Los Angeles Metro Rail rolling stock

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The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro) operates six rail lines as part of its Metro Rail system. This system includes 4 light rail lines and 2 heavy rail lines.

Metro's heavy-rail lines (the Red and Purple Lines) run 75-foot (22.86 m) electric multiple unit cars, powered by electrified third rail. These trains typically run in six-car consists. All of Metro's heavy-rail cars are A650's built by Breda in Italy. The acceleration for cars #530 and up is similar to that of the cars used by the Washington Metro because they both use General Electric traction motors.[1][2]

Metro's light rail lines (the Blue, Green, Gold, & Expo Lines) utilize 87-foot (26.52 m) articulated double-ended cars, powered by overhead catenary lines. Trains run in sets of 1 to 3 cars, as needed.

Rail vehicles[edit]

Metro Rail has used several types of rail vehicles since its first line opened in 1990.

Manufacturer Model Picture Year Built Years in service Fleet Numbers Quantity Purchased Line of Operation Assigned to Division Notes
Nippon Sharyo P865 Jefferson & USC Expo Line Station 2.JPG 1989–1990 1990–present 100–153 54 Blue/Expo[3] 11 1
Breda A650 Ansaldobreda A650.jpg 1991–1992 1993–present 501–530 30 Red/Purple 20 5
Nippon Sharyo P2020 Expo & Crenshaw Expo Line Station 2.JPG 1994–1995 1995–present 154–168 15 Blue/Expo 11 (Formerly 22) 2
Breda A650 Purple Line train on Wilshire-Western line.jpg 1996–2000 1997–present 531–604 42 Red/Purple 20 5
Siemens P2000 Harbor Fwy Station-11.JPG 1996–1999 1996–present 200–226 27 Green 22
Siemens P2000 Metrorail-go1.jpg 1996–1999 1996–present 227–250 24 Blue/Expo[3] 11 (Formerly 21) 6
Siemens P2000 LACMTA Metro Gold Line at South Pasadena.jpg 1996–1999 1996–present 301–302 2 Blue/Expo[3] 11 3
AnsaldoBreda P2550 Metro Gold Line Breda P2550.jpg 2006–2011 2007–present 701–750 50 Gold[3] 21 4
Kinkisharyo P3010 Kinki Sharyo P3010 1.jpg 2014–2017 2014–present 1001–1235 235 Blue, Expo, Gold, Green & Crenshaw/LAX 11/14, 21/24, 22/tba
CRRC Corporation HR4000 2020–2021 2021–future TBA 64 (282 options) Red, Purple 20 7

Notes:
1 Car 109 is in a silver livery. This car and Car 148 were originally painted red for the anniversary of the Pacific Electric Railway (109, 148) As of August 2013, Car 148 debuted a new livery featuring "bold reflective yellow markings and white super-graphics overlaid onto painted cool greys … intended for the entire rail fleet."[4]

2 The P2020 vehicle was originally purchased for the Green Line, and although carrying a different model number than the P865 they are nearly identical, except for the difference in age. These cars were added to the Metro Blue Line in 2000.

3 Originally intended to run on the Green Line, it is capable of fully automated operation which is only possible on the Green Line since it is fully grade separated.

4 As of March 6, 2010, cars 701, 704–731, 736, and 737 have been delivered and are in service.[5][6]

5 The A650 vehicles will be replaced by the HR4000 vehicles from 2021 onward.

6 Car 243 sustained burns from an accident on September 21, 2007 while operating on the Gold Line but has returned to service onto the Green Line.

7 64 cars ordered in March 2017 at cost of $647 million, with options for up to 282 additional cars. Will be used in Red and Purple Line service, with deliveries taking place in 2020 and 2021.[7]

P3010 contract[edit]

Metro's option with Breda for additional P2550 vehicles was not exercised. Metro claimed Breda vehicles from the base contract were overweight, and delivery of the vehicles was approximately three years behind schedule. The remainder of the base contract (50 LRVs in total) was completed by Breda at the end of 2011.[8]

Metro is planning to complete two rail projects in the next few years: Crenshaw/LAX Line, and the Regional Connector. Metro also hopes to build many more projects in the following years, according to its Long Range Transportation Plan (LRTP), Measure R and 30/10.

Anticipating a large need for LRVs, Metro requested bids for a new LRV contract. Metro estimates that the new vehicles, collectively known as the "P3010" series, will cost $4.3 million per car (the actual cost will depend on the bids). The base P3010 contract will order 78 cars: 63 cars for the Expo and Blue lines, and 15 cars for the Gold Line Foothill Extension. (Expo Phase 1 will use P865 cars from the existing fleet until the P3010s are ready.) Metro completed a contract on April 30, 2012,[9] with delivery of the first LRV projected for 30 months later, in 2014. The contract includes options for an additional 157 cars.[10]

Metro awarded the contract for the first 78 cars to Kinki Sharyo for $299 million. They are projected to be delivered between 2014 and 2016, with the first 28 delivered before 2015. The remaining cars are split into four options with 28, 39, 21 and 69, respectively. If all the options are exercised, the number of LRVs would total 235 valued at a total $890 million.[11][12]

On July 25, 2013, Metro exercised two options (69 + 28) totaling 97 additional cars for $396.7 million. This brings the current total of ordered cars to 175. As part of the option, Kinki Sharyo is to construct a manufacturing plant in the LA region.[13] Kinkisharyo, the El Segundo-based U.S. arm of Kinki Sharyo Co. Ltd. of Osaka, announced in December 2014 that they would retrofit an existing space in Palmdale to build the vehicles.[14] Final assembly work was being performed in hangar space the company leased in Palmdale from Los Angeles World Airports.[15] The first car was delivered to Metro in October 2014 for testing before series production begins.[16]

Rail facilities[edit]

Current rail facilities[edit]

Rail vehicles are maintained at several facilities across Los Angeles County.

Division Line Location
11 Blue Line[17] North Long Beach, near Santa Fe Avenue and Del Amo Bulevard, alongside the Los Angeles River
14 Expo Line Santa Monica, on Stewart Street near Olympic Blvd, north of Bundy station
20 Red/Purple Lines[18] Downtown Los Angeles, on Santa Fe Avenue near 4th Street, alongside the Los Angeles River
21 Gold Line Downtown Los Angeles, adjacent to Elysian Park, between Lincoln-Cypress and Chinatown stations
22 Green Line[19] Lawndale, near Aviation Blvd. and Rosecrans Avenue
24 Gold Line Monrovia just south of the I-210 Freeway

Planned rail facilities[edit]

Metro is planning to build new rail facilities over the next few years.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Red line train". Youtube.com. 2007-04-09. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  2. ^ "Washington Metro train". Youtube.com. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Operation Committee June 19, 2008 - Project: Rail Division Capacity Assessment Report" (PDF). LAMetroLogo.svg Metro (LACMTA). June 19, 2008. Retrieved 2014-04-20. 
  4. ^ http://thesource.metro.net/2013/08/13/restyled-train-car-sighting/
  5. ^ "The first of 50 new AnsaldoBreda P2550 LRVs". World.nycsubway.org. 2005-08-13. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  6. ^ "The first of 50 new AnsaldoBreda P2550 LRVs". World.nycsubway.org. 2005-08-13. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  7. ^ "L.A. Metro inks pact with CRRC for up to 282 new rail cars". Progressive Railroading. March 24, 2017. Retrieved March 24, 2017. 
  8. ^ "January 6, 2010 - Agenda - Technical Advisory Committee" (PDF). LAMetroLogo.svg Metro (LACMTA). January 6, 2010. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  9. ^ "Special Board Meeting April 30, 2012 - Subject: Light Rail Vehicle Procurement" (PDF). LAMetroLogo.svg Metro (LACMTA). April 30, 2012. Retrieved 2014-04-20. 
  10. ^ "Light rail vehicle procurement" (PDF). LAMetroLogo.svg Metro (LACMTA). June 17, 2010. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  11. ^ Sam Hudes (2016-10-09). "As TTC's new streetcars lag behind, Detroit and L.A. stay on track". Retrieved 2016-10-11. In August 2012, the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority chose Japanese firm Kinkisharyo International to produce its new fleet of light rail vehicles, in part due to the company’s reputation of delivering on time. 
  12. ^ "Los Angeles to order up to 235 light rail vehicles". Railway Gazette. DVV Media Group GmbH. May 1, 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  13. ^ "KinkiSharyo to open California factory following Los Angeles order". Railway Gazette. DVV Media Group GmbH. July 31, 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  14. ^ Nelson, Laura J. (November 26, 2014) "Japanese firm plans to build light-rail cars in L.A. area after all" Los Angeles Times
  15. ^ Madler, Mark (October 20, 2014) "Update: Kinkisharyo Delivers Rail Car Amid Dispute" San Fernando Valley Business Journal
  16. ^ "Los Angeles takes delivery of P3010 light rail vehicle". Railway Gazette. DVV Media Group GmbH. October 20, 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-26. 
  17. ^ "Metro Transportation Library - Division 11 (Blue Line)". Metrotransportationlibrary.wikispaces.com. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  18. ^ "Metro Transportation Library - Division 20". Metrotransportationlibrary.wikispaces.com. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  19. ^ "Metro Transportation Library - Division 22 (Green Line)". Metrotransportationlibrary.wikispaces.com. 1995-08-12. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 

External links[edit]