ʿĀd

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Kingdom of ʿĀd

قوم عاد
unknown–unknown
Location of Qawm ʿĀd
CapitalIram of the Pillars
Common languagesOld South Arabian, Mehri
Religion
Arabian polytheism
GovernmentMonarchy
King 
History 
• Established
unknown
• Disestablished
unknown

ʿĀd (Arabic: عاد‎, ʿĀd) was an ancient tribe mentioned frequently in the Qurʾan.[1] ʿĀd is usually placed in Southern Arabia,[2] in a location referred to as "al-ʾAḥq̈āf" (Arabic: الأحقاف‎, "the Sandy Plains," or "the Wind-curved Sand-hills").[1][3] The tribe's members, referred to as ʿĀdites, formed a prosperous nation until they were destroyed in a violent storm. According to Islamic tradition, the storm came after they had rejected the teachings of a Monotheistic prophet named Hud.[1][2] ʿĀd is regarded as one of the original Arab tribes, the "lost Arabs". Their capital may have been what is known as "Iram of the Pillars" (Arabic: إرم ذات العماد‎) in the Qurʾan although that may have been the name of a region or a people.[4][2][5]

Legend[edit]

In religious stories, Hud and the tribe of ʿĀd have been linked to a legendary king named ʿĀd, who ruled over a region whose capital was "Wūbar".[6]

Mentions in Qur’an[edit]

There are 24 mentions of ʿĀd in the Qurʾan, namely (7:65:2) (the second word of Surah 7, Verse 65), (7:74:7), (9:70:9), (11:50:2), (11:59:2), (11:60:10), (11:60:15), (14:9:9), (22:42:8), (25:38:1), (26:123:2), (29:38:1), (38:12:5), (40:31:5), (41:13:8), (41:15:2), (46:21:3), (50:13:1), (51:41:2), (53:50:3), (54:18:2), (69:4:3), (69:6:2) and (89:6:6).[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam 1913-1936. 1. BRILL. 1987. p. 121. ISBN 90-04-08265-4.
  2. ^ a b c Glassé, Cyril; Smith, Huston (January 2003). The New Encyclopedia of Islam. Rowman Altamira. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-7591-0190-6.
  3. ^ Quran 46:21 (Translated by Shakir). "And mention the brother of ‘Ad; when he warned his people in the sandy plains [al-ʾAḥq̈āf] ..."
  4. ^ Interview with Dr J. Zarins, Nova Online, Sept. 1996
  5. ^ Quran %3Averse%3D23 54 :23–31
  6. ^ E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam 1913-1936. 8. BRILL. 1987. p. 1074. ISBN 90-04-08265-4.
  7. ^ "The Quranic Arabic Corpus - Quran Search". Retrieved 18 March 2017.