Mattinata

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Mattinata
Comune di Mattinata
View of Mattinata
View of Mattinata
Coat of arms of Mattinata
Coat of arms
Location of Mattinata
Mattinata is located in Italy
Mattinata
Mattinata
Location of Mattinata in Italy
Mattinata is located in Apulia
Mattinata
Mattinata
Mattinata (Apulia)
Coordinates: 41°42′N 16°03′E / 41.700°N 16.050°E / 41.700; 16.050
CountryItaly
RegionApulia
ProvinceFoggia (FG)
Government
 • MayorNone (disbanded for Mafia allegiance)
Area
 • Total73.48 km2 (28.37 sq mi)
Elevation
80 m (260 ft)
Population
(2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total6,261
 • Density85/km2 (220/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Mattinatesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
71030
Dialing code0884
Patron saintOur Lady of Light
Saint daySeptember 15
WebsiteOfficial website

Mattinata (Foggiano: Matenéte) is a seaside resort town and comune (municipality) in the province of Foggia, Apulia, southern Italy.

Daunian tombs near Mattinata.

Geography[edit]

The only town in Apulia facing south the Adriatic sea, Mattinata is part of the Gargano National Park (Parco Nazionale del Gargano). The main urban area is located up on two hills enclosed by mountains in the northern, western and southern sides. The town faces eastward a plain (Piana di Mattinata) facing the Adriatic sea.

The northern coastal part is known for its chalky white cliffs, its large number of suggestive sea grottos and, above all, for its two Faraglioni stacks located in the Zagare Bay area. The area surrounding Mattinata is also a popular destination for botanical experts, due to the existence of around 60 different species of orchids.

History[edit]

The first humans to settle in the area were tribes of Eastern European origin, mainly from Greece and the Balkans (Iapyges), which populated the surrounding areas since the 5th century BC.

The origins of the name Mattinata can be traced back to the Roman village of Matinum, which was located near the current sea port in the 1st century AD. Relatively few traces of the Roman settlement can still be found. The modern town is the result of the direct immigration of citizens from Monte Sant'Angelo over different centuries, which administered the town until 1955, year of its independence as a municipality.

Main sights[edit]

  • Necropolis of Monte Saraceno, which includes more than 500 Daunian graves
  • Ruins of the Santissima Trinità Benedictine Abbey'
  • Ruins of the Roman town of Matinum, located near the harbour
  • Faraglioni rocks in the Zagare Bay.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Mattinata is strongly based on services and, to a lesser extent, on farming and livestock. Tourism plays an important role in the community. Farm products include olive oil, almonds and figs. Livestock consists mainly of cattle and goats.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ All demographics and other statistics from the Italian statistical institute (Istat)

External links[edit]