longarone today, showing approximately the top 60-70 metres of concrete.
|Province / Metropolitan city||Belluno (BL)|
|Frazioni||Dogna, Faè, Fortogna, Igne, Pirago-Muda Maè, Provagna, Rivalta, Roggia, Soffranco|
|• Mayor||Roberto Padrin|
|• Total||103 km2 (40 sq mi)|
|Elevation||473 m (1,552 ft)|
|Population (31 December 2008)|
|• Density||40/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Santa Maria|
|Saint day||8 December|
4,642 people work altogether in Longarone, which is 112.62% of the total population, with most actual inhabitants working within the village.
There is evidence of Roman presence in the site of Longarone. In the regions of Fortogna and Pirago have been discovered tombs, and at Dogna, a burial site with coins, rings, bracelets, clay jars and a plaque dedicated to a person called Asclepius. Remains of a Roman road were also found.
But the early story of the city is not clear until the establishment of the municipality by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1806.
In the Middle Ages and modern era, the city was subject to the social and political events taking place in Belluno, being dominated by several groups and families, such as the Vescovi, the Ezzelino Romano in 1250, the Scala family in 1300, the families of Carrara and Visconti and the Venetian State domination in 1420.
Longarone was the site of a battle in World War I, in which a few companies of German troops led by Erwin Rommel successfully captured an entire Italian division of over 10,000, retreating after the Battle of Kobarid (Caporetto). Rommel was awarded his Pour le Mérite medal for this achievement.
The village was destroyed in the Vajont Dam disaster on October 9, 1963, when a landslide from Monte Toc forced 50 million cubic metres (1,800 million cu ft) of water over the top of the Vajont Dam. Longarone lay in the immediate path of the wave of mud and water which swept into the valley below. 1,909 villagers were killed.
Longarone was rebuilt following the tragedy and is now once again a thriving community. The fortieth anniversary of the disaster was marked, in October 2003, by a commemorative ceremony in Longarone attended by President of the Republic Carlo Azeglio Ciampi.
- All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)
- Duff, Mark (2013-10-10). "Italy Vajont anniversary: Night of the 'tsunami'". BBC News. Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-04-09.
Media related to Longarone at Wikimedia Commons
- (Italian) Longarone official site