Image of page from the 7th century Book of Durrow, from The Gospel of Mark. Trinity College Dublin
|Book||Gospel of Mark|
|Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Bible part||2|
|Gospel of Mark|
Mark 6 is the sixth chapter of the Gospel of Mark in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. In this chapter, Jesus goes to Nazareth and faces the rejection of his own family. He then send his Apostles in pairs to various cities in the region where they also face rejection. Finally, Jesus goes back to the Sea of Galilee and, according to Mark, performs some of his most famous miracles, including walking on water.
Rejection of Jesus at Nazareth
Mark relates the story, also found in Matthew 13:53-58 and probably Luke 4:14-30, of Jesus's rejection at Nazareth. The people question his authority and don't seem to think much of the Jesus they remember or his family. "Isn't this the carpenter? Isn't this Mary's son and the brother of James, Joseph, Judas and Simon? Aren't his sisters here with us?" Jesus replies "Only in his hometown, among his relatives and in his own house is a prophet without honor."
Jesus's brothers are here and in Matthew and probably Acts 12:17 mentioned by name, though not his sisters. This chapter, coupled with Mark 3:21,31-35 paint a negative view of Jesus's family relations, though other sources, such as Galatians 1:19 show that James was at least active in the early Church after Jesus's crucifixion. The negative view of Jesus' family may be related to the conflict between Paul and Jewish Christians.
Mission of the Twelve and the death of John the Baptist
Jesus sends the Twelve (the Twelve Apostles) out to the various towns, in pairs, to heal the sick and drive out demons. They are only to take their staffs and that if any town rejects them "...shake the dust off your feet when you leave, as a testimony against them." (11) which is "...a gesture both of contempt and of warning."
Mark then tells of the death of John the Baptist at the hands of Herod Antipas. Herod is married to his wife Herodias, former wife of his brother Herod Philip I. John condemns Herod so Herod incarcerates John. Herodias seeks revenge on John during a birthday party for Herod. Her daughter dances for Herod and persuades Herod to kill John. John's disciples take his body and put it in a tomb. This is also found in Matthew 14:1-12. The year in which John died is unknown. Josephus has Herod killing John to quell a possible uprising around AD 36. Herod Philip died in 34 and Herod Antipas died sometime after 40 after being exiled to either Gaul or Spain.
Feeding of the five thousand and walking on water
Mark then relates two miracles of Jesus. The "apostles" come back (regroup) and Jesus takes them on a boat. Verse 6:30 may be the only time Mark uses the word "apostle", which is most frequently (68 out of 79) used by Luke the Evangelist and Paul of Tarsus, see Strong's G652 and Mark 3. When they land people are already waiting for them. Jesus teaches them several unrecorded things, then feeds the entire crowd of 5,000 people by turning five loaves of bread and two fish into enough food to feed everyone.
Jesus sends the disciples in a boat ahead of him to Bethsaida. It is night and they are only half way across when Jesus walks across the lake and meets them. At first they are scared and think it is a ghost, but Jesus reveals himself and gets into the boat, amazing the disciples.
Healing of the sick of Gennesaret
They reach Gennesaret and people recognize Jesus. People bring sick people on mats to wherever they hear Jesus is. They beg him to let them touch him, even only touching the "fringe of his cloak" (6:56NRSV), and all the people who do so are healed. Jesus seems willing to help all who ask for it. Raymond E. Brown argued that this section leaves readers suspecting that such enthusiasm for healing is not the right comprehension of or faith in Jesus. This section is an example of a Marcan summary, in which several stories about Jesus are all wrapped up into one description. They help show the magnitude of his power and perhaps the nature of the danger the authorities see him as presenting to the public order.
- He commanded them to take nothing for the journey except a staff—no bag, no bread, no copper in their money belts—
- And commanded them that they should take nothing for [their] journey
To accommodate them in it, except those things after directed to:
- save a staff only;
- no scrip, no bread, no money in their purse. (scrip = bag; money = copper)
Travellers used to put their bread, or any other sort of food into their scrips, and their money in their girdles; but the disciples were not allowed to carry either, because provision was to be made for them wherever they came at free cost, it being what their labour was worthy of; (See Gill on Matthew 10:9), (See Gill on Matthew 10:10).
- but to wear sandals, and not to put on two tunics.
- But be shod with sandals
Which were different from shoes, and more fit to travel with, and therefore allowed when shoes were forbidden; (See Gill on Matthew 10:10), though some think there was no difference between shoes and sandals, and that Christ, in (Matthew 10:10), does not forbid the taking of shoes, but two pair of shoes; as not two coats, nor two staves, but one of a sort only. And
- not put on two coats;
that is, at a time; an inner and an outward one, or one at one time, and another at another: they were forbid change of raiment; the reasons for it (See Gill on Matthew 10:10). From all which it appears, that as a minister of the Gospel ought not to be a worldly minded man, that minds earth and earthly things, and seeks to amass wealth and riches to himself, and preaches for filthy lucre's sake; nor to be a sensual and voluptuous man, serving his own belly, and not the Lord Jesus Christ, feeding himself, and not the flock; so neither should he be filled with worldly cares, overwhelmed in worldly business, and entangled with the affairs of this life: he ought to have his mind free from all solicitude and anxious concern, about a subsistence for himself and his, that so he may with greater and more close application attend to his ministry, to preparations for it, and the performance of it; and give up himself entirely to the word and prayer, and not have his mind distracted with other things: upon which account it is highly necessary, that the people to whom he ministers should take care, that a sufficient provision be made for him; that he may live without any anxious care and thought about such things, and his mind be more intent about the work he is called unto: and which is what our Lord chiefly designs by all this, who has ordained that they that preach the Gospel, should be comfortably provided for, and live of it; and which, as it makes for the peace of their minds that minister, it issues in the advantage of those who are ministered to.
- http://www.jesuspolice.com/common_error.php?id=11 "Wilson (1992) [Wilson, A.N. Jesus: A life. 1992. New York: Norton & Co.] has hypothesized that the negative relationship between Jesus and his family was placed in the Gospels (especially in the Gospel of Mark) to dissuade early Christians from following the Jesus cult that was administered by Jesus’ family. Wilson says: “…it would not be surprising if other parts of the church, particularly the Gentiles, liked telling stories about Jesus as a man who had no sympathy or support from his family (p. 86).” Butz (2005) [Butz, Jeffrey. The brother of Jesus and the lost teachings of Christianity. 2005. Rochester, Vermont: Inner Traditions.] is more succinct: “…by the time Mark was writing in the late 60s, the Gentile churches outside of Israel were beginning to resent the authority wielded by Jerusalem where James and the apostles were leaders, thus providing the motive for Mark’s antifamily stance… (p. 44).” Other prominent scholars agree (e.g., Crosson, 1973 [Crosson, John Dominic. “Mark and the relatives of Jesus”. Novum Testamentum, 15, 1973]; Mack, 1988 [Mack, Burton. A myth of innocence: Mark and Christian origins. 1988. Philadelphia: Fortress]; Painter. 1999 [Painter, John. Just James: The brother of Jesus in history and tradition. 1999. Minneapolis: Fortress Press])."
- Miller 26
- Delbert Burkett (10 July 2002). An Introduction to the New Testament and the Origins of Christianity. Cambridge University Press. p. 230. ISBN 978-0-521-00720-7. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- Jewish Encyclopedia: Jesus: "Jesus wore the Ẓiẓit (Matt. ix. 20)"; Strong's Concordance G2899; Walter Bauer's Greek-English Lexicon of the NT, 3rd ed., 1979: "κράσπεδον: 1. edge, border, hem of a garment - But meaning 2 is also possible for these passages, depending on how strictly Jesus followed Mosaic law, and also upon the way in which κράσπεδον was understood by the authors and first readers of the gospels. 2. tassel (ציצת), which the Israelite was obligated to wear on the four corners of his outer garment, according to Num 15:38f; Dt 22:12. ... Of the Pharisees ... Mt 23:5." See also Christianity and fringed garments.
- Kilgallen 124
- Brown 136
- Mark 6:8
- John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible, - Mark 6:8
- John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible, - Matthew 10:10
- Mark 6:9
- John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible, - Mark 6:9
- Brown, Raymond E. An Introduction to the New Testament Doubleday 1997 ISBN 0-385-24767-2
- Kilgallen, John J. A Brief Commentary of the Gospel of Mark Paulist Press 1989 ISBN 0-8091-3059-9
- Mark 6 NIV Accessed 28 October 2005
- Miller, Robert J. The Complete Gospels Polebridge Press 1994 ISBN 0-06-065587-9
|Chapters of the Bible
Gospel of Mark