Madrid Atocha railway station

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Madrid Atocha
MetroMadridLogoSimplified.svg
Puerta de Atocha.jpg
Location Arganzuela, Madrid
Spain
Coordinates 40°24′24″N 3°41′22″W / 40.406528°N 3.689373°W / 40.406528; -3.689373Coordinates: 40°24′24″N 3°41′22″W / 40.406528°N 3.689373°W / 40.406528; -3.689373
Owned by Adif
Operated by Renfe
Line(s)

From Puerta de Atocha:

From Atocha-Cercanias:

Other information
Fare zone A
History
Opened 25 July 1988 (1988-07-25)
Services
Preceding station   Madrid Metro   Following station
Line 1
toward Valdecarros
Location
Madrid Atocha is located in Madrid
Madrid Atocha
Madrid Atocha
Location within Madrid

Madrid Atocha (Spanish: Estación de Madrid Atocha, also named Madrid Puerta de Atocha) is the largest railway station in Madrid. It is the primary station serving commuter trains (Cercanías), intercity and regional trains from the south, and the AVE high speed trains from Barcelona (Catalonia), Zaragoza (Aragon), Seville (Andalusia) and Valencia (Levante Region). These train services are run by the Spanish national rail company, Renfe.

Overview[edit]

The station is in the Atocha neighborhood of the district of Arganzuela. The original façade faces the Plaza del Emperador Carlos V, a site at which a variety of streets converge, including the Calle de Atocha, Paseo del Prado, Paseo de la Infanta Isabel, Avenida de la Ciudad de Barcelona, Calle de Méndez Álvaro, Paseo de las Delicias, Paseo de Santa María de la Cabeza, and Ronda de Atocha.

The Atocha station is really a railway complex, formed by the Madrid Atocha Cercanías and Madrid Puerta de Atocha stations of the Spanish national railways and a station of the Madrid underground called Atocha RENFE.

History[edit]

Exterior of old Atocha station
Interior plaza in old Atocha station

At this site, Madrid's first railway station was inaugurated on 9 February 1851 under the name Estación de Mediodía (Atocha-Mediodía is now the name of an area of the Arganzuela district, and means south in old Spanish).

After the building was largely destroyed by fire, it was rebuilt and reopened in 1892. The architect for the replacement, in a wrought iron renewal style was Alberto de Palacio Elissagne, who collaborated with Gustave Eiffel. Engineer Henry Saint James also took part in the project.[1] The name Atocha has become attached to the station because of the nearby basilica dedicated to Our Lady of Atocha. The train platforms were partly covered by a roof in the form of inverted hull with a height of approximately 27 meters and length of 157 meters. The steel and glass roof spreads between two brick flanking buildings.

This complex of railway tracks expanded through the years. In 1985, a project of complete remodeling began, based on designs by Rafael Moneo. In 1992, the original building was taken out of service as a terminal, and converted into a concourse with shops, cafés, and a nightclub. Like the Orsay Museum in Paris, the concourse has been given a new function, this time a stunning 4,000 m2 (43,056 sq ft) covered tropical garden.

A modern terminal was also designed by Moneo, and built in adjacent land to serve both the new AVE trains and local commuter lines. The main lines end in the new terminal; commuter train platforms are located underground, at the ingress to a rail tunnel extending northward under the Paseo de la Castellana. The station is served by two Madrid Metro stations, Atocha and Atocha Renfe. The latter was added when the new terminal building was constructed and is directly linked to the railway station.

11-M Train Bombings of 2004[edit]

On 11 March 2004, packed arriving commuter trains were bombed in a series of coordinated bombings, killing 191 people and wounding 1,800. The official investigation by the Spanish Judiciary determined the attacks were directed by a terrorist cell.

Memorials to the 2004 Attack[edit]

Interior of the Atocha station memorial

On 10 June 2004, a somber and minimalist Atocha station memorial was dedicated for the victims of the Attack. The monument includes a virtual shrine. Visitors to the attacked stations can leave a hand silhouette and a message through special-purpose consoles. A second monument to this event, known as 11-M in Spain, is the Bosque del Recuerdo ("the Forest of Remembrance") in the Parque del Buen Retiro near Atocha. This monument is made up of 192 olive and cypress trees, one for each person who died on that day, with a tree also planted in remembrance of the police officer who died on 3 April 2004, along with seven of the perpetrators whose capture was underway. Initially inaugurated as the Bosque de los Ausentes ("Forest of the Departed"), on the first anniversary of the devastating attack, on 11 March 2005, the site was renamed the following year. The forest is surrounded by a stream, with water as the symbol of life.

Services[edit]

Trains from Puerta de Atocha[edit]

Preceding station   Renfe Operadora   Following station
Terminus Avant
Terminus
Avant
toward Puertollano
Terminus AVE
AVE
AVE
AVE
toward Alicante
AVE
AVE
AVE
toward Huesca
AVE
Terminus Alvia
toward Cádiz
Alvia
Alvia
Alvia
toward Logroño
Alvia
toward Pamplona
Alvia
toward Vinaroz
toward Gijón
Alvia
toward Alicante
toward A Coruña
Alvia
toward Pontevedra
Alvia
toward Santander
Alvia
Alvia
toward Cádiz
toward Gijón
Alvia
Alvia

Trains from Atocha-Cercanías[edit]

Preceding station   Renfe Operadora   Following station
Terminus   Alaris   Albacete-Los Llanos
toward Castellón de la Plana
  Alaris   Albacete-Los Llanos
toward Valencia Nord
  Alaris   Albacete-Los Llanos
toward Gandía
  Alaris   Albacete-Los Llanos
toward Oropesa
Terminus Altaria
toward Algeciras
Altaria
toward Granada
Altaria
Altaria
toward Cartagena
Terminus   Talgo   Alcázar de San Juan
  Talgo   Alcázar de San Juan
Terminus Media Distancia
52
toward Badajoz
Terminus Media Distancia
R-1
toward Ávila
Terminus Media Distancia
R-2
toward Segovia
Terminus Media Distancia
R-6
Terminus Media Distancia
R-7
Terminus Media Distancia
R-8
toward Ciudad Real
Terminus
toward Jaén
Terminus Media Distancia
R-10
toward Badajoz

Suburban trains[edit]

Preceding station   Cercanías Madrid   Following station
C-1
toward Chamartín
C-2
toward Guadalajara
toward El Escorial
C-3
toward Aranjuez
C-4
toward Parla
C-5
toward Humanes
C-7
C-8 Terminus
C-10
toward Villalba

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Madrid's Official College of Architects website". 212.145.146.10. Retrieved 24 December 2012. 

External links[edit]