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House of Madh'hij
Current region Arabian Peninsula
Bilad al-Sham
Iberian Peninsula
Place of origin Arabian Peninsula
Members Amru bin Ma'adi Yakrib
Malik al-Ashtar
Traditions Ardah

Madh'hij (Arabic: مذحج) also spelled Math'hij is famous large Qahtanite Arabic dynasty. It is located in south and central arabia. This dynasty participated in the Arabic Islamic conquest and was a major factor in the conquest of Persian empire and Iberian Peninsula. It is also found in Mosel and in Levant and Iberian Peninsula.[1][2]

Madhhij descend from a man named Madhhij who was one of 10 sons of a man named Saba' whose name was 'Abdu Shams; but the reason why he was called Saba' was that he was the first among the Arabs to take captives. He was the son of Yashjub bin Ya'rub b. Qahtan son of Tayman son of Qaydar son of Ishmael. Six of the sons of Saba' taymanu (went to Yemen): Kindah, Madhhij, Ashari , Himyar, Anmar and Azd, while four sons tasha'amu went to Shaam (Greater Syria) Judham Lakhm Amila and Gassan[3][4]

the Islamic prophet, Muhammad said that most people in Paradise will be from Madhhij and Aslam and Gafar.[5]

al-Hamdani cited Madhhij 30 times in his book "Sifat Jazirat al Arab: Description of the Arabian Peninsula" as a Genuine Arabic dynasty with branches like Nukha and Zubaid Ruha and Hada (best archers among the Arabs) that has famous Historical personalities such as the Arabian knight king of Yemen Amru bin Ma'adi Yakrib al-Zubaidi al-Madhhiji who became Muslim and Malik Ashtar al-Nakh'ei a close friend of the Prophet Muhammad and a military leader with Ali ibn Abi Talib in the battle of Siffin, and Madhhij tribe later fought the Qarmatians under leadership of Abul Ashira in Yemen and Malik ibn Marara a-Rahawi, and the commentaries on al-Hamdani's book shows that they still live in the same towns and places as Hamadani described them in his book dated 900 AD, 1100 hyears ago.[6]

Madhhij is mentioned in Namara inscription, a memorial of the Nasrid king of al-Hira Imru ’al-Qays bin ‘Amr (died in 328), “king of all the Arabs”, boasted of having launched a raid against Madhhij, reaching “Najran" city of Shammar (the Himyarite king Shammar Yahri'sh) .[7] The same story is mentioned in detail in Wahb ibn Munabbih in his book of Pre-Islamic saga and lore "The Book of The Crowns of Himyar Kings"[8]

There was a prophet from Madhhij who appeared in Yemen in the last year of Muhamma's life and was from the Ans tribe a part of Madhhij, and his name was Aswad Ansi.[9][10] He was ousted by the Persian Governor who turned Muslim working for Muhammad. al-Aswad was nicknamed Dhu l'Khimar "the man in the veil". Some said he was very ugly to see his face.

Before Islam, Madhhij had its own Idol that they used to bring in the yearly pilgrimage to Kaaba before Islam (Pagan Arabs before Islam) and they used to make Talbiya specific to Madhhij for that Idol in which they encircle Kaaba several times and plead their Madhhij' Talbiya to Allah to let that Idol be put around the Kaaba. The Arabs are said to inherited Kaaba from Ibrahim who named it Beit Allah, Bethel aka the house of God) but in much later ages they started worshipping idols and then they brought the idols to Kaaba to bless their Idols by God.[11]

Madhhij name was found in the Namara inscription dated 330 AD.[12]

Madh'hij was described as spearmens in praising their positive aspect[13]


  1. ^ Ibn Ishaq; Guillaume (1955). The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Isḥāq’s sīrat. London. p. 36,38. ISBN 0195778286. Madhhij in Mu'tah battle 
  2. ^ Watt, Montgomry (1956). Muhammad at Medina. pp. 82,124,125,128. ISBN 9780199064731. Archived from the original on 1999. Madh'hij 
  3. ^ Ibn Sabbah, Umar (2001) [730 AD]. History of Medina: Tarikh al-Madina al-Munawwarah Volume 2. Tehran. p. 140. ISBN 9789047430322. 
  4. ^ "Hadith about Madhhij". Prophet said Saba a man had 10 sons, six "tayman" ie went to Yemen (Madhhij is one of the six), and four "Tasha'am" ie went to Syria 
  5. ^ "Hadith about Madhhij". Madhhij are most tribes in Paradise. 
  6. ^ al-Hamdani, al-Hasan. David H. Müller, ed. Geography of the Arabian Peninsula. pp. 85, 88, 102, 165, 171, 174, 175, 179, 180. 
  7. ^ Andre-Salvini (2010). Roads to Arabia: Archaeology and History of the Kingdom (PDF). Paris: Musée duLouvre. p. 87. ISBN 9782350312880. 
  8. ^ Munabbih, Wahab. Book of the Crowns of Himyar [Pre Islamic Arabic Folk lore]. Krenkow. Yemen. OCLC 171553947. 
  9. ^ Ibn Ishaq; Guillaume (1955). The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Isḥāq’s sīrat. London. p. 648. ISBN 0195778286. 
  10. ^ Watt, Montgomry (1956). Muhammad at Medina. p. 128. ISBN 9780199064731. Archived from the original on 2000. 
  11. ^ Marx, edited by Angelika Neuwirth, Nicolai Sinai, Michael (2010). The Qur'an in context historical and literary investigations into the Qur'anic milieu (PDF). Leiden: Brill. p. 307. ISBN 9789047430322. Archived from the original on 2010. 
  12. ^ Andre-Salvini (2010). Roads to Arabia: Archaeology and History of the Kingdom (PDF). Paris: Musée duLouvre. p. 87. ISBN 9782350312880. 
  13. ^