Loughrea

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Loughrea
Baile Locha Riach
Town
Skyline of Loughrea
Coat of arms of Loughrea
Coat of arms
Loughrea is located in Ireland
Loughrea
Loughrea
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°11′49″N 8°34′01″W / 53.197°N 8.567°W / 53.197; -8.567Coordinates: 53°11′49″N 8°34′01″W / 53.197°N 8.567°W / 53.197; -8.567
Country Ireland
Province Connacht
County County Galway
Elevation 82 m (269 ft)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Urban 5,556
Time zone UTC±0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode routing key H62
Telephone area code +353(0)91
Irish Grid Reference M621163
Website discoverloughrea.com

Loughrea (/lɒxˈr/ lokh-RAY; Irish: Baile Locha Riach, meaning "town of the grey/ speckled lake") is a town in County Galway, Ireland. The town lies to the north of a range of wooded hills, the Slieve Aughty Mountains, and the lake from which it takes its name. The town is also famous for its cathedral (see Loughrea Cathedral) which dominates the town's skyline. The town has increased in population in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Although the town also serves as a commuter town for the city of Galway, it retains its vibrancy as an independent market town.[2]

Name[edit]

The town takes its name from Loch Riach (Irish Riach being a variant of 'Riabhach' meaning grey/ speckled)[3] The town is situated on the northern shore of the lake. The lake's Irish name is used in the name of the local Irish-language multi-faith primary school: Gaelscoil Riabhach.[4] The town is located within an area that was historically called Trícha Máenmaige.

History[edit]

Pre-Norman[edit]

The town is located within an area that was historically called Trícha Máenmaige. This area was under the control of Ui Fhiachrach Fionn, and later by the Uí Maine. The area contains many examples of Gaelic and Early-Christian settlements.

Norman Settlement[edit]

The town was founded in 1236 by Richard de Burgo, an Anglo-Norman knight who built a castle along an ancient route between the River Shannon and the west coast. Today the remains of the medieval town wall, medieval priory, moat and a town gate are all still to be seen. The De Burgo family adopted Irish names and customs and assumed the role of chieftains in the following centuries until 1543 when Ulick "Bourck, alias Mac William," surrendered his lands to Henry VIII, receiving it back to hold, by English custom, with his new title, the Earl of Clanricarde. [5][better source needed]

Pre-Famine[edit]

By the 1700s Loughrea was a regional market and garrison town.

Post-Famine[edit]

Loughrea was at the centre of the Gaelic Revival towards the end of the nineteenth century. The various elements of this revival in the town included Celtic-Revival Art, the Irish Literary Revival, Gaelic Athletics and the Irish language revival.

Independence[edit]

Due to its strong garrison town tradition there was little support for the 1916 rebellion in Dublin, even though some locals supported the local rising in Galway. However there were Irish Volunteers in Loughrea. They were called the Loughrea Battalion of Irish Volunteers (Loughrea Battalion for short). They didn't do much fighting but they did protect the local Sinn Féin Club members.[6] The leaders of the local Sinn Féin Club were eventually arrested. The results of the 1918 General Election gave victory to Liam Mellows for Sinn Féin in Galway East and saw the defeat of the local Irish Party candidate.

Twentieth-Century[edit]

The period from 1920 until 1960 saw Loughrea maintaining its role as a market town. The town is also the cathedral town of the Roman Catholic diocese of Clonfert and the twentieth century saw a number of large scale religious events. The 1960s brought industrial developments such as the development of the Tynagh Mines.

Economy[edit]

Loughrea was traditionally a farming town that cut its industrial teeth with the Tynagh mines, 10 km (6.21 mi) to the east. There is now a gas powered electricity power station on the site of the mines. As well as being a dormitory town for Galway, Loughrea now hosts a number of pharmaceutical and data-processing industries. Loughrea's tourist infrastructure is supported by several hotels, a country resort, as well as many bed-and-breakfasts, restaurants, coffee-shops and pubs.

Places of interest[edit]

The Cathedral of St. Brendan on the lakeshore, in the town centre, is considered an important repository of Celtic-revival art and architecture in Ireland.[12] St. Brendan's Catholic Cathedral was designed by William Byrne in 1897 and completed five years later. Its double transepts are an unusual architectural feature. It contains some very fine internal decoration. Spring-fed, Loughrea Lake (Lough Rea) overlooked by Knockash is popular for brown trout, pike and perch fishing.[13] However, there are also rudd, brook lamprey, three-spined stickleback, nine-spined stickleback and eels in the Lake.[14][15] The lake is home to many waterbirds. Migratory species from Europe live at the lake during the winters, and it provides nesting grounds for other species during the summer. The lake is listed as a site of international importance for the shoveller and a site of national importance for the coot and tufted duck.[16] In addition it is frequently used for water sports and swimming. Immediately behind the Loughrea boathouse are the remains of an old crannog. The Loughrea dwellers of another time would have sought protection from raiders by living in the comparative security provided by the lake.

Transport[edit]

Loughrea is connected to the M6 Dublin-Galway motorway via the N65. The town was historically served by the Midland Great Western Railway and a railway branch from Attymon Junction,[17] in use until 1975. This line was Ireland's last operational rural railway branch line, having outlasted most other country railway lines of this type by 10–20 years, and even surviving to have diesel trains used on it. The link road from the Ballinasloe - Galway motorway to Loughrea removed most of the remains of the original track bed. Loughrea railway station opened on 1 December 1890 and finally closed on 3 November 1975.[18]

Sport and culture[edit]

Loughrea Lake

Loughrea GAA Club were Galway Senior Hurling Championship the management including Pat O Conner and Mick Kelly and 2006 Connacht Hurling champions. They also reached the 2007 All-Ireland Club Hurling Championship final, but lost out to Ballyhale Shamrocks. Loughrea has a Rugby Club, a Soccer Club, a Gaelic Football Club, an 18-hole golf course, a Cycling Club and an Athletic Club. Loughrea cricket club is currently one of the leading clubs in Connacht and is captained by local man Matthew Kearns. Actor Kiefer Sutherland has an affection for the town, twice visiting family as a young boy and is said to have been amazed at the skill of the players down at the handball alley.

Each year, in October, the town plays host to the BAFFLE International Poetry Festival.[19] Loughrea also boasts a Musical and Dramatic Society, Historical society, and an active community association. In the 2018 National Glór na nGael awards for "Irish language in local communities", Loughrea's "Gaeilge Locha Riach" was awarded best voluntary committee in Connaught. Gaeilge Locha Riach promotes the Irish language in Loughrea among the community and businesses.[20] There is also a large, vibrant Foróige Youth club in the town.

Each year the Local Triathlon club called Predator organise a junior and senior Triathlon event. The race was created by International French coach Sebastien Locteau in 2006 with Tony Daly. Loughrea Triathlon is part of the national event calendar under Triathlon Ireland rules. Loughrea Triathlon is one of the reference triathlon in Ireland.

Loughrea Main Street.

Each August, Loughrea as a community comes together to celebrate its favourite son, Alan "Squinty" Flynn. Known for his heroics with the opposite sex, he has received acclaim across all 32 counties in Ireland.

The old and new priories in Loughrea.

Annalistic references[edit]

  • 797(802). The demolition of Loch Riach by Muirghius, son of Tomaltach.
  • 821. Fearghal, son of Catharnach, lord of Loch Riach, died.
  • 823. Fearghal, son of Cathasach, lord of Loch Riach, died.
  • 881. Cormac, son of Ceithearnach, Prior of Tir Da Ghlas and Cluain Fearta Brenainn, and the second lord who was over Loch Riach at that time, died.
  • 1408. O'h-Echeidhein was slain by the O'Dalys on the plain of Moinmoy.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sapmap Area - Settlements - Loughrea". Census 2016. CSO. 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2018. 
  2. ^ "Ireland Mid-West Online - County Galway - Towns - Loughrea". www.irelandmidwest.com. 
  3. ^ "meaning of Irish word Riach". www.teanglann.ie. 
  4. ^ "Gaelscoil Riabhach". www.gaelscoilriabhach.ie. 
  5. ^ House of Burke
  6. ^ "BUREAU OF MILITARY HISTORY (Document)" (PDF). 
  7. ^ Census for post 1821 figures. Archived 2010-09-20 at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 17, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  10. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "Pre-famine". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  11. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review. Volume. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. 
  12. ^ SchoolsWebsites.ie, Website design and hosting by. "Loughrea Cathedral - Home". loughreacathedral.ie. 
  13. ^ "Loughrea Lake Loughrea County Galway Ireland Loch Riach Loughrea Lough Rea Galway". loughrea.galway-ireland.ie. 
  14. ^ "Loughrea Lake Report" (PDF). 
  15. ^ "Local expert on Loughrea Lake's website". 
  16. ^ "Loughrea Lake Loughrea County Galway Ireland Loch Riach Loughrea Lough Rea Galway". loughrea.galway-ireland.ie. 
  17. ^ Photographs of Attymon Junction to Loughrea railway trackbed Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ "Loughrea station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-11-03. 
  19. ^ www.bafflepoetry.org
  20. ^ [http://www.bailelochariach.ie

External links[edit]