Lynette and Lyonesse

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lionesse by Arthur Rackham for Alfred W. Pollard's The Romance of King Arthur and His Knights of the Round Table (1917)

In some versions of Arthurian legend, Lynette (alternatively known as Linnet, Linette, Lynet, Lynette, Lyonet) is a haughty noble lady who travels to King Arthur's court seeking help for her beautiful sister Lyonesse (also Linesse, Lioness, Lionesse, Lyones, Lyonorr, Lyonors), whose lands are besieged by the Red Knight. The young Gareth picks up the quest, eventually marrying Lyonesse, while Lynette becomes the lady of his brother Gaheris.

In Le Morte d'Arthur[edit]

Arthur Rackham: "Sir Gareth battling the evil Red Knight while his Lady Lioness watches on" (1917)

They are most famously depicted by Thomas Malory in Le Morte d'Arthur, where they are sisters of Gringamore (Guinguemar) from Avalon. In Book IV: The Tale of Sir Gareth of Orkney, Dame Lynette comes to court asking for assistance against the Red Knight of the Red Lands. Since Lynette refuses to reveal her name for reasons which are not explained, she is presented with a kitchen servant instead of a champion. He says his name is Beaumains, but he is really King Arthur's nephew Gareth of Orkney in disguise. On their journey, the pair encounters the Black, Green, Red, and Blue Knights, and finally the Red Knight of the Red Lands (Sir Ironside). Gareth slays the Black Knight, incorporates the others into Arthur’s court, and rescues Lynette's sister Lyonesse. Lustily in love with Lyonesse, Gareth conspires to consummate their relationship before marrying. Only by the magical intervention of Lynette is their tryst unsuccessful, thus preserving Gareth's virginity and, presumably, his standing with God.

"The lady Lyoness ... had [Gareth's] dwarf in examination." N. C. Wyeth's illustration for The Boy's King Arthur (1922)

Gareth later counsels Lyonesse to report to King Arthur and pretend she does not know where he is; instead, he tells her to announce a tournament of his knights against the Round Table. This allows Gareth to disguise himself and win honor by defeating his brother knights. The heralds eventually acknowledge that he is Sir Gareth right as he strikes down Sir Gawain, his brother, in a joust. The book ends with Gareth rejoining his fellow knights and marrying Lyonesse. At court, Lynette falls in love with another of Gareth's brothers, Gaheris. Their niece, Laurel, also marries the third brother, Agravain.

In modern adaptations[edit]

  • In Alfred Tennyson's poem Gareth and Lynette, the poet implies that it is Lynette whom Gareth marries.
  • Lynette is the main character of Vera Chapman's 1976 novel The King's Damosel.
  • In Gerald Morris' 2000 novel The Savage Damsel and the Dwarf, Lynet is the feisty main character, but Lyonesse is cruel and stupid. In this adaptation, the reason Lynet does not reveal her name to King Arthur is that her father fought in a battle against him; she fears the King would therefore turn her away if he knew her identity. Lynet is a recurring character throughout The Squire's Tales series.

References[edit]

  • Norris J. Lacy; Geoffrey Ashe; Sandra Ness Ihle; Marianne E. Kalinke; Raymond H. Thompson (5 September 2013). The New Arthurian Encyclopedia: New Edition. Routledge. pp. 287–. ISBN 978-1-136-60633-5.

External links[edit]

Media related to Lynette and Lyonesse at Wikimedia Commons