Manuel Micheltorena

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Manuel Micheltorena
Manuel Micheltorena.jpg
  Governor of Alta California
In office
President Antonio López de Santa Anna
Preceded by Juan Bautista Alvarado
Succeeded by Pío Pico
Personal details
Born 1802
Died September 7, 1853(1853-09-07)
Profession Politician, soldier
Religion Roman Catholic

José Manuel Micheltorena (1802 – 7 September 1853)[1] was a brigadier general of the Mexican Army, adjutant-general of the same, governor, commandant-general and inspector of the department of California.[2] He received this appointment by the President of Mexico, Antonio López de Santa Anna and served from 30 December 1842, until his ouster in 1845.

Micheltorena was instrumental in the privatisation of California land. With loyalties firmly seated in Mexico City, he faced criticism, opposition and eventually war from the Californios.

He led a rag-tag team of soldiers comprising criminals of lower-class mixed ancestry, who were derisively referred to as cholos. They were insufficient to sustain him in the 1845 Battle of Providencia against Juan Bautista Alvarado.


  1. ^ "José Manuel Micheltorena". Omnibiography. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  2. ^ Manuel Micheltorena (22 December 1842). "Translation Of Sutter General Land Title". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2007-01-04. 

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